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Pit viper

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The Crotalinae, commonly known as pit vipers,Mehrtens JM. [1]

58 relations: Acetylcholinesterase, Agkistrodon contortrix, Agkistrodon piscivorus, Americas, Arboreal locomotion, Bothrops, Bothrops atrox, Calloselasma, Canada, Central America, China, Crotalus, Crotalus cerastes, Crotalus scutulatus, Crotalus triseriatus, Desert, Endemism, Esterase, Eurasia, Family (biology), Genus, Gloydius shedaoensis, Gloydius strauchi, Habitat, Hibernation, Hypnale hypnale, India, Indonesia, Infrared, Japan, Lachesis (genus), Lachesis muta, List of crotaline species and subspecies, Loreal pit, Monoamine oxidase, Monophyly, Nepal, New World, Nicolaus Michael Oppel, Old World, Oviparity, Ovoviviparity, Rainforest, Rangefinder, Rattlesnake, South America, Species, Sri Lanka, Subfamily, Terrestrial animal, ..., Timber rattlesnake, Trimeresurus, Trimeresurus trigonocephalus, Type genus, Type species, Venomous snake, Viperidae, Viperinae. Expand index (8 more) »


Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by HGNC gene ACHE; EC is the primary cholinesterase in the body. It is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine and of some other choline esters that function as neurotransmitters. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and in chemical synapses of the cholinergic type, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs to carboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.

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Agkistrodon contortrix

Agkistrodon contortrix is a species of venomous snake endemic to Eastern North America, a member of the subfamily Crotalinae (pit vipers).

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Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus is a venomous snake, a species of pit viper, found in the southeastern United States.

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Arboreal locomotion

Arboreal locomotion is the locomotion of animals in trees.

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Bothrops is a genus of pit vipers endemic to Central and South America.

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Bothrops atrox

Bothrops atrox — also known as the common lancehead, fer-de-lance, barba amarillaCampbell JA, Lamar WW.

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Calloselasma is a monotypic genus created for a venomous pit viper species, C. rhodostoma, which is endemic to Southeast Asia from Thailand to northern Malaysia and on the island of Java.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Crotalus is a genus of venomous pit vipers in the family Viperidae.

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Crotalus cerastes

The sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes), also known as the horned rattlesnake and sidewinder rattlesnake,Wright AH, Wright AA.

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Crotalus scutulatus

Crotalus scutulatus (common names: Mojave rattlesnake,Crothier, B.I. et al. 2003. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico: Update. Herpetological Review 34:196-203Stebbins, R.C. 2003. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co.Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates.. Mojave green) is a highly venomous pit viper species found in the deserts of the southwestern United States and central Mexico.

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Crotalus triseriatus

Crotalus triseriatus is a venomous pit viper species found in Mexico.

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A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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An esterase is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis.

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Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.

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Family (biology)

In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Gloydius shedaoensis

Gloydius shedaoensis is a venomous pitviper species found only on Shedao Island in China.

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Gloydius strauchi

Gloydius strauchi is a venomous pitviper species endemic to western China.

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In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Hibernation is a state of inactivity and metabolic depression in endotherms.

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Hypnale hypnale

Hypnale hypnale is a venomous pit viper species endemic to India and Sri Lanka.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Lachesis (genus)

Lachesis is a genus of venomous pit vipers found in forested areas of Central and South America.

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Lachesis muta

Lachesis muta is a venomous pit viper species found in South America (including the island of Trinidad in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago).

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List of crotaline species and subspecies

This is a list of all sure genera, species and subspecies of the subfamily Crotalinae, otherwise referred to as crotalines, pit vipers or pitvipers.

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Loreal pit

The loreal pit is the deep depression, or fossa, in the loreal area on either side of the head in crotaline snakes (pitvipers).

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Monoamine oxidase

L-Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.

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In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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New World

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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Nicolaus Michael Oppel

Nicolaus Michael Oppel (December 7, 1782 in Schönficht – February 16, 1820 in Munich) was a German naturalist.

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Old World

The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").

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Oviparous animals are animals that lay eggs, with little or no other embryonic development within the mother.

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Ovoviviparity, ovovivipary, or ovivipary, is a mode of reproduction in animals in which embryos that develop inside eggs remain in the mother's body until they are ready to hatch.

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Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.

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A rangefinder is a device that measures distance from the observer to a target, in a process called ranging.

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Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes of the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus of the subfamily Crotalinae (the pit vipers).

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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In biological classification, a subfamily (Latin: subfamilia, plural subfamiliae) is an auxiliary (intermediate) taxonomic rank, next below family but more inclusive than genus.

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Terrestrial animal

Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, spiders), as compared with aquatic animals, which live predominantly or entirely in the water (e.g., fish, lobsters, octopuses), or amphibians, which rely on a combination of aquatic and terrestrial habitats (e.g., frogs, or newts).

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Timber rattlesnake

The timber rattlesnake, canebrake rattlesnake or banded rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus),Wright AH, Wright AA (1957).

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Trimeresurus is a genus of venomous pit vipers found in Asia from the Indian Subcontinent throughout Southeast Asia, China and the Pacific Islands.

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Trimeresurus trigonocephalus

Trimeresurus trigonocephalus, the Sri Lankan pit viper,http://www.arkive.org/sri-lankan-pit-viper/trimeresurus-trigonocephalus/ Ceylon pit viper, Sri Lankan green pitviper or locally, pala polonga, (පළා පොළඟා) is a venomous pit viper species endemic to Sri Lanka.

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Type genus

In biological classification, especially zoology, the type genus is the genus which defines a biological family and the root of the family name.

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Type species

In zoological nomenclature, a type species (species typica) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s).

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Venomous snake

Venomous snakes are species of the suborder Serpentes that are capable of producing venom, which is used primarily for immobilizing prey and defense mostly via mechanical injection by fangs.

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The Viperidae (vipers) is a family of venomous snakes found in most parts of the world, excluding Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, Hawaii, various other isolated islands, and north of the Arctic Circle.

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The Viperinae, or viperines, are a subfamily of venomous vipers endemic to Europe, Asia and Africa.

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Agkistrodontini, Agkistrodontinii, Bothrophera, Bothrophes, Cophiadae, Cophiinae, Crotalid, Crotalid venoms, Crotalida, Crotalidae, Crotalids, Crotalina, Crotalinae, Crotaline, Crotalines, Crotalini, Crotaloidae, Crotaloidei, Lachesinae, Lachesinii, Pit Viper, Pit viper snake, Pit viper snakes, Pit vipers, Pitviper, Pitvipers, Teleuraspides.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pit_viper

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