28 relations: Amplitude, Angular distance, Apparent magnitude, Astronomical unit, Binary star, Canis Major, Circumstellar disc, Constellation, Effective temperature, Epoch (astronomy), F-type main-sequence star, Frequency, Glossary of astronomy, Infrared excess, International Celestial Reference System, Light-year, Minute and second of arc, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Photosphere, Radial velocity, Solar luminosity, Solar mass, Stellar classification, Stellar parallax, Sun, The Astronomical Journal, Variable star, Wavelength.
The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).
In mathematics (in particular geometry and trigonometry) and all natural sciences (e.g. astronomy and geophysics), the angular distance (angular separation, apparent distance, or apparent separation) between two point objects, as viewed from a location different from either of these objects, is the angle of length between the two directions originating from the observer and pointing toward these two objects.
The apparent magnitude of a celestial object is a number that is a measure of its brightness as seen by an observer on Earth.
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.
Canis Major is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere.
A circumstellar disc (or circumstellar disk) is a torus, pancake or ring-shaped accumulation of matter composed of gas, dust, planetesimals, asteroids or collision fragments in orbit around a star.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
The effective temperature of a body such as a star or planet is the temperature of a black body that would emit the same total amount of electromagnetic radiation.
In astronomy, an epoch is a moment in time used as a reference point for some time-varying astronomical quantity, such as the celestial coordinates or elliptical orbital elements of a celestial body, because these are subject to perturbations and vary with time.
An F-type main-sequence star (F V) is a main-sequence, hydrogen-fusing star of spectral type F and luminosity class V. These stars have from 1.0 to 1.4 times the mass of the Sun and surface temperatures between 6,000 and 7,600 K.Tables VII and VIII.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
This page is a glossary of astronomy.
An infrared excess is a measurement of an astronomical source, typically a star, that in their spectral energy distribution has a greater measured infrared flux than expected by assuming the star is a blackbody radiator.
The International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) is the current standard celestial reference system adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometres or 5.9 trillion miles.
A minute of arc, arcminute (arcmin), arc minute, or minute arc is a unit of angular measurement equal to of one degree.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in astronomy and astrophysics.
The photosphere is a star's outer shell from which light is radiated.
The radial velocity of an object with respect to a given point is the rate of change of the distance between the object and the point.
The solar luminosity,, is a unit of radiant flux (power emitted in the form of photons) conventionally used by astronomers to measure the luminosity of stars, galaxies and other celestial objects in terms of the output of the Sun.
The solar mass is a standard unit of mass in astronomy, equal to approximately.
In astronomy, stellar classification is the classification of stars based on their spectral characteristics.
Stellar parallax is the apparent shift of position of any nearby star (or other object) against the background of distant objects.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
The Astronomical Journal (often abbreviated AJ in scientific papers and references) is a peer-reviewed monthly scientific journal owned by the American Astronomical Society and currently published by IOP Publishing.
A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.