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A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms. [1]

51 relations: Air gun, Aluminium alloy, Blackie and Son, Cast iron, Casting (metalworking), Circlip, Combustion chamber, Compressor, Connecting rod, Crankshaft, Crosshead, Cylinder (engine), Fire piston, Fluid, Forging, Fruit press, Fuel gas, Gas, Gas engine, Gas-operated reloading, Gasoline, Gudgeon pin, Hiduminium, Hooven-Owens-Rentschler, Hydraulic cylinder, Internal combustion engine, Liquid, Marine steam engine, O-ring, Piston ring, Piston rod, Piston valve, Pneumatic cylinder, Poppet valve, Pump, Reciprocating engine, Scavenging (automotive), Schnuerle porting, Shock absorber, Single- and double-acting cylinders, Slide valve, Slide whistle, Steam engine, Steam locomotive components, Syringe, Two-stroke engine, USS Pompano (SS-181), Valve, Wankel engine, World War II, ..., Y alloy. Expand index (1 more) »

Air gun

An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which relies on an exothermic chemical oxidation (deflagration) of combustible propellants to generate propulsive energy.

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Aluminium alloy

Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal.

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Blackie and Son

Blackie and Son was a publishing house in Glasgow, Scotland and London, England from 1890 to 1991.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Casting (metalworking)

In metalworking and jewellery making, casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape.

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Circlip

A circlip (a portmanteau of "circle" and "clip"), also known as a C-clip, Seeger ring, snap ring or Jesus clip, is a type of fastener or retaining ring consisting of a semi-flexible metal ring with open ends which can be snapped into place, into a machined groove on a dowel pin or other part to permit rotation but to prevent lateral movement.

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Combustion chamber

A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.

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Compressor

A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.

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Connecting rod

A connecting rod is a shaft which connects a piston to a crank or crankshaft in a reciprocating engine.

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Crankshaft

A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.

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Crosshead

A crosshead is a mechanism used in long reciprocating engines and reciprocating compressors to eliminate sideways pressure on the piston.

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Cylinder (engine)

A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.

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Fire piston

A fire piston, sometimes called a fire syringe or a slam rod fire starter, is a device of ancient origin which is used to kindle fire.

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Fluid

In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.

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Forging

Forging is a manufacturing process involving the shaping of metal using localized compressive forces.

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Fruit press

A fruit press is a device used to separate fruit solids - stems, skins, seeds, pulp, leaves, and detritus - from fruit juice.

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Fuel gas

Fuel gas is any one of a number of fuels that under ordinary conditions are gaseous.

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Gas

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).

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Gas engine

A gas engine is an internal combustion engine which runs on a gas fuel, such as coal gas, producer gas, biogas, landfill gas or natural gas.

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Gas-operated reloading

Gas-operation is a system of operation used to provide energy to operate autoloading firearms.

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Gasoline

Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.

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Gudgeon pin

In internal combustion engines, the gudgeon pin (UK, wrist pin US) connects the piston to the connecting rod and provides a bearing for the connecting rod to pivot upon as the piston moves.

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Hiduminium

The Hiduminium alloys or R.R. alloys are a series of high-strength, high-temperature aluminium alloys, developed for aircraft use by Rolls-Royce ("RR") before World War II.

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Hooven-Owens-Rentschler

The firm of Hooven, Owens, Rentschler, and Company manufactured steam and diesel engines in Hamilton, Ohio.

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Hydraulic cylinder

A hydraulic cylinder (also called a linear hydraulic motor) is a mechanical actuator that is used to give a unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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Liquid

A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.

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Marine steam engine

A marine steam engine is a steam engine that is used to power a ship or boat.

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O-ring

An O-ring, also known as a packing, or a toric joint, is a mechanical gasket in the shape of a torus; it is a loop of elastomer with a round cross-section, designed to be seated in a groove and compressed during assembly between two or more parts, creating a seal at the interface.

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Piston ring

A piston ring is a split ring that fits into a groove on the outer diameter of a piston in a reciprocating engine such as an internal combustion engine or steam engine.

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Piston rod

In a piston engine, a piston rod joins a piston to the crosshead and thus to the connecting rod that drives the crankshaft or (for steam locomotives) the driving wheels.

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Piston valve

A piston valve is a device used to control the motion of a fluid along a tube or pipe by means of the linear motion of a piston within a chamber or cylinder.

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Pneumatic cylinder

Pneumatic cylinder(s) (sometimes known as air cylinders) are mechanical devices which use the power of compressed gas to produce a force in a reciprocating linear motion.

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Poppet valve

A poppet valve (also called mushroom valve) is a valve typically used to control the timing and quantity of gas or vapour flow into an engine.

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Pump

A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.

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Reciprocating engine

A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.

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Scavenging (automotive)

Uniflow scavenging In automotive usage, scavenging is the process of pushing exhausted gas-charge out of the cylinder and drawing in a fresh draught of air or fuel/air mixture for the next cycle.

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Schnuerle porting

Schnuerle porting is a system to improve efficiency of a valveless two-stroke engine by giving better scavenging.

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Shock absorber

A shock absorber (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.

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Single- and double-acting cylinders

Reciprocating engine cylinders are often classified by whether they are single- or double-acting, depending on how the working fluid acts on the piston.

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Slide valve

The slide valve is a rectilinear valve used to control the admission of steam into, and emission of exhaust from, the cylinder of a steam engine.

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Slide whistle

A slide whistle (variously known as a swanee or swannee whistle, lotos flute piston flute, or jazz flute) is a wind instrument consisting of a fipple like a recorder's and a tube with a piston in it.

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Steam engine

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.

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Steam locomotive components

This is a glossary of the components found on typical steam locomotives.

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Syringe

A syringe is a simple reciprocating pump consisting of a plunger (though in modern syringes it's actually a piston) that fits tightly within a cylindrical tube called a barrel.

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Two-stroke engine

A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.

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USS Pompano (SS-181)

USS Pompano (SS-181), a United States ''Porpoise''-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the pompano. Her keel was laid down on 14 January 1936 by the Mare Island Navy Yard in California. She was launched on 11 March 1937, sponsored by Mrs. Isaac I. Yates, wife of Captain Isaac I. Yates, manager of Mare Island Navy Yard. The boat was commissioned on 12 June 1937, Lieutenant Commander Lewis S. Parks in command.

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Valve

A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways.

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Wankel engine

The Wankel engine is a type of internal combustion engine using an eccentric rotary design to convert pressure into rotating motion.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Y alloy

Y alloy is a nickel-containing aluminium alloy.

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Redirects here:

Crosshead piston, Deflector piston, Drawback of piston, Piston Linkage, Trunk piston.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piston

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