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Pipe organ

Index Pipe organ

The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard. [1]

206 relations: Aachen, Alexandre Guilmant, Allen Organ Company, Alternatim, American Guild of Organists, Ancient Greece, Anthem, Anton Bruckner, Antonio de Cabezón, Aquincum, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, Arp Schnitger, Atlantic City, New Jersey, Barker lever, Baroque music, Bellows, Bernard Smith (organ builder), Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ, Budapest, Burnishing (metal), Byzantine Empire, C. B. Fisk, Camille Saint-Saëns, Cantigas de Santa Maria, Canzona, Carol Williams (organist), César Franck, Celesta, Centimetre of water, Charlemagne, Charles Tournemire, Charles-Marie Widor, Chorale fantasia, Chorale motet, Chorale partita, Chorale prelude, Clarinet, Classical music, Claudio Merulo, Clavichord, Codex Faenza, Commonwealth of England, Constantine V, Constantinople, Counterpoint, Cradley Heath Baptist Church, Crescendo pedal, Crumhorn, Ctesibius, Diane Bish, ..., Diatonic and chromatic, Dieterich Buxtehude, Direct electric action, Dom Bédos de Celles, Drum, Dynamics (music), Electric organ, Electro-pneumatic action, En chamade, Engine, English Reformation, Fantasia (music), Felix Mendelssohn, Fipple, Flue pipe, François Couperin, Francis Poulenc, Franks, French organ school, Fugue, Georg Böhm, George Frideric Handel, Gerd Zacher, Germany, Gilding, Girolamo Frescobaldi, Gottfried Silbermann, Greek language, Guillaume de Machaut, Gustav Holst, Gustav Mahler, György Ligeti, Halberstadt, Harp, Harpsichord, Heinrich Scheidemann, Helmholtz pitch notation, Henry Willis & Sons, Herbert Howells, Hippodrome of Constantinople, Historically informed performance, Hymn, Iberian Peninsula, Ibn Khordadbeh, Inch of water, Intabulation, Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Japan, Jean Langlais, Jean Titelouze, Jehan Alain, Johann Pachelbel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannus, John Blow, John Dunstaple, John Stanley (composer), Joseph Jongen, Juan Bautista Cabanilles, Latin, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of organ symphonies, List of pipe organs, Liturgy, Louis Vierne, Manual (music), Marcel Dupré, Maryamin, Homs, Mass (liturgy), Matthias Weckmann, Maurice Duruflé, Max Reger, MIDI, Miniature (illuminated manuscript), Mixture (music), Movie theater, Musical instrument, Musical keyboard, Nicolas de Grigny, Nicolaus Bruhns, Olivier Messiaen, Online Etymology Dictionary, Organ building, Organ concerto, Organ Concerto (Poulenc), Organ console, Organ crawl, Organ pipe, Organ reform movement, Organ repertoire, Organ Sonatas, Op. 65 (Mendelssohn), Organ stop, Organum (instrument), Ottorino Respighi, Pannonia, Paris, Pedal keyboard, Pepin the Short, Percussion instrument, Persian people, Petr Eben, Piano, Pitch (music), Popular music, Portative organ, Positive organ, Prelude (music), Pressure measurement, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Range (music), Recorder (musical instrument), Reed (mouthpiece), Reed pipe, Registration (organ), Religious music, Renaissance music, Renatus Harris, Restoration (England), Ricercar, Richard Strauss, Robertsbridge Codex, Rodgers Instruments, Roman Empire, Romantic music, Samuel Scheidt, Saxophone, Scale (music), Secular music, Sigfrid Karg-Elert, Silent film, Sonata, St Magnus-the-Martyr, Swell box, Symphony No. 3 (Saint-Saëns), Syria, Telephone exchange, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Theatre organ, Theophilus Presbyter, Timbre, Toccata, Tracker action, Transcription (music), Trocadéro, Trumpet, Tubular bells, Tubular-pneumatic action, Unison, University of Chicago Press, Viol, Voix céleste, Voluntary (music), Water organ, Window blind, Zacharias Hildebrandt, Zimbelstern. Expand index (156 more) »


Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.

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Alexandre Guilmant

Félix-Alexandre Guilmant (12 March 1837 – 29 March 1911) was a French organist and composer.

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Allen Organ Company

The Allen Organ Company builds church organs, home organs and theatre organs.

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Alternatim refers to a technique of liturgical musical performance, especially in relationship to the Organ Mass.

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American Guild of Organists

The American Guild of Organists (AGO) is a national organization of academic, church, and concert organists in the U.S., headquartered in The Interchurch Center in New York City.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.

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Anton Bruckner

Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.

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Antonio de Cabezón

Antonio de Cabezón (30 March 1510 – 26 March 1566) was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist.

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Aquincum was an ancient city, situated on the northeastern borders of the Pannonia province within the Roman Empire.

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Aristide Cavaillé-Coll

Aristide Cavaillé-Coll (4 February 1811 – 13 October 1899), was a French organ builder.

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Arp Schnitger

Arp Schnitger (2 July 1648 – 28 July 1719 (buried)) was a highly influential Northern German organ builder.

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Atlantic City, New Jersey

Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, known for its casinos, boardwalk, and beaches.

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Barker lever

The Barker lever is a pneumatic system which multiplies the force of a finger on the key of a tracker pipe organ.

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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A bellows or pair of bellows is a device constructed to furnish a strong blast of air.

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Bernard Smith (organ builder)

"Father" Bernard Smith (c. 1630 – 1708) was a German-born master organ maker in England in the late seventeenth century.

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Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ

The Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ is the pipe organ in the Main Auditorium of the Boardwalk Hall (formerly known as the Atlantic City Convention Hall) in Atlantic City, New Jersey, built by the Midmer-Losh Organ Company.

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Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.

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Burnishing (metal)

Burnishing is the plastic deformation of a surface due to sliding contact with another object.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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C. B. Fisk

For the Union general, see Clinton B. Fisk. C.B. Fisk, Inc. is a company in Gloucester in the U.S. state of Massachusetts that designs and builds mechanical action pipe organs.

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Camille Saint-Saëns

Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.

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Cantigas de Santa Maria

The Cantigas de Santa Maria ("Canticles of Holy Mary"),, are 420 poems with musical notation, written in the medieval Galician-Portuguese language during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile ''El Sabio'' (1221–1284) and often attributed to him.

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The canzona (It. plural canzone) is an instrumental musical form of the 16th and 17th centuries that developed from the Netherlandish chanson.

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Carol Williams (organist)

Carol Anne Williams D.M.A., ARAM, FRCO, FTCL, ARCM, San Diego Civic Organist Emerita (born 1962) is a British-born international concert organist and composer, now living in America.

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César Franck

César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.

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The celesta or celeste is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard.

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Centimetre of water

A centimetre of water (US spelling centimeter of water, abbreviated cm or cm H2O) is a less commonly used unit of pressure derived from pressure head calculations using metrology.

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Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Charles Tournemire

Charles Arnould Tournemire (22 January 1870 – 3 or 4 November 1939) was a French composer and organist, notable partly for his improvisations which were often rooted in the music of Gregorian chant.

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Charles-Marie Widor

Charles-Marie Jean Albert Widor (21 February 1844 – 12 March 1937) was a French organist, composer and teacher, most notable for his ten organ symphonies.

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Chorale fantasia

Chorale fantasia is a type of large composition based on a chorale melody, both works for organ, and vocal settings, for example the opening movements of Bach's chorale cantatas, with the chorale melody as a cantus firmus.

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Chorale motet

The chorale motet was a type of musical composition in mostly Protestant parts of Europe, principally Germany, and mainly during the 16th century.

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Chorale partita

A chorale partita is a large-scale multimovement piece of music based on a chorale and written for a keyboard instrument.

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Chorale prelude

In music, a chorale prelude is a short liturgical composition for organ using a chorale tune as its basis.

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The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Claudio Merulo

Claudio Merulo (8 April 1533 – 4 May 1604) was an Italian composer, publisher and organist of the late Renaissance period, most famous for his innovative keyboard music and his ensemble music composed in the Venetian polychoral style.

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The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument that was used largely in the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras.

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Codex Faenza

The Codex Faenza (Faenza, Biblioteca Comunale 117) abbreviated as "(I-FZc 117)", and sometimes known as Codex Bonadies, is a 15th-century musical manuscript containing some of the oldest preserved keyboard music along with additional vocal pieces.

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Commonwealth of England

The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.

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Constantine V

Constantine V (Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄; July, 718 AD – September 14, 775 AD), denigrated by his enemies as Kopronymos or Copronymus, meaning the dung-named, was Byzantine emperor from 741 to 775.

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Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.

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In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.

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Cradley Heath Baptist Church

Cradley Heath Baptist Church, also known as Four-ways Baptist Church, was the first Church of any denomination to build a chapel in Cradley Heath, West Midlands.

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Crescendo pedal

A crescendo pedal is a large pedal commonly found on medium-sized and larger pipe organs (as well as digital organs), either partially or fully recessed within the organ console.

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The crumhorn is a musical instrument of the woodwind family, most commonly used during the Renaissance period.

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Ctesibius or Ktesibios or Tesibius (Κτησίβιος; fl. 285–222 BC) was a Greek inventor and mathematician in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt.

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Diane Bish

Diane Joyce Bish (born May 25, 1941 in Wichita, Kansas) is an American organist, composer, conductor, as well as executive producer and host of The Joy of Music television series.

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Diatonic and chromatic

Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.

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Dieterich Buxtehude

Dieterich Buxtehude (Diderich,; c. 1637/39 – 9 May 1707) was a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period.

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Direct electric action

Direct electric action is one of various systems used in pipe organs to control the flow of air (wind) into the organ's pipes when the corresponding keys or pedals are depressed.

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Dom Bédos de Celles

François Lamathe Bédos de Celles de Salelles, known as Dom Bédos de Celles, (24 January 1709 – 25 November 1779) was a Benedictine monk best known for being a master pipe organ builder.

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The drum is a member of the percussion group of musical instruments.

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Dynamics (music)

In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.

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Electric organ

An electric organ, also known as electronic organ, is an electronic keyboard instrument which was derived from the harmonium, pipe organ and theatre organ.

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Electro-pneumatic action

The electro-pneumatic action is a control system for pipe organs, whereby air pressure, controlled by an electric current and operated by the keys of an organ console, opens and closes valves within wind chests, allowing the pipes to speak.

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En chamade

En chamade (French: "to sound a parley") refers to powerfully voiced reed stops in a pipe organ that have been mounted horizontally, rather than vertically, in the front of the organ case, projecting out into the church or concert hall.

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An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.

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English Reformation

The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

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Fantasia (music)

The fantasia (also English: fantasy, fancy, fantazy, phantasy, Fantasie, Phantasie, fantaisie) is a musical composition with its roots in the art of improvisation.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.

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A fipple is a constricted mouthpiece common to many end-blown flutes, such as the tin whistle and the recorder.

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Flue pipe

A flue pipe (also referred to as a labial pipe) is an organ pipe that produces sound through the vibration of air molecules, in the same manner as a recorder or a whistle.

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François Couperin

François Couperin (10 November 1668 – 11 September 1733) was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist.

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Francis Poulenc

Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 189930 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist.

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The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

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French organ school

The French organ school formed in the first half of the 17th century.

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In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.

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Georg Böhm

Georg Böhm (2 September 1661 – 18 May 1733) was a German Baroque organist and composer.

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George Frideric Handel

George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.

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Gerd Zacher

Gerd Zacher (6 July 1929– 9 June 2014) was a German composer, organist, and writer on music.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gilding is any decorative technique for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, stone, or metal to give a thin coating of gold.

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Girolamo Frescobaldi

Girolamo Alessandro Frescobaldi (also Gerolamo, Girolimo, and Geronimo Alissandro; September, 15831 March 1643) was a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.

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Gottfried Silbermann

Gottfried Silbermann (January 14, 1683 – August 4, 1753) was a German builder of keyboard instruments.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Guillaume de Machaut

Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.

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Gustav Holst

Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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György Ligeti

György Sándor Ligeti (Ligeti György Sándor,; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a Hungarian-Austrian composer of contemporary classical music.

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Halberstadt is a town in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, the capital of Harz district.

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The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

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A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.

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Heinrich Scheidemann

Heinrich Scheidemann (ca. 1595 – 1663) was a German organist and composer.

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Helmholtz pitch notation

Helmholtz pitch notation is a system for naming musical notes of the Western chromatic scale.

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Henry Willis & Sons

Henry Willis & Sons is a British firm of pipe organ builders founded in 1845 in London at 2 & 1/2 Foundling Terrace, Gray's Inn Road.

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Herbert Howells

Herbert Norman Howells (17 October 1892 – 23 February 1983, 90 years of age at time of death) was an English composer, organist, and teacher, most famous for his large output of Anglican church music.

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Hippodrome of Constantinople

The Hippodrome of Constantinople (Hippódromos tēs Kōnstantinoupóleōs) was a circus that was the sporting and social centre of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.

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Historically informed performance

Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.

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A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.

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Ibn Khordadbeh

Abu'l-Qasim Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah ibn Khordadbeh (ابوالقاسم عبیدالله ابن خردادبه) (c. 820 – 912 CE), better known as Ibn Khordadbeh or Ibn Khurradadhbih, was the author of the earliest surviving Arabic book of administrative geography.

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Inch of water

Inches of water, inches of water gauge (iwg or in.w.g.), inches water column (inch wc or just wc), inAq, Aq, or inHO is a non-SI unit for pressure.

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Intabulation, from the Italian word intavolatura, refers to an arrangement of a vocal or ensemble piece for keyboard, lute, or other plucked string instrument, written in tablature.

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Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck

Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (April or May, 1562 – 16 October 1621) was a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jean Langlais

Jean Langlais (15 February 1907 – 8 May 1991) was a French composer of modern classical music, organist, and improviser.

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Jean Titelouze

Jean (Jehan) Titelouze (c. 1562/63 – 24 October 1633) was a French composer, poet and organist of the early Baroque period.

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Jehan Alain

Jehan Ariste Alain (3 February 1911 – 20 June 1940) was a French organist and composer.

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Johann Pachelbel

Johann Pachelbel (baptised 1 September 1653 – buried 9 March 1706) was a German composer, organist, and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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Johannus Orgelbouw is a Dutch builder of electronic organs for home and church use, located in Ede, Netherlands.

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John Blow

John Blow (baptised 23 February 1649 – 1 October 1708) was an English Baroque composer and organist, appointed to Westminster Abbey in 1669.

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John Dunstaple

John Dunstaple (or Dunstable, c. 1390 – 24 December 1453) was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods.

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John Stanley (composer)

Charles John Stanley (17 January 1712 Old Style – 19 May 1786) was an English composer and organist.

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Joseph Jongen

Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen (14 December 1873 – 12 July 1953) was a Belgian organist, composer, and music educator.

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Juan Bautista Cabanilles

Juan Bautista José Cabanilles (also Juan Bautista Josep, Valencian: Joan) (6 September 1644 in Algemesí near Valencia – 29 April 1712 in Valencia) was a Spanish organist and composer at Valencia Cathedral.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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List of Cambridge Companions to Music

The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.

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List of organ symphonies

An organ symphony is a piece for solo pipe organ in various movements.

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List of pipe organs

This is a list and brief description of notable pipe organs in the world, with links to corresponding articles about them.

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Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.

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Louis Vierne

Louis Victor Jules Vierne (8 October 1870 – 2 June 1937) was a French organist and composer.

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Manual (music)

A manual is a musical keyboard designed to be played with the hands, on an instrument such as a pipe organ, harpsichord, clavichord, electronic organ, or synthesizer.

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Marcel Dupré

Marcel Dupré (3 May 1886 – 30 May 1971) was a French organist, composer, and pedagogue.

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Maryamin, Homs

Maryamin (مريمين, also spelled Mariamin or Meriamen) is a village in central Syria, administratively part of the Homs Governorate starting from 2008 after being part of the Hama Governorate, located in Homs Gap southwest of Hama.

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Mass (liturgy)

Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.

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Matthias Weckmann

Matthias Weckmann (Weckman) (probably 161624 February 1674) was a German musician and composer of the Baroque period.

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Maurice Duruflé

Maurice Duruflé (11 January 1902 – 16 June 1986) was a French composer, organist, and teacher.

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Max Reger

Johann Baptist Joseph Maximilian Reger (19 March 187311 May 1916), commonly known as Max Reger, was a German composer, pianist, organist, conductor, and academic teacher.

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MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.

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Miniature (illuminated manuscript)

The word miniature, derived from the Latin minium, red lead, is a small illustration used to decorate an ancient or medieval illuminated manuscript; the simple illustrations of the early codices having been miniated or delineated with that pigment.

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Mixture (music)

A mixture is an organ stop, usually of principal tone quality, that contains multiple ranks of pipes including at least one mutation stop.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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Musical instrument

A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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Musical keyboard

A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers or keys on a musical instrument.

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Nicolas de Grigny

Nicolas de Grigny (baptized September 8, 1672 – November 30, 1703) was a French organist and composer.

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Nicolaus Bruhns

Nicolaus Bruhns (also Nikolaus, Nicholas; late 1665 – in Husum) was a Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer.

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Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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Online Etymology Dictionary

The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.

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Organ building

Organ building is the profession of designing, building, restoring and maintaining pipe organs.

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Organ concerto

An organ concerto is a piece of music, an instrumental concerto for a pipe organ soloist with an orchestra.

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Organ Concerto (Poulenc)

The Concerto pour orgue, cordes et timbales (Concerto for organ, timpani and strings) in G minor, FP 93, is an organ concerto composed by Francis Poulenc between 1934 and 1938.

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Organ console

The pipe organ is played from an area called the console or keydesk, which holds the manuals (keyboards), pedals, and stop controls.

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Organ crawl

An organ crawl is a tour of several pipe organs at different locations in an area, usually taken by a group of enthusiasts.

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Organ pipe

An organ pipe is a sound-producing element of the pipe organ that resonates at a specific pitch when pressurized air (commonly referred to as wind) is driven through it.

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Organ reform movement

The Organ Reform Movement or Orgelbewegung (also called the Organ Revival Movement) was a mid-20th-century trend in pipe organ building, originating in Germany.

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Organ repertoire

The organ repertoire is among the largest for any solo musical instrument.

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Organ Sonatas, Op. 65 (Mendelssohn)

Felix Mendelssohn's six Organ Sonatas, Opus 65, were published in 1845.

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Organ stop

An organ stop (or just stop) is a component of a pipe organ that admits pressurized air (known as wind) to a set of organ pipes.

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Organum (instrument)

An organum is any one of a number of musical instruments which were the forerunners of the organ.

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Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).

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Pannonia was a province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Pedal keyboard

A pedalboard (also called a pedal keyboard, pedal clavier, or, with electronic instruments, a bass pedalboard) is a keyboard played with the feet that is usually used to produce the low-pitched bass line of a piece of music.

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Pepin the Short

Pepin the Short (Pippin der Kurze, Pépin le Bref, c. 714 – 24 September 768) was the King of the Franks from 751 until his death.

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Percussion instrument

A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.

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Persian people

The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.

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Petr Eben

Petr Eben (22 January 1929 – 24 October 2007) was a Czech composer of modern and contemporary classical music, organist and choirmaster.

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The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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Popular music

Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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Portative organ

A portative organ (portatif organ, portativ organ, or simply portative, portatif, or portativ) (from the Latin verb portare, "to carry"), also known during Italian Trecento as the organetto, is a small pipe organ that consists of one rank of flue pipes, sometimes arranged in two rows, to be played while strapped to the performer at a right angle.

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Positive organ

A positive organ (also positiv organ, positif organ, portable organ, chair organ, or simply positive, positiv, positif, or chair) (from the Latin verb ponere, "to place") is a small, usually one-manual, pipe organ that is built to be more or less mobile.

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Prelude (music)

A prelude (Präludium or Vorspiel; praeludium; prélude; preludio) is a short piece of music, the form of which may vary from piece to piece.

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Pressure measurement

Pressure measurement is the analysis of an applied force by a fluid (liquid or gas) on a surface.

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Ralph Vaughan Williams

Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.

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Range (music)

In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.

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Recorder (musical instrument)

The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.

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Reed (mouthpiece)

A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.

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Reed pipe

A reed pipe (also referred to as a lingual pipe) is an organ pipe that is sounded by a vibrating brass strip known as a reed.

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Registration (organ)

Registration is the technique of choosing and combining the stops of a pipe organ in order to produce a particular sound.

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Religious music

Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.

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Renaissance music

Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.

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Renatus Harris

Renatus Harris (ca. 1652 - 1724) was a master organ maker in England in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.

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Restoration (England)

The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.

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A ricercar (also spelled ricercare, recercar, recercare) is a type of late Renaissance and mostly early Baroque instrumental composition.

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Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

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Robertsbridge Codex

The Robertsbridge Codex (1360) is a music manuscript of the 14th century.

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Rodgers Instruments

Rodgers Instruments Corporation is an American manufacturer of classical and church organs.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romantic music

Romantic music is a period of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.

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Samuel Scheidt

Samuel Scheidt (baptized 3 November 1587 – 24 March 1654) was a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.

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The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

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Scale (music)

In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.

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Secular music

Secular music (non-religious) and sacred music were the two main genres of Western music during the Middle Ages and Renaissance era.

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Sigfrid Karg-Elert

Sigfrid Karg-Elert (November 21, 1877April 9, 1933) was a German composer of considerable fame in the early twentieth century, best known for his compositions for organ and harmonium.

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Silent film

A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).

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Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare, "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.

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St Magnus-the-Martyr

St Magnus the Martyr, London Bridge is a Church of England church and parish within the City of London.

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Swell box

In an organ, "Swell" (German: "Schwellwerk;" French: "Récit") refers to the division whose pipes are enclosed in a swell box.

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Symphony No. 3 (Saint-Saëns)

The Symphony No.

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Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

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Telephone exchange

A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.

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The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.

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Theatre organ

A theatre organ (also known as a theater organ, or a cinema organ) is a distinct type of pipe organ originally developed to provide music and sound effects to accompany silent films during the first 3 decades of the 20th century.

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Theophilus Presbyter

Theophilus Presbyter (fl. c. 1070–1125) is the pseudonymous author or compiler of a Latin text containing detailed descriptions of various medieval arts, a text commonly known as the Schedula diversarum artium ("List of various arts") or De diversis artibus ("On various arts"), probably first compiled between 1100 and 1120.

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In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.

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Toccata (from Italian toccare, literally, "to touch") is a virtuoso piece of music typically for a keyboard or plucked string instrument featuring fast-moving, lightly fingered or otherwise virtuosic passages or sections, with or without imitative or fugal interludes, generally emphasizing the dexterity of the performer's fingers.

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Tracker action

Tracker action is a term used in reference to pipe organs and steam calliopes to indicate a mechanical linkage between keys or pedals pressed by the organist and the valve that allows air to flow into pipe(s) of the corresponding note.

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Transcription (music)

In music, transcription can mean notating a piece or a sound which was previously unnotated, as, for example, an improvised jazz solo.

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The Trocadéro, site of the Palais de Chaillot, is an area of Paris, France, in the 16th arrondissement, across the Seine from the Eiffel Tower.

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A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.

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Tubular bells

Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family.

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Tubular-pneumatic action

"Tubular-pneumatic action" refers to an apparatus used in many pipe organs built during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

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Voix céleste

The Voix celeste, (Voix céleste) (heavenly voice) is an organ stop consisting of either one or two ranks of pipes slightly out of tune.

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Voluntary (music)

In music a voluntary is a piece of music, usually for an organ, that is played as part of a church service.

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Water organ

The water organ or hydraulic organ (ὕδραυλις) (early types are sometimes called hydraulos, hydraulus or hydraula) is a type of pipe organ blown by air, where the power source pushing the air is derived by water from a natural source (e.g. by a waterfall) or by a manual pump.

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Window blind

A window blind is a type of window covering.

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Zacharias Hildebrandt

Zacharias Hildebrandt (1688 – 11 October 1757) was an organ builder, born in Münsterberg, Silesia.

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The Zimbelstern (Meaning "Cymbal Star" in German, also spelled Cymbelstern, Zymbelstern, or Cimbalstern) is a "toy" organ stop consisting of a metal or wooden star or wheel on which several small bells are mounted.

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Baroque Organ, Baroque organ, Blockwerk, Calcant, Coupler (organ), Organ case, Organ casing, Pipe Organ, Pipe organs, Pipe-organ, Sideshow organ, Wind chest, Wind-chest, Windchest.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pipe_organ

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