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Piacenza

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Piacenza (Piacentino: Piaṡëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. [1]

242 relations: A.S. Pro Piacenza 1919, Agostino Casaroli, Agriculture, Albert Kesselring, Alessio Tramello, Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma, Alfredo Catalani, Allies of World War II, Amedeo Guillet, Amilcare Ponchielli, Andrea Chénier, Anonymous pilgrim of Piacenza, Apennine Mountains, Association football, Augustus III of Poland, Austria, Basilica di Santa Maria di Campagna, Piacenza, Basilica of San Savino, Piacenza, Basilica of Sant'Antonino, Piacenza, Battle of Legnano, Battle of the Trebia, Bologna, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, Brescia, Brickwork, Broletto, Camillo Procaccini, Capocollo, Cardinal Secretary of State, Carthage, Castra, Centre-right coalition, CERN, Chef Boyardee, Chestnut, Chief executive officer, Chief of staff, Cisalpine Gaul, City, Colli Piacentini, Colonia (Roman), Colorno, Comune, Conrad of Piacenza, Council of Piacenza, Cremona, Croatina, Denominazione di origine controllata, Divination, Dominican Order, ..., Dresden, Duchy of Parma, Edoardo Amaldi, Emilia-Romagna, Emilian dialect, Emilian-Romagnol language, Erfurt, Etruscan civilization, Ettore Boiardi, Ettore Gotti Tedeschi, European Popular Centre, European Space Agency, Eurovision Song Contest 2012, Expedition of the Thousand, Federico Ghizzoni, Ferrara, FIFA World Cup, Filippo Inzaghi, First Crusade, France, Francesco Mochi, Francia, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Galleria d'arte moderna Ricci Oddi, Gallo-Italic languages, Genoa, Gerard of Potenza, Germany, Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Giacomo Puccini, Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Giorgia Bronzini, Giorgio Armani, Giovanni Battista Guadagnini, Giovanni Paolo Panini, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Giuseppe Giacosa, Giuseppe Merosi, Giuseppe Orsi, Gorgonzola, Gossolengo, Gothic Line, Gothic War (535–554), Grana Padano, Guercino, Haruspex, Hasdrubal Barca, Helsinki, Holy Roman Empire, Holy See, House of Bourbon, House of Farnese, House of Habsburg, House of Sforza, Humid subtropical climate, Il Pordenone, Institute for the Works of Religion, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italian Army, Italian language, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Italian resistance movement, Italian unification, Italo-Dalmatian languages, Italy, James Boswell, Justinian I, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of Sardinia, La bohème, La Wally, Latin Rights, Latium, Leonardo S.p.A., List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy, Liver of Piacenza, Livy, Lombard League, Lombards, Lombardy, Ludovico Carracci, Luigi Illica, Luthier, Madama Butterfly, Malvasia, Margaret of Parma, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, Mario Arcelli, Medieval commune, Melchiorre Gioia, Merlon, Metaphysics, Middle Ages, Milan, Military saint, Modena, Mostarda, Napoleon, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Nina Zilli, Nure, Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma, Ortrugo, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, Painting, Palazzo Comunale, Piacenza, Palazzo Costa, Palazzo della Prefettura, Piacenza, Palazzo Farnese, Piacenza, Pallavicini family, Pancetta, Papal States, Parma, Partisan (military), Pasta, Patrizia Barbieri, Pavia, Peace of Constance, Philip II of Spain, Piacenza Air Base, Piacenza Calcio 1919, Piacenza Cathedral, Piacenza railway station, Piacenzian, Pier Francesco Mazzucchelli, Pietro Giordani, Pino Dordoni, Placentinus, Plasencia, Pliocene, Po (river), Po Valley, Polenta, Polybius, Polytechnic University of Milan, Pope Gregory X, Pope John XXIII, Pope Leo X, Pope Urban II, Procopius, Province of Piacenza, Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma, Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma, Raphael, Ricotta, Risotto, Robiola, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo, Roman Catholic Diocese of Bobbio, Roman Catholic Diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio, Roman emperor, Romanesque architecture, Rome, Saint Antoninus of Piacenza, Salami, San Francesco, Piacenza, San Giovanni in Canale, Piacenza, San Sisto, Piacenza, Sapienza University of Rome, Sausage, Servizio Meteorologico, Simone Inzaghi, Sister city, Sistine Madonna, Spain, Taro (river), Tarquinio Provini, Theban Legion, Tortona, Tosca, Travo, Trebbia, Umberto Giordano, UniCredit, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, University of Montpellier, University of Pavia, Urbino, Variety (linguistics), Veduta, Verona, Via Aemilia, Via Francigena, Visconti of Milan, World War II, 1117 Verona earthquake, 1952 Summer Olympics, 2010 UCI Road World Championships, 2011 UCI Road World Championships, 50 kilometres race walk. Expand index (192 more) »

A.S. Pro Piacenza 1919

Associazione Sportiva Pro Piacenza 1919 or simply Pro Piacenza is an Italian association football club, based in Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna.

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Agostino Casaroli

Agostino Casaroli (24 November 1914 – 9 June 1998) was an Italian Catholic priest and diplomat for the Holy See, who became Cardinal Secretary of State.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Albert Kesselring

Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.

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Alessio Tramello

Alessio Tramello (1455–1535) was an Italian Renaissance architect who mostly designed churches and civic works.

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Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma

Alexander Farnese (Alessandro Farnese, Alejandro Farnesio) (27 August 1545 – 3 December 1592) was an Italian noble who was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, as well as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592.

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Alfredo Catalani

Alfredo Catalani (19 June 1854 – 7 August 1893) was an Italian operatic composer.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amedeo Guillet

Amedeo Guillet also known as Ahmed Abdallah Al Redai (February 7, 1909 – June 16, 2010) was an officer of the Italian Army.

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Amilcare Ponchielli

Amilcare Ponchielli (31 August 1834 – 16 January 1886) was an Italian opera composer, best known for his opera ''La Gioconda''.

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Andrea Chénier

Andrea Chénier is a verismo opera in four acts by Umberto Giordano, set to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica, and first performed on 28 March 1896 at La Scala, Milan.

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Anonymous pilgrim of Piacenza

The Piacenza Pilgrim or the Anonymous Pilgrim of Piacenza, was a sixth-century Christian pilgrim from Piacenza in northern Italy who traveled to the Holy Land at the height of Byzantine rule in the 570s and wrote a narrative of his pilgrimage.

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Apennine Mountains

The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Augustus III of Poland

Augustus III (August III Sas, Augustas III; 17 October 1696 5 October 1763) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1734 until 1763, as well as Elector of Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire from 1733 until 1763 where he was known as Frederick Augustus II (Friedrich August II).

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Basilica di Santa Maria di Campagna, Piacenza

The Basilica of Santa Maria di Campagna is a Roman Catholic basilica church in the city of Piacenza in the Province of Piacenza, Italy.

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Basilica of San Savino, Piacenza

The Basilica of San Savino is an ancient Roman Catholic basilica in the city of Piacenza in the Province of Piacenza, Italy.

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Basilica of Sant'Antonino, Piacenza

The Basilica of Sant'Antonino is a medieval Roman Catholic basilica in the city of Piacenza in the Province of Piacenza, Italy.

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Battle of Legnano

The Battle of Legnano was fought on May 29, 1176, between the forces of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and the Lombard League.

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Battle of the Trebia

The Battle of the Trebia (or Trebbia) was the first major battle of the Second Punic War, fought between the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal and the Roman Republic in December of 218 BC, on or around the winter solstice.

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Bologna

Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.

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Brazilian Expeditionary Force

The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Força Expedicionária Brasileira; FEB) consisted of about 25,700 men arranged by the army and air force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.

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Brescia

Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.

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Brickwork

Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar.

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Broletto

In Middle Age Communes in Italy, a broletto was the place where the whole population met for democratic assemblies, and where the elected men lived and administered justice.

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Camillo Procaccini

''Nativity'' by Camillo Procaccini Camillo Procaccini (1551 – 21 August 1629) was an Italian painter.

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Capocollo

Capocollo, coppa, or capicola is a traditional Italian and Corsican pork cold cut (salume) made from the dry-cured muscle running from the neck to the fourth or fifth rib of the pork shoulder or neck.

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Cardinal Secretary of State

The Secretary of State of His Holiness The Pope, commonly known as the Cardinal Secretary of State, presides over the Holy See Secretariat of State, which is the oldest and most important dicastery of the Roman Curia.

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Carthage

Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.

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Castra

In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.

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Centre-right coalition

The centre-right coalition (coalizione di centro-destra) is a political alliance of political parties in Italy, active—under several forms and names—since 1994, when Silvio Berlusconi entered politics and formed his Forza Italia party.

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CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.

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Chef Boyardee

Chef Boyardee is a brand of canned pasta products sold internationally by Conagra Brands.

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Chestnut

The chestnut (Castanea) group is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Chief executive officer

Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.

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Chief of staff

The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Cisalpine Gaul

Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina), also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata, was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.

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City

A city is a large human settlement.

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Colli Piacentini

The Colli Piacentini ("Hills of Piacenza") is an Italian wine region located at the western end of Emilia-Romagna.

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Colonia (Roman)

A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it.

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Colorno

Colorno (Parmigiano: Colórni) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northwest of Bologna and about north of Parma.

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Comune

The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

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Conrad of Piacenza

Conrad of Piacenza, T.O.S.F. (Corrado, 1290 – 19 February 1351), was an Italian penitent and hermit of the Third Order of St. Francis, who is venerated as a saint.

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Council of Piacenza

The Council of Piacenza was a mixed synod of ecclesiastics and laymen of the Roman Catholic Church, which took place from March 1 to March 7, 1095, at Piacenza.

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Cremona

Cremona is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).

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Croatina

Croatina is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Oltrepò Pavese region of Lombardy and in the Province of Piacenza within Emilia Romagna, but also in parts of Piedmont and the Veneto.

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Denominazione di origine controllata

Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC;; English: controlled designation of origin) is a quality assurance label for Italian wines.

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Divination

Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.

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Dominican Order

The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.

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Dresden

Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.

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Duchy of Parma

The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, which was conquered by the Papal States in 1512.

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Edoardo Amaldi

Edoardo Amaldi (5 September 1908 – 5 December 1989) was an Italian physicist.

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Emilia-Romagna

Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.

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Emilian dialect

Emilian is a group of dialects of the Emilian-Romagnol language spoken in the area historically called Emilia, the western portion of today's Emilia-Romagna region in Italy.

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Emilian-Romagnol language

Emilian-Romagnol (emiliân-rumagnōl or langua emiglièna-rumagnôla), also known as Emiliano-Romagnolo, is a Gallo-Italic language.

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Erfurt

Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.

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Etruscan civilization

The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.

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Ettore Boiardi

Ettore Boiardi (October 22, 1897 – June 21, 1985), better known by his pseudonym Hector Boyardee, was an Italian-American chef, famous for his brand of food products, named Chef Boyardee.

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Ettore Gotti Tedeschi

Ettore Gotti Tedeschi (born 3 March 1945 in Pontenure) is an Italian economist and banker, and ex-President of the Institute for Works of Religion, also known as the Vatican Bank (from 2009 to 2012).

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European Popular Centre

European Popular Centre (Centro Popolare Europeo) is a minor christian democratic political party in Italy.

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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

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Eurovision Song Contest 2012

The Eurovision Song Contest 2012 was the 57th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.

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Expedition of the Thousand

The Expedition of the Thousand (Italian Spedizione dei Mille) was an event of the Italian Risorgimento that took place in 1860.

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Federico Ghizzoni

Federico Ghizzoni was the CEO of Italian bank UniCredit, as well as the COO of Koç Financial Services.

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Ferrara

Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.

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FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.

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Filippo Inzaghi

Filippo "Pippo" Inzaghi, Ufficiale OMRI (born 9 August 1973) is a retired Italian professional footballer and a manager.

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First Crusade

The First Crusade (1095–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francesco Mochi

Francesco Mochi (29 July 1580 – 6 February 1654) was an Italian early-Baroque sculptor active mostly in Rome and Orvieto.

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Francia

Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.

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Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.

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Galleria d'arte moderna Ricci Oddi

The Galleria d'arte moderna Ricci Oddi (Ricci Oddi Gallery of Modern Art) is an art museum, located on via San Siro #13 in Piacenza, region of Emilia Romagna, Italy.

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Gallo-Italic languages

The Gallo-Italian, Gallo-Italic, Gallo-Cisalpine or simply Cisalpine languages constitute the majority of the Romance languages of northern Italy.

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Genoa

Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

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Gerard of Potenza

Saint Gerard of Potenza, also Gerard La Porta (Gerardo di Potenza, Gerardo La Porta) (d. 30 October 1119) was a Roman Catholic saint and a bishop of Potenza in Italy.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola

Giacomo (or Jacopo) Barozzi (or Barocchio) da Vignola (often simply called Vignola) (1 October 15077 July 1573) was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism.

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".

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Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi

Giacomo Maria Radini-Tedeschi (12 July 1857 - 22 August 1914) was the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bergamo.

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Gian Galeazzo Visconti

Gian Galeazzo Visconti (16 October 1351 – 3 September 1402), son of Galeazzo II Visconti and Bianca of Savoy, was the first Duke of Milan (1395) and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance.

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Giorgia Bronzini

Cylance Pro Cycling Giorgia Bronzini (born 3 August 1983) is an Italian professional racing cyclist.

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Giorgio Armani

Giorgio Armani (born 11 July 1934) is an Italian fashion designer.

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Giovanni Battista Guadagnini

Giovanni Battista Guadagnini (or "G. B. Guadagnini"); (23 June 1711 – 18 September 1786) was an Italian luthier, regarded as one of the finest craftsmen of string instruments in history.

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Giovanni Paolo Panini

Giovanni Paolo Panini or Pannini (17 June 1691 – 21 October 1765) was a painter and architect who worked in Rome and is primarily known as one of the vedutisti ("view painters").

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Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.

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Giuseppe Giacosa

Giuseppe Giacosa (21 October 1847 – 1 September 1906) was an Italian poet, playwright and librettist.

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Giuseppe Merosi

Giuseppe Merosi (8 December 1872 – 27 March 1956) was a famous Italian automobile engineer.

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Giuseppe Orsi

Giuseppe Orsi (born 24 November 1945 in Piacenza) is an Italian engineer, businessman, and corporate executive.

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Gorgonzola

Gorgonzola is a veined Italian blue cheese, made from unskimmed cow's milk.

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Gossolengo

Gossolengo (Piacentino: Uslëing or Ursleing) is a comune (municipality) in the province of Piacenza in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northwest of Bologna and about southwest of Piacenza, in the valley of the Trebbia river.

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Gothic Line

The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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Gothic War (535–554)

The Gothic War between the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Justinian I and the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy took place from 535 until 554 in the Italian peninsula, Dalmatia, Sardinia, Sicily and Corsica.

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Grana Padano

Grana Padano is a hard, slow-ripened, semi-fat cheese from Italy, comparable to Parmigiano Reggiano ("Parmesan").

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Guercino

Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna.

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Haruspex

In the religion of Ancient Rome, a haruspex (plural haruspices; also called aruspex) was a person trained to practice a form of divination called haruspicy (haruspicina), the inspection of the entrails (exta—hence also extispicy (extispicium)) of sacrificed animals, especially the livers of sacrificed sheep and poultry.

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Hasdrubal Barca

Hasdrubal Barca (245–207 BC) was Hamilcar Barca's second son and a Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War.

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Helsinki

Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Holy See

The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.

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House of Bourbon

The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.

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House of Farnese

The Farnese family was an influential family in Renaissance Italy.

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House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

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House of Sforza

The House of Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Il Pordenone

Pordenone, Il Pordenone in Italian, is the byname of Giovanni Antonio de’ Sacchis (c. 1484–1539), an Italian Mannerist painter, loosely of the Venetian school.

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Institute for the Works of Religion

The Institute for the Works of Religion (Istituto per le Opere di Religione – IOR; Institutum pro Operibus Religionis), commonly known as the Vatican Bank, is a private bank situated inside Vatican City and run by a Board of Superintendence which reports to a Supervisory Commission of Cardinals and the Pope.

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Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare

The Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN; "National Institute for Nuclear Physics") is the coordinating institution for nuclear, particle and astroparticle physics in Italy.

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Italian Army

The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Italian National Institute of Statistics

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.

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Italian resistance movement

The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.

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Italian unification

Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.

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Italo-Dalmatian languages

The Italo-Dalmatian languages, or Central Romance languages, are a group of Romance languages spoken in Italy, Corsica (France) and formerly in Dalmatia (Croatia).

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Boswell

James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck (29 October 1740 – 19 May 1795), was a Scottish biographer and diarist, born in Edinburgh.

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Justinian I

Justinian I (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus; Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós; 482 14 November 565), traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was the Eastern Roman emperor from 527 to 565.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kingdom of Sardinia

The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.

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La bohème

La bohème is an opera in four acts,Puccini called the divisions quadro, a tableau or "image", rather than atto (act).

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La Wally

La Wally is an opera in four acts by composer Alfredo Catalani, to a libretto by Luigi Illica, first performed at La Scala, Milan, on 20 January 1892.

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Latin Rights

Latin Rights (Latin: ius Latii or ius latinum) was a term for a set of legal rights that was originally granted to the Latins (Latin: "Latini", the People of Latium, the land of the Latins) who had not been incorporated into the Roman Republic after the Latin War and to the settlers of Roman colonies with Latin status, which colonies were denominated "Latin colonies".

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Latium

Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.

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Leonardo S.p.A.

Leonardo S.p.A., formerly Leonardo-Finmeccanica and Finmeccanica, is an Italian global high-tech company and one of the key players in aerospace, defence and security.

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List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy

There were a number of Axis prisoner-of-war camps in Italy during World War II.

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Liver of Piacenza

The Liver of Piacenza is an Etruscan artifact found in a field on September 26, 1877, near Gossolengo, in the province of Piacenza, Italy, now kept in the Municipal Museum of Piacenza, in the Palazzo Farnese.

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Livy

Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.

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Lombard League

The Lombard League (Italian and Lombard: Lega Lombarda) was a medieval alliance formed in 1167, supported by the Pope, to counter the attempts by the Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperors to assert influence over the Kingdom of Italy as a part of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Lombards

The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.

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Lombardy

Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.

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Ludovico Carracci

Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci (21 April 1555 – 13 November 1619) was an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna.

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Luigi Illica

Luigi Illica (9 May 1857 – 16 December 1919) was an Italian librettist who wrote for Giacomo Puccini (usually with Giuseppe Giacosa), Pietro Mascagni, Alfredo Catalani, Umberto Giordano, Baron Alberto Franchetti and other important Italian composers.

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Luthier

A luthier is someone who builds or repairs string instruments generally consisting of a neck and a sound box.

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Madama Butterfly

Madama Butterfly (Madam Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa.

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Malvasia

Malvasia (also known as Malvazia) is a group of wine grape varieties grown historically in the Mediterranean region, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands and the island of Madeira, but now grown in many of the winemaking regions of the world.

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Margaret of Parma

Margaret of Parma (28 December 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582.

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Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia; Italian: Maria Luigia Leopoldina Francesca Teresa Giuseppa Lucia; 12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death.

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Mario Arcelli

Mario Ugo Arcelli (born Milan, 21 May 1935; died Rome, 18 March 2004) was an Italian economist who at one time was Minister for the Budget in the Italian government.

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Medieval commune

Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.

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Melchiorre Gioia

Melchiorre Gioja (10 September 1767 – 2 January 1829) was an Italian writer on philosophy and political economy.

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Merlon

A merlon is the solid upright section of a battlement (a crenellated parapet) in medieval architecture or fortifications.

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Metaphysics

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Milan

Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.

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Military saint

The military saints or warrior saints (also called soldier saints) of the Early Christian Church are Christian saints who were soldiers in the Roman Army during the persecution of Christians, especially the Diocletian persecution of AD 303–313.

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Modena

Modena (Mutna; Mutina; Modenese: Mòdna) is a city and comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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Mostarda

Mostarda di frutta (sometime also called only mostarda) is a Northern Italian condiment made of candied fruit and a mustard-flavoured syrup.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Nina Zilli

Maria Chiara Fraschetta (born 2 February 1980), better known by her stage name Nina Zilli, is an Italian singer-songwriter.

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Nure

The Nure (Latin Nura) is a small river in northern Italy (province of Piacenza).

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Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma

Odoardo Farnese (28 April 1612 – 11 September 1646), also known as Odoardo I Farnese to distinguish him from his grandson Odoardo II Farnese, was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1622 to 1646.

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Ortrugo

Ortrugo is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown in the Piacenza hills of the Emilia-Romagna region of north central Italy.

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Oscar Luigi Scalfaro

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (9 September 1918 – 29 January 2012) was an Italian politician and magistrate, the ninth President of the Italian Republic from 1992 to 1999, and subsequently a senator for life.

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Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma

Ottavio Farnese (9 October 1524 – 18 September 1586) reigned as Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1547 until his death and Duke of Castro from 1545 to 1547 and from 1553 until his death.

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Painting

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).

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Palazzo Comunale, Piacenza

Palazzo Comunale (also called Palazzo Gotico) is a palace in Piacenza, northern Italy which now serves as the seat of municipal administration.

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Palazzo Costa

The Palazzo Costa is a Baroque style palace located on Via Roma #80 in Piacenza, Region of Emilia Romagna, Italy.

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Palazzo della Prefettura, Piacenza

The Palazzo della Prefettura also called the Palazzo Scotti di Vigoleno is a Baroque architecture-style palace in central Piacenza, region of Emilia-Romagna in Italy.

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Palazzo Farnese, Piacenza

The project for the façade of Palazzo Farnese, Piacenza, by Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola. The court. Palazzo Farnese is a palace in Piacenza, northern Italy.

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Pallavicini family

The Pallavicini, Pallavicino, and in former times named "Pelavicino", are an Italian noble family descended from Oberto I (died 1148).

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Pancetta

Pancetta is an Italian bacon made of pork belly meat, that is salt cured and spiced with black pepper, and sometimes other spices.

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Papal States

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.

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Parma

Parma (Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.

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Partisan (military)

A partisan is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity.

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Pasta

Pasta is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine, with the first reference dating to 1154 in Sicily.

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Patrizia Barbieri

Patrizia Barbieri (born 8 May 1960) is an Italian politician.

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Pavia

Pavia (Lombard: Pavia; Ticinum; Medieval Latin: Papia) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po.

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Peace of Constance

The Peace of Constance of 1183 was signed in the city of Konstanz by the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick Barbarossa and representatives of the Italian Lombard League.

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Philip II of Spain

Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).

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Piacenza Air Base

Piacenza-San Damiano Air Base was a military airport located in Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, which was closed on 1 September 2017.

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Piacenza Calcio 1919

Piacenza Calcio 1919 is an Italian association football club based in Piacenza, Emilia–Romagna.

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Piacenza Cathedral

Piacenza Cathedral (Duomo di Piacenza; Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta e Santa Giustina), is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Piacenza, Italy.

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Piacenza railway station

Piacenza railway station (Stazione di Piacenza) serves the city and comune of Piacenza, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.

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Piacenzian

The Piacenzian is in the international geologic time scale the upper stage or latest age of the Pliocene.

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Pier Francesco Mazzucchelli

Pier Francesco Mazzucchelli (commonly known as il Morazzone; 1573–1626) was an Italian painter and draughtsman who was active in Milan.

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Pietro Giordani

Pietro Giordani (January 1, 1774 – September 2, 1848) was an Italian writer, classical literary scholar, and a close friend of, and influence on, Giacomo Leopardi.

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Pino Dordoni

Giuseppe "Pino" Dordoni (June 28, 1926 – October 24, 1998) was an Italian athlete who competed mainly in the 50 kilometre race walk.

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Placentinus

Placentinus (died 1192) was an Italian jurist and glossator.

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Plasencia

Plasencia is a walled market city in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Western Spain.

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Pliocene

The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.

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Po (river)

The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.

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Po Valley

The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.

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Polenta

Polenta is a dish of boiled cornmeal that was historically made from other grains.

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Polybius

Polybius (Πολύβιος, Polýbios; – BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail.

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Polytechnic University of Milan

The italic (Polytechnic University of Milan) is the largest technical university in Italy, with about 42,000 students.

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Pope Gregory X

Pope Gregory X (Gregorius X; – 10 January 1276), born Teobaldo Visconti, was Pope from 1 September 1271 to his death in 1276 and was a member of the Secular Franciscan Order.

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Pope John XXIII

Pope John XXIII (Ioannes; Giovanni; born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,; 25 November 18813 June 1963) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963 and was canonized on 27 April 2014.

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Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521.

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Pope Urban II

Pope Urban II (Urbanus II; – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.

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Procopius

Procopius of Caesarea (Προκόπιος ὁ Καισαρεύς Prokopios ho Kaisareus, Procopius Caesariensis; 500 – 554 AD) was a prominent late antique Greek scholar from Palaestina Prima.

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Province of Piacenza

The province of Piacenza (provincia di Piacenza) is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.

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Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma

Ranuccio I Farnese (28 March 1569 – 5 March 1622) reigned as Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1592.

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Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma

Ranuccio II Farnese (17 September 1630 – 11 December 1694) was the sixth Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1646 until his death nearly 50 years later and Duke of Castro from 1646 until 1649.

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Raphael

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.

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Ricotta

Ricotta (in Italian) is an Italian whey cheese made from sheep, cow, goat, or Italian water buffalo milk whey left over from the production of other cheeses.

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Risotto

Risotto is a northern Italian rice dish cooked in a broth to a creamy consistency.

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Robiola

Robiola is an Italian soft-ripened cheese of the Stracchino family.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo

The Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo (Archidioecesis Potentina-Murana-Marsicensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Basilicata, southern Italy, created in 1986.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Bobbio

The Roman Catholic diocese of Bobbio was an Italian bishopric which existed from 1014 until 1986.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio (Dioecesis Placentina-Bobiensis) in northern Italy, has existed since 1989.

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Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Romanesque architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Rome

Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Saint Antoninus of Piacenza

Saint Antoninus of Piacenza, or Placentia (died 303 AD) is a patron saint of Piacenza in Italy.

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Salami

Salami (singular salame) is a type of cured sausage consisting of fermented and air-dried meat, typically beef or pork.

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San Francesco, Piacenza

San Francesco is a medieval Roman Catholic church in Piacenza, Italy.

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San Giovanni in Canale, Piacenza

San Giovanni in Canale is a Gothic-style church in central Piacenza, formerly associated with a Dominican monastery.

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San Sisto, Piacenza

San Sisto is a Renaissance style, Roman Catholic church, located in Piacenza, Region of Emilia Romagna, Italy.

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Sapienza University of Rome

The Sapienza University of Rome (Italian: Sapienza – Università di Roma), also called simply Sapienza or the University of Rome, is a collegiate research university located in Rome, Italy.

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Sausage

A sausage is a cylindrical meat product usually made from ground meat, often pork, beef, or veal, along with salt, spices and other flavourings, and breadcrumbs, encased by a skin.

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Servizio Meteorologico

The Italian Meteorological Service is an organizational unit of the Italian Air Force (Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica Militare), and as such, the national meteorological service in Italy.

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Simone Inzaghi

Simone Inzaghi (born 5 April 1976) is an Italian former footballer who played as a striker, and is the current manager of S.S. Lazio.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Sistine Madonna

The Sistine Madonna, also called the Madonna di San Sisto, is an oil painting by the Italian artist Raphael Sanzio.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Taro (river)

The Taro (Latin Tarus) is a river in Emilia-Romagna, in northern Italy.

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Tarquinio Provini

Tarquinio Provini (29 May 1933 – 6 January 2005) was an Italian professional Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.

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Theban Legion

The Theban Legion (also known as the Martyrs of Agaunum) figures in Christian hagiography as an entire Roman legion — of "six thousand six hundred and sixty-six men" — who had converted en masse to Christianity and were martyred together, in 286, according to the hagiographies of Saint Maurice, the chief among the Legion's saints.

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Tortona

Tortona is a comune of Piemonte, in the Province of Alessandria, Italy.

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Tosca

Tosca is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa.

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Travo

Travo (Piacentino: Träv) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Piacenza in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northwest of Bologna and about southwest of Piacenza.

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Trebbia

The Trebbia (stressed Trèbbia; Trebia) is a river predominantly of Liguria and Emilia Romagna in northern Italy.

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Umberto Giordano

Umberto Menotti Maria Giordano (28 August 186712 November 1948) was an Italian composer, mainly of operas.

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UniCredit

UniCredit S.p.A. is an Italian global banking and financial services company.

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Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (English: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart or Catholic University of Milan), known as UCSC or UNICATT or simply Cattolica, is an Italian private research university founded in 1921.

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University of Montpellier

The University of Montpellier (Université de Montpellier) is a French public research university in Montpellier in south-east of France.

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University of Pavia

The University of Pavia (Università degli Studi di Pavia, UNIPV or Università di Pavia; Ticinensis Universitas) is a university located in Pavia, Lombardy, Italy.

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Urbino

Urbino is a walled city in the Marche region of Italy, south-west of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site notable for a remarkable historical legacy of independent Renaissance culture, especially under the patronage of Federico da Montefeltro, duke of Urbino from 1444 to 1482.

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Variety (linguistics)

In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.

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Veduta

A veduta (Italian for "view"; plural vedute) is a highly detailed, usually large-scale painting or, more often print, of a cityscape or some other vista.

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Verona

Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.

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Via Aemilia

The Via Aemilia (Via Emilia) was a trunk Roman road in the north Italian plain, running from Ariminum (Rimini), on the Adriatic coast, to Placentia (Piacenza) on the river Padus (Po).

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Via Francigena

The Via Francigena is the common name of an ancient road and pilgrim route running from France to Rome, though it is usually considered to have its starting point much further away, in the English cathedral city of Canterbury.

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Visconti of Milan

Visconti is the family name of important Italian noble dynasties of the Middle Ages.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1117 Verona earthquake

An earthquake, rated at VII (Very strong) on the Mercalli intensity scale, struck northern Italy and Germany on 3 January 1117.

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1952 Summer Olympics

The 1952 Summer Olympics (Kesäolympialaiset 1952; Olympiska sommarspelen 1952), officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952.

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2010 UCI Road World Championships

The 2010 UCI Road World Championships took place in Geelong and Melbourne, Australia, over 5 days from 29 September to 3 October 2010.

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2011 UCI Road World Championships

The 2011 UCI Road World Championships took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, over 19–25 September 2011.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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50 kilometres race walk

The 50 kilometre race walk is an Olympic athletics event.

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Redirects here:

Placentia, Italy, Roncaglia (Piacenza).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piacenza

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