190 relations: Acqui Terme, Alagna Valsesia, Alba, Piedmont, Albania, Alessandria, Alps, Ancient Rome, Aosta Valley, Apennine Mountains, Arona, Piedmont, Asti, Asti wine, Asystel Volley, Austrian Empire, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Barbaresco, Barbera, Barolo, Battle of Marengo, Battle of Novara (1849), Bialbero di Casorzo, Biella, Borgomanero, Bra, Piedmont, Brachetto, Burgundians, Byzantine Empire, Canton of Ticino, Canton of Valais, Carmagnola, Casale F.B.C., Casale Monferrato, Celts, Cereal, CERS Cup, Chambéry, Chieri, China, Chivasso, Col de Tende, Collegno, Comune, Congress of Vienna, County of Savoy, Crown prince, Cuneo, Democratic Party (Italy), Denominazione di origine controllata, Dolcetto, Ecuador, ..., Egypt, Emilia-Romagna, Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, F.C. Pro Vercelli 1892, Ferrero SpA, Fiat Automobiles, Florence, Fossano, France, Franco-Provençal language, Franks, Fréjus Road Tunnel, Freisa, Fruit, Gianduja, Gran Paradiso National Park, Grande Torino, Grande Traversata delle Alpi, Grape, Great St Bernard Pass, Grignolino, Grugliasco, Holy Roman Empire, House of Savoy, Hungarians, Italian language, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Italian unification, Italy, Ivrea, Juventus F.C., Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire), Kingdom of Sardinia, Langhe, Lega Nord, Ligures, Liguria, Locarno, Lombards, Lombardy, Maize, March of Montferrat, Marquisate of Saluzzo, Medieval Latin, Mercedes Bresso, Metropolitan City of Turin, Milk, Monarchy of Italy, Moncalieri, Mondovì, Monte Rosa, Monte Viso, Montferrat, Morocco, Moscato d'Asti, Nebbiolo, Nichelino, Nigeria, Novara, Novara Calcio, Novi Ligure, Occitan language, Occitan Valleys, Olivetti, Orbassano, Ostrogoths, Otto I, Count of Savoy, Peru, Philippines, Piedmontese language, Piedmontese Republic, Piemonte (wine), Piemonte Agency for Investments, Export and Tourism, Piemonte Volley, Pinerolo, Po (river), Po Valley, Polytechnic University of Turin, Prince of Piedmont, Protected area, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Province of Alessandria, Province of Asti, Province of Biella, Province of Cuneo, Province of Novara, Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Province of Vercelli, Regions of Italy, Republic of Alba, Republic of Genoa, Republic of Macedonia, Rice, Rivoli, Piedmont, Roberto Cota, Roman Catholic Diocese of Tortona, Romania, Rome, Salassi, Saracen, Savigliano, Scarmagno, Scudetto, Sea level, Senegal, Sergio Chiamparino, Sestriere, Settimo Torinese, Sicily, Simplon Pass, Sister republic, Slow Food, Square kilometre, Subalpine Republic, Susa Valley, Switzerland, Taurini, Terra Madre, Torino F.C., Tortona, Trecate, Turin, Turin Airport, U.S. Alessandria Calcio 1912, U.S.D. Novese, Ukraine, University of Eastern Piedmont, University of Turin, Venaria Reale, Verbania, Vercelli, Viticulture, Walser German, Western Alps, Western Lombard dialect, Western Roman Empire, Wine, World War II, 2006 Winter Olympics, 2007 Winter Universiade. Expand index (140 more) » « Shrink index
Acqui Terme (Äich) is a city and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy, in the province of Alessandria.
Alagna Valsesia (Walser German: Im Land, Piedmontese: Alagna, Valsesiano: Lagna) is a comune and small village high in the Valsesia alpine valley in the province of Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy, a UNESCO World heritage site since 2013.
Alba (Alba Pompeia) is a town and comune of Piedmont, Italy, in the province of Cuneo.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Alessandria (Piedmontese: Lissandria) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Italy, and the capital of the Province of Alessandria.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Aosta Valley (Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual); Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Val d'Outa (usual); Augschtalann or Ougstalland; Val d'Osta) is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Arona (Piedmontese: Aron-a, Lombard: Aruna) is a town and comune on Lake Maggiore, in the province of Novara (northern Italy).
Asti is a city and comune of 76 164 inhabitants (1-1-2017) located in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy, about east of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro River.
Asti (also known as Asti Spumante) is a sparkling white Italian wine that is produced throughout southeastern Piedmont but is particularly focused around the towns of Asti and Alba.
Asystel Volley was an Italian women's volleyball club based in Novara.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Ârpes, Auvèrnhe Ròse Aups, Alvernia-Rodano-Alpi) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014; it resulted from the merger of Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes.
Barbaresco is an Italian wine made with the Nebbiolo grape.
Barbera is a red Italian wine grape variety that, as of 2000, was the third most-planted red grape variety in Italy (after Sangiovese and Montepulciano).
Barolo is a red Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) wine produced in the northern Italian region of Piedmont.
The Battle of Marengo was fought on 14 June 1800 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte and Austrian forces near the city of Alessandria, in Piedmont, Italy.
The Battle of Novara or Battle of Bicocca (Bicocca is a borough of Novara) was one of the battles fought between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia during the First Italian War of Independence, within the era of Italian unification.
The Bialbero di Casorzo (Italian: "double tree of Casorzo"), which is also known as Grana Double Tree, is a unique tree situated between Grana and Casorzo in Piedmont, Italy.
Biella ((Bugella) is a town and comune in the northern Italian region of Piedmont, the capital of the province of the same name, with a population of 44 616. It is located about northeast of Turin and about west-northwest of Milan. It lies in the foothills of the Alps, in the Bo mountain range near Mt. Mucrone and Camino, an area rich in springs and lakes, the heart of the Biellese Alps irrigated by several mountain streams: the Elvo to the west of the town, the Oropa and the Cervo to the east. Nearby natural and notable tourist attractions include the Zegna Viewpoint, the Bielmonte Ski Resort, Burcina Natural Reserve, and the moors to the south of town. The Sanctuary of Oropa is a site of religious pilgrimages. In 2003, the Sacred Mountain of Oropa was inserted by UNESCO in the World Heritage List. Biella is an important wool processing and textile centre. There is a small airport in the nearby comune of Cerrione.
Borgomanero (Piedmontese: Borbané, Lombard: Burbanee) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Novara in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northeast of Turin and about northwest of Novara.
Bra (Br'a in Piemontese) is a town and comune in the province of Cuneo in the northwest Italian region of Piedmont.
Brachetto is a red Italian wine grape variety grown predominantly in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy.
The Burgundians (Burgundiōnes, Burgundī; Burgundar; Burgendas; Βούργουνδοι) were a large East Germanic or Vandal tribe, or group of tribes, who lived in the area of modern Poland in the time of the Roman Empire.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The canton of Ticino, formally the Republic and Canton of Ticino (Repubblica e Cantone Ticino; Canton Tesin; Kanton Tessin; canton du Tessin, chantun dal Tessin) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland.
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
Carmagnola is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located south of Turin.
Casale Foot Ball Club A.S.D. (formerly A.S. Casale Calcio) is an Italian football club, based in Casale Monferrato, Piedmont.
Casale Monferrato is a town in the Piedmont region in Italy, in the province of Alessandria.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
The CERS Cup is an annual European roller hockey club competition organized by the Comité Européen de Rink-Hockey since 1980.
Chambéry (Chambèri, Sciamberì, and in Helvetii: Camberia) is a city in the department of Savoie, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Chieri is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont (Italy), located about southeast of Turin, by rail and by road.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chivasso is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northeast of Turin.
Col de Tende (Colle di Tenda; elevation 1870 m) is a high mountain pass in the Alps, close to the border between France and Italy, although the highest section of the pass is wholly within France.
Collegno is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin.
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
The County of Savoy was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged, along with the free communes of Switzerland, from the collapse of the Burgundian Kingdom in the 11th century.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Cuneo (Coni; Coni) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of Italy’s provinces by area.
The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC;; English: controlled designation of origin) is a quality assurance label for Italian wines.
Dolcetto is a black Italian wine grape variety widely grown in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
Emmanuel Philibert (in Emanuele Filiberto; also known as Testa di ferro, Testa 'd fer, "Ironhead", because of his military career; 8 July 1528 – 30 August 1580) was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580, KG.
Football Club Pro Vercelli, commonly known as Pro Vercelli, is an Italian association football club based in Vercelli, Piedmont.
Ferrero SpA is an Italian manufacturer of branded chocolate and confectionery products and it is the third biggest chocolate producer and confectionery company in the world.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Fossano is a town and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.
The Fréjus Road Tunnel is a tunnel that connects France and Italy.
Freisa is a red Italian wine grape variety grown in the Piedmont region of north-west Italy, primarily in Monferrato and in the Langhe, but also further north in the provinces of Turin and Biella.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Gianduja may refer to.
Gran Paradiso National Park (Italian: Parco nazionale del Gran Paradiso), is an Italian national park in the Graian Alps, between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions.
The Grande Torino was the historic Italian football team of Torino Football Club in the 1940s, five-time champions of Italy, whose players were the backbone of the Italy national team and died on 4 May 1949 in the plane crash known as the Superga air disaster.
The Grande Traversata delle Alpi (GTA) is a long-distance hiking trail in the Italian region of Piedmont.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.
Great St Bernard Pass (Col du Grand St-Bernard, Colle del Gran San Bernardo, Grosser Sankt Bernhard) is the third highest road pass in Switzerland.
Grignolino is a red Italian wine grape variety commonly grown in the Piedmont region.
Grugliasco (Grujasch) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region of Piedmont, located about west of Turin.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia) is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps of northern Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720 (exchanged for Sardinia). Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ivrea (Eporedia) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy.
Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (from iuventūs, "youth"), colloquially known as Juve, is a professional Italian football club in Turin, Piedmont.
The Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae or Regnum Italicum, Italian: Regno d'Italia) was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
The Langhe (Langa is from old dialect Mons Langa et Bassa Langa) is a hilly area to the south and east of the river Tanaro in the province of Cuneo in Piedmont, northern Italy.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English: Ligurians, Greek: Λίγυες) were an ancient Indo-European people who appear to have originated in, and gave their name to, Liguria, a region of north-western Italy.
Liguria (Ligûria, Ligurie) is a coastal region of north-western Italy; its capital is Genoa.
Locarno (Ticinese: Locarn; formerly in Luggárus) is a southern Swiss town and municipality in the district Locarno (and its capital), located on the northern shore of Lake Maggiore at its northeastern tip in the canton of Ticino at the southern foot of the Swiss Alps.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The March (also margraviate or marquisate) of Montferrat was a frontier march of the Kingdom of Italy during the Middle Ages and a state of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Marquisate of Saluzzo was a historical Italian state that included French and Piedmont territories on the Alps.
Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange, as the liturgical language of Chalcedonian Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church, and as a language of science, literature, law, and administration.
Mercedes Bresso (born 12 July 1944) is an Italian politician (Democratic Party) and member of the European Parliament.
The Metropolitan City of Turin (Città metropolitana di Torino) is a metropolitan city in the Piedmont region, Italy.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
The monarchy of Italy (Monarchia italiana) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.
Moncalieri (Moncalé) is a town and comune of 57,530 inhabitants (1-1-2017) about directly south of downtown Turin (to whose Metropolitan City it belongs), in Piedmont, Italy.
Mondovì (Ël Mondvì, Mons Regalis) is a town and comune (township) in Piedmont, northern Italy, about from Turin.
The Monte Rosa (or synonymously used as a pleonasm: Monte Rosa massif (massiccio del Monte Rosa; Monte Rosa-Massiv; massif du Mont Rose) is a mountain massif located in the eastern part of the Pennine Alps. It is located between Switzerland (Valais) and Italy (Piedmont and Aosta Valley). Monte Rosa is the second highest mountain in the Alps and western Europe.John Ball, A Guide to the Western Alps, pp. 308-314 Monte Rosa is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps, located on the watershed between central and southern Europe. Its main summit, named Dufourspitze in honor of the surveyor Guillaume-Henri Dufour, culminates at above sea level and is followed by the five nearly equally high subsidiary summits of Dunantspitze, Grenzgipfel, Nordend, Zumsteinspitze and Signalkuppe. Monte Rosa is the highest mountain of both Switzerland and the Pennine Alps and is also the second-highest mountain of the Alps and Europe outside the Caucasus. The north-west side of the central Monte Rosa massif, with its enormous ice slopes and seracs, constitutes the boundary and upper basin of the large Gorner Glacier, which descends towards Zermatt and merges with its nowadays much larger tributary, the Grenzgletscher (Border Glacier), right below the Monte Rosa Hut on the lower end of the visible western wing. The Grenzgletscher is an impressive glacier formation between the western wing of the mountain and Liskamm, a ridge on its southwestern side on the Swiss-Italian border. On the eastern side, in Italy, the mountain falls away in an almost vertical wall of granite and ice, the biggest in Europe, overlooking Macugnaga and several smaller glaciers. Monte Rosa was studied by pioneering geologists and explorers, including Leonardo da Vinci in the late fifteenth century and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the late eighteenth century. Following a long series of attempts beginning in the early nineteenth century, Monte Rosa's summit, then still called Höchste Spitze (Highest Peak), was first reached in 1855 from Zermatt by a party of eight climbers led by three guides. The great east wall was first climbed in 1872, from Macugnaga. Each summer a large number of climbers set out from the Monte Rosa Hut on the mountain's west wing for one of its summits via the normal route or for the Margherita Hut on the Signalkuppe (Punta Gnifetti), used as a research station. Many tourists and hikers also come each year to the Gornergrat on the north-west side of the massif, to see the panorama that extends over the giants of the Alps, from Monte Rosa to the Matterhorn.
Monte Viso or Monviso (Vísol; Piedmontese: Brich Monviso or Viso), is the highest mountain of the Cottian Alps.
Montferrat (Monfrà; Monferrato; Mons Ferratus) is part of the region of Piedmont in Northern Italy.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Moscato d'Asti is a DOCG sparkling white wine produced mainly in the province of Asti, northwest Italy, and in smaller nearby regions in the provinces of Alessandria and Cuneo.
Nebbiolo (Italian), or Nebieul (Piedmontese) is an Italian red wine grape variety predominantly associated with its native Piedmont region, where it makes the Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) wines of Barolo, Barbaresco, Roero, Gattinara and Ghemme.
Nichelino is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Novara (Nuàra in the local Lombard dialect) is the capital city of the province of Novara in the Piedmont region in northwest Italy, to the west of Milan.
Novara Calcio is an Italian football club based in Novara, Piedmont.
Novi Ligure (Nêuve in Ligurian) is a city and comune north of Genoa, in the Piedmont region of the province of Alessandria of northwest Italy.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
The Occitan Valleys (Valadas Occitanas, Valli Occitane, Vallées Occitanes) are the part of Occitania (the territory of the Occitan language) within the borders of Italy.
Olivetti S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of typewriters, computers, tablets, smartphones, printers and other such business products as calculators and fax machines.
Orbassano is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
Otto (Odon, Oddon, Othon; Oddone; /1060) was count of Savoy from around 1051 until his death.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Piedmontese (Piemontèis or Lenga Piemontèisa, in Italian: Piemontese) is a Romance language spoken by some 700,000 people in Piedmont, northwestern region of Italy.
The Piedmontese Republic (Repubblica Piemontese) was a short-lived Sister Republic that existed between 1798 and 1799 on the territory of Piedmont during its military rule by the French First Republic.
Piemonte wine is the range of Italian wines made in the region of Piedmont in the northwestern corner of Italy.
Piemonte Agency for Investments, Export and Tourism is the public body in charge of the internazionalization of Piemonte territory.
Piemonte Volley, known for sponsorship reasons as Bre Banca Lannutti Cuneo, is a professional volleyball club based in Cuneo, Italy.
Pinerolo (Pignerol; Piemontese: Pinareul) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northwestern Italy, southwest of Turin on the river Chisone.
The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.
The Polytechnic University of Turin (Politecnico di Torino) is a partly-public engineering university based in Turin, Italy.
The lordship, later principality of Piedmont (French: Piémont, Italian: Piemonte) was originally an appanage of the Savoyard county and as such its lords were members of the Achaea branch of the House of Savoy.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
The Province of Alessandria (Italian: Provincia di Alessandria) is an Italian province, with a population of some 425,000, which forms the southeastern part of the region of Piedmont.
The Province of Asti (Provincia di Asti) is a province in the Piedmont region of northern Italy.
The Province of Biella (Provincia di Biella) is a province of Italy located in Piedmont.
Cuneo (Italian) or Coni (French and Piedmontese) is a province in the southwest of the Piedmont region of Italy.
Novara (It. Provincia di Novara) is a province in the Piedmont region of Italy.
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola (Italian: Provincia del Verbano Cusio Ossola) is the northernmost province in the Italian region of Piedmont.
Vercelli (Italian: Provincia di Vercelli) is a province in the Piedmont region of northern Italy.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
The Republic of Alba was a revolutionary municipality proclaimed on 26 April 1796, in Alba, Piedmont, when the town was taken by the French army.
The Republic of Genoa (Repúbrica de Zêna,; Res Publica Ianuensis; Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rivoli, is a comune (municipality) established around the 1st century CE, in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, about west of Turin.
Roberto Cota (Novara, 13 July 1968) is the leader of Lega Nord Piemont and a leading member of Lega Nord.
The Diocese of Tortona (Dioecesis Derthonensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in northern Italy, spanning parts of three regions of Piedmont (Province of Alessandria), Lombardy (Province of Pavia) and Liguria (Province of Genoa).
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Salassi were a Celtic or Celticized Italic or Ligurian tribe whose lands lay on the Italian side of the Little St Bernard Pass across the Graian Alps to Lyons, and the Great St Bernard Pass over the Pennine Alps.
Saracen was a term widely used among Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Savigliano (Savijan in Piedmontese) is a comune of Piedmont, northern Italy, in the Province of Cuneo, about south of Turin by rail.
Scarmagno is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northeast of Turin.
The scudetto (Italian for: "little shield") is a decoration worn by Italian sports clubs that win the annual championship of their respective sport in the previous season.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Sergio Chiamparino (born 1 September 1948) is the current President of Piedmont from 2014, and was the mayor of Turin, Italy from 2001 to 2011.
Sestriere (Sestrieras, Ël Sestrier, Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a comune (municipality) of the Metropolitan City of Turin.
Settimo Torinese is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, in Piedmont, Italy.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Simplon Pass (Col du Simplon; Simplonpass; Passo del Sempione) is a high mountain pass between the Pennine Alps and the Lepontine Alps in Switzerland.
A sister republic (république sœur) was a republic established by the French army that was catalyzed by local revolutionaries and assisted by the First French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Slow Food is an organization that promotes local food and traditional cooking.
Square kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures) or square kilometer (American spelling), symbol km2, is a multiple of the square metre, the SI unit of area or surface area.
The Subalpine Republic was a short-lived republic that existed between 1800 and 1802 on the territory of Piedmont during its military rule by Napoleonic France.
The Susa Valley (Val di Susa, Val de Suse, Val d'Ors) is a valley in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont region of northern Italy, located between the Graian Alps in the north and the Cottian Alps in the south.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Taurini were an ancient Celtic people, who occupied the upper valley of the river Po, in the centre of modern Piedmont.
Terra Madre is a network of food communities.
Torino Football Club, commonly referred to as Torino or simply Toro, is a professional Italian football club based in Turin, Piedmont, that plays in Serie A. Founded as Foot-Ball Club Torino in 1906, Torino are among the most successful clubs in Italy with seven league titles, including five consecutive league titles at the time of the Grande Torino, widely recognised as one of the strongest teams of the 1940s.
Tortona is a comune of Piemonte, in the Province of Alessandria, Italy.
Trecate is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Novara in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northeast of Turin and about east of Novara.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Turin Airport (Aeroporto di Torino), also known as Turin-Caselle Airport (Aeroporto di Torino-Caselle), is an airport located at Caselle Torinese, north-northwest of the city of Turin, in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont region, northern Italy.
Unione Sportiva Alessandria Calcio 1912 is the professional Italian football club based in Alessandria, Piedmont.
Unione Sportiva Dilettantistica Novese is an Italian football club from Novi Ligure, Piedmont.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The University of Eastern Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro (Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”, UNIPMN or UPO) is a university located in Alessandria, Novara and Vercelli, Italy.
The University of Turin (Italian: Università degli Studi di Torino, or often abbreviated to UNITO) is a university in the city of Turin in the Piedmont region of north-western Italy.
Venaria Reale (La Venerìa) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northwest of Turin.
Verbania (Verbania, Verbania) is the most populous comune (municipality) and the capital city of the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy.
Vercelli (Vërsèj in Piedmontese), is a city and comune of 46.552 inhabitants (1-1-2017) in the Province of Vercelli, Piedmont, northern Italy.
Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes.
Walser German (Walserdeutsch) and Walliser German (Walliserdeutsch, locally Wallisertiitsch) form a group of Highest Alemannic dialects spoken in parts of Switzerland (Valais, Ticino, Grisons), Italy (Piedmont, Aosta Valley), Liechtenstein, and Austria (Vorarlberg).
The Western Alps are the western part of the Alpine range including the southeastern part of France (i.e. Savoie), the whole of Monaco, the northwestern part of Italy and the southwestern part of Switzerland (i.e. Valais).
Western Lombard is one of the main varieties of Lombard, a Romance language spoken in Italy.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games (Les XXes Jeux olympiques d'hiver, XX Giochi olimpici invernali) and commonly known as Turin 2006 or italic, was a winter multi-sport event which was held in Turin, Piedmont, Italy from February 10 to 26, 2006.
The 2007 Winter Universiade, the XXIII Winter Universiade, took place in Turin, Italy from January 17 to 27, 2007.