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Pentium 4

Index Pentium 4

Pentium 4 is a brand by Intel for an entire series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers. [1]

85 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Advanced Micro Devices, Athlon, Athlon 64, Benchmark (computing), Brand, Buffer overflow, Cedar Mill, Oregon, Celeron, Central processing unit, Conroe (microprocessor), Copper interconnect, CPU shim, DDR SDRAM, Desktop computer, Die (integrated circuit), Dielectric, Duron, Electromigration, Exploit (computer security), Floating-point arithmetic, Hardware-assisted virtualization, Hillsboro, Oregon, Hyper-threading, Intel, Intel 80386, Intel Core (microarchitecture), Intel Core 2, Junction temperature, Laptop, Legacy system, LGA 775, List of Intel Celeron microprocessors, List of Intel chipsets, List of Intel Core i7 microprocessors, List of Intel Core i9 microprocessors, List of Intel microprocessors, List of Intel Pentium 4 microprocessors, List of Intel Pentium microprocessors, Low-κ dielectric, Marchitecture, Megahertz myth, Microprocessor Report, MMX (instruction set), Multi-core processor, Multiprocessing, NetBurst (microarchitecture), NX bit, Opteron, Oregon, ..., P6 (microarchitecture), PC133, Pentium 4, Pentium D, Pentium III, Pentium M, Program optimization, Rambus, RDRAM, Semiconductor device fabrication, Semiconductor fabrication plant, Server (computing), Socket 423, Socket 478, SpeedStep, SSE2, SSE3, Strained silicon, Streaming SIMD Extensions, Synchronous dynamic random-access memory, Tejas and Jayhawk, Thermal design power, Tm2, Transfer (computing), Unincorporated area, Voltage, Willamette Valley, Workstation, X86, X86-64, X87, Xeon, Yonah (microprocessor), 65-nanometer process, 90 nanometer. Expand index (35 more) »

Accelerated Graphics Port

The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.

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Advanced Micro Devices

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.

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Athlon

Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of x86-compatible microprocessors designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).

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Athlon 64

The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64-architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003.

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Benchmark (computing)

In computing, a benchmark is the act of running a computer program, a set of programs, or other operations, in order to assess the relative performance of an object, normally by running a number of standard tests and trials against it.

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Brand

A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.

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Buffer overflow

In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.

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Cedar Mill, Oregon

Cedar Mill is a suburb in the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area of the United States; it is a census-designated place and an unincorporated community in Washington County, north of U.S. Route 26 and west of the Willamette Stone.

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Celeron

Celeron is a brand name given by Intel to a number of different low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at budget personal computers.

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Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

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Conroe (microprocessor)

Conroe is the code name for many Intel processors sold as Core 2 Duo, Xeon, Pentium Dual-Core and Celeron.

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Copper interconnect

Copper-based chips are semiconductor integrated circuits which use copper for interconnections in the metalization layer, the BEOL.

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CPU shim

A CPU shim (also called CPU spacer) is a shim used between the CPU and the heat sink in a computer.

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DDR SDRAM

DDR SDRAM is a double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory class of memory integrated circuits used in computers.

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Desktop computer

A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.

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Die (integrated circuit)

A die (pronunciation: /daɪ/) in the context of integrated circuits is a small block of semiconducting material, on which a given functional circuit is fabricated.

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Dielectric

A dielectric (or dielectric material) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.

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Duron

AMD Duron refers to a line of budget x86-compatible microprocessors manufactured by AMD.

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Electromigration

Electromigration is the transport of material caused by the gradual movement of the ions in a conductor due to the momentum transfer between conducting electrons and diffusing metal atoms.

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Exploit (computer security)

An exploit (from the English verb to exploit, meaning "to use something to one’s own advantage") is a piece of software, a chunk of data, or a sequence of commands that takes advantage of a bug or vulnerability to cause unintended or unanticipated behavior to occur on computer software, hardware, or something electronic (usually computerized).

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Floating-point arithmetic

In computing, floating-point arithmetic is arithmetic using formulaic representation of real numbers as an approximation so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.

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Hardware-assisted virtualization

In computing, hardware-assisted virtualization is a platform virtualization approach that enables efficient full virtualization using help from hardware capabilities, primarily from the host processors.

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Hillsboro, Oregon

Hillsboro is the fifth-largest city in the State of Oregon and is the county seat of Washington County.

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Hyper-threading

Hyper-threading (officially called Hyper-Threading Technology or HT Technology, and abbreviated as HTT or HT) is Intel's proprietary simultaneous multithreading (SMT) implementation used to improve parallelization of computations (doing multiple tasks at once) performed on x86 microprocessors.

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Intel

Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

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Intel 80386

The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.

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Intel Core (microarchitecture)

The Intel Core microarchitecture (previously known as the Next-Generation Micro-Architecture) is a multi-core processor microarchitecture unveiled by Intel in Q1 2006.

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Intel Core 2

Core 2 is a brand encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture.

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Junction temperature

Junction temperature, short for transistor junction temperature, is the highest operating temperature of the actual semiconductor in an electronic device.

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Laptop

A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.

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Legacy system

In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.

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LGA 775

LGA 775, also known as Socket T, is an Intel desktop CPU socket.

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List of Intel Celeron microprocessors

The Celeron is a family of microprocessors from Intel targeted at the low-end consumer market.

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List of Intel chipsets

This article provides a list of motherboard chipsets made by Intel, divided into three main categories: those that use the PCI bus for interconnection (the 4xx series), those that connect using specialized "hub links" (the 8xx series), and those that connect using PCI Express (the 9xx series).

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List of Intel Core i7 microprocessors

The following is a list of Intel Core i7 brand microprocessors.

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List of Intel Core i9 microprocessors

The following is a list of Intel Core i9 brand microprocessors.

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List of Intel microprocessors

This generational list of Intel processors attempts to present all of Intel's processors from the pioneering 4-bit 4004 (1971) to the present high-end offerings, which include the 64-bit Itanium 2 (2002), Intel Core i9, and Xeon E3 and E5 series processors (2015).

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List of Intel Pentium 4 microprocessors

The Pentium 4 microprocessor from Intel is a seventh-generation CPU targeted at the consumer market.

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List of Intel Pentium microprocessors

The Intel Pentium brand refers to mainstream x86-architecture microprocessors from Intel.

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Low-κ dielectric

In semiconductor manufacturing, a low-κ is a material with a small dielectric constant relative to silicon dioxide.

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Marchitecture

Marchitecture (or Marketecture) is a portmanteau of the words marketing and architecture.

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Megahertz myth

The megahertz myth, or less commonly the gigahertz myth, refers to the misconception of only using clock rate (for example measured in megahertz or gigahertz) to compare the performance of different microprocessors.

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Microprocessor Report

Microprocessor Report, is a publication for engineers and other industry professionals on microprocessors.

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MMX (instruction set)

MMX is a single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) instruction set designed by Intel, introduced in 1997 with its P5-based Pentium line of microprocessors, designated as "Pentium with MMX Technology".

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Multi-core processor

A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.

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Multiprocessing

Multiprocessing is the use of two or more central processing units (CPUs) within a single computer system.

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NetBurst (microarchitecture)

The NetBurst microarchitecture, called P68 inside Intel, was the successor to the P6 microarchitecture in the x86 family of CPUs made by Intel.

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NX bit

The NX bit (no-execute) is a technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use by either storage of processor instructions (code) or for storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard architecture processors.

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Opteron

Opteron is AMD's x86 former server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).

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Oregon

Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.

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P6 (microarchitecture)

The P6 microarchitecture is the sixth-generation Intel x86 microarchitecture, implemented by the Pentium Pro microprocessor that was introduced in November 1995.

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PC133

PC133 is a computer memory standard defined by the JEDEC.

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Pentium 4

Pentium 4 is a brand by Intel for an entire series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers.

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Pentium D

The Pentium D brand refers to two series of desktop dual-core 64-bit x86-64 microprocessors with the NetBurst microarchitecture, which is the dual-core variant of Pentium 4 "Prescott" manufactured by Intel.

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Pentium III

The Pentium III (marketed as Intel Pentium III Processor, informally PIII) brand refers to Intel's 32-bit x86 desktop and mobile microprocessors based on the sixth-generation P6 microarchitecture introduced on February 26, 1999.

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Pentium M

The Pentium M is a family of mobile 32-bit single-core x86 microprocessors (with the modified Intel P6 microarchitecture) introduced in March 2003 and forming a part of the Intel Carmel notebook platform under the then new Centrino brand.

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Program optimization

In computer science, program optimization or software optimization is the process of modifying a software system to make some aspect of it work more efficiently or use fewer resources.

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Rambus

Rambus Incorporated, founded in 1990, is an American technology licensing company, and has also been labelled as a patent troll.

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RDRAM

Rambus DRAM (RDRAM), and its successors Concurrent Rambus DRAM (CRDRAM) and Direct Rambus DRAM (DRDRAM), are types of synchronous dynamic RAM developed by Rambus from the late-1980s through to the early-2000s.

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Semiconductor device fabrication

Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to create the integrated circuits that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.

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Semiconductor fabrication plant

In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab; sometimes foundry) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured.

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Server (computing)

In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".

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Socket 423

Socket 423 is a 423 pin CPU socket used by the first generation of Pentium 4 processors, based on the Willamette core.

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Socket 478

Socket 478 (also known as mPGA478, mPGA478B) is a 478-contact CPU socket used for Intel's Pentium 4 and Celeron series CPUs.

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SpeedStep

Enhanced SpeedStep is a series of dynamic frequency scaling technologies (codenamed Geyserville and including SpeedStep, SpeedStep II, and SpeedStep III) built into some Intel microprocessors that allow the clock speed of the processor to be dynamically changed (to different P-states) by software.

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SSE2

SSE2 (Streaming SIMD Extensions 2) is one of the Intel SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) processor supplementary instruction sets first introduced by Intel with the initial version of the Pentium 4 in 2000.

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SSE3

SSE3, Streaming SIMD Extensions 3, also known by its Intel code name Prescott New Instructions (PNI), is the third iteration of the SSE instruction set for the IA-32 (x86) architecture.

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Strained silicon

Strained silicon is a layer of silicon in which the silicon atoms are stretched beyond their normal interatomic distance.

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Streaming SIMD Extensions

In computing, Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE) is an SIMD instruction set extension to the x86 architecture, designed by Intel and introduced in 1999 in their Pentium III series of processors shortly after the appearance of AMD's 3DNow!.

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Synchronous dynamic random-access memory

Synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) is any dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) where the operation of its external pin interface is coordinated by an externally supplied clock signal.

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Tejas and Jayhawk

Tejas was a code name for Intel's microprocessor which was to be a successor to the latest Pentium 4 with the Prescott core.

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Thermal design power

The thermal design power (TDP), sometimes called thermal design point, is the maximum amount of heat generated by a computer chip or component (often the CPU or GPU) that the cooling system in a computer is designed to dissipate under any workload.

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Tm2

TM2, or Thermal Monitoring 2, is a throttling control method used on LGA 775 versions of the Pentium 4, Pentium D and Celeron processors and also on the Pentium M series of processors.

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Transfer (computing)

In computer technology, transfers per second and its more common secondary terms gigatransfers per second (abbreviated as GT/s) and megatransfers per second (MT/s) are informal language that refer to the number of operations transferring data that occur in each second in some given data-transfer channel.

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Unincorporated area

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.

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Voltage

Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.

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Willamette Valley

The Willamette Valley is a long valley in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Workstation

A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.

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X86

x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.

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X86-64

x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.

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X87

x87 is a floating point-related subset of the x86 architecture instruction set.

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Xeon

Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.

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Yonah (microprocessor)

Yonah was the code name for (the core of) Intel's first generation of 65 nm process mobile microprocessors, based on the Banias/Dothan-core Pentium M microarchitecture.

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65-nanometer process

The 65-nanometer (65 nm) process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication.

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90 nanometer

The 90 nanometer (90 nm) process refers to the level of CMOS process technology that was reached in the 2004–2005 timeframe, by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, AMD, Infineon, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.

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Redirects here:

Intel 80787, Intel Pentium 4, Intel Pentium IV, Intel Pentium IV Processor, Intel Pentium4, Intel Prescott, Octium, P4-M, P4EE, Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, Pentium IV, Pentium4, Pentum 4.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentium_4

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