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Plant breeders' rights

Index Plant breeders' rights

Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years. [1]

25 relations: Agriculture, Community Plant Variety Office, Compulsory license, Exclusive right, F1 hybrid, Geneva, Hybrid (biology), Intellectual property, Intellectual property infringement, International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, Open Source Seed Initiative, Patent, Plant breeding, Plant Patent Act of 1930, Plant propagation, Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964, Plant variety (law), Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970, Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act, 2001, Seed, Self-executing right, TRIPS Agreement, United States, Western Europe, World Trade Organization.

Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Community Plant Variety Office

The Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) is an agency of the European Union, located in Angers, France.

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Compulsory license

A compulsory license provides that the owner of a patent or copyright licenses the use of their rights against payment either set by law or determined through some form of adjudication or arbitration.

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Exclusive right

In Anglo-Saxon law, an exclusive right, or exclusivity, is a de facto, non-tangible prerogative existing in law (that is, the power or, in a wider sense, right) to perform an action or acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit.

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F1 hybrid

An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types.

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Geneva

Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

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Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.

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Intellectual property infringement

An intellectual property infringement is the infringement or violation of an intellectual property right.

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International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

The International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants or UPOV (Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales) is an intergovernmental organization with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

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Open Source Seed Initiative

The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source.

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Patent

A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Plant breeding

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.

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Plant Patent Act of 1930

The Plant Patent Act of 1930 (enacted on 1930-06-17 as Title III of the Smoot–Hawley Tariff, ch. 497,, codified as 35 U.S.C.) is a United States federal law spurred by the work of Luther Burbank.

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Plant propagation

Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings and other plant parts.

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Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964

The Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed to allow regulation of the sale of plants.

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Plant variety (law)

Plant variety is a legal term, following the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) Convention.

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Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970

The Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970 (PVPA), 7 U.S.C. §§ 2321-2582, is an intellectual property statute in the United States.

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Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act, 2001

The Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers Right Act, 2001 (PPVFR Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India that was enacted to provide for the establishment of an effective system for protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders, and to encourage the development and cultivation of new varieties of plants.

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Seed

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Self-executing right

Self-executing rights in international human rights law are rights that are formulated in such a way that one can deduce that it was the purpose to create international laws that citizens can invoke directly in their national courts.

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TRIPS Agreement

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.

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Redirects here:

Breeder's rights, Breeders' rights, Plant Breeders Rights, Plant Patent, Plant Variety Rights, Plant breeders' right, Plant breeders’ rights, Plant patent, Plant variety rights.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_breeders'_rights

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