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Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. [1]

173 relations: Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, Adexa, Adverse drug reaction, Ambulatory care, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Analytical skill, Anatomy, Apothecary, Art, Asthma, Australian College of Pharmacy, Australian English, Bachelor of Pharmacy, Bernard LeBas, Biochemistry, Biology, British English, British National Formulary, Buddy Carter, Calculus, Caleb Bradham, Canada, Canadian Pharmacists Association, Cardiology, Chemical engineering, Chemist, Chemistry, Chronic condition, Chuck Hopson, Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals, Clinical pathology, Clinical pharmacy, Coca-Cola, Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy, Community pharmacy, Compliance (medicine), Compounding, Consultant pharmacist, Consumer price index, Continuing education, Critical thinking, David Jack (scientist), Disease, Doctor of Pharmacy, Dr Pepper, Drug interaction, Economics, Edna O'Brien, English in the Commonwealth of Nations, ETH Zurich, ..., Ethics, Etienne J. Caire, European Union, Fitness to Practice, Fred Mills (politician), Friedrich Sertürner, General Pharmaceutical Council, Geriatrics, Hayashi Gahō, Health, Health care, Health human resources, Health informatics, Health professional, Health professional requisites, Health system, Heian period, Hepatology, Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, History of pharmacy, Hospital pharmacy, Hubert Humphrey, Humanities, Ikililou Dhoinine, Immunology, Incandescent light bulb, Infection, Isaac Titsingh, Jim L. Smithson, Jim Wilson (Los Angeles), John Pemberton, John Richard Fowler, Joseph Swan, Learned intermediary, List of pharmacists, List of pharmacy associations, List of pharmacy schools, Liver failure, Luke Howard, Master of Pharmacy, Medical error, Medical prescription, Medicinal chemistry, Medicine, Meiji Restoration, Microbiology, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (Tanzania), Molecular biology, Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination, NAPLEX, National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, National Health Service, Nephrology, Nihon Ōdai Ichiran, Northern Ireland, Nuclear pharmacy, Nutrition, Oncology, Online pharmacy, Organic chemistry, Outline of health sciences, Over-the-counter drug, Overmedication, Pakistan, Pathophysiology, Patient, Pepsi, Pharmaceutical drug, Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacist, Pharmacists Council of Nigeria, Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacognosy, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology, Pharmaconomist, Pharmacotherapy, Pharmacy, Pharmacy automation, Pharmacy College Admission Test, Pharmacy Council of Pakistan, Pharmacy practice, Pharmacy residency, Pharmacy school, Pharmacy technician, Physical chemistry, Physician, Physics, Physiology, Postgraduate diploma, Pravin Gordhan, Prescription drug, Primary care physician, Professional, Psychiatry, Public health, Referral (medicine), Renal failure, Ronnie Johns (Louisiana politician), Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Royal Commission on the National Health Service, Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, Scope of practice, South Africa, Specialty (medicine), Statistics, Sweden, Taihō Code, Tanzania, Toxicology, Umeå University, University of Basel, University of Benin (Nigeria), University of British Columbia, University of Gothenburg, University of Lausanne, University of Peshawar, Uppsala University, Veterinary pharmacist, Wage, Willis Ricketts, Yōrō Code. Expand index (123 more) »

Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education

Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) is a non-profit accreditation national agency recognized by Council on Higher Education Accreditation and the US Department of Education.

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ADEXA is the German trade union for all pharmaceutical employees, and also for trainees and students.

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Adverse drug reaction

An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an injury caused by taking a medication.

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Ambulatory care

Ambulatory care or outpatient care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services.

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American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) is the national organization representing the interests of pharmacy education.

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Analytical skill

Analytical skill is the ability to visualize, articulate, conceptualize or solve both complex and uncomplicated problems by making decisions that are sensible given the available information.

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Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

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An apothecary was a medical professional who formulated and dispensed materia medica to physicians, surgeons and patients.

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Art is a diverse range of human activities and the products of those activities, usually involving imaginative or technical skill.

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Asthma (from the Greek ἅσθμα, ásthma, "panting") is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.

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Australian College of Pharmacy

The Australian College of Pharmacy is one of two providers of continuing professional development (CPD) programmes for pharmacists in Australia—the other being the Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA).

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Australian English

Australian English (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language and is used throughout Australia.

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Bachelor of Pharmacy

A Bachelor of Pharmacy (abbreviated BPharm) is an undergraduate academic degree in the field of pharmacy.

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Bernard LeBas

Harvey Bernard LeBas, known as Bernard LeBas or H. Bernard LeBas (born September 1943), is a pharmacist from Ville Platte, Louisiana, who is a Democratic member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for District 38.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.

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British English

British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.

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British National Formulary

The British National Formulary (BNF) is a pharmaceutical reference book that contains a wide spectrum of information and advice on prescribing and pharmacology, along with specific facts and details about many medicines available on the National Health Service (NHS), including indication(s), contraindications, side effects, doses, legal classification, names and prices of available proprietary and generic formulations, and any other notable points.

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Buddy Carter

Earl Leroy "Buddy" Carter (born September 6, 1957) is an American politician who is the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 1st congressional district.

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Calculus is the mathematical study of change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations.

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Caleb Bradham

Caleb Davis Bradham (May 27, 1867 – February 19, 1934) was an American pharmacist and is best known for being the inventor of Pepsi.

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Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Canadian Pharmacists Association

The Canadian Pharmacists Association (CPhA) previously known as the Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, was founded in 1907 in Toronto, Ontario.

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Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal.

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Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies physical sciences (e.g. chemistry and physics) and life sciences (e.g. biology, microbiology and biochemistry) together with mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport, and properly use chemicals, materials and energy.

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A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

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Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter.

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Chronic condition

A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.

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Chuck Hopson

Charles L. Hopson, II, known as Chuck Hopson (born September 18, 1941), is a pharmacist and businessman in Jacksonville, Texas, who from 2001 to 2013 was a member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 11, which includes Cherokee, Houston, Panola and Rusk counties in the northeastern portion of his state.

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Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals

The Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals (CPR) is a taxonomy focused to define and group together situations requiring a referral from pharmacists to physicians (and vice versa) regarding the pharmacotherapy used by the patients.

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Clinical pathology

Clinical pathology (US, UK, Ireland, Commonwealth, Portugal, Brazil, Italy, Japan), Laboratory Medicine (Germany, Romania, Poland, Eastern Europe), Clinical analysis (Spain) or Clinical/Medical Biology (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Austria, North and West Africa...), is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, microbiology, hematology and molecular pathology.

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Clinical pharmacy

Clinical pharmacy is the branch of Pharmacy where pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes the use of medication and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention.

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Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink.

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Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy

The Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy (CCGP) is a non-profit organization which has established a voluntary professional certification program for pharmacists.

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Community pharmacy

A community pharmacy is a healthcare facility that emphasizes providing pharmaceutical services to a specific community.

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Compliance (medicine)

In medicine, compliance (also adherence, capacitance) describes the degree to which a patient correctly follows medical advice.

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Pharmaceutical compounding (done in compounding pharmacies) is the creation of a particular pharmaceutical product to fit the unique need of a patient.

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Consultant pharmacist

A consultant pharmacist is a pharmacist who works as a consultant providing expert advice on the use of medications or on the provision of pharmacy services to medical institutions, medical practices and individual patients.

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Consumer price index

A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households.

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Continuing education

Continuing education (similar to further education in the United Kingdom and Ireland) is an all-encompassing term within a broad spectrum of post-secondary learning activities and programs.

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Critical thinking

Critical thinking, also called critical analysis, is clear, rational thinking involving critique.

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David Jack (scientist)

Sir David Jack CBE FRS FRSE (22 February 1924 – 8 November 2011) was a Scottish pharmacologist and medicinal chemist who specialised in the development of drugs for treating asthma.

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A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.

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Doctor of Pharmacy

A Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) is a professional doctor degree in pharmacy.

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Dr Pepper

Dr Pepper is a carbonated soft drink marketed as having a unique flavor.

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Drug interaction

A drug interaction is a situation in which a substance (usually another drug) affects the activity of a drug when both are administered together.

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Economics is the social science that seeks to describe the factors which determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

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Edna O'Brien

Edna O'Brien (born 15 December 1930) is an Irish novelist, memoirist, playwright, poet and short story writer.

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English in the Commonwealth of Nations

The use of the English language in most member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations was inherited from British colonisation.

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ETH Zurich

ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) is an engineering, science, technology, mathematics and management university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland.

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Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.

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Etienne J. Caire

Etienne Joseph Caire, I, (September 17, 1868 – July 16, 1955), was a businessman, pharmacist, planter, and banker from Edgard in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, who was the Republican nominee for Governor of Louisiana in 1928.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Fitness to Practice

Fitness to Practice is a 2004 album produced for charity by Amateur Transplants (Dr Adam Kay and Dr Suman Biswas).

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Fred Mills (politician)

Fred Henry Mills, Jr. (born January 13, 1955), is a pharmacist and banker from St. Martinville, Louisiana, who is a Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate, having won a special election on January 22, 2011, for the District 22 seat vacated in 2010 by the Independent Troy Hebert of Jeanerette.

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Friedrich Sertürner

Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Sertürner (19 June 1783 – 20 February 1841) was a German pharmacist, who discovered morphine in 1804.

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General Pharmaceutical Council

The General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC) is the body responsible for the independent regulation of the pharmacy profession within England, Scotland and Wales, responsible for the regulation of pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and pharmacy premises.

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Geriatrics or geriatric medicine is a specialty that focuses on health care of elderly people.

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Hayashi Gahō

, also known as Hayashi Shunsai, was a Japanese Neo-Confucian scholar, teacher and administrator in the system of higher education maintained by the Tokugawa ''bakufu'' during the Edo period.

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Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Health human resources

Health human resources (“HHR”) — also known as “human resources for health” (“HRH”) or “health workforce” — is defined as “all people engaged in actions whose primary intent is to enhance health”, according to the World Health Organization's ''World Health Report 2006''.

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Health informatics

Health informatics (also called health care informatics, healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, clinical informatics, or biomedical informatics) is informatics in health care.

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Health professional

A health professional or health-care provider is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.

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Health professional requisites

Health professional requisites refer to the regulations used by countries to control the quality of health workers practicing in their jurisdictions and to control the size of the health labour market.

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Health system

A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.

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Heian period

The is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185.

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Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders.

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Higher Education Commission of Pakistan

The Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (reporting name:HEC), is an independent, autonomous, and constitutionally established institution of primary funding, overseeing, regulating, and accrediting the higher education efforts in Pakistan.

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History of pharmacy

The history of pharmacy as an independent science dates back to the first third of the 19th century.

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Hospital pharmacy

Hospital pharmacies can usually be found within the premises of a hospital.

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Hubert Humphrey

Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson, from 1965 to 1969.

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The humanities are academic disciplines that study human culture.

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Ikililou Dhoinine

Ikililou Dhoinine (born 14 August 1962) is a Comorian politician who has been President of Comoros since 2011; he was previously a Vice-President of Comoros from 2006 to 2011.

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Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms.

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Incandescent light bulb

An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light which produces light with a wire filament heated to a high temperature by an electric current passing through it, until it glows (see Incandescence).

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.

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Isaac Titsingh

Isaac Titsingh FRS (10 January 1745 in Amsterdam – 2 February 1812 in Paris) was a Dutch surgeon, scholar, merchant-trader and ambassador.

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Jim L. Smithson

Jimmy Lee Smithson, known as Jim L. Smithson (born September 15, 1943), is a conservative Republican former member of the Arkansas House of Representatives who is remembered for cosponsoring legislation in his state to allow generic substitution of prescription medications.

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Jim Wilson (Los Angeles)

Jim Wilson (1872–1956) was a pioneer banker and businessman of the San Fernando Valley who was on the Los Angeles City Council from 1933 to 1941.

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John Pemberton

John Stith Pemberton (July 8, 1831 – August 16, 1888) was an American pharmacist, and is best known for being the inventor of Coca-Cola.

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John Richard Fowler

John Richard "Dick" Fowler (February 17, 1927 – March 23, 2007) was a local politician in Memphis, Texas, who was appointed by two different governors of Texas to regional or statewide agencies.

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Joseph Swan

Sir Joseph Wilson Swan, D.Sc.h.c., FRS (31 October 1828 – 27 May 1914) was a British physicist and chemist.

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Learned intermediary

Learned intermediary is a defense doctrine used in the legal system of the United States.

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List of pharmacists

This is a list of notable pharmacists, sorted by particular fields in which they distinguished themselves.

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List of pharmacy associations

The following is a list of organizations for professionals involved in the practice of pharmacy.

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List of pharmacy schools

This article is a list of pharmacy schools by country.

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Liver failure

Liver failure or hepatic insufficiency is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic function as part of normal physiology.

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Luke Howard

Luke Howard, FRS (28 November 1772 – 21 March 1864) was a British manufacturing chemist and an amateur meteorologist with broad interests in science.

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Master of Pharmacy

The Master of Sciences of Pharmacy (MPharm) is the standard Master study program in Pharmacy, it's the oldest honourable Diploma (Degree) authorized from the European Faculties of Pharmacy as it takes five to seven years to complete, and it based on a credit system as its higher than the normal Bachelor of Pharmacy degree (BPharm) and the American Pharmaceutical Diploma (PharmD).

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Medical error

A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.

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Medical prescription

A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient.

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Medicinal chemistry

Medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry are disciplines at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic organic chemistry, and pharmacology and various other biological specialties, where they are involved with design, chemical synthesis and development for market of pharmaceutical agents, or bio-active molecules (drugs).

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Medicine (British English; American English) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

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Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).

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Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (Tanzania)

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare is a government ministry of Tanzania.

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Molecular biology

Molecular biology concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between the different types of DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, and studies how these interactions are regulated.

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Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination

The Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (MPJE) is a standard examination created by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) to help individual state boards of pharmacy assess an individual's competency and knowledge so that he or she may be given a license to practice pharmacy.

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The North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) is a standard examination created by Chance Armour and The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) to help individual state boards of pharmacy assess an individual's competency and knowledge so that he or she may be given a license to practice.

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National Association of Boards of Pharmacy

The National Association of Boards of PharmacyNABP.

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National Health Service

The four publicly funded health care systems in the countries of the United Kingdom are referred to as the National Health Service (NHS).

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Nephrology (from Greek νεφρός nephros "kidney", combined with the suffix -logy, "the study of") is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation).

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Nihon Ōdai Ichiran

is a 17th-century chronicle of the serial reigns of Japanese emperors with brief notes about some of the noteworthy events or other happenings.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

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Nuclear pharmacy

Nuclear Pharmacy involves a lot of preparation of radioactive materials that will be used to diagnose and treat specific diseases.

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Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food (e.g. phytonutrients, anthocyanins, tannins, etc.) in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with tumors.

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Online pharmacy

An online pharmacy, Internet pharmacy, or mail-order pharmacy is a pharmacy that operate over the Internet and sends the orders to customers through the mail or shipping companies.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Outline of health sciences

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health sciences.

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Over-the-counter drug

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription, from a healthcare professional, as compared to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

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Overmedication is an inappropriate medical treatment that occurs when a patient takes unnecessary or excessive medications.

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Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.

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A patient is any recipient of health care services.

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Pepsi (stylized in lowercase as pepsi, formerly stylized in uppercase as PEPSI) is a carbonated soft drink that is produced and manufactured by PepsiCo.

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Pharmaceutical drug

A pharmaceutical drug (also referred to as a medicinal product, medicine, medication, or medicament) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

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Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland

The Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland (PSNI) is the regulatory and professional body for pharmacy in Northern Ireland.

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Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) or old drugs into a medication to be used safely and effectively by patients.

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Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.

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Pharmacists Council of Nigeria

Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN) is a Federal Government Agency, established by Decree 91 of 1992 (now Act 91 of 1992)—due to transfer of power from military to civilian in 1999—to regulate and control the practice of pharmacy.

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Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs on the body or on microorganisms or parasites within or on the body and the mechanisms of drug action and the relationship between drug concentration and effect.

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Pharmacognosy is the study of medicinal drugs derived from plants or other natural sources.

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Pharmacokinetics, sometimes abbreviated as PK (from Ancient Greek pharmakon "drug" and kinetikos "moving, putting in motion"; see chemical kinetics), is a branch of pharmacology dedicated to determining the fate of substances administered externally to a living organism.

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Pharmacology (from Greek φάρμακον, pharmakon, "poison" in classic Greek; "drug" in modern Greek; and -λογία, -logia "study of", "knowledge of") is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical and/or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).

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Pharmaconomist (farmakonom) means expert in pharmaceuticals (lægemiddelkyndig).

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Pharmacotherapy is therapy using pharmaceutical drugs, as distinguished from therapy using surgery (surgical therapy), radiation (radiation therapy), movement (physical therapy), or other modes.

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Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.

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Pharmacy automation

Pharmacy automation involves the mechanical processes of handling and distributing medications.

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Pharmacy College Admission Test

The Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) is a computer-based standardized test administered to prospective pharmacy school students by Pearson Education, Inc offered in January, July, September and October/November.

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Pharmacy Council of Pakistan

Pharmacy Council of Pakistan (abbreviated as PCP) is a professional body responsible for the registration of pharmacists and promotion of pharmacyeducation in the country.The PharmacyCouncil Pakistan (PCP) is the regulator established in terms of thePharmacy Act, 1967 to regulate pharmacists, pharmacy support personnel andpharmacy premises in Pakistan.Our mandate is to protect, promote and maintainthe health, safety and well being of patients and the public who usepharmaceutical services in Pakistan.

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Pharmacy practice

Pharmacy practice is the discipline of pharmacy which involves developing the professional roles of pharmacists.

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Pharmacy residency

Pharmacy Residency is education a pharmacist can pursue beyond the degree required for licensing as a pharmacist (in the United States of America: PharmD).

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Pharmacy school

The basic requirement for pharmacists to be considered for registration is an undergraduate or postgraduate pharmacy degree from a recognized university.

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Pharmacy technician

A pharmacy technician, sometimes known as a pharmaceutical technician, is a health care provider who performs pharmacy-related functions, generally working under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist.

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Physical chemistry

Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of laws and concepts of physics.

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A physician is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

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Physiology is the scientific study of the normal function in living systems.

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Postgraduate diploma

A postgraduate diploma (PGDip, PgDip, PG Dip., PGD, PgD, PDE) is a postgraduate qualification awarded typically after a bachelor's degree.

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Pravin Gordhan

Pravin Jamnadas Gordhan (born 12 April 1949 in Durban) is a South African politician, currently serving as the Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs and is the former Minister of Finance serving from 2009–2014.

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Prescription drug

A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.

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Primary care physician

A primary care physician is a physician who provides both the first contact for a person with an undiagnosed health concern as well as continuing care of varied medical conditions, not limited by cause, organ system, or diagnosis.

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A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified activity.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.

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Public health

Public health refers to "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals." It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis.

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Referral (medicine)

In medicine, referral is the transfer of care for a patient from one clinician to another.

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Renal failure

Renal failure, also known as kidney failure or renal insufficiency, is a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood.

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Ronnie Johns (Louisiana politician)

Ronald Steven Johns, known as Ronnie Johns (born July 1949), is a State Farm Insurance agency owner in Sulphur, Louisiana, who is a Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate from District 27 in Calcasieu Parish.

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Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland

The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, commonly known as the Royal Asiatic Society (RAS), was established, according to its Royal Charter of 11 August 1824, to further "the investigation of subjects connected with and for the encouragement of science, literature and the arts in relation to Asia." From its incorporation the Society has been a forum, through lectures, its journal, and other publications, for scholarship relating to Asian culture and society of the highest level.

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Royal Commission on the National Health Service

The Royal Commission on the National Health Service was set up by the Wilson government in 1975.

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Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) was formerly the statutory regulatory and professional body for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in England, Scotland and Wales.

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Scope of practice

The Scope of Practice describes the procedures, actions, and processes that a healthcare practitioner is permitted to undertake in keeping with the terms of their professional license.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Specialty (medicine)

A specialty (or speciality) in medicine is a branch of medical practice.

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Statistics is the study of the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Taihō Code

The was an administrative reorganization enacted in 703 in Japan, at the end of the Asuka period.

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Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Toxicology (from the Ancient Greek words τοξικός toxikos "poisonous" and λόγος logos) is a branch of biology, chemistry, and medicine (more specifically pharmacology) concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.

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Umeå University

Umeå University (Umeå universitet) is a university in Umeå in the mid-northern region of Sweden.

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University of Basel

The University of Basel (German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland, and is considered to be one of the leading universities in the country.

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University of Benin (Nigeria)

The University of Benin - also known as UNIBEN - is one of Nigeria's federal universities.

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University of British Columbia

The University of British Columbia, commonly referred to as UBC, is a public Canadian research university based in British Columbia.

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University of Gothenburg

The University of Gothenburg (Göteborgs universitet) is a university in Sweden's second largest city, Gothenburg.

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University of Lausanne

The University of Lausanne (UNIL, French: Université de Lausanne) in Lausanne, Switzerland was founded in 1537 as a school of theology, before being made a university in 1890.

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University of Peshawar

The University of Peshawar (جامعۂ پشاور; د پېښور پوهنتون; popular as Peshawar University), is a public research university located in Peshawar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

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Uppsala University

Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries, founded in 1477.

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Veterinary pharmacist

A veterinary pharmacist is a specially trained pharmacist who dispenses veterinary drugs and supplies or products and advice to owners of companion animals and livestock.

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A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.

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Willis Ricketts

Willis Harvey Ricketts, known as Bubs Ricketts (December 14, 1924 – January 12, 2003), was the 1962 Republican gubernatorial nominee in the U.S. state of Arkansas, having been overwhelmingly defeated by the incumbent Democrat Orval Eugene Faubus.

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Yōrō Code

The was one iteration of several codes or governing rules compiled in early Nara period in Classical Japan.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmacist

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