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Plant stem

Index Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root. [1]

164 relations: Acer griseum, Airplane, Amber, Arecaceae, Asparagus, Axillary bud, Bamboo, Bamboo shoot, Banana, Bark (botany), Barrel, Bast fibre, Betula papyrifera, Boat, Branch, Bud, Building material, Bulb, Cactus, Camphor, Car, Cellophane, Cellulose, Cellulose acetate, Charcoal, Chewing gum, Chicle, Chlorophytum comosum, Cinchona, Cinnamon, Coffin, Colocasia esculenta, Conifer cone, Cork (material), Cork cambium, Corm, Cortex (botany), Crocus, Curare, Cyatheales, Deep foundation, Dendrochronology, Dendroclimatology, Dicotyledon, Eleocharis dulcis, Endodermis, Epidermis (botany), Fern, Fir, Firewood, ..., Fishing rod, Flax, Flower, Frond, Fruit, Furniture, Garlic, Gladiolus, Ground tissue, Gum arabic, Gymnosperm, Habitat, Hazel, Hemp, Herbaceous plant, Hevea brasiliensis, Hosta, Inflorescence, Infructescence, Iris (plant), Jewellery, Jute, Kohlrabi, Leaf, Leather, Lichen, Lilium, Maple, Maple sugar, Match, Meristem, Monocotyledon, Mulch, Musical instrument, Narcissus (plant), Natural rubber, Nopalito, Oak, Onion, Paper, Paperboard, Papyrus, Pedicel (botany), Peduncle (botany), Pericycle, Phloem, Phragmites, Phylloclade, Picture frame, Pine, Pith, Plastic, Plumbing, Plywood, Potato, Pulp (paper), Quebracho tree, Quercus suber, Quinine, Railroad tie, Ramie, Rattan, Rayon, Resin, Rhizome, Root, Rose, Rosin, Salix matsudana, Scaffolding, Scape (botany), Secondary growth, Senegalia senegal, Shoot, Sports equipment, Spruce, Stele (biology), Stolon, Stoma, Strawberry, Subcutaneous tissue, Sugarcane, Tannin, Textile, Thatching, Thorns, spines, and prickles, Tool, Toothpick, Toy, Tracheid, Tree, Tree fern, Trichome, Trunk (botany), Tuber, Tulip, Turpentine, Twig, Tylosis (botany), Underground stem, Utility pole, Vascular cambium, Vascular plant, Vascular tissue, Vegetable, Vine, Viola (plant), Wagon, Walnut, Wood, Wood shingle, Wood veneer, Woody plant, Xylem. Expand index (114 more) »

Acer griseum

Acer griseum (paperbark maple) is a species of flowering plant in the family Sapindaceae, native to central China.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Amber

Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.

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Arecaceae

The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).

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Asparagus

Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.

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Axillary bud

The axillary bud (or lateral bud) is an embryonic shoot located in the axil of a leaf.

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Bamboo

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Bamboo shoot

Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts are the edible shoots (new bamboo culms that come out of the ground) of many bamboo species including Bambusa vulgaris and Phyllostachys edulis.

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Banana

A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

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Bark (botany)

Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants.

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Barrel

A barrel, cask, or tun is a hollow cylindrical container, traditionally made of wooden staves bound by wooden or metal hoops.

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Bast fibre

Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.

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Betula papyrifera

Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America.

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Boat

A boat is a watercraft of a large range of type and size.

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Branch

A branch or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany as a ramus) is a woody structural member connected to but not part of the central trunk of a tree (or sometimes a shrub).

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Bud

In botany, a bud is an undeveloped or embryonic shoot and normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of a stem.

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Building material

Building material is any material which is used for construction purposes.

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Bulb

In botany, a bulb is structurally a short stem with fleshy leaves or leaf bases that function as food storage organs during dormancy.

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Cactus

A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.

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Camphor

Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

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Car

A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Cellophane

Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of regenerated cellulose.

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Cellulose acetate

Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.

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Charcoal

Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.

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Chewing gum

Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed to be chewed without being swallowed.

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Chicle

Chicle is a natural gum traditionally used in making chewing gum and other products.

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Chlorophytum comosum

Chlorophytum comosum, often called spider plant but also known as airplane plant, St.

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Cinchona

Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.

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Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.

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Coffin

A coffin is a funerary box used for viewing or keeping a corpse, either for burial or cremation.

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Colocasia esculenta

Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root vegetables most commonly known as taro.

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Conifer cone

A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures.

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Cork (material)

Cork is an impermeable buoyant material, the phellem layer of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber (the cork oak), which is endemic to southwest Europe and northwest Africa.

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Cork cambium

Cork cambium (pl. cambia or cambiums) is a tissue found in many vascular plants as part of the epidermis.

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Corm

A corm, bulbo-tuber, or bulbotuber is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat (perennation).

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Cortex (botany)

A cortex is the outermost layer of a stem or root in a plant, or the surface layer or "skin" of the nonfruiting part of the body of some lichens.

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Crocus

Crocus (English plural: crocuses or croci) is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.

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Curare

Curare or is a common name for various plant extract alkaloid arrow poisons originating from Central and South America.

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Cyatheales

The order Cyatheales, which includes the tree ferns, is a taxonomic division of the fern class, Polypodiopsida.

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Deep foundation

A deep foundation is a type of foundation that transfers building loads to the earth farther down from the surface than a shallow foundation does to a subsurface layer or a range of depths.

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Dendrochronology

Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.

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Dendroclimatology

Dendroclimatology is the science of determining past climates from trees (primarily properties of the annual tree rings).

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Dicotyledon

The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.

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Eleocharis dulcis

Eleocharis dulcis, the Chinese water chestnut or water chestnut, is a grass-like sedge native to Asia (China, Japan, India, Philippines, etc.), Australia, tropical Africa, and various islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

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Endodermis

The endodermis is the central, innermost layer of cortex in some land plants.

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Epidermis (botany)

The word'epidermis' is a single layer of cells that covers the leaves, flowers, roots and stems of plants.

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Fern

A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.

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Fir

Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.

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Firewood

Firewood is any wooden material that is gathered and used for fuel.

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Fishing rod

A fishing rod is a long, flexible rod used to catch fish.

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Flax

Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.

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Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Frond

A frond is a large, divided leaf.

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Fruit

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Furniture

Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools, and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (e.g., beds).

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Garlic

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.

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Gladiolus

Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae).

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Ground tissue

The ground tissue of plants includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular.

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Gum arabic

Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.

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Gymnosperm

The gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes.

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Habitat

In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Hazel

The hazel (Corylus) is a genus of deciduous trees and large shrubs native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere.

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Hemp

Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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Herbaceous plant

Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

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Hevea brasiliensis

Hevea brasiliensis, the Pará rubber tree, sharinga tree, seringueira, or, most commonly, the rubber tree or rubber plant, is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae.

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Hosta

Hosta (syn. Funkia) is a genus of plants commonly known as hostas, plantain lilies (particularly in Britain) and occasionally by the Japanese name giboshi.

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Inflorescence

An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.

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Infructescence

Infructescence (fruiting head) is defined as the ensemble of fruits derived from the ovaries of an inflorescence.

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Iris (plant)

Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.

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Jewellery

Jewellery (British English) or jewelry (American English)see American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.

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Jute

Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.

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Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi (from the German; German turnip or turnip cabbage; Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group) is a biennial vegetable, a low, stout cultivar of wild cabbage.

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Leaf

A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Leather

Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.

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Lichen

A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.

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Lilium

Lilium (members of which are true lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers.

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Maple

Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.

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Maple sugar

Maple sugar is a traditional sweetener in Canada and the northeastern United States, prepared from the sap of the maple tree ("maple sap").

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Match

A match is a tool for starting a fire.

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Meristem

A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.

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Monocotyledon

Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

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Mulch

A mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of soil.

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Musical instrument

A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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Narcissus (plant)

Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

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Nopalito

Nopalitos is a dish made with diced nopales, the naturally flat stems, called pads, of prickly pear (Opuntia).

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Oak

An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.

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Onion

The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.

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Paper

Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.

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Paperboard

Paperboard is a thick paper-based material.

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Papyrus

Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.

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Pedicel (botany)

A pedicel is a stem that attaches a single flower to the inflorescence.

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Peduncle (botany)

In botany, a peduncle is a stem supporting an inflorescence, or after fecundation, an infructescence.

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Pericycle

The pericycle is a cylinder of parenchyma or sclerenchyma cells that lies just inside the endodermis and is the outer most part of the stele of plants.

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Phloem

In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, in particular the sugar sucrose, to parts of the plant where needed.

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Phragmites

Phragmites is a genus of four species of large perennial grasses found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropical regions of the world.

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Phylloclade

Phylloclades and cladodes are flattened, photosynthetic shoots, which are usually considered to be modified branches.

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Picture frame

A picture frame is a decorative edging for a picture, such as a painting or photograph, intended to enhance it, make it easier to display or protect it.

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Pine

A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.

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Pith

Pith, or medulla, is a tissue in the stems of vascular plants.

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Plastic

Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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Plumbing

Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications.

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Plywood

Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.

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Potato

The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.

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Pulp (paper)

Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.

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Quebracho tree

Quebracho is a common name in Spanish to describe very hard (density 1.15 - 1.35) wood tree species.

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Quercus suber

Quercus suber, commonly called the cork oak, is a medium-sized, evergreen oak tree in the section ''Quercus'' sect. ''Cerris''.

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Quinine

Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.

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Railroad tie

A railroad tie/railway tie/crosstie (North America) or railway sleeper (Britain, Ireland, South Asia, Australasia, and Africa) is a rectangular support for the rails in railroad tracks.

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Ramie

Ramie is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia.

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Rattan

Rattan (from the Malay rotan) is the name for roughly 600 species of old world climbing palms belonging to subfamily Calamoideae (from the Greek 'kálamos'.

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Rayon

Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.

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Resin

In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

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Rhizome

In botany and dendrology, a rhizome (from script "mass of roots", from rhizóō "cause to strike root") is a modified subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.

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Root

In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

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Rose

A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

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Rosin

Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.

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Salix matsudana

Salix matsudana, the Chinese willow, is a species of willow native to northeastern China.

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Scaffolding

Scaffolding, also called scaffold or staging, is a temporary structure used to support a work crew and materials to aid in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings, bridges and all other man made structures.

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Scape (botany)

In botany, a scape is a long internode forming the basal part or the whole of a peduncle.

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Secondary growth

In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.

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Senegalia senegal

Senegalia senegal (until recently known as Acacia senegal) is a small thorny deciduous tree from the genus Senegalia, which is known by several common names, including Gum acacia, Gum arabic tree, Sudan gum and Sudan gum arabic.

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Shoot

In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.

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Sports equipment

Sporting equipment, also called sporting goods, has various forms depending on the sport, but it is essential to complete the sport.

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Spruce

A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.

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Stele (biology)

In a vascular plant, the stele is the central part of the root or stem containing the tissues derived from the procambium.

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Stolon

In biology, stolons (from Latin stolō "branch"), also known as runners, are horizontal connections between organisms.

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Stoma

In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomata (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange.

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Strawberry

The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.

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Subcutaneous tissue

The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Tannin

Tannins (or tannoids) are a class of astringent, polyphenolic biomolecules that bind to and precipitate proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.

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Textile

A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Thatching

Thatching is the craft of building a roof with dry vegetation such as straw, water reed, sedge (Cladium mariscus), rushes, heather, or palm fronds, layering the vegetation so as to shed water away from the inner roof.

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Thorns, spines, and prickles

In plant morphology, thorns, spines, and prickles, and in general spinose structures (sometimes called spinose teeth or spinose apical processes), are hard, rigid extensions or modifications of leaves, roots, stems or buds with sharp, stiff ends, and generally serve the same function: physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.

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Tool

A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.

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Toothpick

A toothpick is a small stick of wood, plastic, bamboo, metal, bone or other substance used to remove detritus from the teeth, usually after a meal.

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Toy

A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.

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Tracheid

Tracheids are elongated cells in the xylem of vascular plants that serve in the transport of water and mineral salts.

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Tree

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Tree fern

The tree ferns are the ferns that grow with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level.

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Trichome

Trichomes, from the Greek τρίχωμα (trichōma) meaning "hair", are fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae, lichens, and certain protists.

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Trunk (botany)

In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.

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Tuber

Tubers are enlarged structures in some plant species used as storage organs for nutrients.

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Tulip

Tulips (Tulipa) form a genus of spring-blooming perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes (having bulbs as storage organs).

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Turpentine

Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.

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Twig

A twig is a small thin terminal branch of a woody plant.

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Tylosis (botany)

A tylosis (plural: tyloses) is a bladder-like distension of a parenchyma cell into the lumen of adjacent vessels in wood.

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Underground stem

Underground stems are modified plant structures that derive from stem tissue but exist under the soil surface.

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Utility pole

A utility pole is a column or post used to support overhead power lines and various other public utilities, such as electrical cable, fiber optic cable, and related equipment such as transformers and street lights.

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Vascular cambium

The vascular cambium is the main growth layer in the stems and roots of many plants, specifically in dicots such as buttercups and oak trees, and gymnosperms such as pine trees.

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Vascular plant

Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.

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Vascular tissue

Vascular tissue is a complex conducting tissue, formed of more than one cell type, found in vascular plants.

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Vegetable

Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

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Vine

A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners.

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Viola (plant)

Viola (and) is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.

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Wagon

A wagon (also alternatively and archaically spelt waggon in British and Commonwealth English) is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on occasion by humans (see below), used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people.

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Walnut

A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.

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Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

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Wood shingle

Wood shingles are thin, tapered pieces of wood primarily used to cover roofs and walls of buildings to protect them from the weather.

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Wood veneer

In woodworking, veneer refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 mm (1/8 inch), that typically are glued onto core panels (typically, wood, particle board or medium-density fiberboard) to produce flat panels such as doors, tops and panels for cabinets, parquet floors and parts of furniture.

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Woody plant

A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue.

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Xylem

Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.

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Redirects here:

Aerial Stem, Cane (botany), Cladode, Internode (botany), Internodes, Morphology of stem, Node (botany), Node (plant biology), Node (plant), Nodes (botany), Plant node, Plant stems, Pseudostem, Stalk (botany), Stem (botany), Stem anatomy, Stem node.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_stem

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