51 relations: Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), Antimicrobial, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Bactericide, Bromine, Cell counting, Cell membrane, Cellular component, Chemical bond, Chlorine, Connective tissue, Cosmetics, Cytoplasm, Dilution ratio, Drug, Dye, Electric charge, Emission spectrum, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Flow cytometry, Fluorescein, Food and Drug Administration, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, Hemocytometer, HPS stain, Ion, Ionization, Japan, Light, Lipid bilayer, Lipopolysaccharide, Methicillin, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Oxidative stress, Phenyl group, Polysaccharide, Radical (chemistry), Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Semipermeable membrane, Singlet oxygen, Solubility, Staining, Staphylococcus aureus, United States, Viability assay, Xanthene, ..., Yeast. Expand index (1 more) » « Shrink index
In physics, absorption of electromagnetic radiation is the way in which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom.
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth.
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic, motile, beta hemolytic bacterium commonly found in soil and food.
Bacillus subtilis, known also as the hay bacillus or grass bacillus, is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium, found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants and humans.
A bactericide or bacteriocide, sometimes abbreviated Bcidal, is a substance that kills bacteria.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Cell counting is any of various methods for the counting or similar quantification of cells in the life sciences, including medical diagnosis and treatment.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
Cellular components are the complex biomolecules and structures of which cells, and thus living organisms, are composed.
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
In chemistry and biology, the dilution ratio is the ratio of solute to solvent.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state.
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), also known by several other names, is a chemical originating in multiseasonal plants with dormancy stages as a lipidopreservative which helps to develop the stem, currently used for both industrial and medical purposes.
In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection apparatus.
Fluorescein is a manufactured organic compound and dye.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.
The hemocytometer (or haemocytometer) is a counting-chamber device originally designed and usually used for counting blood cells.
In histology, the HPS stain, or hematoxylin phloxine saffron stain, is a way of marking tissues.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ionization or ionisation, is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Methicillin, also known as meticillin, is a narrow-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) refers to a group of gram-positive bacteria that are genetically distinct from other strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
In, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is the lowest concentration of a chemical which prevents visible growth of a bacterium.
Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe, also called "fission yeast", is a species of yeast used in traditional brewing and as a model organism in molecular and cell biology.
A semipermeable membrane is a type of biological or synthetic, polymeric membrane that will allow certain molecules or ions to pass through it by diffusion—or occasionally by more specialized processes of facilitated diffusion, passive transport or active transport.
Singlet oxygen, systematically named dioxygen(singlet) and dioxidene, is a gaseous inorganic chemical with the formula O.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A viability assay is an assay to determine the ability of organs, cells or tissues to maintain or recover viability.
Xanthene (9H-xanthene, 10H-9-oxaanthracene) is the organic compound with the formula is CH22O.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.