112 relations: Agathis australis, American chestnut, Antheridium, Areca nut, Azalea, Beech, Cellulose, Chamaecyparis, Chitin, Chlamydospore, Chromista, Clade, Coconut, Convergent evolution, Cornus, Cucumber, Cucurbita, Cucurbitaceae, Cultivar, Cycad, Dicotyledon, Ecosystem, Environmental degradation, Eucalyptus marginata, Fern, Flagellum, Forsythia, Fraser fir, Fungus, Genus, Great Famine (Ireland), Greek language, Heinrich Anton de Bary, Heterokont, Heterothallism, Homothallism, Ilex crenata, Invasive species, Juniper, Jurassic, Kauri dieback, Leek, Lilium, List of Pinus species, Lycopodiopsida, Lysine, New Zealand, Oak, Onion, Oogonium, ..., Oomycete, Pathogen, Phytophthora, Phytophthora alni, Phytophthora bilorbang, Phytophthora boehmeriae, Phytophthora cactorum, Phytophthora cajani, Phytophthora cambivora, Phytophthora capsici, Phytophthora cinnamomi, Phytophthora citricola, Phytophthora citrophthora, Phytophthora cryptogea, Phytophthora drechsleri, Phytophthora erythroseptica, Phytophthora europaea, Phytophthora fragariae, Phytophthora gallica, Phytophthora hibernalis, Phytophthora hydropathica, Phytophthora infestans, Phytophthora inflata, Phytophthora iranica, Phytophthora katsurae, Phytophthora kernoviae, Phytophthora lateralis, Phytophthora medicaginis, Phytophthora megakarya, Phytophthora megasperma, Phytophthora nicotianae, Phytophthora palmivora, Phytophthora phaseoli, Phytophthora plurivora, Phytophthora pluvialis, Phytophthora polonica, Phytophthora pseudosyringae, Phytophthora psychrophila, Phytophthora quercina, Phytophthora ramorum, Phytophthora rubi, Phytophthora sojae, Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora tentaculata, Phytophthora uliginosa, Pieris (plant), Pinophyta, Plant, Ploidy, Poaceae, Quercus ilex, Rhododendron, SAR supergroup, Soybean, Species, Sporangium, Taro leaf blight, Taxus, Theobroma cacao, Thuja, Tsuga, Zoospore. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Agathis australis, commonly known by its Māori name kauri, is a coniferous tree of Araucariaceae in the genus Agathis, found north of 38°S in the northern districts of New Zealand's North Island.
The American chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a large, monoecious deciduous tree of the beech family native to eastern North America.
An antheridium is a haploid structure or organ producing and containing male gametes (called antherozoids or sperm).
The areca nut is the fruit of the areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical Pacific (Melanesia and Micronesia), Southeast and South Asia, and parts of east Africa.
Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous).
Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Chamaecyparis, common names cypress or false cypress (to distinguish it from related cypresses), is a genus of conifers in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to eastern Asia (Japan and Taiwan) and to the western and eastern margins of the United States.
Chitin (C8H13O5N)n, a long-chain polymer of ''N''-acetylglucosamine, is a derivative of glucose.
A chlamydospore is the thick-walled large resting spore of several kinds of fungi, including Ascomycota such as Candida, Basidiomycota such as Panus, and various Mortierellales species.
The Chromista is an eukaryotic kingdom, probably polyphyletic.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different lineages.
Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark.
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.
Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.
The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits and the gourd family, are a plant family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera, the most important of which are.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
Cycads are seed plants with a long fossil history that were formerly more abundant and more diverse than they are today.
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.
Eucalyptus marginata, commonly known as jarrah, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia where it is one of most common species of Eucalyptus tree.
A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.
A flagellum (plural: flagella) is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain bacterial and eukaryotic cells.
Forsythia is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae.
Abies fraseri, the Fraser fir, is a species of fir native to the Appalachian Mountains of the Southeastern United States.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Heinrich Anton de Bary (26 January 183119 January 1888) was a German surgeon, botanist, microbiologist, and mycologist (fungal systematics and physiology).
The heterokonts or stramenopiles (formally, Heterokonta or Stramenopiles) are a major line of eukaryotes currently containing more than 25,000 known species.
Heterothallic species have sexes that reside in different individuals.
Homothallic refers to the possession, within a single organism, of the resources to reproduce sexually; i.e., having male and female reproductive structures on the same thallus.
Ilex crenata (Japanese holly or box-leaved holly; Japanese: イヌツゲ inutsuge) is a species of holly native to eastern China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Sakhalin.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.
The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.
Kauri dieback is an incurable, fatal disease caused by the oomycete Phytophthora agathidicida which affects the New Zealand kauri tree (Agathis australis).
The leek is a vegetable, a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum, the broadleaf wild leek.
Lilium (members of which are true lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers.
Pinus, the pines, is a genus of approximately 111 extant tree and shrub species.
Lycopodiopsida is a class of herbaceous vascular plants known as the clubmosses and firmosses.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
An oogonium (plural oogonia) is a small diploid cell which upon maturation forms a primordial follicle in a female fetus or the female (haploid or diploid) gametangium of certain thallophytes.
Oomycota or oomycetes form a distinct phylogenetic lineage of fungus-like eukaryotic microorganisms.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Phytophthora (from Greek (phytón), "plant" and (phthorá), "destruction"; "the plant-destroyer") is a genus of plant-damaging oomycetes (water molds), whose member species are capable of causing enormous economic losses on crops worldwide, as well as environmental damage in natural ecosystems.
Phytophthora alni is an oomycete plant pathogen that causes lethal root and collar rot in alders.
Phytophthora bilorbang is a non-papillate homothallic plant pathogen known to infect Rubus anglocandicans (European blackberry) in Western Australia.
Phytophthora boehmeriae is an oomycete plant pathogen that causes disease on a wide range of host plants, including root rot of Mexican yellow pine and brown rot of Citrus fruits.
Phytophthora cactorum is a plant pathogen that causes root rot on rhododendron and many other species.
Phytophthora cajani is a species of water mould that infects pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan).
Phytophthora cambivora is a plant pathogen that causes Ink disease in European Chestnut trees (Castanea sativa).
Phytophthora capsici is an oomycete plant pathogen that causes blight and fruit rot of peppers and other important commercial crops.
Phytophthora cinnamomi is a soil-borne water mould that produces an infection which causes a condition in plants called "root rot" or "dieback".
Phytophthora citricola is a plant pathogen.
Phytophthora citrophthora is a plant pathogen infecting several hosts.
Phytophthora cryptogea is a species of water mould in the family Pythiaceae.
Phytophthora drechsleri is a plant pathogen with many hosts.
Phytophthora erythroseptica—also known as pink rot along with several other species of Phytophthora—is a plant pathogen.
Phytophthora europaea is a non-papillate homothallic plant pathogen that mainly infects European oak.
Phytophthora fragariae is a fungus-like (oomycete) plant pathogen that causes red stele, otherwise known as Lanarkshire disease, in strawberries and raspberries.
Phytophthora gallica is an oomycete.
Phytophthora hibernalis is a plant pathogen infecting citruses.
Phytophthora hydropathica is an oomycete plant pathogen that is found in aquatic environments such as irrigation and river water.
Phytophthora infestans is an oomycete or water mold, a microorganism which causes the serious potato and tomato disease known as late blight or potato blight.
Phytophthora inflata is an oomycete plant pathogen.
Phytophthora iranica is a plant pathogen that infects the roots of Myrtle.
Phytophthora katsurae is a plant pathogen.
Phytophthora kernoviae is a plant pathogen that mainly infects European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and Rhododendron ponticum.
Phytophthora lateralis is a soil-borne plant pathogen that causes cedar root disease in Lawson cypresses (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) in Northern USA.
Phytophthora medicaginis is a oomycete plant pathogen that causes root rot in alfalfa and chickpea.
Phytophthora megakarya is an oomycete plant pathogen that causes black pod disease in cocoa trees in west and central Africa.IY Opoku, AA Appiah, AY Akrofi, GK Owusu (2000). "Phytophthora megakarya: A potential threat to the cocoa industry in Ghana". Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science 33 (2): 237–248.http://www.ajol.info/viewarticle.php?id.
Phytophthora megasperma is a species of water mould in the family Peronosporaceae.
Phytophthora nicotianae or Black Shank is an oomycete belonging to the order Peronosprales and family Peronosporaceae.
Phytophthora palmivora is an oomycete that causes bud-rot of palms, fruit-rot or kole-roga of coconut and areca nut.
Phytophthora phaseoli is a plant pathogen which infects lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) and has no other known hosts.
Phytophthora plurivora is a very aggressive soil-borne plant pathogen, with worldwide distribution and a wide variety of hosts.
Phytophthora pluvialis is a semi-papillate plant pathogen that mainly infects tanoak-Douglas-fir forests of western Oregon.
Phytophthora polonica is a non-papillate homothallic plant pathogen known to infect alder species.
Phytophthora pseudosyringae is a semi-papillate homothallic soil-borne plant pathogen causing root and collar rot of deciduous tree species in Europe.
Phytophthora psychrophila is a semi-papillate plant pathogen that mainly infects European oak.
Phytophthora quercina is a papillate homothallic soil-borne plant pathogen causing root rot of oak tree species in Europe.
Phytophthora ramorum is the oomycete plant pathogen known to cause the disease sudden oak death (SOD).
Phytophthora rubi is the principal cause of root rot in red raspberry.
Phytophthora sojae is an oomycete and a soil-borne plant pathogen that causes stem and root rot of soybean.
Phytophthora syringae is an oomycete plant pathogen known to infect nursery plants, particularly apple and pear trees.
Phytophthora tentaculata is a plant pathogen that causes root and stalk rot.
Phytophthora uliginosa is a non-papillate homothallic plant pathogen that mainly infects European oak.
Pieris (or http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/pieris) is a genus of seven species of shrubs in the family Ericaceae, native to mountain regions of eastern and southern Asia, eastern North America and Cuba.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Quercus ilex, the evergreen oak, holly oak or holm oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region.
Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.
Sar or Harosa (informally the SAR supergroup) is a clade that includes stramenopiles (heterokonts), alveolates, and Rhizaria.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
A sporangium (pl., sporangia) (modern Latin, from Greek σπόρος (sporos) ‘spore’ + αγγείον (angeion) ‘vessel’) is an enclosure in which spores are formed.
Taro Leaf Blight (Phytophthora colocasiae) is a highly infectious plant disease that is characterized by the formation of large brown lesions on the leaves of infected taro plants.
Taxus is a small genus of coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family Taxaceae.
Theobroma cacao, also called the cacao tree and the cocoa tree, is a small (tall) evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae, native to the deep tropical regions of the Americas.
Thuja is a genus of coniferous trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress family).
Tsuga (from 栂 (ツガ), the name of Tsuga sieboldii) is a genus of conifers in the subfamily Abietoideae.
A zoospore is a motile asexual spore that uses a flagellum for locomotion.