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In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen. [1]

90 relations: Addison-Wesley, Anamorphic widescreen, Bayer filter, Bijection, Binary image, Bitmap, Cathode ray tube, Channel (digital image), Charge-coupled device, Clipmap, CMOS, CMYK color model, Color depth, Computer display standard, Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, Computer History Museum, Computer monitor, Convolution, Data element, Demosaicing, Dexel, Dictionary.com, Digital camera, Digital imaging, Digital video, Display device, Dot matrix, Dots per inch, DxO, Electronics World, F-number, Focal length, Frederic C. Billingsley, Gigapixel image, Glossary of video terms, Grant Munro (filmmaker), Graphical user interface, Halftone, High color, IBM Personal Computer, Image resolution, Image sensor, Intensity (physics), Intrapixel and Interpixel processing, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, JPEG, LCD crosstalk, Liquid-crystal display, Micro Four Thirds system, Native resolution, ..., Nikon D800, Norman McLaren, Nyquist rate, Opacity (optics), Palo Alto, California, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, PenTile matrix family, Perceptual MegaPixel, Pixel, Pixel art, Pixel aspect ratio, Pixel density, Pixel geometry, Pixel-art scaling algorithms, Pixie, Pixilation, Point (typography), Portmanteau, Radian, Raster graphics, Raster scan, Rec. 601, Regular grid, RGB color model, Sample (graphics), Sampling (signal processing), Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM lens, Space probe, Subpixel rendering, Support (mathematics), Texel (graphics), The Million Dollar Homepage, The New York Times, The Slow Mo Guys, Triad (monitors), Variety (magazine), Video card, Video Graphics Array, Voxel, YouTube. Expand index (40 more) »

Addison-Wesley

Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.

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Anamorphic widescreen

Anamorphic widescreen (also called Full height anamorphic) is a process by which a comparatively wide widescreen image is horizontally compressed to fit into a storage medium (photographic film or MPEG-2 Standard Definition frame, for example) with a narrower aspect ratio, reducing the horizontal resolution of the image while keeping its full original vertical resolution.

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Bayer filter

A Bayer filter mosaic is a color filter array (CFA) for arranging RGB color filters on a square grid of photosensors.

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Bijection

In mathematics, a bijection, bijective function, or one-to-one correspondence is a function between the elements of two sets, where each element of one set is paired with exactly one element of the other set, and each element of the other set is paired with exactly one element of the first set.

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Binary image

A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.

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Bitmap

In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.

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Cathode ray tube

The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.

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Channel (digital image)

Color digital images are made of pixels, and pixels are made of combinations of primary colors represented by a series of code.

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Clipmap

Clipmapping is a method of clipping a mipmap to a subset of data pertinent to the geometry being displayed.

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CMOS

Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.

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CMYK color model

The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.

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Color depth

Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.

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Computer display standard

Computer display standards are a combination of aspect ratio, display size, display resolution, color depth, and refresh rate.

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Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice

Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice is a textbook written by John F. Hughes, Andries van Dam, Morgan McGuire, David F. Sklar, James D. Foley, Steven K. Feiner, and Kurt Akeley and published by Addison–Wesley.

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Computer History Museum

The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.

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Computer monitor

A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.

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Convolution

In mathematics (and, in particular, functional analysis) convolution is a mathematical operation on two functions (f and g) to produce a third function, that is typically viewed as a modified version of one of the original functions, giving the integral of the pointwise multiplication of the two functions as a function of the amount that one of the original functions is translated.

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Data element

In metadata, the term data element is an atomic unit of data that has precise meaning or precise semantics.

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Demosaicing

A demosaicing (also de-mosaicing, demosaicking or debayering) algorithm is a digital image process used to reconstruct a full color image from the incomplete color samples output from an image sensor overlaid with a color filter array (CFA).

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Dexel

The term Dexel has two common uses: Dexel ("depth pixel") is a concept used for a discretized representation of functions defined on surfaces used in geometrical modeling and physical simulation, sometimes also referred to as multilevel Z-map.

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Dictionary.com

Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.

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Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.

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Digital imaging

Digital imaging or digital image acquisition is the creation of a digitally encoded representation of the visual characteristics of an object, such as a physical scene or the interior structure of an object.

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Digital video

Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.

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Display device

A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).

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Dot matrix

A dot matrix is a 2-dimensional patterned array, used to represent characters, symbols and images.

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Dots per inch

Dots per inch (DPI, or dpi) is a measure of spatial printing or video or image scanner dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).

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DxO

DxO is a French company dedicated to photography, founded in 2006, it is located in Boulogne-Billancourt.

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Electronics World

Electronics World (Wireless World, founded in 1913, and in September 1984 renamed Electronics & Wireless World) is a technical magazine in electronics and RF engineering aimed at professional design engineers.

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F-number

The f-number of an optical system (such as a camera lens) is the ratio of the system's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil.

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Focal length

The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.

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Frederic C. Billingsley

Frederic Crockett Billingsley (23 July 1921 – 31 May 2002) was an American engineer, who spent most of his career developing techniques for digital image processing in support of American space probes to the moon, to Mars, and to other planets.

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Gigapixel image

A gigapixel image is a digital image bitmap composed of one billion (109) pixels (picture elements), 1000 times the information captured by a 1 megapixel digital camera.

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Glossary of video terms

This glossary defines terms that are used in the document, developed by the.

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Grant Munro (filmmaker)

Grant Munro, (April 25, 1923 – December 9, 2017) was a Canadian animator, filmmaker and actor.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Halftone

Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, thus generating a gradient-like effect.

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High color

High color graphics (variously spelled Highcolor, Hicolor, Hi-color, Hicolour, and Highcolour, and known as Thousands of colors on a Macintosh) is a method of storing image information in a computer's memory such that each pixel is represented by two bytes.

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IBM Personal Computer

The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.

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Image resolution

Image resolution is the detail an image holds.

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Image sensor

An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.

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Intensity (physics)

In physics, intensity is the power transferred per unit area, where the area is measured on the plane perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the energy.

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Intrapixel and Interpixel processing

CMOS sensor processing is done in pixel level.

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Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.

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JPEG

JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.

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LCD crosstalk

LCD crosstalk is a visual defect in an LCD screen which occurs because of interference between adjacent pixels.

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Liquid-crystal display

A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.

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Micro Four Thirds system

The Micro Four Thirds system (MFT or M4/3) is a standard released by Olympus and Panasonic in 2008, for the design and development of mirrorless interchangeable lens digital cameras, camcorders and lenses.

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Native resolution

The native resolution of a LCD, LCoS or other flat panel display refers to its single fixed resolution.

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Nikon D800

The Nikon D800 is a 36.3-megapixel professional-grade full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera produced by Nikon Corporation.

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Norman McLaren

Norman McLaren, (11 April 1914 – 27 January 1987) was a Scottish Canadian animator, director and producer known for his work for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB).

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Nyquist rate

In signal processing, the Nyquist rate, named after Harry Nyquist, is twice the bandwidth of a bandlimited function or a bandlimited channel.

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Opacity (optics)

Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.

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Palo Alto, California

Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.

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Paul Gottlieb Nipkow

Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow (22 August 1860 – 24 August 1940) was a German technician and inventor.

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PenTile matrix family

PenTile matrix is a family of patented subpixel matrix schemes used in electronic device displays.

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Perceptual MegaPixel

The Perceptual MegaPixel (P-MP) is a proprietary ranking of lens-camera combinations, created by DxO Labs.

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Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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Pixel art

Pixel art is a form of digital art, created through the use of software, where images are edited on the pixel level.

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Pixel aspect ratio

Pixel aspect ratio (often abbreviated PAR) is a mathematical ratio that describes how the width of a pixel in a digital image compares to the height of that pixel.

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Pixel density

Pixels per inch (PPI) or pixels per centimeter (PPCM) are measurements of the pixel density (resolution) of an electronic image device, such as a computer monitor or television display, or image digitizing device such as a camera or image scanner.

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Pixel geometry

The components of the pixels (primary colors red, green and blue) in an image sensor or display can be ordered in different patterns, called pixel geometry.

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Pixel-art scaling algorithms

Pixel-art scaling algorithms are graphical filters that are often used in video game emulators to enhance hand-drawn 2D pixel art graphics.

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Pixie

Pixie (also pixy, pixi, pizkie, piskie and pigsie as it is sometimes known in Cornwall) is a mythical creature of folklore.

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Pixilation

Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames.

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Point (typography)

In typography, the point is the smallest unit of measure.

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Portmanteau

A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.

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Radian

The radian (SI symbol rad) is the SI unit for measuring angles, and is the standard unit of angular measure used in many areas of mathematics.

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Raster graphics

In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.

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Raster scan

A raster scan, or raster scanning, is the rectangular pattern of image capture and reconstruction in television.

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Rec. 601

ITU-R Recommendation BT.601, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec.

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Regular grid

A regular grid is a tessellation of n-dimensional Euclidean space by congruent parallelotopes (e.g. bricks).

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RGB color model

The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.

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Sample (graphics)

In computer graphics, a sample is an intersection of channel and a pixel.

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Sampling (signal processing)

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.

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Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM lens

The Sigma 35mm 1.4 DG HSM Art is a wide angle prime lens made by the Sigma Corporation.

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Space probe

A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.

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Subpixel rendering

Subpixel rendering is a way to increase the apparent resolution of a computer's liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display by rendering pixels to take into account the screen type's physical properties.

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Support (mathematics)

In mathematics, the support of a real-valued function f is the subset of the domain containing those elements which are not mapped to zero.

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Texel (graphics)

A texel, texture element, or texture pixel is the fundamental unit of a texture map, used in computer graphics.

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The Million Dollar Homepage

The Million Dollar Homepage is a website conceived in 2005 by Alex Tew, a student from Wiltshire, England, to raise money for his university education.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Slow Mo Guys

The Slow Mo Guys is a science and technology entertainment web series created by Gavin Free, starring himself and Daniel Charles Gruchy.

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Triad (monitors)

In CRT or computer terminology, a triad is a group of three phosphor dots coloured red, green, and blue on the inside of the CRT display of a computer monitor or television set.

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Variety (magazine)

Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.

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Video card

A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).

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Video Graphics Array

Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.

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Voxel

A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space.

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YouTube

YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.

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1.3 megapixel, 240px, Gigapixels, Kilopixel, Mebipixel, Mega Pixel, Mega pixel, Mega-Pixel, Megapel, Megapixal, Megapixel, Megapixels, Photosite, Picture element, Pixel center, Pixels, Pixil, Rectangular pixel, Sub pixel, Sub-Pixel, Sub-pixel, Subpixel.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pixel

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