102 relations: Acclimatization, Acetylcholine, Acetylcholinesterase, Adrenal gland, Adrenergic, Alcohol, Apocrine, Apocrine sweat gland, Axilla, Bacteria, Benzodiazepine, Blood plasma, Blood sugar level, Body odor, Caffeine, Calcium, Catecholamine, Chills, Cholinergic, Chromium, Climate, Cocaine, Cold, Concentration, Copper, Deodorant, Dermatology, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Dog, Drug withdrawal, Eccrine sweat gland, Epithelial sodium channel, Evaporation, Evaporative cooler, Exercise, Feedback, Fever, Focal hyperhidrosis, Forehead, Gain (electronics), Generalized hyperhidrosis, Hand, Hidradenitis suppurativa, Human, Hyperhidrosis, Hyperthermia, Hyperthyroidism, Hypoglycemia, Hypohidrosis, Hyponatremia, ..., Hypothalamus, Insecticide, Insulin, Iron, Kidney failure, Lactic acid, Lead, Magnesium, Malaria, Mammal, Menopause, Mercury (element), Mineral, Morphine, Myocardial infarction, Narcotic, Neoplasm, Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, Nickel, Nonbenzodiazepine, Norepinephrine, Palpitations, Pharynx, Pheochromocytoma, Pheromone, Potassium, Primate, Sauna suit, Serotonin syndrome, Shortness of breath, Skin, Sodium, Sole (foot), Solution, Substituted amphetamine, Sweat allergy, Sweat diagnostics, Sweat gland, Sympathetic nervous system, Symptom, Synonym, Temperature, Thermoregulation, Tonicity, Trace element, Transpiration, Tuberculosis, Urea, Water, Weight loss, Word sense, Zinc. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Acclimatization or acclimatisation (also called acclimation or acclimatation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment (such as a change in altitude, temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions.
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by HGNC gene ACHE; EC 220.127.116.11) is the primary cholinesterase in the body. It is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine and of some other choline esters that function as neurotransmitters. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and in chemical synapses of the cholinergic type, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs to carboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.
Adrenergic means "working on adrenaline (epinephrine) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine)".
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Apocrine is a term used to classify exocrine glands in the study of histology.
An apocrine sweat gland (from Greek apo– "away" and krinein "to separate") is composed of a coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into the infundibular portion of the hair follicle.
The axilla (also, armpit, underarm or oxter) is the area on the human body directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
Body odor (American English) or body odour (British English; see spelling differences) is present in animals and humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies).
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A catecholamine (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.
Chills is a feeling of coldness occurring during a high fever, but sometimes is also a common symptom which occurs alone in specific people.
In general, the word choline refers to the various quaternary ammonium salts containing the ''N'',''N'',''N''-trimethylethanolammonium cation.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Cold is the presence of low temperature, especially in the atmosphere.
In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
A deodorant is a substance applied to the body to prevent body odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration in armpits, feet, and other areas of the body.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.
Eccrine glands (from ekkrinein "secrete"; sometimes called merocrine glands) are the major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palms and soles, then on the head, but much less on the trunk and the extremities.
The epithelial sodium channel (short: eNaC, also: amiloride-sensitive sodium channel) is a membrane-bound ion channel that is selectively permeable to Na+ ions and that is assembled as a heterotrimer composed of three homologous subunits α or δ, β, and γ, These subunits are encoded by four genes: SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1G, and SCNN1D.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
An evaporative cooler (also swamp cooler, desert cooler and wet air cooler) is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Focal hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating in certain body regions.
In human anatomy, the forehead is an area of the head bounded by three features, two of the skull and one of the scalp.
In electronics, gain is a measure of the ability of a two-port circuit (often an amplifier) to increase the power or amplitude of a signal from the input to the output port by adding energy converted from some power supply to the signal.
Generalized hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating that may be induced by febrile diseases, vigorous exercise, or a hot, humid environment, such as a tropical milieu.
A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), also known as acne inversa, is a long term skin disease characterized by the occurrence of inflamed and swollen lumps.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by abnormally increased sweating, in excess of that required for regulation of body temperature.
Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
Hypohidrosis is diminished sweating in response to appropriate stimuli.
Hyponatremia is a low sodium level in the blood.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening reaction that occasionally occurs in response to neuroleptic or antipsychotic medication.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nonbenzodiazepines (sometimes referred to colloquially as "Z-drugs") are a class of psychoactive drugs that are very benzodiazepine-like in nature.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Palpitations are the perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by awareness of cardiac muscle contractions in the chest: hard, fast and/or irregular beats.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands (originating in the chromaffin cells), or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth, that secretes high amounts of catecholamines, mostly norepinephrine, plus epinephrine to a lesser extent.
A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
A sauna suit is a garment made from waterproof fabric designed to make the wearer sweat profusely.
Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a group of symptoms that may occur following use of certain serotonergic medications or drugs.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
The sole is the underside of the foot.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.
A sweat allergy is the exacerbation of atopic dermatitis associated with an elevated body temperature and resulting increases in the production of sweat.
Sweat diagnostics is an emerging non-invasive technique used to provide insights to the health of the human body.
Sweat glands, also known as sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands,, are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is one of the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system, the other being the parasympathetic nervous system.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
Tonicity is a measure of the effective osmotic pressure gradient, as defined by the water potential of two solutions separated by a semipermeable membrane.
A trace element is a chemical element whose concentration (or other measure of amount) is very low (a "trace amount").
Transpiration is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation from aerial parts, such as leaves, stems and flowers.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning).
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.