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Photographic film

Index Photographic film

Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals. [1]

149 relations: Absorbance, Achromatic lens, Additive color, Adobe Photoshop, ADOX, Adsorption, Advanced Photo System, Agfa-Gevaert, AgfaPhoto, American National Standards Institute, Ansco, Apochromat, APUG, Astrophotography, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Autochrome Lumière, Barcode, Bergger, Bracketing, Calotype, Camera, Camera lens, Celluloid, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose acetate film, Chain store, Charge-coupled device, China Lucky Film, Cinestill, Color photography, Color printing, Complementary colors, Contact print, Daguerreotype, Dai Nippon Printing, Darkroom, Deutsches Institut für Normung, Disc film, Dosimetry, Dr5 chrome, DuPont, DX encoding, Dynamic range, Efke, Ektachrome, Electromagnetic spectrum, Enlarger, Exponentiation, Exposure (photography), Ferrania, ..., Film base, Film grain, Film scanner, Film speed, Film stock, Fine art, Fogging (photography), Fujifilm, GAF Materials Corporation, Gamma ray, Gelatin, Glass, Glassbridge Enterprises, GOST, Hermann Wilhelm Vogel, Hindustan Photo Films, Hurter and Driffield, Ilfochrome, Ilford Photo, Image resolution, Infrared, Instamatic, Instant film, International Organization for Standardization, Kodachrome, Kodacolor (still photography), Kodak, Konica Minolta, Large format, Latent image, Light, Lightbox, List of photographic equipment makers, List of photographic films, Lithography, Logarithm, Loupe, Maco (film company), Medical imaging, Medium format (film), Micrograph, Mitsubishi, Multiplicative inverse, Negative (photography), Nitrocellulose, Optical filter, Orthochromasia, ORWO, Otto Perutz, Oversampled binary image sensor, Panchromatic film, Particle physics, Photo manipulation, Photograph, Photographic emulsion, Photographic filter, Photographic paper, Photographic plate, Photographic processing, Photojournalism, Photometry (optics), Photon, Plastic, Polaroid Corporation, Polaroid Originals, Polavision, Private label, Push processing, Quartz, Reversal film, Safelight, Sensitometry, Sheet film, Silver halide, Slide projector, Slide viewer, Sony Mavica, Spectral sensitivity, Statistics, Subtractive color, Svema, Tasma, Technical Pan, Transmission coefficient, Tripod (photography), Ultraviolet, Visible spectrum, X-ray, Zone System, 110 film, 120 film, 126 film, 127 film, 135 film, 16 mm film, 35 mm film, 3M, 70 mm film, 8 mm film. Expand index (99 more) »


In chemistry, absorbance or decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted radiant power through a material, and spectral absorbance or spectral decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted spectral radiant power through a material.

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Achromatic lens

An achromatic lens or achromat is a lens that is designed to limit the effects of chromatic and spherical aberration.

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Additive color

Additive color is a method to create color by mixing a number of different light colors, with shades of red, green, and blue being the most common primary colors used in additive color system.

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Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.

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ADOX Fotowerke Dr.

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Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.

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Advanced Photo System

Advanced Photo System (APS) is a discontinued film format for still photography first produced in 1996.

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Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.

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AgfaPhoto GmbH is a European photographic company, formed in 2004 when Agfa-Gevaert sold their Consumer Imaging division.

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American National Standards Institute

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.

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Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.

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An apochromat, or apochromatic lens (apo), is a photographic or other lens that has better correction of chromatic and spherical aberration than the much more common achromat lenses.

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APUG is the Analog Photography Users Group, a website and internet forum for an international group of photographers who use analog photography.

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Astrophotography is a specialized type of photography for recording photos of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky.

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Auguste and Louis Lumière

The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.

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Autochrome Lumière

The Autochrome Lumière is an early color photography process patented in 1903 by the Lumière brothers in France and first marketed in 1907.

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A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.

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The Bergger company was begun over a century ago by French manufacturer Guilleminot.

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In photography, bracketing is the general technique of taking several shots of the same subject using different camera settings.

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Calotype or talbotype is an early photographic process introduced in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, using paper coated with silver iodide.

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A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.

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Camera lens

A camera lens (also known as photographic lens or photographic objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically.

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Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.

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Cellulose acetate

Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.

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Cellulose acetate film

Cellulose acetate film, or safety film, is used in photography as a base material for photographic emulsions.

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Chain store

Chain store(s) or retail chain(s) are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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China Lucky Film

China Lucky Film Corporation is the largest photosensitive materials and magnetic recording media manufacturer in Baoding, Hebei province, China.

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Cinestill Film creates photographic film for still cameras in 135 and 120 film formats from modified Kodak motion picture cinema film stock.

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Color photography

Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.

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Color printing

Color printing or colour printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing).

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Complementary colors

Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out.

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Contact print

A contact print is a photographic image produced from film; sometimes from a film negative, and sometimes from a film positive.

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The Daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly available photographic process, and for nearly twenty years it was the one most commonly used.

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Dai Nippon Printing

, established in 1876, is a Japanese printing company.

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A darkroom is a workshop used by photographers working with photographic film to make prints and carry out other associated tasks.

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Deutsches Institut für Normung

Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.

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Disc film

Cartridge of disc film Disc film was a still-photography film format aimed at the consumer market, and introduced by Kodak in 1982.

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Radiation dosimetry in the fields of health physics and radiation protection is the measurement, calculation and assessment of the ionizing radiation dose absorbed by the human body.

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Dr5 chrome

dr5, or dr5 Chrome, is a reversal black and white process, through which most kinds of black-and-white negative films produce transparencies (slides).

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DX encoding

DX (Digital indeX) encoding is an ANSI and I3A standard, originally introduced by Kodak in March 1983, for marking 135 and APS photographic film and film cartridges.

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Dynamic range

Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.

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Efke is the brand name of photographic films, papers, and chemicals that were manufactured by Fotokemika d.d., a company located in Samobor, Croatia.

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Ektachrome is a brand name owned by Kodak for a range of transparency, still, and motion picture films previously available in many formats, including 35 mm and sheet sizes to 11×14 inch size.

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Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.

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An enlarger is a specialized transparency projector used to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives, or from transparencies.

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Exponentiation is a mathematical operation, written as, involving two numbers, the base and the exponent.

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Exposure (photography)

In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.

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FILM Ferrania s.r.l. is a modern photographic film manufacturing company located in Ferrania (Liguria), Italy.

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Film base

A film base is a transparent substrate which acts as a support medium for the photosensitive emulsion that lies atop it.

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Film grain

Film grain or granularity is the random optical texture of processed photographic film due to the presence of small particles of a metallic silver, or dye clouds, developed from silver halide that have received enough photons.

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Film scanner

A film scanner is a device made for scanning photographic film directly into a computer without the use of any intermediate printmaking.

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Film speed

Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system.

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Film stock

Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.

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Fine art

In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.

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Fogging (photography)

Fogging in photography is the deterioration in the quality of the image caused either by extraneous light or the effects of a processing chemical.

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, trading as Fujifilm (stylized as FUJiFILM), or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo.

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GAF Materials Corporation

GAF is a company based in Parsippany, New Jersey, that has roots dating back to the late 19th century.

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Gamma ray

A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

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Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.

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Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.

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Glassbridge Enterprises

Glassbridge Enterprises, known as Imation Corporation prior to 2017, is an American holding company. Through the company's two subsidiaries, Glassbridge focuses primarily on investment, asset management and global enterprise data storage. Prior to the name change, Glassbridge had three core elements – traditional storage (magnetic tape and optical products), secure and scalable storage (data backup, data archive and data security for small and medium businesses) and what the company calls “audio and video information” products.

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GOST (Russian: ГОСТ) refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

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Hermann Wilhelm Vogel

Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (26 March 1834 – 17 December 1898) was a German photochemist and photographer who discovered dye sensitization, which is of great importance to photography.

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Hindustan Photo Films

Hindustan Photo Films Manufacturing Company Limited (HPF) is an Indian-based public sector manufacturer of photographic films, cine films, X-ray films, graphic arts films, photographic paper, and chemistry.

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Hurter and Driffield

Ferdinand Hurter (1844–1898) and Vero Charles Driffield (1848–1915) were nineteenth-century photographic scientists who brought quantitative scientific practice to photography through the methods of sensitometry and densitometry.

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Ilfochrome (also commonly known as Cibachrome) is a dye destruction positive-to-positive photographic process used for the reproduction of film transparencies on photographic paper.

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Ilford Photo

Ilford Photo is a UK manufacturer of photographic materials known worldwide for its black-and-white film and papers and chemicals, as previously as its range of Ilfochrome and Ilfocolor colour printing materials, before these were discontinued.

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Image resolution

Image resolution is the detail an image holds.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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The Instamatic is a series of inexpensive, easy-to-load 126 and 110 cameras made by Kodak beginning in 1963.

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Instant film

Instant film is a type of photographic film introduced by Polaroid to be used in an instant camera (and, with accessory hardware, many other professional film cameras).

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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Kodachrome is a brand name for a non-substantive, color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935.

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Kodacolor (still photography)

In still photography, Kodak's Kodacolor brand has been associated with various color negative films (i.e., films that produce negatives for making color prints on paper) since 1942.

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The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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Konica Minolta

is a Japanese multinational technology company headquartered in Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, with offices in 49 countries worldwide.

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Large format

Large format refers to any imaging format of 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.

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Latent image

A latent image is an invisible image produced by the exposure to light of a photosensitive material such as photographic film.

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Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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A lightbox is a translucent surface illuminated from behind, used for situations where a shape laid upon the surface needs to be seen with high contrast.

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List of photographic equipment makers

This list of photographic equipment makers lists companies that manufacture (or license manufacture from other companies) equipment for photography.

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List of photographic films

This is a list of currently available photographic films in a still camera film format.

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Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.

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In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse function to exponentiation.

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A loupe is a simple, small magnification device used to see small details more closely.

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Maco (film company)

Maco (Hans O. Mahn GmbH & Co. KG, Maco Photo Products) is a Germany-based supplier of photographic films, including former Agfa film types.

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Medical imaging

Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).

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Medium format (film)

Medium format has traditionally referred to a film format in still photography and the related cameras and equipment that use film.

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A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.

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The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.

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Multiplicative inverse

In mathematics, a multiplicative inverse or reciprocal for a number x, denoted by 1/x or x−1, is a number which when multiplied by x yields the multiplicative identity, 1.

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Negative (photography)

In photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest.

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Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.

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Optical filter

An optical filter is a device that selectively transmits light of different wavelengths, usually implemented as a glass plane or plastic device in the optical path, which are either dyed in the bulk or have interference coatings.

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In chemistry, orthochromasia is the property of a dye or stain to not change color on binding to a target, as opposed to metachromatic stains which change color.

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ORWO (for ORiginal WOlfen) is a brand for photographic products and magnetic recording tape.

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Otto Perutz

Otto Perutz (27 July 1847, Teplice, Bohemia – 18 January 1922, Munich Germany) was an Austrian-German chemist.

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Oversampled binary image sensor

An oversampled binary image sensor is an image sensor with non-linear response capabilities reminiscent of traditional photographic film.

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Panchromatic film

Panchromatic emulsion is a type of black-and-white photographic emulsion that is sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light.

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Particle physics

Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

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Photo manipulation

Photo manipulation involves transforming or altering a photograph using various methods and techniques to achieve desired results.

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A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.

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Photographic emulsion

Photographic emulsion is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography.

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Photographic filter

In photography and videography, a filter is a camera accessory consisting of an optical filter that can be inserted into the optical path.

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Photographic paper

Photographic paper is a paper coated with a light-sensitive chemical formula, used for making photographic prints.

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Photographic plate

Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.

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Photographic processing

Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.

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Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.

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Photometry (optics)

Photometry is the science of the measurement of light, in terms of its perceived brightness to the human eye.

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The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

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Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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Polaroid Corporation

Polaroid is an American company that is a brand licensor and marketer of its portfolio of consumer electronics to companies that distribute consumer electronics and eyewear.

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Polaroid Originals

Polaroid Originals is a Dutch photography company and manufacturer founded in 2008 by Florian Kaps, André Bosman and Marwan Saba.

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Polavision was an "instant" color home movie system launched by Polaroid in 1977.

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Private label

Private-label products or services, also known as "phantom brands", are typically those manufactured or provided by one company for offer under another company's brand.

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Push processing

Push processing in photography, sometimes called uprating, refers to a film developing technique that increases the effective sensitivity of the film being processed.

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Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.

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Reversal film

In photography, reversal film is a type of photographic film that produces a positive image on a transparent base.

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A safelight is a light source suitable for use in a photographic darkroom.

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Sensitometry is the scientific study of light-sensitive materials, especially photographic film.

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Sheet film

Sheet film is large format and medium format photographic film supplied on individual sheets of acetate or polyester film base rather than rolls.

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Silver halide

A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens.

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Slide projector

A slide projector is an opto-mechanical device for showing photographic slides.

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Slide viewer

A slide viewer (also called transparency viewer) is a device for looking at film transparencies or similar photographic images.

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Sony Mavica

Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera) was a brand of Sony cameras which used removable disks as the main recording medium.

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Spectral sensitivity

Spectral sensitivity is the relative efficiency of detection, of light or other signal, as a function of the frequency or wavelength of the signal.

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Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.

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Subtractive color

A subtractive color model explains the mixing of a limited set of dyes, inks, paint pigments or natural colorants to create a wider range of colors, each the result of partially or completely subtracting (that is, absorbing) some wavelengths of light and not others.

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Svema (Свема, Светочувствительные Материалы) is a registered trade mark and former name ("NPO "Svema") of the Shostka Chemical Plant, located in Shostka, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine.

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Tasma – Тасма in Russian Cyrillic characters is a Russian GOST and ISO certified manufacturer of black and white photographic, x-ray, aerial, holographic, industrial radiographic testing, anti-fog, thermal, micrographic, and graphic arts films.

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Technical Pan

Technical Pan is an almost panchromatic black-and-white film that was produced by Kodak.

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Transmission coefficient

The transmission coefficient is used in physics and electrical engineering when wave propagation in a medium containing discontinuities is considered.

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Tripod (photography)

In photography, a tripod is used to stabilize and elevate a camera, a flash unit, or other photographic equipment.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Visible spectrum

The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.

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X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

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Zone System

The Zone System is a photographic technique for determining optimal film exposure and development, formulated by Ansel Adams and Fred Archer.

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110 film

110 is a cartridge-based film format used in still photography.

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120 film

120 is a popular film format for still photography introduced by Kodak for their Brownie No.

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126 film

126 is the number given to a cartridge-based film format used in still photography.

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127 film

127 was a roll film format for still photography introduced by Kodak in 1912.

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135 film

135 is photographic film in a film format used for still photography.

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16 mm film

16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film.

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35 mm film

35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).

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The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.

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70 mm film

70 mm film (or 65 mm film) is a wide high-resolution film gauge for motion picture photography, with higher resolution than the standard 35 mm motion picture film format.

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8 mm film

8 mm film is a motion picture film format in which the film strip is eight millimeters wide.

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Redirects here:

Film camera, Film photograph, First roll film camera, Photo film, Wet film.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photographic_film

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