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Physical therapy

Index Physical therapy

Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. [1]

126 relations: Activities of daily living, Acupuncture, Acute care, Allied health professions, Alzheimer's disease, American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, American Physical Therapy Association, Amputation, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Arthritis, Associate degree, Athletic trainer, Bachelor's degree, Balance (ability), Bureau of Labor Statistics, Cancer, Cégep Marie-Victorin, Cerebral palsy, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, Chiropractic, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Circulatory system, Clinic, Clinical electrophysiology, Collège Montmorency, College education in Quebec, Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education, Coronary artery bypass surgery, Cryotherapy, Cystic fibrosis, Dawson College, Doctor (title), Doctor of Physical Therapy, Dry needling, Electrical muscle stimulation, Electromyography, Electrotherapy, European Commission, Exercise, Exercise physiology, Facial nerve paralysis, Fine motor skill, Frenkel exercises, Galen, Geriatrics, Gout, Gross motor skill, Gymnasticon, Health, ..., Health club, Health literacy, Hippocrates, History of wound care, Hospice, Human musculoskeletal system, Hydrotherapy, Independent medical examination, Intensive care medicine, Iontophoresis, Joint manipulation, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Kinesiology, List of exercise prescription software, Lung, Manual therapy, Massage, Master of Physical Therapy, Medical diagnosis, Medical history, Medical ultrasound, Medicine, Montreal, Movement assessment, Multiple sclerosis, Muscle, Myocardial infarction, Neurological disorder, Neurology, Neurophysiotherapy, Occupational therapy, Oncology, Orthopedic surgery, Osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, Pediatrics, Pehr Henrik Ling, Physical examination, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Physical therapy, Physical therapy education, Physical therapy practice act, Polio vaccine, Poliomyelitis, Postural restoration, Practice (learning method), Procovery, Pulmonary fibrosis, Quebec Diploma of College Studies, Reed College, Rehabilitation (neuropsychology), Rehabilitation hospital, Respiratory therapist, School, Scoliosis, Sense, Sensory processing, Spinal manipulation, Sport, Sports medicine, Stiffness, Stimulus modality, Stroke, Systematic review, Telehealth, Telerehabilitation, Traction (orthopedics), U.S. state, United States, United States Department of Labor, Université de Montréal, Université de Sherbrooke, Université Laval, Urinary incontinence, Women's health, World Confederation for Physical Therapy. Expand index (76 more) »

Activities of daily living

Activities of daily living (ADLs or ADL) is a term used in healthcare to refer to people's daily self care activities.

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Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body.

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Acute care

Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.

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Allied health professions

Allied health professions are health care professions distinct from nursing, medicine, and pharmacy.

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties

The American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, often abbreviated ABPTS, is the organization responsible for certifying clinical specialists in physical therapy in the United States.

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American Physical Therapy Association

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is a U.S-based individual membership professional organization representing more than 100,000 member physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, and students of physical therapy.

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Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles.

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Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.

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Associate degree

An associate degree (or associate's degree) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study intended to usually last two years or more.

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Athletic trainer

An athletic trainer is a certified and licensed health care professional who practices in the field of sports medicine.

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Bachelor's degree

A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).

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Balance (ability)

In biomechanics, balance is an ability to maintain the line of gravity (vertical line from centre of mass) of a body within the base of support with minimal postural sway.

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Bureau of Labor Statistics

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cégep Marie-Victorin

The Cégep Marie-Victorin is a French public college in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood.

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Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease

Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, a group of varied inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive loss of muscle tissue and touch sensation across various parts of the body.

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Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP) is the professional body and trade union for physiotherapists in the United Kingdom.

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Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.

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Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

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A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.

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Clinical electrophysiology

Clinical electrophysiology is the application of electrophysiology principles to medicine.

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Collège Montmorency

Founded on November 5, 1969, Collège Montmorency is a Francophone public college in Chomedey, Laval, Quebec, Canada, near the Montmorency Metro station.

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College education in Quebec

College education, informally referred to as College and often incorrectly by the umbrella acronym CEGEP in the Canadian province of Quebec is the post-secondary level immediately after high-school but required for university admissions.

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Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education

The Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE) is the agency recognized by the United States Department of Education for granting accreditation status to entry-level education programs for physical therapists and physical therapist assistants.

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Coronary artery bypass surgery

Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, pronounced "cabbage") surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure to restore normal blood flow to an obstructed coronary artery.

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Cryotherapy, sometimes known as cold therapy, is the local or general use of low temperatures in medical therapy.

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Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.

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Dawson College

Dawson College is an English-language Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP) located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Doctor (title)

Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.

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Doctor of Physical Therapy

In the United States a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree is a post-baccalaureate degree that takes 3 years to complete following completion of a Bachelor's degree.

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Dry needling

Dry needling, also known as myofascial trigger point dry needling, is an unproven technique in alternative medicine similar to acupuncture.

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Electrical muscle stimulation

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS), also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or electromyostimulation, is the elicitation of muscle contraction using electric impulses.

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Electromyography (EMG) is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles.

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Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy as a medical treatment.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.

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Exercise physiology

Exercise physiology is the physiology of physical exercise.

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Facial nerve paralysis

Facial nerve paralysis is a common problem that involves the paralysis of any structures innervated by the facial nerve.

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Fine motor skill

Fine motor skill (or dexterity) is the coordination of small muscles, in movements—usually involving the synchronization of hands and fingers—with the eyes.

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Frenkel exercises

Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel to treat ataxia, in particular cerebellar ataxia.

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Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.

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Geriatrics, or geriatric medicine, is a specialty that focuses on health care of elderly people.

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Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.

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Gross motor skill

Gross motor skills are the abilities usually acquired during adulthood and older age as part of a child's motor learning.

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The Gymnasticon was an early exercise machine resembling a stationary bicycle, invented in 1796 by Francis Lowndes.

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Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.

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Health club

A health club (also known as a fitness club, fitness centre, health spa, and commonly referred to as a gym) is a place that houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise.

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Health literacy

Health literacy is the ability to obtain, read, understand, and use healthcare information in order to make appropriate health decisions and follow instructions for treatment.

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Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

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History of wound care

The history of wound care spans from prehistory to modern medicine.

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Hospice care is a type of care and philosophy of care that focuses on the palliation of a chronically ill, terminally ill or seriously ill patient's pain and symptoms, and attending to their emotional and spiritual needs.

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Human musculoskeletal system

The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.

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Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy and also called water cure, is a part of alternative medicine, in particular of naturopathy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy, that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment.

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Independent medical examination

An independent medical examination (IME) occurs when a doctor, psychologist, or other licensed healthcare professional conducts an examination of an individual to help answer specific legal or administrative questions related to a variety of situations, e.g., a disability claim; workers compensation case; a personal injury lawsuit (tort claim); impaired professionals program; or sexual harassment in the workplace.

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Intensive care medicine

Intensive care medicine, or critical care medicine, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.

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Iontophoresis is a process of transdermal drug delivery by use of a voltage gradient on the skin.

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Joint manipulation

Joint manipulation is a type of passive movement of a skeletal joint.

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Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy

The Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering research about musculoskeletal rehabilitation, orthopaedics, physical therapy, and sports medicine.

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Kinesiology is the scientific study of human or non-human body movement.

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List of exercise prescription software

This list of exercise prescription software contains software packages related to the sending or printing of exercise instructions commonly used by physiotherapists.

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The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.

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Manual therapy

Manual therapy, or manipulative therapy, is a physical treatment primarily used by physical therapists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, chiropractors, massage therapists, athletic trainers, osteopaths, and osteopathic physicians to treat musculoskeletal pain and disability; it most commonly includes kneading and manipulation of muscles, joint mobilization and joint manipulation.

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Massage is to work and act on the body with pressure.

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Master of Physical Therapy

The Master of Physical Therapy (MPT) is a post baccalaureate degree conferred upon successful completion of an accredited Physical therapy professional education program.

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Medical diagnosis

Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.

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Medical history

The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.

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Medical ultrasound

Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.

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Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.

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Movement assessment

Movement assessment is the practice of analysing movement performance during functional tasks to determine the kinematics of individual joints and their effect on the kinetic chain.

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Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.

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Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.

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Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.

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Neurological disorder

A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system.

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Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

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Neurophysiotherapy, or neurological physiotherapy, is a branch of physiotherapy which treats motor deficits arising from pathology in the nervous system.

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Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.

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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

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Orthopedic surgery

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.

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Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.

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Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.

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Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.

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Pehr Henrik Ling

Pehr Henrik Ling (15 November 1776 in Södra Ljunga – 3 May 1839 in Stockholm) pioneered the teaching of physical education in Sweden.

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Physical examination

A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.

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Physical medicine and rehabilitation

Physical medicine and rehabilitation, also known as physiatry, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities.

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Physical therapy

Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.

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Physical therapy education

Physical therapy education varies greatly from country to country.

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Physical therapy practice act

A physical therapy practice act is a statute defining the scope and practice of physical therapy within the jurisdiction, outlining licensing requirements for Physical Therapists and Physical Therapist Assistants, and establishing penalties for violations of the law.

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Polio vaccine

Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio).

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Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.

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Postural restoration

Postural restoration is a posture based approach to physical medicine.

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Practice (learning method)

Practice or practise is the act of rehearsing a behavior over and over, or engaging in an activity again and again, for the purpose of improving or mastering it, as in the phrase "practise makes perfect".

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Procovery is a proprietary methodology focused on the process of how individuals with serious and chronic illnesses, trauma, addiction, injuries and loss can build healthier and more fulfilling lives, notwithstanding the possible continuing presence or worsening of symptoms or circumstances.

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Pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis (literally "scarring of the lungs") is a respiratory disease in which scars are formed in the lung tissues, leading to serious breathing problems.

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Quebec Diploma of College Studies

A College Diploma in Quebec for pre-university studies and technical studies, (officially titled: Diploma of College Studies, often abbreviated DCS, French: Diplôme d'études collégiales or DEC) is a degree issued by the Ministry of Education, Recreation and Sports after a student has successfully completed an approved college education program.

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Reed College

Reed College is an independent liberal arts college in southeast Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon.

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Rehabilitation (neuropsychology)

Rehabilitation of sensory and cognitive function typically involves methods for retraining neural pathways or training new neural pathways to regain or improve neurocognitive functioning that has been diminished by disease or trauma.

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Rehabilitation hospital

Rehabilitation hospitals, also referred to as inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, are devoted to the rehabilitation of patients with various neurological, musculo-skeletal, orthopedic and other medical conditions following stabilisation of their acute medical issues.

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Respiratory therapist

A respiratory therapist is a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering from pulmonary disease.

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A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.

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Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve.

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A sense is a physiological capacity of organisms that provides data for perception.

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Sensory processing

Sensory processing is the process that organizes sensation from one’s own body and the environment, thus making it possible to use the body effectively within the environment.

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Spinal manipulation

Spinal manipulation is an intervention performed on spinal articulations which are synovial joints, which is asserted to be therapeutic.

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Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.

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Sports medicine

Sports medicine, also known as sport and exercise medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.

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Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.

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Stimulus modality

Stimulus modality, also called sensory modality, is one aspect of a stimulus or what we perceive after a stimulus.

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A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Systematic review

Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.

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Telehealth involves the distribution of health-related services and information via electronic information and telecommunication technologies.

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Telerehabilitation (or e-rehabilitation) is the delivery of rehabilitation services over telecommunication networks and the internet.

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Traction (orthopedics)

In orthopedic medicine, traction refers to the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spineBurke, G.L., "" and skeletal system.

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U.S. state

A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Department of Labor

The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.

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Université de Montréal

The Université de Montréal (UdeM) is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Université de Sherbrooke

The Université de Sherbrooke is a large public French-language university in Quebec, Canada with campuses located in Sherbrooke and Longueuil, a suburb of Montreal approximately west of Sherbrooke.

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Université Laval

Université Laval (Laval University) is a French-language, public research university in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

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Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine.

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Women's health

Women's health refers to the health of women, which differs from that of men in many unique ways.

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World Confederation for Physical Therapy

Founded in 1951, the World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) is the sole international voice for physical therapy, representing more than 450,000 physical therapists worldwide through its 110 member organisations.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_therapy

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