31 relations: Abjad, Academy of Persian Language and Literature, Arabic alphabet, Arabic diacritics, Arabic script, Avestan, Že, Che (Persian letter), Compound (linguistics), Cursive, DIN 31635, Gaf, Gemination, Greater Khorasan, Hamza, International Phonetic Alphabet, Nastaʿlīq script, Nunation, Pahlavi scripts, Pe (Persian letter), Persian Braille, Persian language, Right-to-left, Romanization of Persian, Shadda, Tahirid dynasty, Transliteration, Vowel, Western Persian, Writing system, Zero-width non-joiner.
An abjad (pronounced or) is a type of writing system where each symbol or glyph stands for a consonant, leaving the reader to supply the appropriate vowel.
The Academy of Persian Language and Literature (acronym: APLL) (فرهنگستان زبان و ادب فارسی) is the official regulatory body of the Persian language, headquartered in Tehran, Iran.
The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة, or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing Arabic.
The Arabic script has numerous diacritics, including i'jam -, consonant pointing and tashkil -, supplementary diacritics.
The Arabic script is the writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Azerbaijani, Pashto, Persian, Kurdish, Lurish, Urdu, Mandinka, and others.
Avestan, also known historically as Zend, is a language known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture (the Avesta), from which it derives its name.
Že, or žayn/žāy (ژ), is a letter in the Perso-Arabic alphabet, based on zayn (ز) with two additional diacritic dots.
Che, or čīm (چ), is a letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet, used to represent, and which derives from (ج) by the addition of two dots.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
Cursive (also known as script or longhand, among other names) is any style of penmanship in which some characters are written joined together in a flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster.
DIN 31635 is a Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) standard for the transliteration of the Arabic alphabet adopted in 1982.
Gaf, or gāf, may be the name of different Perso-Arabic letters, all representing.
Gemination, or consonant elongation, is the pronouncing in phonetics of a spoken consonant for an audibly longer period of time than that of a short consonant.
Khorasan (Middle Persian: Xwarāsān; خراسان Xorāsān), sometimes called Greater Khorasan, is a historical region lying in northeast of Greater Persia, including part of Central Asia and Afghanistan.
Hamza (همزة) (ء) is a letter in the Arabic alphabet, representing the glottal stop.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Nastaʿlīq (نستعلیق, from نسخ Naskh and تعلیق Taʿlīq) is one of the main calligraphic hands used in writing the Persian alphabet, and traditionally the predominant style in Persian calligraphy.
In some Semitic languages, such as Arabic, nunation (تَنوِين) is the addition of one of three vowel diacritics (حَرَكَات) to a noun or adjective to indicate that the word ends in an alveolar nasal without the addition of the letter nūn.
Pahlavi or Pahlevi is a particular, exclusively written form of various Middle Iranian languages.
Pe (پ) is a letter in the Perso-Arabic alphabet for.
Persian Braille is the braille alphabet for the Persian language.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
In a right-to-left, top-to-bottom script (commonly shortened to right to left or abbreviated RTL), writing starts from the right of the page and continues to the left.
Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language (Farsi, Dari and Tajik) with the Latin script.
Shaddah (شَدّة " emphasis", also called by the verbal noun from the same root, tashdid "emphasis") is one of the diacritics used with the Arabic alphabet, marking a long consonant (geminate).
The Tahirid dynasty (طاهریان, Tâhiriyân) was a dynasty, of PersianThe Tahirids and Saffarids, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol.
Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Western Persian or Iranian Persian is the most widely spoken dialect of Persian.
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.
The zero-width non-joiner (ZWNJ) is a non-printing character used in the computerization of writing systems that make use of ligatures.
Arabic-Perso script, Arabo-Persian, Arabo-Persian script, Farsi abjad, Farsi alphabet, Iranian alphabet, Persian Abjad, Persian alphabet (old page history), Persian alphabets, Persian characters, Persian orthography, Persian script, Persio-Arabic, Perso-Arab, Perso-Arabic, Perso-Arabic Alphabet, Perso-Arabic Script, Perso-Arabic alphabet, Urdu Arabic script.