45 relations: Accelerometer, Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer, Atmosphere, Attitude control, Blok D, CNES, Deimos (moon), Electronics, Exploration of Mars, Fregat, Halley's Comet, Hydrazine, Institut aéronautique et spatial, Kilogram, List of missions to Mars, Mars, NASA Deep Space Network, Natural satellite, Newton (unit), Orbit, Paris Observatory, Phobos (moon), Phobos 1, Phobos 2, Planet, Plasma (physics), Programmable read-only memory, Proton (rocket family), Proton-K, Robotic spacecraft, Rocket engine, Roscosmos, Seismometer, Solar panel, Soviet Union, Space exploration, Spacecraft, Star, Sun, Thermal infrared spectroscopy, Ultraviolet, Vega 1, Vega 2, Venera, X-ray.
An accelerometer is a device that measures proper acceleration.
An alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (APXS) is a spectrometer that analyses the chemical element composition of a sample from the scattered alpha particles, and fluorescent X-rays after the sample is irradiated with alpha particles and X-rays from radioactive sources.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
Attitude control is controlling the orientation of an object with respect to an inertial frame of reference or another entity like the celestial sphere, certain fields, and nearby objects, etc.
Blok D (Блок Д meaning Block D) is an upper stage used on Soviet and later Russian expendable launch systems, including the N1, Proton-K and Zenit.
The Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) (English: National Centre for Space Studies) is the French government space agency (administratively, a "public administration with industrial and commercial purpose").
Deimos (systematic designation: Mars II) is the smaller and outer of the two natural satellites of the planet Mars, the other being Phobos.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
The planet Mars has been explored remotely by spacecraft.
Fregat (Фрегат, frigate) is an upper stage developed by NPO Lavochkin in the 1990s, which is used in some Soyuz and Zenit rockets.
Halley's Comet or Comet Halley, officially designated 1P/Halley, is a short-period comet visible from Earth every 74–79 years.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
Institut aéronautique et spatial (IAS) is the French aeronautical industry's education coordinator.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
There are a number of derelict orbiters around Mars whose location is not known precisely; there is a proposal to search for small moons, dust rings, and old orbiters with the Optical Navigation Camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) is a worldwide network of US spacecraft communication facilities, located in the United States (California), Spain (Madrid), and Australia (Canberra), that supports NASA's interplanetary spacecraft missions.
A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.
The Paris Observatory (Observatoire de Paris or Observatoire de Paris-Meudon), a research institution of PSL Research University, is the foremost astronomical observatory of France, and one of the largest astronomical centres in the world.
Phobos (systematic designation) is the innermost and larger of the two natural satellites of Mars, the other being Deimos.
Phobos 1 was an unmanned Russian space probe of the Phobos Program launched from the Baikonour launch facility on 7 July 1988.
Phobos 2 was the last space probe designed by the Soviet Union.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
A programmable read-only memory (PROM) or field programmable read-only memory (FPROM) or one-time programmable non-volatile memory (OTP NVM) is a form of digital memory where the setting of each bit is locked by a fuse or antifuse.
Proton (Russian: Протон) (formal designation: UR-500) is an expendable launch system used for both commercial and Russian government space launches.
The Proton-K, also designated Proton 8K82K after its GRAU index, 8K82K, was a Russian, previously Soviet, carrier rocket derived from the earlier Proton.
A robotic spacecraft is an uncrewed spacecraft, usually under telerobotic control.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Государственная корпорация по космической деятельности «Роскосмос»), commonly known as Roscosmos (Роскосмос), is a state corporation responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics program for the Russian Federation.
A seismometer is an instrument that measures motion of the ground, caused by, for example, an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or the use of explosives.
Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Thermal infrared spectroscopy (TIR spectroscopy) is the subset of infrared spectroscopy that deals with radiation emitted in the infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Vega 1 (along with its twin Vega 2) is a Soviet space probe part of the Vega program.
Vega 2 (along with Vega 1) is a Soviet space probe part of the Vega program.
The Venera series space probes were developed by the Soviet Union between 1961 and 1984 to gather data from Venus, Venera being the Russian name for Venus.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.