81 relations: Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), Adsorption, BBC News, Biacore, Biochemist, Casein, Colloid, Copper, Coupling (physics), Damping ratio, David Bohm, David Pines, Diffraction grating, Electric field, Electric-field screening, Electrical resistance and conductance, Electron, Electron rest mass, Elementary charge, Energy, Enzyme, Extraordinary optical transmission, Free electron model, Gold, Graphene plasmonics, Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics), Hertz, Holography, IMEC, Ion, John Wiley & Sons, KAIST, L'Oréal, Light, List of plasma physics articles, Lithography, Maxwell's equations, Metal, Microprocessor, Microwave, Molecular sensor, Multi-parametric surface plasmon resonance, Nanometre, OLED, Optics, Oscillation, Phonon, Photon, Photovoltaics, Physical Review, ..., Physics, Planck constant, Plasma oscillation, Plasmaron, Plasmon biscuit, Plasmonic nanolithography, Polariton, Protein, Quantization (physics), Quantum, Quasiparticle, Radiant energy, Reflection (physics), Relative permittivity, Robert W. Wood, Science (journal), Semiconductor, Slashdot, Solar cell, Spinplasmonics, Stained glass, Surface plasmon, Surface plasmon resonance, Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, Transformation optics, Transistor, Transparent conducting film, Ultraviolet, Vacuum permittivity, Valence and conduction bands, Waves in plasmas. Expand index (31 more) » « Shrink index
In physics, absorption of electromagnetic radiation is the way in which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Biacore is a life science products company, based in Sweden.
Biochemists are scientists that are trained in biochemistry.
Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
In physics, two objects are said to be coupled when they are interacting with each other.
Damping is an influence within or upon an oscillatory system that has the effect of reducing, restricting or preventing its oscillations.
David Joseph Bohm FRS (December 20, 1917 – October 27, 1992) was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th centuryF.
David Pines (June 8, 1924 May 3, 2018) was the founding director of the Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter (ICAM) and the International Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter (I2CAM) (respectively, US-wide and international institutions dedicated to research in and the understanding of emergent phenomena), distinguished professor of physics, University of California, Davis, research professor of physics and professor emeritus of physics and electrical and computer engineering in the Center for Advanced Study, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), and a staff member in the office of the Materials, Physics, and Applications Division at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure that splits and diffracts light into several beams travelling in different directions.
An electric field is a vector field surrounding an electric charge that exerts force on other charges, attracting or repelling them.
In physics, screening is the damping of electric fields caused by the presence of mobile charge carriers.
The electrical resistance of an electrical conductor is a measure of the difficulty to pass an electric current through that conductor.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
The electron rest mass (symbol) is the mass of a stationary electron.
The elementary charge, usually denoted as or sometimes, is the electric charge carried by a single proton, or equivalently, the magnitude of the electric charge carried by a single electron, which has charge.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) is the phenomenon of greatly enhanced transmission of light through a subwavelength aperture in an otherwise opaque metallic film which has been patterned with a regularly repeating periodic structure.
In solid-state physics, the free electron model is a simple model for the behaviour of charge carriers in a metallic solid.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Graphene is a 2D nanosheet with atomic thin thickness in terms of 0.34 nm.
In quantum mechanics, a Hamiltonian is an operator corresponding to the total energy of the system in most of the cases.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.
Imec is an international R&D and innovation hub, active in the fields of nanoelectronics and digital technologies.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
KAIST (formally the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) is a public research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea.
L'Oréal S.A. is a French personal care company headquartered in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine with a registered office in Paris.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
This is a list of plasma physics topics.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
Maxwell's equations are a set of partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electromagnetism, classical optics, and electric circuits.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between and.
A molecular sensor or chemosensor is a molecular structure (organic or inorganic complexes) that is used for sensing of an analyte to produce a detectable change or a signal.
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is an established real-time label-free method for biomolecular interaction analysis.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
In physics, a phonon is a collective excitation in a periodic, elastic arrangement of atoms or molecules in condensed matter, like solids and some liquids.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.
Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
The Planck constant (denoted, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action, central in quantum mechanics.
Plasma oscillations, also known as Langmuir waves (after Irving Langmuir), are rapid oscillations of the electron density in conducting media such as plasmas or metals in the ultraviolet region.
In physics, a plasmaron is a quasiparticle arising in a system that has strong plasmon-electron interactions.
Plasmon biscuits are a biscuit containing plasmon, a proprietary dried milk.
Plasmonic nanolithography is a nanolithographic process that may enable a new generation of microchip technology.
In physics, polaritons are quasiparticles resulting from strong coupling of electromagnetic waves with an electric or magnetic dipole-carrying excitation.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
In physics, quantization is the process of transition from a classical understanding of physical phenomena to a newer understanding known as quantum mechanics.
In physics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity (physical property) involved in an interaction.
In physics, quasiparticles and collective excitations (which are closely related) are emergent phenomena that occur when a microscopically complicated system such as a solid behaves as if it contained different weakly interacting particles in free space.
In physics, and in particular as measured by radiometry, radiant energy is the energy of electromagnetic and gravitational radiation.
Reflection is the change in direction of a wavefront at an interface between two different media so that the wavefront returns into the medium from which it originated.
The relative permittivity of a material is its (absolute) permittivity expressed as a ratio relative to the permittivity of vacuum.
Robert Williams Wood (May 2, 1868 – August 11, 1955) was an American physicist and inventor.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
Slashdot (sometimes abbreviated as /.) is a social news website that originally billed itself as "News for Nerds.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
Spinplasmonics is a field of nanotechnology combining spintronics and plasmonics.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
Surface plasmons (SPs) are coherent delocalized electron oscillations that exist at the interface between any two materials where the real part of the dielectric function changes sign across the interface (e.g. a metal-dielectric interface, such as a metal sheet in air).
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is the resonant oscillation of conduction electrons at the interface between negative and positive permittivity material stimulated by incident light.
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy or surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a surface-sensitive technique that enhances Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on rough metal surfaces or by nanostructures such as plasmonic-magnetic silica nanotubes.
Transformation optics applies metamaterials to produce spatial variations, derived from coordinate transformations, which can direct chosen bandwidths of electromagnetic radiation.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
Transparent conducting films (TCFs) are thin films of optically transparent and electrically conductive material.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The physical constant (pronounced as "epsilon nought"), commonly called the vacuum permittivity, permittivity of free space or electric constant, is an ideal, (baseline) physical constant, which is the value of the absolute dielectric permittivity of classical vacuum.
In solid-state physics, the valence band and conduction band are the bands closest to the Fermi level and thus determine the electrical conductivity of the solid.
In plasma physics, waves in plasmas are an interconnected set of particles and fields which propagates in a periodically repeating fashion.