93 relations: Archaeological site, Battle of Lincoln (1141), Bolsover Castle, Brian de Lisle, Bronze Age, Brough and Shatton, Caput, Castellan, Castles in Great Britain and Ireland, Castleton, Derbyshire, Castra, Cave Dale, Chester, County palatine, Cumberland, Curtain wall (fortification), Demesne, Derbyshire, Domesday Book, Donnington Castle, Dover Castle, Dower, Duchy of Lancaster, Duffield Castle, Derbyshire, Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Derby, Earl of Richmond, Edward I of England, Edward II of England, Edward III of England, Eleanor of Castile, Empress Matilda, English feudal barony, English Heritage, Forest of High Peak, Garderobe, Gatehouse, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Henry I of England, Henry II of England, Henry III of England, Henry IV of England, Henry the Young King, Hillfort, Historic England, Honour of Peverel, Hope Valley, Derbyshire, Hope, Derbyshire, Images of England, Isabella of France, ..., John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, John of Gaunt, John, King of England, Keep, Knight, Listed building, Lose Hill, Malcolm IV of Scotland, Mam Tor, Margaret Peverell, Countess of Derby, National parks of England and Wales, Nikolaus Pevsner, Norman conquest of England, Nottingham Castle, Nottinghamshire, Office of Works, Opus spicatum, Orford Castle, Peak Cavern, Peveril of the Peak, Philippa of Hainault, Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Pipe rolls, Pontefract Castle, Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester, Revolt of 1173–74, Richard I of England, Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Earl of Derby, Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby, Scarborough Castle, Scheduled monument, Sidney Painter, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, Slighting, Stephen, King of England, Tenant-in-chief, The Anarchy, Walter Scott, Westmorland, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby, William Peverel, William Peverel the Younger, William the Conqueror. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology and represents a part of the archaeological record.
The Battle of Lincoln, or the First Battle of Lincoln, occurred on 2 February 1141 between King Stephen of England and forces loyal to Empress Matilda.
Bolsover Castle is a castle in Bolsover, Derbyshire, England.
Brian de Lisle (died 1234) was an English soldier.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Brough and Shatton is a civil parish in Hope Valley in the High Peak district of Derbyshire, England.
Caput, a Latin word meaning literally "head" and by metonymy "top", has been borrowed in a variety of English words, including capital, captain, and decapitate.
A castellan was the governor or captain of a castellany and its castle.
Castles have played an important military, economic and social role in Great Britain and Ireland since their introduction following the Norman invasion of England in 1066.
Castleton is a village in the High Peak district of Derbyshire, England, at the western end of the Hope Valley on the Peakshole Water, a tributary of the River Noe, between the Dark Peak to the north and the White Peak to the south.
In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.
Cave Dale (sometimes spelt Cavedale) is a dry limestone valley in the Derbyshire Peak District, England.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
In England, a county palatine or palatinate was an area ruled by a hereditary nobleman enjoying special authority and autonomy from the rest of a kingdom or empire.
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.
In the feudal system, the demesne was all the land which was retained by a lord of the manor for his own use and support, under his own management, as distinguished from land sub-enfeoffed by him to others as sub-tenants.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
Donnington Castle is a ruined medieval castle, situated in the small village of Donnington, just north of the town of Newbury in the English county of Berkshire.
Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England.
Dower is a provision accorded by law, but traditionally by a husband or his family, to a wife for her support in the event that she should become widowed.
The Duchy of Lancaster is, since 1399, the private estate of the British sovereign as Duke of Lancaster.
Duffield Castle was a Norman Castle in Duffield, Derbyshire.
The Duke of Lancaster is the owner of the estates of the Duchy of Lancaster.
Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England.
The now-extinct title of Earl of Richmond was created many times in the Peerage of England.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was an English queen, the first wife of Edward I, whom she married as part of a political deal to affirm English sovereignty over Gascony.
Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 110210 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, was the claimant to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy.
In the kingdom of England, a feudal barony or barony by tenure was the highest degree of feudal land tenure, namely per baroniam (Latin for "by barony") under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.
The Forest of High Peak was, in medieval times, a moorland forest covering most of the north west of Derbyshire, England, extending as far south as Tideswell and Buxton.
Garderobe is a historic term for a room in a medieval castle.
A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.
Geoffrey II (Jafrez;, Anglo-Norman: Geoffroy; 23 September 1158 – 19 August 1186) was Duke of Brittany and 3rd Earl of Richmond between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry the Young King (28 February 1155 – 11 June 1183), was the eldest surviving son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage.
Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).
The Honour of Peverel (also known as the Feudal Barony of the Peak) is a geographic area in the north of England comprising part of the historic feudal barony held by the Norman Peverel family.
The Hope Valley is a rural area centred on the village of Hope, Derbyshire in the Peak District in the northern Midlands of England.
Hope is a village and civil parish in the Derbyshire Peak District, in England.
Images of England is an online photographic record of all the listed buildings in England at the date of February 2002.
Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), sometimes described as the She-Wolf of France, was Queen of England as the wife of Edward II, and regent of England from 1326 until 1330.
John de Warenne (30 June 1286 – June 1347), 7th Earl of Surrey or Warenne, was the last Warenne earl of Surrey.
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman, soldier, statesman, and prince, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England.
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Lose Hill lies in the Derbyshire Peak District.
Malcolm IV (Mediaeval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig), nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" (between 23 April and 24 May 11419 December 1165), King of Scots, was the eldest son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne.
Mam Tor is a hill near Castleton in the High Peak of Derbyshire, England.
Margaret Peverell, Countess of Derby (b. circa 1114, Nottinghamshire, England), was an English noblewoman who lived at Tutbury Castle in Staffordshire, England.
The national parks of England and Wales are areas of relatively undeveloped and scenic landscape that are designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act (2016).
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Nottingham Castle is a castle in Nottingham, England.
Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.
The Office of Works was established in the English Royal household in 1378 to oversee the building of the royal castles and residences.
Opus spicatum, literally "spiked work," is a type of masonry construction used in Roman and medieval times.
Orford Castle is a castle in the village of Orford, Suffolk, England, located 12 miles (20 km) northeast of Ipswich, with views over the Orford Ness.
The Peak Cavern, also known as the Devil's Arse (so called because of the flatulent-sounding noises from inside the cave when flood water is draining away), is one of the four show caves in Castleton, Derbyshire, England.
Peveril of the Peak (1823) is the longest novel by Sir Walter Scott.
Philippa of Hainault (Middle French: Philippe de Hainaut; 24 June c.1310/15 – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III.
Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (c. 1284 – 19 June 1312) was an English nobleman of Gascon origin, and the favourite of King Edward II of England.
The Pipe rolls, sometimes called the Great rolls,Brown Governance pp.
Pontefract (or, Pomfret) Castle is a castle in the town of Pontefract, in West Yorkshire, England.
Ranulf II (also known as Ranulf de Gernon) (1099–1153) was an Anglo-Norman potentate who inherited the honour of the palatine county of Chester upon the death of his father Ranulf le Meschin, 3rd Earl of Chester.
The Revolt of 1173–74 was a rebellion against King Henry II of England by three of his sons, his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their rebel supporters.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Robert II de Ferrers, 2nd Earl of Derby, a younger, but eldest surviving, son of Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby and his wife Hawise, succeeded his father as Earl of Derby in 1139 (William, his elder brother, having been murdered in London some time before).
Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby (1239–1279) was an English nobleman.
Scarborough Castle is a former medieval Royal fortress situated on a rocky promontory overlooking the North Sea and Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England.
In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change.
Sidney Painter (September 23, 1902 – January 12, 1960) was an American medievalist and historian.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French-English nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
Slighting is the destruction, partial or complete, of a fortification without opposition, to render it unusable as a fortress.
Stephen (Étienne; – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was King of England from 1135 to his death, as well as Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144.
In medieval and early modern Europe the term tenant-in-chief (or vassal-in-chief), denoted a person who held his lands under various forms of feudal land tenure directly from the king or territorial prince to whom he did homage, as opposed to holding them from another nobleman or senior member of the clergy.
The Anarchy was a civil war in England and Normandy between 1135 and 1153, which resulted in a widespread breakdown in law and order.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is a historic county in north west England.
William II de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby (c. 1168 – c. 1247) was a favourite of King John of England.
William Peverell (c. 1040 – c. 1115, Latinised to Gulielmus Piperellus), was a Norman knight granted lands in England following the Norman Conquest.
William "the Younger" Peverel (c. 1080–1155) was the son of William Peverel.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.