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A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine) is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply. [1]

85 relations: Analog signal, Arthritis, Automatic document feeder, Battelle Memorial Institute, Berne Convention, Canada, Canon Inc., Carbon paper, Chester Carlson, Collation, Colour banding, Columbus, Ohio, Copyright, Copyright collective, Counterfeit, Currency, David Gestetner, Digital data, Duplex printing, Duplicating machines, Dye-sublimation printer, Electrofax, Electronic Frontier Foundation, EURion constellation, Fair dealing, Fair use, Fax, Focal Press, Forensic identification, Freedom of Information Act (United States), General Electric, Generic trademark, Gestetner, Glass, Government, Greek language, Heliography, Holography, IBM, Image scanner, Inkjet printing, Kodak, Laser printing, List of duplicating processes, Machine, Microscope, Mimeograph, Multi-function printer, New York City, North America, ..., Ohio State University, Ozone, Paper, Patent attorney, Patent office, Photoconductivity, Photostat machine, Polish language, Printer (computing), RCA, Reprography, Risograph, Savin (photocopiers), Scanography, Selenium, Semiconductor, Simon & Schuster, Software, Staple (fastener), Steganography, Sulfur, Thermochromic ink, Thermofax, Toner, Trademark, Tungsten, Ultraviolet, University, Watermark, Xenon, Xerography, Xerox, Xerox art, Zinc, 3M. Expand index (35 more) »

Analog signal

An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.

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Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.

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Automatic document feeder

In multifunction or all-in-one printers, fax machines, photocopiers and scanners, an automatic document feeder or ADF is a feature which takes several pages and feeds the paper one page at a time into a scanner or copier, allowing the user to scan, and thereby copy, print, or fax, multiple-page documents without having to manually replace each page.

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Battelle Memorial Institute

Battelle Memorial Institute (more widely known as simply Battelle) is a private nonprofit applied science and technology development company headquartered in Columbus, Ohio.

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Berne Convention

The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland, in 1886.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canon Inc.

is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.

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Carbon paper

Carbon paper (originally carbonic paper) was originally paper coated on one side with a layer of a loosely bound dry ink or pigmented coating, bound with wax, used for making one or more copies simultaneously with the creation of an original document when using a typewriter or a ballpoint pen.

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Chester Carlson

Chester Floyd Carlson (February 8, 1906 – September 19, 1968) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington.

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Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order.

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Colour banding

Colour banding, or Color banding (American English) is a problem of inaccurate colour presentation in computer graphics.

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Columbus, Ohio

Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.

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Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Copyright collective

A copyright collective (also known as a copyright collecting agency, licensing agency or copyright collecting society or collective management organization) is a body created by copyright law or private agreement which engages in collective rights management.

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The counterfeit means to imitate something.

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A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.

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David Gestetner

David Gestetner (31 March 18548 March 1939) was the inventor of the Gestetner stencil duplicator, the first piece of office equipment that allowed production of numerous copies of documents quickly and inexpensively.

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Digital data

Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.

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Duplex printing

Duplex printing is a feature of some computer printers and multi-function printers (MFPs) that allows the printing of a sheet of paper on both sides automatically.

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Duplicating machines

Duplicating machines were the predecessors of modern document-reproduction technology.

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Dye-sublimation printer

A dye-sublimation printer is a computer printer which uses heat to transfer dye onto materials such as a plastic, card, paper, or fabric.

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An electrofax involved electrostatic printer and copier technology, where an image was formed directly on the paper, instead of first on a drum, then transferred to paper, as it would be in xerography.

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Electronic Frontier Foundation

The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.

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EURion constellation

The EURion constellation (also known as Omron rings or doughnuts) is a pattern of symbols incorporated into a number of banknote designs worldwide since about 1996.

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Fair dealing

Fair dealing is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work.

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Fair use

Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.

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Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.

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Focal Press

Focal Press is a publisher of media technology books and it is an imprint of Taylor & Francis.

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Forensic identification

Forensic identification is the application of forensic science, or "forensics", and technology to identify specific objects from the trace evidence they leave, often at a crime scene or the scene of an accident.

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Freedom of Information Act (United States)

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA),, is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Generic trademark

A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.

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The Gestetner is a type of duplicating machine named after its inventor, David Gestetner (18541939).

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Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.

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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Heliography (in French, héliographie) is the photographic process invented by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce around 1822, which he used to make the earliest known surviving photograph from nature, View from the Window at Le Gras (1826 or 1827).

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Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Image scanner

An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.

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Inkjet printing

Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing that recreates a digital image by propelling droplets of ink onto paper, plastic, or other substrates.

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The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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Laser printing

Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.

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List of duplicating processes

This is a partial list of text and image duplicating processes used in business and government from the Industrial Revolution forward.

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A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.

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A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.

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The stencil duplicator or mimeograph machine (often abbreviated to mimeo) is a low-cost duplicating machine that works by forcing ink through a stencil onto paper.

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Multi-function printer

An MFP (multi-function product/printer/peripheral), multi-functional, all-in-one (AIO), or multi-function device (MFD), is an office machine which incorporates the functionality of multiple devices in one, so as to have a smaller footprint in a home or small business setting (the SOHO market segment), or to provide centralized document management/distribution/production in a large-office setting.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Ohio State University

The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio.

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Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.

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Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.

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Patent attorney

A patent attorney is an attorney who has the specialized qualifications necessary for representing clients in obtaining patents and acting in all matters and procedures relating to patent law and practice, such as filing an opposition.

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Patent office

A patent office is a governmental or intergovernmental organization which controls the issue of patents.

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Photoconductivity is an optical and electrical phenomenon in which a material becomes more electrically conductive due to the absorption of electromagnetic radiation such as visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared light, or gamma radiation.

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Photostat machine

The Photostat machine, or Photostat, was an early projection photocopier created in the decade of the 1900s by the Commercial Camera Company, which became the Photostat Corporation.

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Polish language

Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.

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Printer (computing)

In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.

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The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.

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Reprography is the reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means, such as photography or xerography.

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Risograph is a brand of digital duplicators manufactured by the Riso Kagaku Corporation, that are designed mainly for high-volume photocopying and printing.

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Savin (photocopiers)

Savin was incorporated in 1959 by Max M. and Robert K.Low (the company was named using the name of Max Low's son-in-law, Robert S. Savin)http://www.internetlibrary.com/pdf/Savin-Corporation-Savin-Group-(2d-Cir.).pdf and was run by Low's son, Robert K. Low (Finance, management and marketing) and E. Paul Charlap (research and development).

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Scanography (also spelled scannography), more commonly referred to as scanner photography, is the process of capturing digitized images of objects for the purpose of creating printable art using a flatbed "photo" scanner with a CCD (charge-coupled device) array capturing device.

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Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.

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A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.

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Simon & Schuster

Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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Staple (fastener)

A staple is a type of two-pronged fastener, usually metal, used for joining or binding materials together.

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Steganography is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video.

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Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Thermochromic ink

Thermochromic ink (also called thermochromatic ink) is a type of dye that changes color when temperatures increase or decrease.

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Thermo-Fax (very often Thermo fax) is 3M's trademarked name for a photocopying technology which was introduced in 1950.

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Toner is a powder mixture used in laser printers and photocopiers to form the printed text and images on the paper, in general through a toner cartridge.

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A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).

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Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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A watermark is an identifying image or pattern in paper that appears as various shades of lightness/darkness when viewed by transmitted light (or when viewed by reflected light, atop a dark background), caused by thickness or density variations in the paper.

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Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and atomic number 54.

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Xerography or electrophotography is a dry photocopying technique.

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Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.

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Xerox art

Xerox art (sometimes, more generically, called copy art, electrostatic art, or xerography) is an art form that began in the 1960s.

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Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.

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The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photocopier

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