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Pest (organism)

Index Pest (organism)

A pest is a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns including crops, livestock, and forestry. [1]

141 relations: Agriculture, Amphibulima patula, Ant, Aphid, Apple, Arion (gastropod), Arthropod, Asian trampsnail, Australia, Bacteria, Bear, Beaver, Bed bug, Beetle, Bird, Boll weevil, Bookworm (insect), Bubonic plague, Bullfrog, Canada geese in New Zealand, Canada goose, Cane toad, Cane toads in Australia, Carrying capacity, Cernuella virgata, Clothes moth, Cochlicella, Cockroach, Codling moth, Columbidae, Common myna, Commuter town, Competition (biology), Cornu aspersum, Cotton, Coyote, Cricket (insect), Crop, Crow, Dermestidae, Deroceras, Deroceras reticulatum, Disease, Eastern gray squirrel, Echium plantagineum, Ecology, Ecosystem, Epidemic, Feral cat, Flea, ..., Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Fly, Formica rufa species group, Fox, Free-ranging dog, Gastropoda, Generalist and specialist species, Gopher, Gray wolf, Groundhog, Gull, Gypsy moths in the United States, Hemiptera, Home-stored product entomology, Insect, International Plant Protection Convention, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Introduced species, Invasive species, John B. Burch, Land snail, Larva, Lawn, Lepidoptera, Limax, Lissachatina fulica, List of common household pests, List of feeding behaviours, List of parasites of humans, Livestock, Locust, Louse, Lymantria dispar dispar, Lyme disease, Malaria, Milax (gastropod), Mite, Mole (animal), Mosquito, Mouse, Nematode, Nuisance wildlife management, Oligophagy, Opossum, Ornamental plant, Ovachlamys fulgens, Parasitism, Pest control, Pesticide, Pesticide application, Plague (disease), Plant pathology, Population growth, Potato cyst nematode, R/K selection theory, Rabbit, Rabbits in Australia, Raccoon, Rat, Red squirrel, Rodent, Root-knot nematode, Sarcoptes scabiei, Silverfish, Slug, Soybean cyst nematode, Spider mite, Suburb, Succinea costaricana, Synanthrope, Tandonia, Termite, Theba pisana, Thrips, Tick, Triatominae, Trombiculidae, Tsetse fly, Urban wildlife, Vampire bat, Vector (epidemiology), Vermin, Veronicella sloanii, Veronicellidae, Wasp, Weed, White-tailed deer, Wild boar, Woodpecker, Woodworm, Zachrysia provisoria. Expand index (91 more) »

Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Amphibulima patula

Amphibulima patula is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Amphibulimidae.

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Ant

Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.

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Aphid

Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.

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Apple

An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).

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Arion (gastropod)

Arion is a genus of air-breathing land slugs in the family Arionidae, the roundback slugs.

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Arthropod

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.

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Asian trampsnail

Bradybaena similaris, common name the Asian trampsnail, is a species of small, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Bradybaenidae.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Bear

Bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae.

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Beaver

The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.

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Bed bug

Bed bugs are parasitic insects in the genus Cimex that feed exclusively on blood.

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Beetle

Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.

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Bird

Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Boll weevil

The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) is a beetle which feeds on cotton buds and flowers.

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Bookworm (insect)

Bookworm is a popular generalization for any insect that supposedly bores through books.

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Bubonic plague

Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Bullfrog

Bullfrog is a common English language term to refer to large, aggressive frogs, regardless of species.

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Canada geese in New Zealand

Canada geese (Branta canadensis) were introduced as a game bird into New Zealand in 1905.

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Canada goose

The Canada goose (Branta canadensis), also called the Canadian goose, is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body.

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Cane toad

The cane toad (Rhinella marina), also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad native to South and mainland Central America, but which has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean, as well as Northern Australia.

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Cane toads in Australia

The cane toad in Australia is regarded as an exemplary case of a "feral species"—others being rabbits, foxes, cats and dogs.

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Carrying capacity

The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.

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Cernuella virgata

Cernuella virgata, also known as Helicella virgata, common name, the "vineyard snail", is a species of small, air-breathing land snail, a pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies.

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Clothes moth

Clothes moth or clothing moth is the common name for several species of moth considered to be pests, whose larvae eat animal fibres (hairs), including clothing and other fabrics.

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Cochlicella

Cochlicella is a genus of small, narrow-shelled, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Cochlicellidae, previously placed in the Helicidae or Hygromiidae.

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Cockroach

Cockroaches are insects of the order Blattodea, which also includes termites. About 30 cockroach species out of 4,600 are associated with human habitats. About four species are well known as pests. The cockroaches are an ancient group, dating back at least as far as the Carboniferous period, some 320 million years ago. Those early ancestors however lacked the internal ovipositors of modern roaches. Cockroaches are somewhat generalized insects without special adaptations like the sucking mouthparts of aphids and other true bugs; they have chewing mouthparts and are likely among the most primitive of living neopteran insects. They are common and hardy insects, and can tolerate a wide range of environments from Arctic cold to tropical heat. Tropical cockroaches are often much bigger than temperate species, and, contrary to popular belief, extinct cockroach relatives and 'roachoids' such as the Carboniferous Archimylacris and the Permian Apthoroblattina were not as large as the biggest modern species. Some species, such as the gregarious German cockroach, have an elaborate social structure involving common shelter, social dependence, information transfer and kin recognition. Cockroaches have appeared in human culture since classical antiquity. They are popularly depicted as dirty pests, though the great majority of species are inoffensive and live in a wide range of habitats around the world.

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Codling moth

The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a member of the Lepidopteran family Tortricidae.

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Columbidae

Pigeons and doves constitute the animal family Columbidae and the order Columbiformes, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species.

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Common myna

The common myna or Indian myna (Acridotheres tristis), sometimes spelled mynah, is a member of the family Sturnidae (starlings and mynas) native to Asia.

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Commuter town

A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere but in which they live, eat and sleep.

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Competition (biology)

Competition is an interaction between organisms or species in which both the organisms or species are harmed.

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Cornu aspersum

Cornu aspersum, known by the common name garden snail, is a species of land snail.

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Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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Coyote

The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.

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Cricket (insect)

Crickets (also known as "true crickets"), of the family Gryllidae, are insects related to bush crickets, and, more distantly, to grasshoppers.

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Crop

A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.

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Crow

A Crow is a bird of the genus Corvus, or more broadly is a synonym for all of Corvus.

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Dermestidae

Dermestidae are a family of Coleoptera that are commonly referred to as skin beetles.

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Deroceras

Deroceras is a taxonomic genus of small to medium sized air-breathing land slugs in the family Agriolimacidae.

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Deroceras reticulatum

Deroceras reticulatum, common names the "grey field slug" and "grey garden slug", is a species of small air-breathing land slug, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Agriolimacidae.

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Disease

A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Eastern gray squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis, common name eastern gray squirrel or grey squirrel depending on region, is a tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus.

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Echium plantagineum

Echium plantagineum, commonly known as purple viper's-bugloss or Paterson's curse, is a species of Echium native to western and southern Europe (from southern England south to Iberia and east to the Crimea), northern Africa, and southwestern Asia (east to Georgia).

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Ecology

Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

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Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.

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Epidemic

An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.

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Feral cat

A feral cat is a cat that lives outdoors and has had little or no human contact.

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Flea

Fleas are small flightless insects that form the order Siphonaptera.

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Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) is an executive department of the government of Florida.

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Fly

True flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings".

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Formica rufa species group

The Formica rufa group is a subgeneric group within the genus Formica, first proposed by William Morton Wheeler.

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Fox

Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.

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Free-ranging dog

A free-ranging dog is a dog that is not confined to a yard or house.

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Gastropoda

The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.

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Generalist and specialist species

A generalist species is able to thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditions and can make use of a variety of different resources (for example, a heterotroph with a varied diet).

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Gopher

Pocket gophers, commonly referred to as gophers, are burrowing rodents of the family Geomyidae.

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Gray wolf

The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).

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Groundhog

The groundhog (Marmota monax), also known as a woodchuck, is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels known as marmots.

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Gull

Gulls or seagulls are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari.

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Gypsy moths in the United States

The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) was introduced in 1868 into the United States by Étienne Léopold Trouvelot, a French scientist living in Medford, Massachusetts.

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Hemiptera

The Hemiptera or true bugs are an order of insects comprising some 50,000 to 80,000 species of groups such as the cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, and shield bugs.

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Home-stored product entomology

Home stored product entomology is the study of insects which infest foodstuffs stored in the home.

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Insect

Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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International Plant Protection Convention

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a 1951 multilateral treaty overseen by the Food and Agriculture Organization that aims to secure coordinated, effective action to prevent and to control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products.

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International Union for Conservation of Nature

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Invasive species

An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.

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John B. Burch

John Bayard Burch (born 1929Eugene V. Coan, Alan R. Kabat & Richard E. Petit, (15 February) 2009. 830 pp. + 32 pp.. American Malacological Society.) is an American zoologist, a biology professor at the University of Michigan, and the Curator of Mollusks at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.

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Land snail

A land snail is any of the numerous species of snail that live on land, as opposed to sea snails and freshwater snails.

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Larva

A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.

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Lawn

A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.

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Lepidoptera

Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans).

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Limax

Limax is a genus of air-breathing land slugs in the terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk family Limacidae.

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Lissachatina fulica

Lissachatina fulica is a species of large land snail that belong in the family Achatinidae.

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List of common household pests

This is a list of common household pests, animal species or genera that have a history of living in, or invading, human habitation and causing damage to structures, eating human foods, acting as disease vectors, or causing other harms.

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List of feeding behaviours

Feeding is the process by which organisms, typically animals, obtain food.

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List of parasites of humans

* Parasites Category:Foodborne illnesses.

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Livestock

Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

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Locust

Locusts are certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.

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Louse

Louse (plural: lice) is the common name for members of the order Phthiraptera, which contains nearly 5,000 species of wingless insect.

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Lymantria dispar dispar

Lymantria dispar dispar, commonly known as the gypsy moth, European gypsy moth, or North American gypsy moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae that is of Eurasian origin.

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Lyme disease

Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type which is spread by ticks.

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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Milax (gastropod)

Milax is a genus of air-breathing, keeled, land slugs.

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Mite

Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).

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Mole (animal)

Moles are small mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle (i.e., fossorial).

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Mosquito

Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.

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Mouse

A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.

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Nematode

The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes).

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Nuisance wildlife management

Nuisance wildlife management is the term given to the process of selective removal of problem individuals or populations of specific species of wildlife.

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Oligophagy

Oligophagy refers to the eating of only a few specific foods.

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Opossum

The opossum is a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia endemic to the Americas.

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Ornamental plant

Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.

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Ovachlamys fulgens

Ovachlamys fulgens is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicarionidae.

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Parasitism

In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.

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Pest control

Pest control is the regulation or management of a species defined as a pest, a member of the animal kingdom that impacts adversely on human activities.

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Pesticide

Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

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Pesticide application

Pesticide application refers to the practical way in which pesticides, (including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, or nematode control agents) are delivered to their biological targets (e.g. pest organism, crop or other plant).

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Plague (disease)

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Plant pathology

Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens (infectious organisms) and environmental conditions (physiological factors).

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Population growth

In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.

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Potato cyst nematode

Potato root nematodes or potato cyst nematodes (PCN) are 1-mm long roundworms belonging to the genus Globodera, which comprises around 12 species.

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R/K selection theory

In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.

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Rabbit

Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).

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Rabbits in Australia

European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were introduced to Australia in the 18th century with the First Fleet and eventually became widespread.

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Raccoon

The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.

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Rat

Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

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Red squirrel

The red squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) is a species of tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus common throughout Eurasia.

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Rodent

Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.

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Root-knot nematode

Root-knot nematodes are plant-parasitic nematodes from the genus Meloidogyne.

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Sarcoptes scabiei

Sarcoptes scabiei or the itch mite is a parasitic mite (an arthropod) that burrows into skin and causes scabies.

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Silverfish

A silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) is a small, wingless insect in the order Zygentoma (formerly Thysanura).

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Slug

Slug, or land slug, is a common name for any apparently shell-less terrestrial gastropod mollusc.

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Soybean cyst nematode

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is a plant-parasitic nematode and a devastating pest of the soybean (Glycine max) worldwide.

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Spider mite

Spider mites are members of the Acari (mite) family Tetranychidae, which includes about 1,200 species.

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Suburb

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Succinea costaricana

Succinea costaricana is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Succineidae, the amber snails.

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Synanthrope

A synanthrope (from the Greek syn-, "together with" + anthro, "man") is a member of a species of wild animals and plants of various kinds that live near, and benefit from, an association with humans and the somewhat artificial habitats that humans create around them (see anthropophilia).

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Tandonia

Tandonia is a genus of air-breathing, keeled, land slugs.

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Termite

Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.

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Theba pisana

Theba pisana, common names the white garden snail, sand hill snail, white Italian snail, Mediterranean coastal snail, and simply just the Mediterranean snail, is an edible species of medium-sized, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails.

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Thrips

Thrips (order Thysanoptera) are minute (most are 1 mm long or less), slender insects with fringed wings and unique asymmetrical mouthparts.

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Tick

Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.

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Triatominae

The members of Triatominae, a subfamily of Reduviidae, are also known as conenose bugs, kissing bugs (so called from their habit of feeding on the lips of human victims),https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/kissing_bug assassin bugs, or vampire bugs.

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Trombiculidae

Trombiculidae (also called berry bugs, harvest mites, red bugs, scrub-itch mites and aoutas) are a family of mites.

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Tsetse fly

Tsetse, sometimes spelled tzetze and also known as tik-tik flies, are large biting flies that inhabit much of tropical Africa.

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Urban wildlife

Urban wildlife is wildlife that can live or thrive in urban environments.

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Vampire bat

Vampire bats are bats whose food source is blood, a dietary trait called hematophagy.

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Vector (epidemiology)

In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.

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Vermin

Vermin (colloquially varmint or varmit) are pests or nuisance animals, that spread diseases or destroy crops or livestock.

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Veronicella sloanii

Veronicella sloanii, commonly called the pancake slug, is a species of air-breathing land slug, a terrestrial, pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Veronicellidae, the leatherleaf slugs.

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Veronicellidae

The Veronicellidae, also known by their common name the leatherleaf slugs, are a family of pulmonate terrestrial slugs.

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Wasp

A wasp is any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant.

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Weed

A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".

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White-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.

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Wild boar

The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.

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Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are part of the family Picidae, a group of near-passerine birds that also consist of piculets, wrynecks, and sapsuckers.

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Woodworm

Woodworm is the wood-eating larvae of many species of beetle.

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Zachrysia provisoria

Zachrysia provisoria is a species of air-breathing land snail, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Camaenidae or Pleurodontidae.

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Agricultural pest, Agricultural pest insects, Agricultural pests, Avian pest, Crop pest, Forest pest, Garden Pests, List of mammalian pests, Pest (agriculture), Pest (animal), Tree pest.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pest_(organism)

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