99 relations: Acetic acid, Acid, Activated carbon, Acyl chloride, Alcohol, Alkyl, Aluminium bromide, American Iron Magazine, Amine, Ammonia, Arc welding, Aryl, Ångström, Battle of Wuhan, Benzene, Bhopal disaster, Bisphenol A, Blood–air barrier, Butane, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carbonic acid, Carbonyl bromide, Carbonyl fluoride, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Chemical compound, Chemical formula, Chemical weapon, Chemical Weapons Convention, Chlorine, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroform, Chloroformic acid, Chloromethane, Combustion, Cornish people, Debye, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Diol, Diphosgene, Electrophile, Formaldehyde, Freon, Greek language, Halomethane, Hirohito, Hydrogen chloride, Imperial General Headquarters, Imperial Japanese Army, ..., International Programme on Chemical Safety, Isocyanate, John Davy (chemist), Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, List of Schedule 3 substances (CWC), Merck Index, Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, Nerve agent, Nitrogen trifluoride, Odor detection threshold, Organic compound, Organic synthesis, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Organochloride, Oxygen, Phosphine, Phosphorus, Photodegradation, Polycarbonate, Polyurethane, Propane, Propene, Protein, Pulmonary alveolus, Pulmonary edema, Pyridine, Radical (chemistry), Refrigeration, Royal Society of Chemistry, Sarin, Second Sino-Japanese War, Sodium bicarbonate, Sunlight, Tabun (nerve agent), Thermoplastic, Thionyl chloride, Thiophosgene, Threshold limit value, Toluene, Toluene diisocyanate, Toxicity, Triphosgene, Ultraviolet, Unit 731, Urea, Victor Grignard, VSEPR theory, Water, World War I. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound with the functional group -COCl. Their formula is usually written RCOCl, where R is a side chain.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
Aluminium bromide is any chemical compound with the empirical formula AlBrx.
American Iron Magazine is a Stamford, Connecticut based American motorcycle magazine specializing in the coverage of American-made motorcycles including Harley-Davidson, Indian and Big Dog Motorcycles.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Arc welding is a process that is used to join metal to metal by using electricity to create enough heat to melt metal, and the melted metals when cool result in a binding of the metals.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
The ångström or angstrom is a unit of length equal to (one ten-billionth of a metre) or 0.1 nanometre.
The Battle of Wuhan, popularly known to the Chinese as the Defense of Wuhan, and to the Japanese as the Capture of Wuhan, was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2 belonging to the group of diphenylmethane derivatives and bisphenols, with two hydroxyphenyl groups.
The blood–air barrier (alveolar–capillary barrier or membrane) exists in the gas exchanging region of the lungs.
Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
Carbonyl bromide, also known as bromophosgene by analogy to phosgene, is an organic chemical compound.
Carbonyl fluoride is a chemical compound with the formula COF2.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty that outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorodifluoromethane or difluoromonochloromethane is a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC).
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
Chloroformic acid is an unstable chemical compound with the formula ClCO2H.
Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
The Cornish people or Cornish (Kernowyon) are an ethnic group native to, or associated with Cornwall: and a recognised national minority in the United Kingdom, which can trace its roots to the ancient Britons who inhabited southern and central Great Britain before the Roman conquest.
The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) is a colorless gas usually sold under the brand name Freon-12, and a chlorofluorocarbon halomethane (CFC) used as a refrigerant and aerosol spray propellant.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
Diphosgene is a chemical compound with the formula ClCO2CCl3.
In organic chemistry, an electrophile is a reagent attracted to electrons.
Freon is a registered trademark of The Chemours Company, which uses it for a number of halocarbon products.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Halomethane compounds are derivatives of methane (CH4) with one or more of the hydrogen atoms replaced with halogen atoms (F, Cl, Br, or I).
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) was formed in 1980 and is a collaboration between three United Nations bodies, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, to establish a scientific basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities and capacities for chemical safety.
Isocyanate is the functional group with the formula R–N.
John Davy MD FRS FRSE (24 May 1790 – 24 January 1868) was a Cornish doctor, amateur chemist, and brother of the noted chemist Sir Humphry Davy, and cousin of Edmund Davy.
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that deals with experimental and theoretical articles on all subjects relevant to molecular spectroscopy and its modern applications.
Schedule 3 substances, in the sense of the Chemical Weapons Convention, are chemicals which can either be used as toxic chemical weapons themselves or used in the manufacture of chemical weapons but which also have legitimate large-scale industrial uses.
The Merck Index is an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs and biologicals with over 10,000 monographs on single substances or groups of related compounds.
Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, most often abbreviated as MDI, is an aromatic diisocyanate.
Nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a class of organic chemicals that disrupt the mechanisms by which nerves transfer messages to organs.
Nitrogen trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula NF3.
The odor detection threshold is the lowest concentration of a certain odor compound that is perceivable by the human sense of smell.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Photodegradation is the alteration of materials by light.
Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.
Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A pulmonary alveolus (plural: alveoli, from Latin alveolus, "little cavity") is a hollow cavity found in the lung parenchyma, and is the basic unit of ventilation.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
Sarin, or NATO designation GB (G-series, 'B'), is a highly toxic synthetic organophosphorus compound.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Tabun or GA is an extremely toxic chemical substance.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula SOCl2.
Thiophosgene is a red liquid with the formula CSCl2.
The threshold limit value (TLV) of a chemical substance is believed to be a level to which a worker can be exposed day after day for a working lifetime without adverse effects.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H3(NCO)2.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Triphosgene (bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (BTC), C3Cl6O3) is a chemical compound that is used as a safer substitute for phosgene, because, at room temperature, it is a solid crystal, as opposed to phosgene, which is a gas.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
François Auguste Victor Grignard (6 May 1871 in Cherbourg – 13 December 1935 in Lyon) was a Nobel Prize-winning French chemist.
Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
CCl2O, CClO, COCl2, Carbon dichloride oxide, Carbon oxychloride, Carbonic acid dichloride, Carbonyl Chloride, Carbonyl chloride, Carbonyl dichloride, Chloroformyl chloride, Cl2CO, Cl2co, Dichloroformaldehyde, Dichloromethanal, Dichloromethanone, Fosgene, Phosgene gas.