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Phospholipase

Index Phospholipase

A phospholipase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic substances. [1]

23 relations: Acyl group, Arachidonic acid, Bee, Diglyceride, Endothelial lipase, Fatty acid, Histology and Histopathology, Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy, Inositol trisphosphate, Lipophilicity, Lysophosphatidylcholine, Patatin-like phospholipase, Phosphatidic acid, Phosphodiesterase, Phospholipase A1, Phospholipase A2, Phospholipase B, Phospholipase C, Phospholipase D, Phospholipid, Second messenger system, Signal transduction, Viperidae.

Acyl group

An acyl group is a moiety derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid, including inorganic acids.

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Arachidonic acid

Arachidonic acid (AA, sometimes ARA) is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid 20:4(ω-6).

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Bee

Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.

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Diglyceride

A diglyceride, or diacylglycerol (DAG), is a glyceride consisting of two fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages.

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Endothelial lipase

Endothelial lipase is a form of lipase secreted by vascular endothelial cells in tissues with high metabolic rates and vascularization, such as the liver, lung, kidney, and thyroid gland.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Histology and Histopathology

Histology and Histopathology is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal publishing original and review articles in the fields of histology and histopathology.

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Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy

Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is a rare pervasive developmental disorder that primarily affects the nervous system.

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Inositol trisphosphate

Inositol trisphosphate or inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (also commonly known as triphosphoinositol; abbreviated InsP3 or Ins3P or IP3), together with diacylglycerol (DAG), is a secondary messenger molecule used in signal transduction and lipid signaling in biological cells.

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Lipophilicity

Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.

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Lysophosphatidylcholine

Lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC, lysoPC), also called lysolecithins, are a class of chemical compounds which are derived from phosphatidylcholines.

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Patatin-like phospholipase

Family of patatin-like phospholipases consists of various patatin glycoproteins from the total soluble protein from potato tubers, and also some proteins found in vertebrates.

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Phosphatidic acid

Phosphatidic acids are phospholipids which on hydrolysis give rise to one molecule of glycerol and phosphoric acid and two molecules of fatty acids.

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Phosphodiesterase

A phosphodiesterase (PDE) is an enzyme that breaks a phosphodiester bond.

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Phospholipase A1

Phospholipase A1 encoded by the PLA1A gene is a phospholipase enzyme which removes the 1-acyl.

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Phospholipase A2

Phospholipases A2 (PLA2s) are enzymes that release fatty acids from the second carbon group of glycerol.

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Phospholipase B

Phospholipase B, also known as lysophospholipase, is an enzyme with a combination of both PLA1 and PLA2 activities; that is, it can cleave acyl chains from both the sn-1 and sn-2 positions of a phospholipid.

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Phospholipase C

Phospholipase C (PLC) is a class of membrane-associated enzymes that cleave phospholipids just before the phosphate group (see figure).

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Phospholipase D

Phospholipase D (lipophosphodiesterase II, lecithinase D, choline phosphatase) (PLD) is an enzyme of the phospholipase superfamily.

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Phospholipid

Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.

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Second messenger system

Second messengers are intracellular signaling molecules released by the cell in response to exposure to extracellular signaling molecules—the first messengers.

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Signal transduction

Signal transduction is the process by which a chemical or physical signal is transmitted through a cell as a series of molecular events, most commonly protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases, which ultimately results in a cellular response.

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Viperidae

The Viperidae (vipers) is a family of venomous snakes found in most parts of the world, excluding Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, Hawaii, various other isolated islands, and north of the Arctic Circle.

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Redirects here:

A2 phospholipase, A2-phospholipase, Phospholipases, Phospholipases c.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phospholipase

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