46 relations: Adjective phrase, Adpositional phrase, Adverbial phrase, Agreement (linguistics), All rights reserved, Clause, Complement (linguistics), Complementizer, Conjunction (grammar), Constituent (linguistics), Covert (linguistics), Dependency grammar, Dependent clause, Determiner, Determiner phrase, Economical with the truth, Endocentric and exocentric, Euphemism, Figure of speech, Finite verb, Fixed expression, Focus (linguistics), Grammar, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical tense, Head (linguistics), Idiom, Inflection, Inflectional phrase, Kick the bucket, Nonfinite verb, Noun, Noun phrase, Object (grammar), Parse tree, Phrasal verb, Phrase structure grammar, Proverb, Saying, Sentence (linguistics), Specifier (linguistics), Syntactic category, Syntax, Topic and comment, Verb phrase, X-bar theory.
An adjective phrase (or adjectival phrase) is a phrase whose head word is an adjective, e.g. fond of steak, very happy, quite upset about it, etc.
An adpositional phrase, in linguistics, is a syntactic category that includes prepositional phrases, postpositional phrases, and circumpositional phrases.
In linguistics, an adverbial phrase ("AdvP") is a multi-word expression operating adverbially: its syntactic function is to modify other expressions, including verbs, adjectives, adverbs, adverbials, and sentences.
Agreement or concord (abbreviated) happens when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.
"All rights reserved" is a copyright formality indicating that the copyright holder reserves, or holds for its own use, all the rights provided by copyright law.
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.
In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression.
In linguistics (especially generative grammar), complementizer or complementiser (glossing abbreviation) is a lexical category (part of speech) that includes those words that can be used to turn a clause into the subject or object of a sentence.
In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated or) is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses that are called the conjuncts of the conjoining construction.
In syntactic analysis, a constituent is a word or a group of words that functions as a single unit within a hierarchical structure.
In linguistics, a feature of a word or phrase is said to be covert if there is no surface evidence of its existence within that word or phrase.
Dependency grammar (DG) is a class of modern grammatical theories that are all based on the dependency relation (as opposed to the constituency relation) and that can be traced back primarily to the work of Lucien Tesnière.
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A determiner, also called determinative (abbreviated), is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.
In linguistics, a determiner phrase (DP) is a type of phrase posited by some theories of syntax.
To be economical with the truth literally means to avoid revealing too much of the truth.
In theoretical linguistics, a distinction is made between endocentric and exocentric constructions.
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is figurative language in the form of a single word or phrase.
A finite verb is a form of a verb that has a subject (expressed or implied) and can function as the root of an independent clause; an independent clause can, in turn, stand alone as a complete sentence.
A fixed expression is a standard form of expression that has taken on a more specific meaning than the expression itself.
Focus (abbreviated) is a grammatical category that determines which part of the sentence contributes new, non-derivable, or contrastive information.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event, or state, denoted by a verb, extends over time.
In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
In linguistics, the head or nucleus of a phrase is the word that determines the syntactic category of that phrase.
An idiom (idiom, "special property", from translite, "special feature, special phrasing, a peculiarity", f. translit, "one's own") is a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning.
In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.
In X-bar theory and other grammatical theories that incorporate it, an inflectional phrase or inflection phrase (IP or InflP) is a functional phrase that has inflectional properties (such as tense and agreement).
To kick the bucket is an English idiom, considered a euphemistic, informal, or slang term meaning 'to die'.
A nonfinite verb is of any of several verb forms that are not finite verbs; they cannot perform action as the root of an independent clause.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.
A parse tree or parsing tree or derivation tree or concrete syntax tree is an ordered, rooted tree that represents the syntactic structure of a string according to some context-free grammar.
In English, a phrasal verb is a phrase such as turn down or ran into which combines two or three words from different grammatical categories: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition together form a single semantic unit.
The term phrase structure grammar was originally introduced by Noam Chomsky as the term for grammar studied previously by Emil Post and Axel Thue (Post canonical systems).
A proverb (from proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience.
A saying is any concisely written or spoken expression that is especially memorable because of its meaning or style.
In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked.
In X-bar theory in linguistics, specifiers, head words, complements and adjuncts together form phrases.
A syntactic category is a type of syntactic unit that theories of syntax assume.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.
In linguistics, a verb phrase (VP) is a syntactic unit composed of at least one verb and its dependentsobjects, complements and other modifiersbut not always including the subject.
X-bar theory is a theory of syntactic category formation.