Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Perfume

Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent. [1]

300 relations: A Greek–English Lexicon, Abelmoschus moschatus, Acetone, Acetophenone, Acorus calamus, Actinism, Agarwood, Al-Kindi, Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam, Alembic, Allergen, Allergy, Almond, Aluminium, Amber, Ambergris, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Androgyny, Anise, Apple, Archive, Argon, Aroma compound, Aromatherapy, Aromaticity, Avicenna, Balenciaga, Balsam of Peru, Bark (botany), Basil, Benzoin (resin), Bergamot orange, Birch, Bitter orange, Blossom, Body odor, Brown algae, Bulb, Calabria, Calone, Camphor, Cananga odorata, Caraway, Cardamom, Castoreum, Catherine de' Medici, Cedar wood, Cedrus, Celery, ..., Chanel, Chanel No. 5, Charaka Samhita, Chemical synthesis, Chemist, Chemistry, Cherry, Chirality (chemistry), Christian Dior SE, Chrysopogon zizanioides, Chypre, Cinnamon, Citrus, Civet (perfumery), Clove, Cocoa bean, Coconut oil, Cola, Cologne, Concrete (perfumery), Condensation, Cool Water (perfume), Copal, Copyright Act of 1976, Coriander, Corporation, Cosmetics, Coumarin, Court of Cassation (France), Croton eluteria, Cuneiform script, Cyprus, Daucus carota, Davidoff, Denaturation (biochemistry), Detergent, Dimethyl ether, Dipteryx odorata, Dirt, Distillation, Do it yourself, Eau de Cologne, Eau de toilette, Eilhard Wiedemann, Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary, Encyclopaedia of Islam, Enfleurage, Essential oil, Estée Lauder Companies, Ester, Ethane, Ethanol, Ethyl acetate, Evernia prunastri, Far East, Fern, FiFi Awards, Fir, Firmenich, Fixative (perfumery), Florence, Florence flask, Flower, Fougère, Fractionating column, Fragrance lamp, Fragrance Museum, Fragrance oil, François Coty, Frankincense, Fruit, Fucus vesiculosus, Furanocoumarin, Galaxolide, Gardenia, Gas chromatography, Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, Generally recognized as safe, Ginger, Givaudan, Grapefruit, Grasse, Great Lakes, Greek language, Guerlain, Guy Laroche, Hay, Headspace technology, Heat, Herb, Herbal distillate, Herbivore, Hexane, Honey, Honey bee, Honeycomb, Houbigant Parfum, House of Fabergé, Hungarians, Hungary Water, Hyacinth (plant), Hydrocarbon, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, Hyraceum, Incense, Indus Valley Civilisation, Insect repellent, International Flavors & Fragrances, International Fragrance Association, International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, Iran, Iris (plant), Ittar, Jasmine, Jean Patou, Jicky, Johann Maria Farina, Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz, Jojoba oil, Joy (perfume), Juniper, Kenzo, Labdanum, Lancôme, Lavandula, Leaf, Lemon, Lichen, Light, Lime (fruit), Linalool, Liquid–liquid extraction, List of essential oils, Litsea, Maker culture, Marcellin Berthelot, Mesopotamia, Michael Edwards (fragrance expert), Mitsouko (perfume), Mongoose, Monk, Museum, Musk, Musk deer, Musk xylene, Myrrh, Myrtus communis, Narcissus (plant), Neroli, Nutmeg, Odor, Oil, Olfaction, Opium (perfume), Opopanax, Orange (fruit), Orange blossom, Orange oil, Organic synthesis, Osmanthus, Osmothèque, Oxygen, Patch test, Patchouli, Pelargonium graveolens, Perfume, Perfume intolerance, Petitgrain, Pheromone, Pierre Balmain, Pine, Pinophyta, Plant, Plant stem, Plumeria, Polianthes tuberosa, Pollinator, Pomander, Potpourri, Profit margin, Pyrgos, Limassol, Pyrolysis, Rectified spirit, Redox, Renaissance, Resin, Rhizome, Robert Piguet, Rock hyrax, Root, Rose, Rose oil, Rose water, Rosemary, Rosewood, Sachet, Safrole, Salicylic acid, Salvia officinalis, Sandalwood, Santa Maria Novella, Sassafras, Scented water, Secondary metabolite, Seed, Serge Lutens, Sex in advertising, Shalimar (perfume), Shampoo, Sicily, Solvent, Sophia Grojsman, Sperm whale, Spice, Strawberry, Sulfur, Supercritical carbon dioxide, Supercritical fluid extraction, Supreme Court of the Netherlands, Sushruta Samhita, Symrise, Synesius, Synthetic musk, Takasago International Corporation, Tapputi, Tar, Terpene, Tetramethyl acetyloctahydronaphthalenes, Thermal insulation, Thierry Mugler, Tincture, Tobacco, Tomato, Trade, Trade secret, Trademark, Twig, Usnea, Vachellia farnesiana, Vanilla, Vanillin, Victorian era, Viola (plant), Wake, Wax, Wood, World Animal Protection, Yves Saint Laurent (brand), 4711. Expand index (250 more) »

A Greek–English Lexicon

A Greek–English Lexicon, often referred to as Liddell & Scott, Liddell–Scott–Jones, or LSJ, is a standard lexicographical work of the Ancient Greek language.

New!!: Perfume and A Greek–English Lexicon · See more »

Abelmoschus moschatus

Abelmoschus moschatus (Abelmosk, ambrette seeds, annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, muskdana, musk mallow, musk okra, musk seeds, ornamental okra, rose mallow seeds, tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okra) is an aromatic and medicinal plant in the family Malvaceae native to Asia and Australia.

New!!: Perfume and Abelmoschus moschatus · See more »


Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

New!!: Perfume and Acetone · See more »


Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3 (also represented by the pseudoelement symbols PhAc or BzMe).

New!!: Perfume and Acetophenone · See more »

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus (also called sweet flag or calamus, among many common names) is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the Acoraceae family, in the genus Acorus.

New!!: Perfume and Acorus calamus · See more »


Actinism is the property of solar radiation that leads to the production of photochemical and photobiological effects.

New!!: Perfume and Actinism · See more »


Agarwood, aloeswood or gharuwood is a fragrant dark resinous wood used in incense, perfume, and small carvings.

New!!: Perfume and Agarwood · See more »


Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي; Alkindus; c. 801–873 AD) was an Arab Muslim philosopher, polymath, mathematician, physician and musician.

New!!: Perfume and Al-Kindi · See more »

Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam

Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic world.

New!!: Perfume and Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam · See more »


An alembic is an alchemical still consisting of two vessels connected by a tube, used for distilling chemicals.

New!!: Perfume and Alembic · See more »


An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.

New!!: Perfume and Allergen · See more »


Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

New!!: Perfume and Allergy · See more »


The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.

New!!: Perfume and Almond · See more »


Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

New!!: Perfume and Aluminium · See more »


Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.

New!!: Perfume and Amber · See more »


Ambergris (or, ambra grisea, ambre gris), ambergrease, or grey amber, is a solid, waxy, flammable substance of a dull grey or blackish colour produced in the digestive system of sperm whales.

New!!: Perfume and Ambergris · See more »

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

New!!: Perfume and Ancient Egypt · See more »

Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

New!!: Perfume and Ancient Rome · See more »


Androgyny is the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics.

New!!: Perfume and Androgyny · See more »


Anise (Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia.

New!!: Perfume and Anise · See more »


An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).

New!!: Perfume and Apple · See more »


An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.

New!!: Perfume and Archive · See more »


Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.

New!!: Perfume and Argon · See more »

Aroma compound

An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.

New!!: Perfume and Aroma compound · See more »


Aromatherapy uses plant materials and aromatic plant oils, including essential oils, and other aroma compounds for improving psychological or physical well-being.

New!!: Perfume and Aromatherapy · See more »


In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

New!!: Perfume and Aromaticity · See more »


Avicenna (also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; ابن سینا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.

New!!: Perfume and Avicenna · See more »


Balenciaga is a luxury fashion house founded in Spain by Cristóbal Balenciaga, a designer born in the Basque Country, Spain, now owned by the French multinational company Kering.

New!!: Perfume and Balenciaga · See more »

Balsam of Peru

Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names, is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon balsamum var.

New!!: Perfume and Balsam of Peru · See more »

Bark (botany)

Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants.

New!!: Perfume and Bark (botany) · See more »


Basil (Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil or Saint-Joseph's-wort, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints).

New!!: Perfume and Basil · See more »

Benzoin (resin)

Benzoin or benjamin is a balsamic resin obtained from the bark of several species of trees in the genus Styrax.

New!!: Perfume and Benzoin (resin) · See more »

Bergamot orange

Citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange (pronounced), is a fragrant citrus fruit the size of an orange, with a yellow or green color similar to a lime, depending on ripeness.

New!!: Perfume and Bergamot orange · See more »


A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.

New!!: Perfume and Birch · See more »

Bitter orange

Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit.

New!!: Perfume and Bitter orange · See more »


In botany, blossoms are the flowers of stone fruit trees (genus Prunus) and of some other plants with a similar appearance that flower profusely for a period of time in spring.

New!!: Perfume and Blossom · See more »

Body odor

Body odor (American English) or body odour (British English; see spelling differences) is present in animals and humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies).

New!!: Perfume and Body odor · See more »

Brown algae

The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.

New!!: Perfume and Brown algae · See more »


In botany, a bulb is structurally a short stem with fleshy leaves or leaf bases that function as food storage organs during dormancy.

New!!: Perfume and Bulb · See more »


Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.

New!!: Perfume and Calabria · See more »


Calone or methylbenzodioxepinone, trade-named Calone 1951, also known in the industry as "watermelon ketone", was discovered by Pfizer in 1966.

New!!: Perfume and Calone · See more »


Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

New!!: Perfume and Camphor · See more »

Cananga odorata

Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

New!!: Perfume and Cananga odorata · See more »


Caraway, also known as meridian fennel, and Persian cumin, (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae,USDA Plants native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa.

New!!: Perfume and Caraway · See more »


Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Cardamom · See more »


Castoreum is the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American beaver (Castor canadensis) and the European beaver (Castor fiber).

New!!: Perfume and Castoreum · See more »

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.

New!!: Perfume and Catherine de' Medici · See more »

Cedar wood

Cedar wood comes from several different trees known as cedars that grow in different parts of the world, and may have different uses.

New!!: Perfume and Cedar wood · See more »


Cedrus (common English name cedar) is a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae (subfamily Abietoideae).

New!!: Perfume and Cedrus · See more »


Celery (Apium graveolens) is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae that has been cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity.

New!!: Perfume and Celery · See more »


Chanel S.A. is a French, privately held company owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel.

New!!: Perfume and Chanel · See more »

Chanel No. 5

Chanel No.

New!!: Perfume and Chanel No. 5 · See more »

Charaka Samhita

The Charaka Saṃhitā or Compendium of Charaka (Sanskrit चरक संहिता IAST: caraka-saṃhitā) is a Sanskrit text on Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine).

New!!: Perfume and Charaka Samhita · See more »

Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

New!!: Perfume and Chemical synthesis · See more »


A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

New!!: Perfume and Chemist · See more »


Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Perfume and Chemistry · See more »


A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).

New!!: Perfume and Cherry · See more »

Chirality (chemistry)

Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.

New!!: Perfume and Chirality (chemistry) · See more »

Christian Dior SE

Christian Dior SE, commonly known as Dior, is a European luxury goods company controlled and chaired by French businessman Bernard Arnault, who also heads LVMH – the world's largest luxury group.

New!!: Perfume and Christian Dior SE · See more »

Chrysopogon zizanioides

Chrysopogon zizanioides, commonly known as vetiver (derived from the Tamil: வெட்டிவேர் veṭṭivēr) is a perennial bunchgrass of the Poaceae family, native to India.

New!!: Perfume and Chrysopogon zizanioides · See more »


Chypre is the name of a family (or concept) of perfumes that are characterised by an accord composed of citrus top-notes, a middle centered on cistus labdanum, and a mossy-animalic basenote derived from oakmoss.

New!!: Perfume and Chypre · See more »


Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.

New!!: Perfume and Cinnamon · See more »


Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Citrus · See more »

Civet (perfumery)

Civet (Zibeth; Zibet; Zibetum), also known as civet musk, is the glandular secretion produced by both sexes of the civet (Viverridae).

New!!: Perfume and Civet (perfumery) · See more »


Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.

New!!: Perfume and Clove · See more »

Cocoa bean

The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.

New!!: Perfume and Cocoa bean · See more »

Coconut oil

Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).

New!!: Perfume and Coconut oil · See more »


Cola is a sweetened, carbonated soft drink, made from ingredients that contain caffeine from the kola nut and non-cocaine derivatives from coca leaves, flavored with vanilla and other ingredients.

New!!: Perfume and Cola · See more »


Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

New!!: Perfume and Cologne · See more »

Concrete (perfumery)

Concrete, in perfumery, is a semi-solid mass obtained by solvent extraction of fresh plant material.

New!!: Perfume and Concrete (perfumery) · See more »


Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase, and is the reverse of vapourisation.

New!!: Perfume and Condensation · See more »

Cool Water (perfume)

Cool Water is a perfume introduced in 1988 by Davidoff, now a part of Coty Prestige.

New!!: Perfume and Cool Water (perfume) · See more »


Copal is a name given to tree resin, particularly the aromatic resins from the copal tree Protium copal (Burseraceae) used by the cultures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica as ceremonially burned incense and for other purposes.

New!!: Perfume and Copal · See more »

Copyright Act of 1976

The Copyright Act of 1976 is a United States copyright law and remains the primary basis of copyright law in the United States, as amended by several later enacted copyright provisions.

New!!: Perfume and Copyright Act of 1976 · See more »


Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Coriander · See more »


A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

New!!: Perfume and Corporation · See more »


Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.

New!!: Perfume and Cosmetics · See more »


Coumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) is a fragrant organic chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, although it may also be seen as a subclass of lactones.

New!!: Perfume and Coumarin · See more »

Court of Cassation (France)

The Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation) founded in 1804 is one of France's courts of last resort having jurisdiction over all matters triable in the judicial stream with scope of certifying questions of law and review in determining miscarriages of justice.

New!!: Perfume and Court of Cassation (France) · See more »

Croton eluteria

Croton eluteria, known as Cascarilla, is a plant species of the genus Croton, that is native to the Caribbean.

New!!: Perfume and Croton eluteria · See more »

Cuneiform script

Cuneiform script, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.

New!!: Perfume and Cuneiform script · See more »


Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

New!!: Perfume and Cyprus · See more »

Daucus carota

Daucus carota, whose common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace (North America), is a white, flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia, and naturalized to North America and Australia.

New!!: Perfume and Daucus carota · See more »


Davidoff is a Swiss premium brand of cigars and smoker’s accessories.

New!!: Perfume and Davidoff · See more »

Denaturation (biochemistry)

Denaturation is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure which is present in their native state, by application of some external stress or compound such as a strong acid or base, a concentrated inorganic salt, an organic solvent (e.g., alcohol or chloroform), radiation or heat.

New!!: Perfume and Denaturation (biochemistry) · See more »


A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.

New!!: Perfume and Detergent · See more »

Dimethyl ether

Dimethyl ether (DME), also known as methoxymethane, is the organic compound with the formula CH3OCH3, simplified to C2H6O.

New!!: Perfume and Dimethyl ether · See more »

Dipteryx odorata

Dipteryx odorata (commonly known as "cumaru" or "kumaru") is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Dipteryx odorata · See more »


Dirt is unclean matter, especially when in contact with a person's clothes, skin or possessions when they are said to become dirty.

New!!: Perfume and Dirt · See more »


Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.

New!!: Perfume and Distillation · See more »

Do it yourself

"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.

New!!: Perfume and Do it yourself · See more »

Eau de Cologne

Eau de Cologne (German: Kölnisch Wasser; meaning "Water from Cologne"), or simply cologne, is a perfume originating from Cologne, Germany.

New!!: Perfume and Eau de Cologne · See more »

Eau de toilette

Eau de toilette or toilet water is a lightly scented cologne used as a skin freshener.

New!!: Perfume and Eau de toilette · See more »

Eilhard Wiedemann

Eilhard Ernst Gustav Wiedemann (1 August 1852, Berlin – 7 January 1928, Erlangen) was a German physicist and historian of science.

New!!: Perfume and Eilhard Wiedemann · See more »

Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary

Elizabeth of Poland (Polish: Elżbieta Łokietkówna) (1305 – 29 December 1380) was Queen consort of Hungary by marriage to Charles I of Hungary, and regent of Poland from 1370 to 1376 during the absence of her son Louis I of Hungary.

New!!: Perfume and Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary · See more »

Encyclopaedia of Islam

The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is an encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Islamic studies published by Brill.

New!!: Perfume and Encyclopaedia of Islam · See more »


Enfleurage is a process that uses odorless fats that are solid at room temperature to capture the fragrant compounds exuded by plants.

New!!: Perfume and Enfleurage · See more »

Essential oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.

New!!: Perfume and Essential oil · See more »

Estée Lauder Companies

The Estée Lauder Companies Inc. is an multinational manufacturer and marketer of prestige skincare, makeup, fragrance and hair care products, based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: Perfume and Estée Lauder Companies · See more »


In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Perfume and Ester · See more »


Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

New!!: Perfume and Ethane · See more »


Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

New!!: Perfume and Ethanol · See more »

Ethyl acetate

Ethyl acetate (systematically ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula, simplified to.

New!!: Perfume and Ethyl acetate · See more »

Evernia prunastri

Evernia prunastri, also known as oakmoss, is a species of lichen.

New!!: Perfume and Evernia prunastri · See more »

Far East

The Far East is a geographical term in English that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.

New!!: Perfume and Far East · See more »


A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.

New!!: Perfume and Fern · See more »

FiFi Awards

The FiFi Awards are an annual event sponsored by The Fragrance Foundation which honor the fragrance industry's creative achievements.

New!!: Perfume and FiFi Awards · See more »


Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Fir · See more »


Firmenich SA is a private Swiss company in the fragrance and flavor business.

New!!: Perfume and Firmenich · See more »

Fixative (perfumery)

A fixative is used to equalize the vapor pressures, and thus the volatilities, of the raw materials in a perfume oil, as well as to increase the tenacity.

New!!: Perfume and Fixative (perfumery) · See more »


Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

New!!: Perfume and Florence · See more »

Florence flask

A Florence flask is a type of flask used as an item of laboratory glassware.

New!!: Perfume and Florence flask · See more »


A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

New!!: Perfume and Flower · See more »


Fougère,, is one of the main olfactive families of perfumes.

New!!: Perfume and Fougère · See more »

Fractionating column

A fractionating column is an essential item used in distillation of liquid mixtures so as to separate the mixture into its component parts, or fractions, based on the differences in volatilities.

New!!: Perfume and Fractionating column · See more »

Fragrance lamp

Also known as a "perfume lamp", "effusion lamp," or "catalytic lamp", a fragrance lamp is a lamp that disperses scented alcohol using a heated stone attached to a cotton wick.

New!!: Perfume and Fragrance lamp · See more »

Fragrance Museum

The Farina Fragrance Museum is situated across from Cologne City Hall, and near the famous Wallraf-Richartz-Museum in the Obenmarspforten in Innenstadt, Cologne.

New!!: Perfume and Fragrance Museum · See more »

Fragrance oil

Fragrance oil(s), also known as aroma oils, aromatic oils, and flavor oils, are blended synthetic aroma compounds or natural essential oils that are diluted with a carrier like propylene glycol, vegetable oil, or mineral oil.

New!!: Perfume and Fragrance oil · See more »

François Coty

François Coty (born Joseph Marie François Spoturno; 3 May 1874 – 25 July 1934) was a French perfumer and businessman.

New!!: Perfume and François Coty · See more »


Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.

New!!: Perfume and Frankincense · See more »


In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

New!!: Perfume and Fruit · See more »

Fucus vesiculosus

Fucus vesiculosus, known by the common name bladder wrack or bladderwrack, is a seaweed found on the coasts of the North Sea, the western Baltic Sea, and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, also known by the common names black tang, rockweed, bladder fucus, sea oak, black tany, cut weed, dyers fucus, red fucus, and rock wrack.

New!!: Perfume and Fucus vesiculosus · See more »


The furanocoumarins, or furocoumarins, are a class of organic chemical compounds produced by a variety of plants.

New!!: Perfume and Furanocoumarin · See more »


Galaxolide (trade name; also known as Abbalide, Pearlide, Astrolide, Musk 50, Polarlide; chemical name 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8,-hexamethyl-cyclopentabenzopyran or HHCB) is a synthetic musk with a clean sweet musky floral woody odor used in fragrances.

New!!: Perfume and Galaxolide · See more »


Gardenia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Madagascar and Pacific Islands.

New!!: Perfume and Gardenia · See more »

Gas chromatography

Gas chromatography (GC) is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition.

New!!: Perfume and Gas chromatography · See more »

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is an analytical method that combines the features of gas-chromatography and mass spectrometry to identify different substances within a test sample.

New!!: Perfume and Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry · See more »

Generally recognized as safe

Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.

New!!: Perfume and Generally recognized as safe · See more »


Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.

New!!: Perfume and Ginger · See more »


Givaudan is a Swiss manufacturer of flavors, fragrances, and active cosmetic ingredients.

New!!: Perfume and Givaudan · See more »


The grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) is a subtropical citrus tree known for its sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter fruit.

New!!: Perfume and Grapefruit · See more »


Grasse (Provençal Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm; traditional Grassa) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department (of which it is a sub-prefecture), on the French Riviera.

New!!: Perfume and Grasse · See more »

Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

New!!: Perfume and Great Lakes · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Perfume and Greek language · See more »


Guerlain is a French perfume, cosmetics and skincare house, which is among the oldest in the world.

New!!: Perfume and Guerlain · See more »

Guy Laroche

Guy Laroche was a French fashion designer (16 July 1921 in La Rochelle, France – 17 February 1989 in Paris) and founder of the eponymous company.

New!!: Perfume and Guy Laroche · See more »


Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing animals such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.

New!!: Perfume and Hay · See more »

Headspace technology

Headspace technology is a technique developed in the 1980s to elucidate the odor compounds present in the air surrounding various objects.

New!!: Perfume and Headspace technology · See more »


In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.

New!!: Perfume and Heat · See more »


In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.

New!!: Perfume and Herb · See more »

Herbal distillate

Herbal distillates, also known as floral waters, hydrosols, hydrolates, herbal waters, and essential waters, are aqueous products of hydrodistillation.

New!!: Perfume and Herbal distillate · See more »


A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.

New!!: Perfume and Herbivore · See more »


Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.

New!!: Perfume and Hexane · See more »


Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.

New!!: Perfume and Honey · See more »

Honey bee

A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.

New!!: Perfume and Honey bee · See more »


A honeycomb is a mass of hexagonal prismatic wax cells built by honey bees in their nests to contain their larvae and stores of honey and pollen.

New!!: Perfume and Honeycomb · See more »

Houbigant Parfum

Houbigant Parfum is a perfume manufacturer founded in Paris, France in 1775 by Jean-François Houbigant of Grasse (1752–1807).

New!!: Perfume and Houbigant Parfum · See more »

House of Fabergé

The House of Fabergé (Russian: Дом Фаберже) is a jewellery firm founded in 1842 in St. Petersburg, Imperial Russia, by Gustav Faberge, using the accented name "Fabergé".

New!!: Perfume and House of Fabergé · See more »


Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.

New!!: Perfume and Hungarians · See more »

Hungary Water

Hungary water (sometimes called "the Queen of Hungary's Water", Eau de la Reine de Hongary, or "spirits of rosemary") was one of the first alcohol-based perfumes in Europe, primarily made with rosemary.

New!!: Perfume and Hungary Water · See more »

Hyacinth (plant)

Hyacinthus is a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae.

New!!: Perfume and Hyacinth (plant) · See more »


In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

New!!: Perfume and Hydrocarbon · See more »


A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.

New!!: Perfume and Hydrophile · See more »


In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.

New!!: Perfume and Hydrophobe · See more »


Hyraceum is the petrified and rock-like excrement composed of both urine and feces excreted by the Cape hyrax (Procavia capensis, also referred to as the rock hyrax or dassie).

New!!: Perfume and Hyraceum · See more »


Incense is aromatic biotic material which releases fragrant smoke when burned.

New!!: Perfume and Incense · See more »

Indus Valley Civilisation

The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.

New!!: Perfume and Indus Valley Civilisation · See more »

Insect repellent

An insect repellent (also commonly called "bug spray") is a substance applied to skin, clothing, or other surfaces which discourages insects (and arthropods in general) from landing or climbing on that surface.

New!!: Perfume and Insect repellent · See more »

International Flavors & Fragrances

International Flavors & Fragrances is an American corporation producing flavors and fragrances and cosmetic actives, which it markets globally.

New!!: Perfume and International Flavors & Fragrances · See more »

International Fragrance Association

The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) founded in 1973 and based in Geneva, Switzerland, is the official self-regulatory representative body of the fragrance industry worldwide.

New!!: Perfume and International Fragrance Association · See more »

International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients

The International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, abbreviated INCI, is a system of names for waxes, oils, pigments, chemicals, and other ingredients of soaps, cosmetics, and the like, based on scientific names and other Latin and English words.

New!!: Perfume and International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients · See more »


Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

New!!: Perfume and Iran · See more »

Iris (plant)

Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.

New!!: Perfume and Iris (plant) · See more »


Ittar (Hindi/Urdu), also known as attar, is an essential oil derived from botanical sources.

New!!: Perfume and Ittar · See more »


Jasmine (taxonomic name Jasminum) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae).

New!!: Perfume and Jasmine · See more »

Jean Patou

Jean Patou (19 August 1880 - 8 March 1936) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Jean Patou brand.

New!!: Perfume and Jean Patou · See more »


Jicky is a perfume by the House of Guerlain, created by Aimé Guerlain.

New!!: Perfume and Jicky · See more »

Johann Maria Farina

Johann Maria Farina 1685–1766 Giovanni Maria Farina (born 8 December 1685, Santa Maria Maggiore; Germanized name: Johann Maria Farina, Francized: Jean Marie Farina – 25 November 1766, Cologne) was an Italian-born perfumier from Germany who created the first Eau de Cologne.

New!!: Perfume and Johann Maria Farina · See more »

Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz

Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz GmbH (English: John Maria Farina opposite Jülich's Square) is the world's oldest eau de Cologne and perfume factory.

New!!: Perfume and Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz · See more »

Jojoba oil

Jojoba oil is the liquid produced in the seed of the Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) plant, a shrub, which is native to southern Arizona, southern California, and northwestern Mexico.

New!!: Perfume and Jojoba oil · See more »

Joy (perfume)

Joy is a perfume created for Parisian couturier Jean Patou by perfumer Henri Alméras in 1929.

New!!: Perfume and Joy (perfume) · See more »


Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Juniper · See more »


is a common masculine Japanese given name.

New!!: Perfume and Kenzo · See more »


Labdanum, also called ladanum, laudanum, ladan or ladanon, is a sticky brown resin obtained from the shrubs Cistus ladanifer (western Mediterranean) and Cistus creticus (eastern Mediterranean), species of rockrose.

New!!: Perfume and Labdanum · See more »


Lancôme is a French luxury perfumes and cosmetics house that distributes products internationally.

New!!: Perfume and Lancôme · See more »


Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Lavandula · See more »


A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

New!!: Perfume and Leaf · See more »


The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.

New!!: Perfume and Lemon · See more »


A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.

New!!: Perfume and Lichen · See more »


Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Perfume and Light · See more »

Lime (fruit)

A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, "lemon") is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.

New!!: Perfume and Lime (fruit) · See more »


No description.

New!!: Perfume and Linalool · See more »

Liquid–liquid extraction

Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).

New!!: Perfume and Liquid–liquid extraction · See more »

List of essential oils

Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants.

New!!: Perfume and List of essential oils · See more »


Litsea is a genus of evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae.

New!!: Perfume and Litsea · See more »

Maker culture

The maker culture is a contemporary culture or subculture representing a technology-based extension of DIY culture that intersects with hacker culture (which is less concerned with physical objects as it focuses on software) and revels in the creation of new devices as well as tinkering with existing ones.

New!!: Perfume and Maker culture · See more »

Marcellin Berthelot

Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot FRS FRSE (25 October 1827 – 18 March 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the ThomsenendashBerthelot principle of thermochemistry.

New!!: Perfume and Marcellin Berthelot · See more »


Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

New!!: Perfume and Mesopotamia · See more »

Michael Edwards (fragrance expert)

Michael Anthony Edwards (10 December 1943) is a British fragrance taxonomist, historian, and founding editor of Fragrances of the World, the largest guide to perfume classification.

New!!: Perfume and Michael Edwards (fragrance expert) · See more »

Mitsouko (perfume)

Mitsouko is a 1919 perfume by Guerlain.

New!!: Perfume and Mitsouko (perfume) · See more »


Mongoose is the popular English name for 29 of the 34 species in the 14 genera of the family Herpestidae, which are small feliform carnivorans native to southern Eurasia and mainland Africa.

New!!: Perfume and Mongoose · See more »


A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.

New!!: Perfume and Monk · See more »


A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

New!!: Perfume and Museum · See more »


Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery.

New!!: Perfume and Musk · See more »

Musk deer

Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae.

New!!: Perfume and Musk deer · See more »

Musk xylene

Musk xylene is a synthetic musk fragrance which mimics natural musk.

New!!: Perfume and Musk xylene · See more »


Myrrh (from Aramaic, but see § Etymology) is a natural gum or resin extracted from a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora.

New!!: Perfume and Myrrh · See more »

Myrtus communis

Myrtus communis, the common myrtle, is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family Myrtaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Myrtus communis · See more »

Narcissus (plant)

Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family.

New!!: Perfume and Narcissus (plant) · See more »


Neroli oil is an essential oil produced from the blossom of the bitter orange tree (Citrus aurantium subsp. amara or Bigaradia).

New!!: Perfume and Neroli · See more »


Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica.

New!!: Perfume and Nutmeg · See more »


An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.

New!!: Perfume and Odor · See more »


An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

New!!: Perfume and Oil · See more »


Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell.

New!!: Perfume and Olfaction · See more »

Opium (perfume)

Opium is an Oriental-spicy perfume created for fashion brand Yves Saint Laurent (YSL) by perfumer Jean Amic and Jean-Louis Sieuzac of Roure, first marketed in 1977.

New!!: Perfume and Opium (perfume) · See more »


Opopanax, also known as opobalsam, refers to a number of gum resins (natural substances that are a mixture of water-soluble gums and alcohol-soluble resins) traditionally considered to have medicinal properties.

New!!: Perfume and Opopanax · See more »

Orange (fruit)

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Orange (fruit) · See more »

Orange blossom

The Orange blossom is the fragrant flower of the ''Citrus sinensis'' (orange tree).

New!!: Perfume and Orange blossom · See more »

Orange oil

Orange oil is an essential oil produced by cells within the rind of an orange fruit (Citrus sinensis fruit).

New!!: Perfume and Orange oil · See more »

Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

New!!: Perfume and Organic synthesis · See more »


Osmanthus is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Osmanthus · See more »


The Osmothèque (from Greek osmē "scent" patterned on French bibliothèque "library") is the world’s largest scent archive, a leading international research institution tracing the history of perfumery, based in Versailles with conference centers in New York City and Paris.

New!!: Perfume and Osmothèque · See more »


Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Perfume and Oxygen · See more »

Patch test

A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.

New!!: Perfume and Patch test · See more »


Patchoulialso spelled "patchouly" or "pachouli" (Pogostemon cablin) is a species of plant from the family Lamiaceae, commonly called the "mint" or "deadnettle" family.

New!!: Perfume and Patchouli · See more »

Pelargonium graveolens

Pelargonium graveolens is an uncommon Pelargonium species native to the Cape Provinces and the Northern Provinces of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

New!!: Perfume and Pelargonium graveolens · See more »


Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.

New!!: Perfume and Perfume · See more »

Perfume intolerance

Perfume intolerance or perfume allergy is a condition wherein people exhibit sensitivity or allergic reactions to ingredients in some perfumes and some other fragrances.

New!!: Perfume and Perfume intolerance · See more »


Petitgrain is an essential oil that is extracted from the leaves and green twigs of the bitter orange tree (Citrus aurantium ssp. amara) via steam distillation.

New!!: Perfume and Petitgrain · See more »


A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.

New!!: Perfume and Pheromone · See more »

Pierre Balmain

Pierre Alexandre Claudius Balmain (b. Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, Savoie, 18 May 1914 – Paris, France, 29 June 1982) was a French fashion designer and founder of leading post-war fashion house Balmain.

New!!: Perfume and Pierre Balmain · See more »


A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Pine · See more »


The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

New!!: Perfume and Pinophyta · See more »


Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Perfume and Plant · See more »

Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.

New!!: Perfume and Plant stem · See more »


Plumeria is a genus of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Plumeria · See more »

Polianthes tuberosa

Polianthes tuberosa, the tuberose, is a perennial plant related to the agaves, extracts of which are used as a note in perfumery.

New!!: Perfume and Polianthes tuberosa · See more »


A pollinator is an animal that moves pollen from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma of a flower.

New!!: Perfume and Pollinator · See more »


A pomander, from French pomme d'ambre, i.e., apple of amber, is a ball made for perfumes, such as ambergris (whence the name), musk, or civet.

New!!: Perfume and Pomander · See more »


Potpourri is a mixture of dried, naturally fragrant plant material, used to provide a gentle natural scent, commonly in residential settings.

New!!: Perfume and Potpourri · See more »

Profit margin

Profit margin, net margin, net profit margin or net profit ratio is a measure of profitability.

New!!: Perfume and Profit margin · See more »

Pyrgos, Limassol

Pyrgos (Πύργος) is a village east of the town of Limassol, Cyprus.

New!!: Perfume and Pyrgos, Limassol · See more »


Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.

New!!: Perfume and Pyrolysis · See more »

Rectified spirit

Rectified spirit, also known as neutral spirits, rectified alcohol, or ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin is highly concentrated ethanol which has been purified by means of repeated distillation, a process that is called rectification.

New!!: Perfume and Rectified spirit · See more »


Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Perfume and Redox · See more »


The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

New!!: Perfume and Renaissance · See more »


In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

New!!: Perfume and Resin · See more »


In botany and dendrology, a rhizome (from script "mass of roots", from rhizóō "cause to strike root") is a modified subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.

New!!: Perfume and Rhizome · See more »

Robert Piguet

Robert Piguet (1898 – 1953) was a Swiss-born, Paris-based fashion designer who is mainly remembered for training Christian Dior and Hubert de Givenchy.

New!!: Perfume and Robert Piguet · See more »

Rock hyrax

The rock hyrax (Procavia capensis), also called rock badger, rock rabbit, and Cape hyrax, is commonly referred to in South African English as the dassie.

New!!: Perfume and Rock hyrax · See more »


In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

New!!: Perfume and Root · See more »


A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

New!!: Perfume and Rose · See more »

Rose oil

Rose oil (rose otto, attar of rose, attar of roses or rose essence) is the essential oil extracted from the petals of various types of rose.

New!!: Perfume and Rose oil · See more »

Rose water

Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.

New!!: Perfume and Rose water · See more »


Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region.

New!!: Perfume and Rosemary · See more »


Rosewood refers to any of a number of richly hued timbers, often brownish with darker veining, but found in many different hues.

New!!: Perfume and Rosewood · See more »


A sachet is a small cloth scented bag filled with herbs, potpourri, or aromatic ingredients.

New!!: Perfume and Sachet · See more »


Safrole is a phenylpropene.

New!!: Perfume and Safrole · See more »

Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA).

New!!: Perfume and Salicylic acid · See more »

Salvia officinalis

Salvia officinalis (sage, also called garden sage, common sage, or culinary sage) is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers.

New!!: Perfume and Salvia officinalis · See more »


Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.

New!!: Perfume and Sandalwood · See more »

Santa Maria Novella

Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy, situated just across from the main railway station named after it.

New!!: Perfume and Santa Maria Novella · See more »


Sassafras is a genus of three extant and one extinct species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia.

New!!: Perfume and Sassafras · See more »

Scented water

Scented water, odoriferous waterBaer, p. 43 or sweet water, is a water with a sweet aromatic smell.

New!!: Perfume and Scented water · See more »

Secondary metabolite

Secondary metabolites are organic compounds that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, or reproduction of an organism.

New!!: Perfume and Secondary metabolite · See more »


A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

New!!: Perfume and Seed · See more »

Serge Lutens

Serge Lutens (born 14 March 1942 in Lille, France) is a French photographer, filmmaker, hair stylist, perfume creator and fashion designer.

New!!: Perfume and Serge Lutens · See more »

Sex in advertising

Sex in advertising is the use of sex appeal in advertising to help sell a particular product or service.

New!!: Perfume and Sex in advertising · See more »

Shalimar (perfume)

Shalimar is a perfume originally created by Jacques Guerlain in 1921 and currently produced by Guerlain.

New!!: Perfume and Shalimar (perfume) · See more »


Shampoo is a hair care product, typically in the form of a viscous liquid, that is used for cleaning hair.

New!!: Perfume and Shampoo · See more »


Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: Perfume and Sicily · See more »


A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

New!!: Perfume and Solvent · See more »

Sophia Grojsman

Sophia Grojsman (born 8 March 1945 in Lubcha, Belarus) is a Belarus-born American perfumer.

New!!: Perfume and Sophia Grojsman · See more »

Sperm whale

The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) or cachalot is the largest of the toothed whales and the largest toothed predator.

New!!: Perfume and Sperm whale · See more »


A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.

New!!: Perfume and Spice · See more »


The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.

New!!: Perfume and Strawberry · See more »


Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

New!!: Perfume and Sulfur · See more »

Supercritical carbon dioxide

Supercritical carbon dioxide (s) is a fluid state of carbon dioxide where it is held at or above its critical temperature and critical pressure.

New!!: Perfume and Supercritical carbon dioxide · See more »

Supercritical fluid extraction

Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) is the process of separating one component (the extractant) from another (the matrix) using supercritical fluids as the extracting solvent.

New!!: Perfume and Supercritical fluid extraction · See more »

Supreme Court of the Netherlands

The Supreme Court of the Netherlands (Hoge Raad der Nederlanden or simply Hoge Raad), officially the High Council of the Netherlands, is the final court of appeal in civil, criminal and tax cases in the Netherlands, including Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Aruba.

New!!: Perfume and Supreme Court of the Netherlands · See more »

Sushruta Samhita

The Sushruta Samhita (सुश्रुतसंहिता, IAST: Suśrutasaṃhitā, literally "Suśruta's Compendium") is an ancient Sanskrit text on medicine and surgery, and one of the most important such treatises on this subject to survive from the ancient world.

New!!: Perfume and Sushruta Samhita · See more »


Symrise is a major producer of flavours and fragrances with sales of €2.903 billion in 2016.

New!!: Perfume and Symrise · See more »


Synesius (Συνέσιος; c. 373 – c. 414), a Greek bishop of Ptolemais in the Libyan Pentapolis after 410, was born of wealthy parents who claimed descent from Spartan kings, at Balagrae (now Bayda, Libya) near Cyrene between 370 and 375.

New!!: Perfume and Synesius · See more »

Synthetic musk

Synthetic musks, known as white musks in the perfume industry, are a class of synthetic aroma compounds to emulate the scent of deer musk and other animal musks (ambergris, castoreum and civet).

New!!: Perfume and Synthetic musk · See more »

Takasago International Corporation

() is a major international producer of flavours and fragrances headquartered in Japan, with presence in 24 countries worldwide and net sales of $900 million in 2006.

New!!: Perfume and Takasago International Corporation · See more »


Tapputi, also referred to as Tapputi-Belatekallim ("Belatekallim" refers to female overseer of a palace), is considered to be the world’s first chemist, a perfume-maker mentioned in a cuneiform tablet dated around 1200 BC in Babylonian Mesopotamia.

New!!: Perfume and Tapputi · See more »


Tar is a dark brown or black viscous liquid of hydrocarbons and free carbon, obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.

New!!: Perfume and Tar · See more »


Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

New!!: Perfume and Terpene · See more »

Tetramethyl acetyloctahydronaphthalenes

No description.

New!!: Perfume and Tetramethyl acetyloctahydronaphthalenes · See more »

Thermal insulation

Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (i.e. the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.

New!!: Perfume and Thermal insulation · See more »

Thierry Mugler

Thierry Mugler (born 21 December 1948) is a French fashion designer.

New!!: Perfume and Thierry Mugler · See more »


A tincture is typically an alcoholic extract of plant or animal material or solution of such, or of a low volatility substance (such as iodine and mercurochrome).

New!!: Perfume and Tincture · See more »


Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

New!!: Perfume and Tobacco · See more »


The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

New!!: Perfume and Tomato · See more »


Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.

New!!: Perfume and Trade · See more »

Trade secret

A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial method, or compilation of information not generally known or reasonably ascertainable by others by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers.

New!!: Perfume and Trade secret · See more »


A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).

New!!: Perfume and Trademark · See more »


A twig is a small thin terminal branch of a woody plant.

New!!: Perfume and Twig · See more »


Usnea is a genus of mostly pale grayish-green fruticose lichens that grow like leafless mini-shrubs or tassels anchored on bark or twigs.

New!!: Perfume and Usnea · See more »

Vachellia farnesiana

Vachellia farnesiana, also known as Acacia farnesiana, and previously Mimosa farnesiana, commonly known as sweet acacia, huisache or needle bush (named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches).

New!!: Perfume and Vachellia farnesiana · See more »


Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia).

New!!: Perfume and Vanilla · See more »


Vanillin is a phenolic aldehyde, which is an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3.

New!!: Perfume and Vanillin · See more »

Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

New!!: Perfume and Victorian era · See more »

Viola (plant)

Viola (and) is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.

New!!: Perfume and Viola (plant) · See more »


In fluid dynamics, a wake may either be.

New!!: Perfume and Wake · See more »


Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.

New!!: Perfume and Wax · See more »


Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

New!!: Perfume and Wood · See more »

World Animal Protection

World Animal Protection (formerly The World Society for the Protection of Animals) is an international non-profit animal welfare organization that has been in operation for over 30 years.

New!!: Perfume and World Animal Protection · See more »

Yves Saint Laurent (brand)

Yves Saint Laurent SAS (YSL), also known as Saint Laurent, is a French luxury fashion house founded by Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé.

New!!: Perfume and Yves Saint Laurent (brand) · See more »


4711 is a traditional German Eau de Cologne by Mäurer & Wirtz.

New!!: Perfume and 4711 · See more »

Redirects here:

Eau de Parfum, Eau de Toilet, Eau de parfume, Extrait de Parfum, Men's Fragrance, Men's fragrance, Mens Fragrance, Parfum, Parfume, Perfume Bottle, Perfume Industry, Perfume bottle, Perfume bottles, Perfumeries, Perfumery, Perfumes, Perfuming.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfume

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »