75 relations: AMBER, Amphiphile, Bilayer, Biological membrane, Birefringence, Cable theory, Cell membrane, CHARMM, Chemokine, Choline, Colloid, Dietary supplement, Diglyceride, Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, Dual-polarization interferometry, Egg lecithin, Endoplasmic reticulum, Fatty acid, Flippase, Fluid mosaic model, Food additive, Force field (chemistry), Galactolipid, Glycerol, Glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase, Glycerophospholipid, Glycolipid, GROMOS, Hydrophile, Hydrophilic-lipophilic balance, Hydrophobe, Hydrophobic effect, Inositol trisphosphate, Jasmonic acid, Lecithin, Lipase, Lipid, Lipid bilayer, Lipid polymorphism, Long-term depression, Lysophosphatidylcholine, Milk, Molecular dynamics, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Phosphate, Phosphatidic acid, Phosphatidylcholine, Phosphatidylethanolamine, Phosphatidylglycerol, Phosphatidylinositol, ..., Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate, Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, Phosphatidylinositol phosphate, Phosphatidylserine, Phospholipase C, Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance, Plant hormone, POPC, Prostaglandin, Protein, Public Services and Procurement Canada, Second messenger system, Signal transduction, Soybean, Sphingolipid, Sphingomyelin, Sterol, Sulfolipid, Surfactant, Theodore Nicolas Gobley, VAV Life, Vesicle (biology and chemistry), White blood cell, 1,2-Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane, 1,2-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Assisted Model Building with Energy Refinement (AMBER) is a family of force fields for molecular dynamics of biomolecules originally developed by Peter Kollman's group at the University of California, San Francisco.
An amphiphile (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
A bilayer is a double layer of closely packed atoms or molecules.
A biological membrane or biomembrane is an enclosing or separating membrane that acts as a selectively permeable barrier within living things.
Birefringence is the optical property of a material having a refractive index that depends on the polarization and propagation direction of light.
Classical cable theory uses mathematical models to calculate the electric current (and accompanying voltage) along passive neurites, particularly the dendrites that receive synaptic inputs at different sites and times.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
Chemistry at Harvard Macromolecular Mechanics (CHARMM) is the name of a widely used set of force fields for molecular dynamics, and the name for the molecular dynamics simulation and analysis computer software package associated with them.
Chemokines (Greek -kinos, movement) are a family of small cytokines, or signaling proteins secreted by cells.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
A diglyceride, or diacylglycerol (DAG), is a glyceride consisting of two fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages.
Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPtdCho) is a phospholipid (and a lecithin) consisting of two palmitic acids attached of a phosphatidylcholine head-group and is the major constituent of many pulmonary surfactants.
Dual-polarization interferometry (DPI) is an analytical technique that probes molecular layers adsorbed to the surface of a waveguide using the evanescent wave of a laser beam.
Egg lecithin is a type of lecithin, a group of compounds primarily containing phospholipids, that is derived from eggs.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a type of organelle found in eukaryotic cells that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structures known as cisternae.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Flippases (rarely spelled flipases) are transmembrane lipid transporter proteins located in the membrane responsible for aiding the movement of phospholipid molecules between the two leaflets that compose a cell's membrane (transverse diffusion, also known as a "flip-flop" transition).
The fluid mosaic model explains various observations regarding the structure of functional cell membranes.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
In the context of molecular modeling, a force field (a special case of energy functions or interatomic potentials; not to be confused with force field in classical physics) refers to the functional form and parameter sets used to calculate the potential energy of a system of atoms or coarse-grained particles in molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics simulations.
Galactolipids are a type of glycolipid whose sugar group is galactose.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
In enzymology, a glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and sn-glycerol 3-phosphate, whereas its two products are CoA and 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
Glycerophospholipids or phosphoglycerides are glycerol-based phospholipids.
Glycolipids are lipids with a carbohydrate attached by a glycosidic bond or covalently bonded.
GROMOS is the name of a force field for molecular dynamics simulation, and a related computer software package.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
The hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of a surfactant is a measure of the degree to which it is hydrophilic or lipophilic, determined by calculating values for the different regions of the molecule, as described by Griffin in 1949 and 1954.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
The hydrophobic effect is the observed tendency of nonpolar substances to aggregate in an aqueous solution and exclude water molecules.
Inositol trisphosphate or inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (also commonly known as triphosphoinositol; abbreviated InsP3 or Ins3P or IP3), together with diacylglycerol (DAG), is a secondary messenger molecule used in signal transduction and lipid signaling in biological cells.
Jasmonic acid (JA) is an organic compound found in several plants including jasmine.
Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.
Polymorphism in biophysics is the ability of lipids to aggregate in a variety of ways, giving rise to structures of different shapes, known as "phases".
Long-term depression (LTD), in neurophysiology, is an activity-dependent reduction in the efficacy of neuronal synapses lasting hours or longer following a long patterned stimulus.
Lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC, lysoPC), also called lysolecithins, are a class of chemical compounds which are derived from phosphatidylcholines.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Molecular dynamics (MD) is a computer simulation method for studying the physical movements of atoms and molecules.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphatidic acids are phospholipids which on hydrolysis give rise to one molecule of glycerol and phosphoric acid and two molecules of fatty acids.
Phosphatidylcholines (PC) are a class of phospholipids that incorporate choline as a headgroup.
Phosphatidylethanolamines are a class of phospholipids found in biological membranes.
Phosphatidylglycerol is a glycerophospholipid found in pulmonary surfactant.
Phosphatidylinositol consists of a family of lipids as illustrated on the right, a class of the phosphatidylglycerides.
Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3), abbreviated PIP3, is the product of the class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP2).
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate or PtdIns(4,5)P2, also known simply as PIP2 or PI(4,5)P2, is a minor phospholipid component of cell membranes.
Phosphatidylinositol phosphate may refer to.
Phosphatidylserine (abbreviated Ptd-L-Ser or PS) is a phospholipid and is a component of the cell membrane.
Phospholipase C (PLC) is a class of membrane-associated enzymes that cleave phospholipids just before the phosphate group (see figure).
Phosphorus-31 NMR spectroscopy is an analytical chemistry technique that uses nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to study chemical compounds that contain phosphorus.
Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.
POPC is a phosphatidylcholine.
The prostaglandins (PG) are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Public Services and Procurement Canada (formerly referred to as Public Works and Government Services Canada or the Department of Public Works and Government Services) is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for the government's internal servicing and administration.
Second messengers are intracellular signaling molecules released by the cell in response to exposure to extracellular signaling molecules—the first messengers.
Signal transduction is the process by which a chemical or physical signal is transmitted through a cell as a series of molecular events, most commonly protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases, which ultimately results in a cellular response.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
Sphingolipids are a class of lipids containing a backbone of sphingoid bases, a set of aliphatic amino alcohols that includes sphingosine.
Sphingomyelin (SPH, ˌsfɪŋɡoˈmaɪəlɪn) is a type of sphingolipid found in animal cell membranes, especially in the membranous myelin sheath that surrounds some nerve cell axons.
Sterols, also known as steroid alcohols, are a subgroup of the steroids and an important class of organic molecules.
Sulfolipids are a class of lipids which possess a sulfur-containing functional group.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Theodore (Nicolas) Gobley, who first isolated, and ultimately determined the chemical structure of lecithin, the first identified and characterized member of the phospholipids class, and a pioneer researcher in the study and analysis of the chemical components of brain tissues, was born in Paris on 11 May 1811 and died in Bagneres-de-Luchon (a small city in central Pyrenees famous in the second half of the 19th century for its thermal waters) on 1 September 1876.
VAV Life Sciences Private Limited is an Indian company producing healthcare ingredients including lecithin and phospholipids, with products having application in the nutrition, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and drug delivery markets.
In cell biology, a vesicle is a small structure within a cell, or extracellular, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
1,2-Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe) is a diphosphine ligand in coordination chemistry.
1,2-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe) is an organophosphorus compound with the formula (Ph2PCH2)2 (Ph.