266 relations: A440 (pitch standard), Accidental (music), Acoustic guitar, Acoustic impedance, Action (piano), African Americans, Agraffe, Alcoa, Aliquot stringing, Alpheus Babcock, Aluminum piano plate, Americus Backers, Anton Walter, Audio power amplifier, Augsburg, Étude Op. 25, No. 12 (Chopin), Bandleader, Bartolomeo Cristofori, Bösendorfer, Beat (acoustics), Bebop, Beech, Ben Folds, Bill Evans, Billy Joel, Birmingham, Blanchet (harpsichord makers), Block chord, Blues, Boogie-woogie, Boston, Bridge (instrument), Bud Powell, C (musical note), C major, C.F. Theodore Steinway, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cast iron, Casting (metalworking), CD-ROM, Chamber music, Charles-Louis Hanon, Chickering & Sons, Chiroplast, Chord (music), Chordophone, Classical music, Clavichord, Clavinova, Clutch, ..., Community centre, Comping, Composer, Conducting, Coupling (physics), Cross-stringing, Cypress, Damping ratio, Digital piano, Disklavier, Dorothy Taubman, Duke Ellington, DuPont, Dynamics (music), Ebony, Edna Golandsky, Effects unit, Electric guitar, Electric piano, Electronic piano, Elton John, Emánuel Moór, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Equal temperament, Fazioli, Felix Mendelssohn, Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany, Film score, First Viennese School, Folk music, Fortepiano, Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Franz Liszt, Frédéric Chopin, Fred Karpoff, Frederick William Collard, Frequency, Funk, George Gershwin, Goldberg Variations, Gottfried Silbermann, Guillaume-Lebrecht Petzold, Hammered dulcimer, Hammond organ, Hardwood, Harmonic, Harpsichord, Headphones, Henri Herz, Herbie Hancock, Historically informed performance, Honky-tonk, Hornbeam, Hornbostel–Sachs, House of Medici, Imperial Bösendorfer, Industrial Revolution, Inharmonicity, Interval (music), Irving Berlin, Italy, Ivory, Jankó keyboard, Jazz, Jazz fusion, Jazz piano, Jazz-funk, Jean-Henri Pape, Jean-Louis Boisselot, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johann Andreas Stein, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, Johannes Zumpe, John Broadwood, John Broadwood & Sons, John Cage, Joseph Haydn, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Julius Blüthner, Just intonation, Kawai Musical Instruments, Keith Emerson, Keyboard amplifier, Keyboard instrument, Library of Congress, List of classical pianists, List of films about pianists, List of piano brand names, List of piano composers, List of piano manufacturers, Little Richard, Loudspeaker, Ludwig van Beethoven, Maple, Middle Ages, MIDI, MIDI controller, Minipiano, Modernism, Music appreciation, Music education, Music publisher (sheet music), Music technology, Musical composition, Musical ensemble, Musical improvisation, Musical instrument, Musical keyboard, Musical notation, Musical note, Musical temperament, Musical tuning, Nannette Streicher, New York (state), Nicky Hopkins, Octave, Ogg, Organ (music), Organ stop, Oscillation, Ostinato, Otto Ortmann, Overtone, Oxford University Press, Padua, Pascal Taskin, Patch cable, Pedal keyboard, Pedal piano, Pedal point, Percussion instrument, Perfect fifth, Philip Glass, Physical modelling synthesis, Piano, Piano concerto, Piano extended technique, Piano history and musical performance, Piano key frequencies, Piano pedals, Piano roll, Piano sonata, Piano trio, Piano tuning, Piano wire, Pianoteq, Pickup (music technology), Pipe organ, Pitch (music), Player piano, Playing by ear, Pleyel et Cie, Plywood, Polyphony, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Popular music, Prepared piano, Pseudo-octave, Pub, Ragtime, Range (music), Reduction (music), Resonance, Rhapsody in Blue, Rhodes piano, Robert Schumann, Robert Wornum, Rock music, Romantic music, Romanticism, Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Sampling (music), Sampling (signal processing), Sébastien Érard, Scott Joplin, Sharp (music), Silent piano, Soft pedal, Songwriter, Sostenuto, Sound board (music), Sound module, Spinet, Spruce, Square piano, Steel casting, Steinway & Sons, Street piano, Stretched tuning, String (music), String instrument, Stuart & Sons, Superposition principle, Sustain, Sustain pedal, Sympathetic resonance, Sympathetic string, Symphony, Synthesizer, Tension (physics), Thelonious Monk, Tilia americana, Tori Amos, Toy piano, Transposing piano, United States dollar, USB flash drive, Velocity, Vienna, Violin, Wavelength, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolfram Demonstrations Project, Yale University Press, Yamaha Corporation. Expand index (216 more) » « Shrink index
A440 or A4 (also known as the Stuttgart pitch), which has a frequency of 440 Hz, is the musical note of A above middle C and serves as a general tuning standard for musical pitch.
In music, an accidental is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a member of the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature.
An acoustic guitar is a guitar that produces sound acoustically by transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air—as opposed to relying on electronic amplification (see electric guitar).
Acoustic impedance and specific acoustic impedance are measures of the opposition that a system presents to the acoustic flow resulting of an acoustic pressure applied to the system.
The piano action mechanism (also known as the key action mechanismPressing, Jeffrey Lynn, PhD (1946–2002), (1992), p. 124. or simply the action) of a piano or other musical keyboard is the mechanical assembly which translates the depression of the keys into rapid motion of a hammer, which creates sound by striking the strings.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
An agraffe is a part found on some pianos.
Alcoa Corporation (from Aluminum Company of America) is an American industrial corporation.
Aliquot stringing is the use of extra, un-struck strings in the piano for the purpose of enriching the tone.
Alpheus Babcock (September 11, 1785 – April 3, 1842) was a piano and music instrument maker in Boston, Massachusetts and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the early 19th century.
A piano with an aluminum piano plate, called the Alumatone plate, was created in the late 1940s by Winter and Company, piano manufacturers, and Alcoa, a manufacturer of aluminum and aluminum products.
Americus Backers (died 1778), sometimes described as the father of the English grand pianoforte style, brought the hammer striking action for keyboard instruments from his master Gottfried Silbermann's workshop in Freiburg to England in the mid-18th century.
Gabriel Anton Walter (5 February 1752 – 11 April 1826) was a builder of pianos.
An audio power amplifier (or power amp) is an electronic amplifier that reproduces low-power electronic audio signals such as the signal from radio receiver or electric guitar pickup at a level that is strong enough for driving (or powering) loudspeakers or headphones.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
A bandleader is the leader of a music group such as a rock or pop group or jazz quartet.
Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco (May 4, 1655 – January 27, 1731) was an Italian maker of musical instruments, generally regarded as the inventor of the piano.
Bösendorfer (L. Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH) is an Austrian piano manufacturer and, since 2008, a wholly owned subsidiary of Yamaha.
In acoustics, a beat is an interference pattern between two sounds of slightly different frequencies, perceived as a periodic variation in volume whose rate is the difference of the two frequencies.
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.
Benjamin Scott Folds (born September 12, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter and record producer.
William John Evans (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and composer who mostly worked in a trio setting.
William Martin Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, composer and pianist.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Blanchet family were an extended family of French harpsichord-makers from the late-17th century to the mid-19th century, by which time they had become piano makers.
A block chord is a chord or voicing built directly below the melody either on the strong beats or to create a four-part harmonized melody line in "locked-hands" rhythmic unison with the melody, as opposed to broken chords.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
A bridge is a device that supports the strings on a stringed musical instrument and transmits the vibration of those strings to another structural component of the instrument—typically a soundboard, such as the top of a guitar or violin—which transfers the sound to the surrounding air.
Earl Rudolph "Bud" Powell (September 27, 1924 – July 31, 1966) was an American jazz pianist.
C (Do, Do, C) is the first note of the C major scale, the third note of the A minor scale (the relative minor of C major), and the fourth note (F, A, B, C) of the Guidonian hand, commonly pitched around 261.63 Hz.
C major (or the key of C) is a major scale based on C, with the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. C major is one of the most common key signatures used in western music.
Christian Friedrich Theodor Steinweg, anglicized name C.F. Theodore Steinway (November 6, 1825, in Seesen – March 26, 1889, in Brunswick), was a piano maker.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
In metalworking and jewellery making, casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Charles-Louis Hanon (2 July 181919 March 1900) was a French piano pedagogue and composer.
Chickering & Sons was an American piano manufacturer located in Boston, Massachusetts, known for producing award-winning instruments of superb quality and design.
Chiroplast is an instrument to guide the hands and fingers of pupils in playing on the piano, invented by Johann Bernhard Logier.
A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.
A chordophone is a musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument that was used largely in the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras.
The Clavinova is a long-running line of premium digital pianos created by the Yamaha Corporation.
A clutch is a mechanical device which engages and disengages power transmission especially from driving shaft to driven shaft.
Community centres or community centers are public locations where members of a community tend to gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes.
Comping (an abbreviation of accompanying; or possibly from the verb, to "complement") is the chords, rhythms, and countermelodies that keyboard players (piano or organ), guitar players, or drummers use to support a jazz musician's improvised solo or melody lines.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Conducting is the art of directing a musical performance, such as an orchestral or choral concert.
In physics, two objects are said to be coupled when they are interacting with each other.
Cross-stringing (sometimes called overstringing) is a method of arranging piano strings inside the case of a piano so that the strings are placed in a vertically overlapping slanted arrangement, with two heights of bridges on the soundboard instead of just one.
Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae.
Damping is an influence within or upon an oscillatory system that has the effect of reducing, restricting or preventing its oscillations.
A digital piano is a type of electronic keyboard designed to serve primarily as an alternative to the traditional piano, both in the way it feels to play and in the sound produced.
Disklavier is the brand name for a family of high-tech reproducing pianos made by Yamaha Corporation.
Dorothy Taubman (August 16, 1917 – April 3, 2013) was an American music teacher, lecturer and founder of the Taubman Institute of Piano, who developed the "Taubman Approach" to piano playing.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
Ebony is a dense black hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons.
Edna Golandsky is a classical music pianist, lecturer and pedagogue of renown.
An effects unit or effects pedal is an electronic or digital device that alters the sound of a musical instrument or other audio source.
An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.
An electric piano is an electric musical instrument which produces sounds when a performer presses the keys of the piano-style musical keyboard.
An electronic piano is a keyboard instrument designed to simulate the timbre of a piano (and sometimes a harpsichord or an organ) using analog circuitry.
Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, pianist, and composer.
Emánuel Moór (19 February 1863 – 20 October 1931) was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and inventor of musical instruments.
Emerson, Lake & Palmer (ELP) were an English progressive rock supergroup formed in London in 1970.
An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.
Fazioli Pianoforti is a high-end maker of hand-built pianos, based in Sacile, Italy.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Ferdinando de' Medici (9 August 1663 – 31 October 1713) was the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans.
A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
The First Viennese School is a name mostly used to refer to three composers of the Classical period in Western art music in late-18th-century Vienna: Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
A fortepiano is an early piano.
Francesco Scipione Maffei (1 June 1675 – 11 February 1755) was an Italian writer and art critic, author of many articles and plays.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Fred Karpoff is an American pianist, music educator, and creator of the 3-D Piano Method of piano playing and teaching.
Frederick William Collard (baptised 1772, died 1860) was a British piano manufacturer.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988, are a work written for harpsichord by Johann Sebastian Bach, consisting of an aria and a set of 30 variations.
Gottfried Silbermann (January 14, 1683 – August 4, 1753) was a German builder of keyboard instruments.
Guillaume-Lebrecht Petzold was a piano maker in Paris in the early 19th century.
The hammered dulcimer is a percussion-stringed instrument which consists of strings typically stretched over a trapezoidal resonant sound board.
The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
A harmonic is any member of the harmonic series, a divergent infinite series.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user's ears.
Henri Herz (6 January 1803 – 5 January 1888) was a pianist and composer, Austrian by birth and French by domicile.
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.
Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.
A honky-tonk (also called honkatonk, honkey-tonk, or tonk) is both a bar that provides country music for the entertainment of its patrons and the style of music played in such establishments.
Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae.
Hornbostel–Sachs or Sachs–Hornbostel is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
The Bösendorfer Model 290 Imperial or Imperial Bösendorfer (also colloquially known as the 290) is the largest model and flagship piano manufactured by Bösendorfer, at around long, wide, and weighing.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In music, inharmonicity is the degree to which the frequencies of overtones (also known as partials or partial tones) depart from whole multiples of the fundamental frequency (harmonic series).
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin (Израиль Моисеевич Бейлин) Ministry of Culture, Russian Federation – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.
The Jankó keyboard is a musical keyboard layout for a piano designed by Paul von Jankó in 1882.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
Jazz piano is a collective term for the techniques pianists use when playing jazz.
Jazz-funk is a subgenre of jazz music characterized by a strong back beat (groove), electrified sounds and an early prevalence of analog synthesizers.
Jean-Henri Pape, born as Johann Heinrich Pape and also known as Henry Pape (1 July 1789 – 2 February 1875), was a distinguished French maker of pianos and harps in the early 19th century.
Jean-Baptiste-Louis Boisselot (18 August 1782 in Montpellier–21 May 1847 in Marseille) was the founder of the piano company Boisselot & Fils.
Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and pianist, often known by his nickname, The Killer.
Johann (Georg) Andreas Stein (16 May 1728 in Heidesheim – 29 February 1792 in Augsburg), was an outstanding German maker of keyboard instruments, a central figure in the history of the piano.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
Johannes (Johann Christoph) Zumpe (pronounced zumpy; 14 June 1726 in Fürth, Free Imperial City of Nuremberg, modern Germany – buried 5 December 1790 in London, UK) was a leading maker of early English square pianos, a form of rectangular piano with a compass of about five octaves.
John Broadwood (6 October 1732 – 17 July 1812) was the Scottish founder of the piano manufacturer Broadwood and Sons.
John Broadwood & Sons is an English piano manufacturer, founded in 1728 by Burkat Shudi and continued after his death in 1773 by John Broadwood.
John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (abbreviated J. Acoust. Soc. Am. or JASA) is a scientific journal in the field of acoustics, published by the Acoustical Society of America.
Julius Ferdinand Blüthner (11 March 1824 - 15 April 1910) was a German piano maker and founder of the Blüthner piano factory.
In music, just intonation (sometimes abbreviated as JI) or pure intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of small whole numbers.
is a musical instrument manufacturing company headquartered in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.
Keith Noel Emerson (2 November 1944 – 11 March 2016) was an English musician and composer.
A keyboard amplifier is a powered electronic amplifier and loudspeaker in a wooden speaker cabinet used for amplification of electronic keyboard instruments.
A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
This is an alphabetized list of notable solo pianists who play (or played) classical music on the piano.
The following is a list of films about pianists or in which pianists play a significant role.
This article is a list of piano brand names from all over the world.
This is a list of piano composers.
This is a partial list of piano manufacturers.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.
A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
A MIDI controller is any hardware or software that generates and transmits Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) data to electronic or digital MIDI-enabled devices, typically to trigger sounds and control parameters of an electronic music performance.
The minipiano is a type of piano patented by the Brasted brothers in 1934 under the name of their company Eavestaff Ltd.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In North America, music appreciation courses often focus on Western art music, commonly called "Classical music".
Music education is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music.
The term music publisher originally referred (before the growth of recorded music and popular music) to publishers who issued printed sheet music.
Music technology is the use of any device, mechanism, machine or tool by a musician or composer to make or perform music; to compose, notate, play back or record songs or pieces; or to analyze or edit music.
Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, either a song or an instrumental music piece, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating or writing a new song or piece of music.
A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers or keys on a musical instrument.
Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music played with instruments or sung by the human voice through the use of written, printed, or otherwise-produced symbols.
In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩).
In musical tuning, a temperament is a tuning system that slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation to meet other requirements.
In music, there are two common meanings for tuning.
Nannette Streicher (née Anna-Maria Stein; 2 January 1769, Augsburg – 16 January 1833, Vienna) was a German piano maker, composer, music educator and writer.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Nicholas Christian Hopkins (24 February 1944 – 6 September 1994) was an English pianist and organist.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
An organ stop (or just stop) is a component of a pipe organ that admits pressurized air (known as wind) to a set of organ pipes.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English, from Latin: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, frequently at the same pitch.
Otto Rudolph Ortmann (1889-1979) was an American pianist, music researcher and educator, and author of the groundbreaking Physiological Mechanics of Piano Technique.
An overtone is any frequency greater than the fundamental frequency of a sound.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.
Pascal Joseph Taskin (1723 – 1793) was a Belgium-born French harpsichord and piano maker.
A patch cable, patch cord or patch lead is an electrical or optical cable used to connect ("patch in") one electronic or optical device to another for signal routing.
A pedalboard (also called a pedal keyboard, pedal clavier, or, with electronic instruments, a bass pedalboard) is a keyboard played with the feet that is usually used to produce the low-pitched bass line of a piece of music.
The pedal piano (or piano-pédalier or pédalier) is a kind of piano that includes a pedalboard, enabling bass register notes to be played with the feet, as is standard on the organ.
In music, a pedal point (also pedal tone, pedal note, organ point, or pedal) is a sustained tone, typically in the bass, during which at least one foreign, i.e., dissonant harmony is sounded in the other parts.
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.
In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Physical modelling synthesis refers to sound synthesis methods in which the waveform of the sound to be generated is computed using a mathematical model, a set of equations and algorithms to simulate a physical source of sound, usually a musical instrument.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
A piano concerto is a type of concerto, a solo composition in the Classical music genre which is composed for a piano player, which is typically accompanied by an orchestra or other large ensemble.
Piano extended techniques are those in which unorthodox or unconventional techniques are used to create the sound.
The modern form of the piano, which emerged in the late 19th century, is a very different instrument from the pianos for which the classical literature for piano predating this time was originally composed.
This is a list of the fundamental frequencies in hertz (cycles per second) of the keys of a modern 88-key standard or 108-key extended piano in twelve-tone equal temperament, with the 49th key, the fifth A (called A4), tuned to 440 Hz (referred to as A440).
Piano pedals are foot-operated levers at the base of a piano that change the instrument's sound in various ways.
A piano roll is a music storage medium used to operate a player piano, piano player or reproducing piano.
A piano sonata is a sonata written for a solo piano.
A piano trio is a group of piano and two other instruments, usually a violin and a cello, or a piece of music written for such a group.
Piano tuning is the act of making minute adjustments to the tensions of the strings of an acoustic piano to properly align the intervals between their tones so that the instrument is in tune.
Piano wire, or "music wire", is a specialized type of wire made for use in piano strings.
Pianoteq is a software synthesizer that features real-time MIDI-control of digital physically modeled pianos and related instruments, including electric piano, harp, harpsichord, fortepiano, and various metallophones.
A pickup is a transducer that captures or senses mechanical vibrations produced by musical instruments, particularly stringed instruments such as the electric guitar, and converts these to an electrical signal that is amplified using an instrument amplifier to produce musical sounds through a loudspeaker in a speaker enclosure.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
A player piano (also known as pianola) is a self-playing piano, containing a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music recorded on perforated paper, or in rare instances, metallic rolls, with more modern implementations using MIDI.
Playing by ear is the ability of an instrumental musician to reproduce a piece of music they have heard, without having observed another musician play it or having seen the sheet music notation.
Pleyel et Cie ("Pleyel and Company") was a French piano manufacturing firm founded by the composer Ignace Pleyel in 1807.
Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
A prepared piano is a piano that has had its sound altered by placing objects (called preparations) on or between the strings.
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A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.
In music, a reduction is an arrangement or transcription of an existing score or composition in which complexity is lessened to make analysis, performance, or practice easier or clearer; the number of parts may be reduced or rhythm may be simplified, such as through the use of block chords.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
Rhapsody in Blue is a 1924 musical composition by American composer George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.
The Rhodes piano (also known as the Fender Rhodes piano or simply Fender Rhodes or Rhodes) is an electric piano invented by Harold Rhodes, which became particularly popular throughout the 1970s.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Robert Wornum (1780–1852) was a piano maker working in London during the first half of the 19th century.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Romantic music is a period of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Music or Kungliga Musikaliska Akademien, founded in 1771 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies in Sweden.
In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion, or sample, of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or a sound recording in a different song or piece.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
Sébastien Érard (born Sebastian Erhard, 5 April 1752 – 5 August 1831) was a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano.
Scott Joplin (1867/68 or November 24, 1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist.
In music, sharp, dièse (from French), or diesis (from Greek) means higher in pitch.
A silent piano is an acoustic piano where there is an option to silence the strings by stopping the hammers from striking them.
The soft pedal (or pedal) is one of the standard pedals on a piano, generally placed leftmost among the pedals.
A songwriter is a professional who is paid to write lyrics for singers and melodies for songs, typically for a popular music genre such as rock or country music.
In music, sostenuto is a term from Italian that means "sustained".
A sound board, or soundboard, is the surface of a string instrument that the strings vibrate against, usually via some sort of bridge.
A sound module is an electronic musical instrument without a human-playable interface such as a piano-style musical keyboard.
A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
The square piano is a type of piano that has horizontal strings arranged diagonally across the rectangular case above the hammers and with the keyboard set in the long side, with the sounding board above a cavity in the short side.
Steel casting is a specialized form of casting involving various types of steel.
Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway, is an American-German piano company, founded in 1853 in Manhattan, New York City, the United States, by German piano builder Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg (later known as Henry E. Steinway).
A street piano is a piano placed in the street which passersby are encouraged to play.
Stretched tuning is a detail of musical tuning, applied to wire-stringed musical instruments, older, non-digital electric pianos (such as the Fender Rhodes piano and Wurlitzer electric piano), and some sample-based synthesizers based on these instruments, to accommodate the natural inharmonicity of their vibrating elements.
A string is the vibrating element that produces sound in string instruments such as the guitar, harp, piano (piano wire), and members of the violin family.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
Stuart & Sons is an Australian manufacturer of handcrafted grand pianos established in 1990 as Stuart & Sons Terra Australis Pty Limited.
In physics and systems theory, the superposition principle, also known as superposition property, states that, for all linear systems, the net response caused by two or more stimuli is the sum of the responses that would have been caused by each stimulus individually.
In music, sustain is a parameter of musical sound over time.
A sustain pedal or sustaining pedal (also called damper pedal, loud pedal, or open pedal) is the most commonly used pedal in a modern piano.
Sympathetic resonance or sympathetic vibration is a harmonic phenomenon wherein a formerly passive string or vibratory body responds to external vibrations to which it has a harmonic likeness.
Sympathetic strings or resonance strings are auxiliary strings found on many Indian musical instruments, as well as some Western Baroque instruments and a variety of folk instruments.
A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
In physics, tension may be described as the pulling force transmitted axially by the means of a string, cable, chain, or similar one-dimensional continuous object, or by each end of a rod, truss member, or similar three-dimensional object; tension might also be described as the action-reaction pair of forces acting at each end of said elements.
Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer.
Tilia americana is a species of tree in the Malvaceae family, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska.
Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos, August 22, 1963) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, and composer.
The toy piano, also known as the kinderklavier (child's keyboard), is a small piano-like musical instrument.
A transposing piano is a special piano with a mechanism (operated by a pedal or lever) that changes the keyboard position relative to the action (see Development of the modern piano for details).
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
The Wolfram Demonstrations Project is an organized, open-source collection of small (or medium-size) interactive programs called Demonstrations, which are meant to visually and interactively represent ideas from a range of fields.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.
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