Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Phosphorylation

Index Phosphorylation

In chemistry, phosphorylation of a molecule is the attachment of a phosphoryl group. [1]

84 relations: Adenosine diphosphate, Adenosine triphosphate, Adipocyte, Allosteric regulation, Amino acid, Antibody, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Biochemistry, Biological thermodynamics, Biology, BioRxiv, Catabolism, Cell signaling, Chemistry, Chloroplast, Conformational change, Dephosphorylation, Electron-transfer dissociation, Enzyme, Enzyme inhibitor, Epidermal growth factor, Ester, Eukaryote, Förster resonance energy transfer, Gibbs free energy, Glucose, Glutamic acid, Glycolysis, GSK-3, Histidine, Lipid, List of sugars, Liver, Lysine, Mass spectrometry, MEDLINE, Microscale thermophoresis, Mitochondrion, Moiety conservation, MTOR, Na+/K+-ATPase, NADPH oxidase, Organic acid anhydride, Osmoregulation, Oxidative phosphorylation, P53, Phagocyte, Phosida, Phosphatase, ..., Phosphoamino acid analysis, Phosphodiester bond, Phosphoprotein, Phosphoproteomics, Phosphoramidate, Phosphoryl group, Photophosphorylation, Post-translational modification, Prokaryote, Proteasome, Protein, Protein domain, Protein dynamics, Protein kinase, Protein kinase B, Protein phosphorylation, Protein–protein interaction, Proteome, Proteomics, Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src, Receptor (biochemistry), RegPhos, Retina, Serine, Signal transduction, Skeletal muscle, Substrate-level phosphorylation, Sugar, Tandem mass spectrometry, Threonine, Two-component regulatory system, Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, Tyrosine, Ubiquitin. Expand index (34 more) »

Adenosine diphosphate

Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Adenosine diphosphate · See more »

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Adenosine triphosphate · See more »

Adipocyte

Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Adipocyte · See more »

Allosteric regulation

In biochemistry, allosteric regulation (or allosteric control) is the regulation of an enzyme by binding an effector molecule at a site other than the enzyme's active site.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Allosteric regulation · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Amino acid · See more »

Antibody

An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Antibody · See more »

Arginine

Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Arginine · See more »

Aspartic acid

Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Aspartic acid · See more »

Biochemistry

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Biochemistry · See more »

Biological thermodynamics

Biological thermodynamics is the quantitative study of the energy transductions that occur in or between living organisms, structures, and cells and of the nature and function of the chemical processes underlying these transductions.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Biological thermodynamics · See more »

Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Biology · See more »

BioRxiv

bioRxiv (pronounced "bio-archive") is an open access preprint repository for the biological sciences co-founded by John Inglis and Richard Sever in November 2013.

New!!: Phosphorylation and BioRxiv · See more »

Catabolism

Catabolism (from Greek κάτω kato, "downward" and βάλλειν ballein, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy or used in other anabolic reactions.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Catabolism · See more »

Cell signaling

Cell signaling (cell signalling in British English) is part of any communication process that governs basic activities of cells and coordinates all cell actions.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Cell signaling · See more »

Chemistry

Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Chemistry · See more »

Chloroplast

Chloroplasts are organelles, specialized compartments, in plant and algal cells.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Chloroplast · See more »

Conformational change

In biochemistry, a conformational change is a change in the shape of a macromolecule, often induced by environmental factors.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Conformational change · See more »

Dephosphorylation

Dephosphorylation is the removal of a phosphate (PO43−) group from an organic compound by hydrolysis.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Dephosphorylation · See more »

Electron-transfer dissociation

Electron-transfer dissociation (ETD) is a method of fragmenting multiply-charged gaseous macromolecules in a mass spectrometer between the stages of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Electron-transfer dissociation · See more »

Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Enzyme · See more »

Enzyme inhibitor

4QI9) An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme and decreases its activity.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Enzyme inhibitor · See more »

Epidermal growth factor

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates cell growth and differentiation by binding to its receptor, EGFR.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Epidermal growth factor · See more »

Ester

In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Ester · See more »

Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Eukaryote · See more »

Förster resonance energy transfer

Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), resonance energy transfer (RET) or electronic energy transfer (EET) is a mechanism describing energy transfer between two light-sensitive molecules (chromophores).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Förster resonance energy transfer · See more »

Gibbs free energy

In thermodynamics, the Gibbs free energy (IUPAC recommended name: Gibbs energy or Gibbs function; also known as free enthalpy to distinguish it from Helmholtz free energy) is a thermodynamic potential that can be used to calculate the maximum of reversible work that may be performed by a thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and pressure (isothermal, isobaric).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Gibbs free energy · See more »

Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Glucose · See more »

Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Glutamic acid · See more »

Glycolysis

Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Glycolysis · See more »

GSK-3

Glycogen synthase kinase 3 is a serine/threonine protein kinase that mediates the addition of phosphate molecules onto serine and threonine amino acid residues.

New!!: Phosphorylation and GSK-3 · See more »

Histidine

Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Histidine · See more »

Lipid

In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Lipid · See more »

List of sugars

This is a list of sugars and sugar products.

New!!: Phosphorylation and List of sugars · See more »

Liver

The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Liver · See more »

Lysine

Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Lysine · See more »

Mass spectrometry

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Mass spectrometry · See more »

MEDLINE

MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, or MEDLARS Online) is a bibliographic database of life sciences and biomedical information.

New!!: Phosphorylation and MEDLINE · See more »

Microscale thermophoresis

Microscale thermophoresis (MST) is a technology for the interaction analysis of biomolecules.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Microscale thermophoresis · See more »

Mitochondrion

The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Mitochondrion · See more »

Moiety conservation

Moiety conservation is the conservation of a subgroup in a chemical species, which is cyclically transferred from one molecule to another.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Moiety conservation · See more »

MTOR

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), also known as the mechanistic target of rapamycin and FK506-binding protein 12-rapamycin-associated protein 1 (FRAP1), is a kinase that in humans is encoded by the MTOR gene.

New!!: Phosphorylation and MTOR · See more »

Na+/K+-ATPase

-ATPase (sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase, also known as the pump or sodium–potassium pump) is an enzyme (an electrogenic transmembrane ATPase) found in the plasma membrane of all animal cells.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Na+/K+-ATPase · See more »

NADPH oxidase

The NADPH oxidase (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase) is a membrane-bound enzyme complex that faces the extracellular space.

New!!: Phosphorylation and NADPH oxidase · See more »

Organic acid anhydride

An organic acid anhydride is an acid anhydride that is an organic compound.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Organic acid anhydride · See more »

Osmoregulation

Osmoregulation is the active regulation of the osmotic pressure of an organism's body fluids, detected by osmoreceptors, to maintain the homeostasis of the organism's water content; that is, it maintains the fluid balance and the concentration of electrolytes (salts in solution) to keep the fluids from becoming too diluted or concentrated.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Osmoregulation · See more »

Oxidative phosphorylation

Oxidative phosphorylation (or OXPHOS in short) (UK, US) is the metabolic pathway in which cells use enzymes to oxidize nutrients, thereby releasing energy which is used to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Oxidative phosphorylation · See more »

P53

Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).

New!!: Phosphorylation and P53 · See more »

Phagocyte

Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phagocyte · See more »

Phosida

The '''PHO'''sphorylation SIte DAtabase PHOSIDA integrates thousands of high-confidence in vivo phosphosites identified in various species on the basis of mass spectrometry technology.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosida · See more »

Phosphatase

A phosphatase is an enzyme that uses water to cleave a phosphoric acid monoester into a phosphate ion and an alcohol.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphatase · See more »

Phosphoamino acid analysis

Phosphoamino acid analysis, or PAA, is an experimental technique used in molecular biology to determine which amino acid or acids are phosphorylated in a protein.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphoamino acid analysis · See more »

Phosphodiester bond

A phosphodiester bond occurs when exactly two of the hydroxyl groups in phosphoric acid react with hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form two ester bonds.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphodiester bond · See more »

Phosphoprotein

A phosphoprotein is a protein that is posttranslationally modified by the attachment of either a single phosphate group, or a complex molecule such as 5'-phospho-DNA, through a phosphate group.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphoprotein · See more »

Phosphoproteomics

Phosphoproteomics is a branch of proteomics that identifies, catalogs, and characterizes proteins containing a phosphate group as a post-translational modification.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphoproteomics · See more »

Phosphoramidate

Phosphoramidates (sometimes also called amidophosphates) are a class of phosphorus compounds structurally related to phosphates (or organophosphates) via the substitution of an OR for a NR2.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphoramidate · See more »

Phosphoryl group

A phosphoryl group is the chemical entity PO32−.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Phosphoryl group · See more »

Photophosphorylation

In the process of photosynthesis, the phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP using the energy of sunlight is called photophosphorylation.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Photophosphorylation · See more »

Post-translational modification

Post-translational modification (PTM) refers to the covalent and generally enzymatic modification of proteins following protein biosynthesis.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Post-translational modification · See more »

Prokaryote

A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Prokaryote · See more »

Proteasome

Proteasomes are protein complexes which degrade unneeded or damaged proteins by proteolysis, a chemical reaction that breaks peptide bonds.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Proteasome · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein · See more »

Protein domain

A protein domain is a conserved part of a given protein sequence and (tertiary) structure that can evolve, function, and exist independently of the rest of the protein chain.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein domain · See more »

Protein dynamics

Proteins are generally thought to adopt unique structures determined by their amino acid sequences, as outlined by Anfinsen's dogma.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein dynamics · See more »

Protein kinase

A protein kinase is a kinase enzyme that modifies other proteins by chemically adding phosphate groups to them (phosphorylation).

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein kinase · See more »

Protein kinase B

Protein kinase B (PKB), also known as Akt, is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that plays a key role in multiple cellular processes such as glucose metabolism, apoptosis, cell proliferation, transcription and cell migration.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein kinase B · See more »

Protein phosphorylation

Protein phosphorylation is a post-translational modification of proteins in which an amino acid residue is phosphorylated by a protein kinase by the addition of a covalently bound phosphate group.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein phosphorylation · See more »

Protein–protein interaction

Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are the physical contacts of high specificity established between two or more protein molecules as a result of biochemical events steered by electrostatic forces including the hydrophobic effect.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Protein–protein interaction · See more »

Proteome

The proteome is the entire set of proteins that is, or can be, expressed by a genome, cell, tissue, or organism at a certain time.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Proteome · See more »

Proteomics

Proteomics is the large-scale study of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Proteomics · See more »

Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src

Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src, also known as proto-oncogene c-Src or simply c-Src, is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase protein that in humans is encoded by the SRC gene.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src · See more »

Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Receptor (biochemistry) · See more »

RegPhos

KinasePhos is a database describing some phosphorylation networks associated with the information of subcellular localization.

New!!: Phosphorylation and RegPhos · See more »

Retina

The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Retina · See more »

Serine

Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Serine · See more »

Signal transduction

Signal transduction is the process by which a chemical or physical signal is transmitted through a cell as a series of molecular events, most commonly protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases, which ultimately results in a cellular response.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Signal transduction · See more »

Skeletal muscle

Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Skeletal muscle · See more »

Substrate-level phosphorylation

Substrate-level phosphorylation is a metabolic reaction that results in the formation of ATP or GTP by the direct transfer of a phosphoryl (PO3) group to ADP or GDP from another phosphorylated compound.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Substrate-level phosphorylation · See more »

Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Sugar · See more »

Tandem mass spectrometry

Tandem mass spectrometry, also known as MS/MS or MS2, involves multiple steps of mass spectrometry selection, with some form of fragmentation occurring in between the stages.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Tandem mass spectrometry · See more »

Threonine

Threonine (symbol Thr or T) is an amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Threonine · See more »

Two-component regulatory system

In the field of molecular biology, a two-component regulatory system serves as a basic stimulus-response coupling mechanism to allow organisms to sense and respond to changes in many different environmental conditions.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Two-component regulatory system · See more »

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, abbreviated as 2-DE or 2-D electrophoresis, is a form of gel electrophoresis commonly used to analyze proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis · See more »

Tyrosine

Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Tyrosine · See more »

Ubiquitin

Ubiquitin is a small (8.5 kDa) regulatory protein found in most tissues of eukaryotic organisms, i.e. it occurs ''ubiquitously''.

New!!: Phosphorylation and Ubiquitin · See more »

Redirects here:

Phosphorilation, Phosphorylate, Phosphorylated, Phosphorylates, Phosphorylating, Phosphosphorylate.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphorylation

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »