Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Plastic

Index Plastic

Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects. [1]

318 relations: Acinetobacter, Acrylate polymer, Acrylic paint, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Acryloyl group, Active Disassembly, Adipate, Aerobic digestion, Alcohol, Alexander Parkes, Alkane, Alkylphenol, Aluminium, Amber, American Chemical Society, American Chemistry Council, Amide, Amine, Aminocaproic acid, Amorphous solid, Anaerobic digestion, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus sydowii, Backbone chain, Bakelite, BASF, Belgian Americans, Benzyl butyl phthalate, Biocompatibility, Biodegradable additives, Biodegradable plastic, Biodegradation, Bioplastic, Birmingham, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Bisphenol A, Bone, BoPET, Boron trifluoride, Brevibacillus borstelensis, Calico Printers' Association, California Institute of Technology, Caprolactam, Carbon, Carcinogen, Casein, Casting, Celluloid, ..., Cellulose, Celsius, Ceramic, Chalk, Charles Goodyear, Chemical decomposition, Chemical industry, Chemical property, Chemical structure, Chemically inert, Chewing gum, Chlorofluorocarbon, Collagen, Colloid, Combustibility and flammability, Commodity plastics, Compact disc, Comparative Tracking Index, Condensation reaction, Conductive polymer, Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act, Copper, Corn construction, Corn starch, Cross-link, Crystal, Crystallization of polymers, Deformation (engineering), Density, Dental sealant, Dibutyl phthalate, Diisodecyl phthalate, Diisononyl phthalate, Dow Chemical Company, Ductility, DuPont, Ebonite, Elastomer, Elmer Keiser Bolton, Endocrine disruptor, Engineering plastic, Environmental degradation, Environmental Health Perspectives, Epoxy, Estrogen, European Union, Extrusion, Fiber, Filler (materials), Film, Fire retardant, Fishing line, Flavobacterium, Foam peanut, Formaldehyde, Formica, Formica (plastic), Furan, Futuro, Galalith, Garden furniture, Genetic engineering, Geotrichum candidum, Germany, Giulio Natta, Glass, Glass transition, Glasses, Global warming, Greek language, Halocarbon, Hardness, Herman Francis Mark, Hermann Staudinger, High-density polyethylene, Horn (anatomy), Hot isostatic pressing, Imperial Chemical Industries, Implant (medicine), Incineration, Industrial Revolution, Injection moulding, Inorganic compound, Intermolecular force, International Agency for Research on Cancer, International Organization for Standardization, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Ionizing radiation, Ivory, Japan, Kapton, Labor intensity, Lactic acid, Landfill, Latex, Leather, Lentinus tigrinus, Leo Baekeland, List of largest chemical producers, List of Nobel laureates, List of synthetic polymers, London, Low-density polyethylene, Maleimide, Materials science, Melamine resin, Melting point, Mesoamerica, Metal, Methane emissions, Methyl methacrylate, Microplastics, Middle Ages, Modified starch, Molding (process), Molecular mass, Molecule, Monomer, Montreal Protocol, National Geographic Society, Natural rubber, New car smell, New York (state), New York City, Nitric acid, Nitrocellulose, Nitrogen, Nocardia, Nuclear arms race, Nylon, Nylon 6, Nylon riots, OLED, Oligomer, Olympic Games, Organic compound, Organotin chemistry, Oxygen, Ozone layer, Pantyhose, Pestalotiopsis, Petrochemical, Phanerochaete, Phenol, Phenol formaldehyde resin, Photopolymer, Phthalate, Physical property, Piping, Plain bearing, Plastarch material, Plastic colorant, Plastic container, Plastic film, Plastic model, Plastic pipework, Plastic recycling, Plastic surgery, Plastic wrap, Plasticity (physics), Plasticizer, Plastics engineering, Plastics extrusion, Plasticulture, Plumbing, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyacetylene, Polyaddition, Polyamide, Polycarbonate, Polyester, Polyether ether ketone, Polyetherimide, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Polyhydroxybutyrate, Polyimide, Polylactic acid, Polymer, Polymer chemistry, Polymer physics, Polymer stabilizers, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polysulfone, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Polyurethane, Polyvinyl chloride, Polyvinylidene chloride, Product design, Progressive Bag Alliance, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas putida, Pure and Applied Chemistry, Recycling, Recycling symbol, Redox, Repeat unit, Resin identification code, Rheology, Riot shield, Rock (geology), Roll-to-roll processing, Rotational molding, Royal Artillery Barracks, Saran (plastic), Sargasso Sea, Self-healing material, Sergey Lebedev (chemist), Shellac, Shrink wrap, Side chain, Silicone, Silk, Society of the Plastics Industry, Soda–lime glass, Southeast Asia, Space Race, Sphingomonas, Stabilizer (chemistry), Starch, Step-growth polymerization, Stocking, Styrene, Styrene-butadiene, Styrofoam, Sulfur, Synthetic fiber, Synthetic membrane, Textile, Thermal cleaning, Thermoforming, Thermoplastic, Thermosetting polymer, Timeline of materials technology, Toothbrush, Toxicity, Toy, Transparency and translucency, UL (safety organization), UL 94, Ultimate tensile strength, Ultraviolet, Unified atomic mass unit, United States, Urea-formaldehyde, Vicat softening point, Vinyl chloride, Vinyl siding, Vinyloop, Volatile organic compound, Vulcanization, Wallace Carothers, Waste-to-energy, Wastewater, Water Polo Arena, Wood, Wood flour, World Health Organization, World War I, World War II, World's fair, Young's modulus, Yutaka Tokiwa, Zinc oxide, 1862 International Exhibition, 1939 New York World's Fair. Expand index (268 more) »

Acinetobacter

Acinetobacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the wider class of Gammaproteobacteria.

New!!: Plastic and Acinetobacter · See more »

Acrylate polymer

Acrylate polymers belong to a group of polymers which could be referred to generally as plastics.

New!!: Plastic and Acrylate polymer · See more »

Acrylic paint

Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion.

New!!: Plastic and Acrylic paint · See more »

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.

New!!: Plastic and Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene · See more »

Acryloyl group

In organic chemistry, the acryloyl group is form of enone with structure H2C.

New!!: Plastic and Acryloyl group · See more »

Active Disassembly

Active Disassembly (AD) is a developing technology which is associated with the term Active Disassembly using Smart Materials (ADSM).

New!!: Plastic and Active Disassembly · See more »

Adipate

Adipates are the salts and esters of adipic acid.

New!!: Plastic and Adipate · See more »

Aerobic digestion

Aerobic digestion is a process in sewage treatment designed to reduce the volume of sewage sludge and make it suitable for subsequent use.

New!!: Plastic and Aerobic digestion · See more »

Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

New!!: Plastic and Alcohol · See more »

Alexander Parkes

Alexander Parkes (29 December 1813 29 June 1890) was a metallurgist and inventor from Birmingham, England.

New!!: Plastic and Alexander Parkes · See more »

Alkane

In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

New!!: Plastic and Alkane · See more »

Alkylphenol

Alkylphenols are a family of organic compounds obtained by the alkylation of phenols.

New!!: Plastic and Alkylphenol · See more »

Aluminium

Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

New!!: Plastic and Aluminium · See more »

Amber

Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.

New!!: Plastic and Amber · See more »

American Chemical Society

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.

New!!: Plastic and American Chemical Society · See more »

American Chemistry Council

The American Chemistry Council (ACC), formerly known as the Manufacturing Chemists' Association (at its founding in 1872) and then as the Chemical Manufacturers' Association (from 1978 until 2000), is an industry trade association for American chemical companies, based in Washington, D.C.

New!!: Plastic and American Chemistry Council · See more »

Amide

An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

New!!: Plastic and Amide · See more »

Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Plastic and Amine · See more »

Aminocaproic acid

Aminocaproic acid (also known as ε-aminocaproic acid, ε-Ahx, or 6-aminohexanoic acid) is a derivative and analogue of the amino acid lysine, which makes it an effective inhibitor for enzymes that bind that particular residue.

New!!: Plastic and Aminocaproic acid · See more »

Amorphous solid

In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous (from the Greek a, without, morphé, shape, form) or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order that is characteristic of a crystal.

New!!: Plastic and Amorphous solid · See more »

Anaerobic digestion

Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.

New!!: Plastic and Anaerobic digestion · See more »

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungus of the genus Aspergillus, and is one of the most common Aspergillus species to cause disease in individuals with an immunodeficiency.

New!!: Plastic and Aspergillus fumigatus · See more »

Aspergillus niger

Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus.

New!!: Plastic and Aspergillus niger · See more »

Aspergillus sydowii

Aspergillus sydowii is a pathogenic fungus that causes several diseases in humans.

New!!: Plastic and Aspergillus sydowii · See more »

Backbone chain

In polymer science, the backbone chain of a polymer is the longest series of covalently bonded atoms that together create the continuous chain of the molecule.

New!!: Plastic and Backbone chain · See more »

Bakelite

Bakelite (sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is the first plastic made from synthetic components.

New!!: Plastic and Bakelite · See more »

BASF

BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.

New!!: Plastic and BASF · See more »

Belgian Americans

Belgian Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry to immigrants of Belgium who emigrated to the United States.

New!!: Plastic and Belgian Americans · See more »

Benzyl butyl phthalate

Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) is a phthalate, an ester of phthalic acid, benzyl alcohol, and ''n''-butanol.

New!!: Plastic and Benzyl butyl phthalate · See more »

Biocompatibility

Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of biomaterials in various contexts.

New!!: Plastic and Biocompatibility · See more »

Biodegradable additives

Biodegradable additives are additives that enhance the biodegradation of polymers by allowing microorganisms to utilize the carbon within the polymer chain itself.

New!!: Plastic and Biodegradable additives · See more »

Biodegradable plastic

Biodegradable plastics are plastics that are decomposed by the action of living organisms, usually bacteria.

New!!: Plastic and Biodegradable plastic · See more »

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.

New!!: Plastic and Biodegradation · See more »

Bioplastic

Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota.

New!!: Plastic and Bioplastic · See more »

Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Plastic and Birmingham · See more »

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate or DEHA is an organic compound with the formula (CH2CH2CO2C8H17)2.

New!!: Plastic and Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate · See more »

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, diethylhexyl phthalate, DEHP; dioctyl phthalate, DOP) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2C8H17)2.

New!!: Plastic and Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate · See more »

Bisphenol A

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2 belonging to the group of diphenylmethane derivatives and bisphenols, with two hydroxyphenyl groups.

New!!: Plastic and Bisphenol A · See more »

Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

New!!: Plastic and Bone · See more »

BoPET

BoPET (biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate) is a polyester film made from stretched polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and is used for its high tensile strength, chemical and dimensional stability, transparency, reflectivity, gas and aroma barrier properties, and electrical insulation.

New!!: Plastic and BoPET · See more »

Boron trifluoride

Boron trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula BF3.

New!!: Plastic and Boron trifluoride · See more »

Brevibacillus borstelensis

Brevibacillus borstelensis is a Gram-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium of the genus Brevibacillus.

New!!: Plastic and Brevibacillus borstelensis · See more »

Calico Printers' Association

The Calico Printers' Association Ltd was a British textile company founded in 1899, from the amalgamation of 46 textile printing companies and 13 textile merchants.

New!!: Plastic and Calico Printers' Association · See more »

California Institute of Technology

The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.

New!!: Plastic and California Institute of Technology · See more »

Caprolactam

Caprolactam (CPL) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)5C(O)NH.

New!!: Plastic and Caprolactam · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Plastic and Carbon · See more »

Carcinogen

A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.

New!!: Plastic and Carcinogen · See more »

Casein

Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

New!!: Plastic and Casein · See more »

Casting

Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.

New!!: Plastic and Casting · See more »

Celluloid

Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.

New!!: Plastic and Celluloid · See more »

Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

New!!: Plastic and Cellulose · See more »

Celsius

The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).

New!!: Plastic and Celsius · See more »

Ceramic

A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.

New!!: Plastic and Ceramic · See more »

Chalk

Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.

New!!: Plastic and Chalk · See more »

Charles Goodyear

Charles Goodyear (December 29, 1800 – July 1, 1860) was an American self-taught chemist and manufacturing engineer who developed vulcanized rubber, for which he received patent number 3633 from the United States Patent Office on June 15, 1844.

New!!: Plastic and Charles Goodyear · See more »

Chemical decomposition

Chemical decomposition, analysis or breakdown is the separation of a single chemical compound into its two or more elemental parts or to simpler compounds.

New!!: Plastic and Chemical decomposition · See more »

Chemical industry

The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.

New!!: Plastic and Chemical industry · See more »

Chemical property

A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity.

New!!: Plastic and Chemical property · See more »

Chemical structure

A chemical structure determination includes a chemist's specifying the molecular geometry and, when feasible and necessary, the electronic structure of the target molecule or other solid.

New!!: Plastic and Chemical structure · See more »

Chemically inert

In chemistry, the term chemically inert is used to describe a substance that is not chemically reactive.

New!!: Plastic and Chemically inert · See more »

Chewing gum

Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed to be chewed without being swallowed.

New!!: Plastic and Chewing gum · See more »

Chlorofluorocarbon

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are fully halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons that contain only carbon (С), chlorine (Cl), and fluorine (F), produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane.

New!!: Plastic and Chlorofluorocarbon · See more »

Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

New!!: Plastic and Collagen · See more »

Colloid

In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.

New!!: Plastic and Colloid · See more »

Combustibility and flammability

Flammable materials are those that ignite more easily than other materials, whereas those that are harder to ignite or burn less vigorously are combustible.

New!!: Plastic and Combustibility and flammability · See more »

Commodity plastics

Commodity plastics are plastics that are used in high volume and wide range of applications, such as film for packaging, photographic and magnetic tape, clothing, beverage and trash containers and a variety of household products where mechanical properties and service environments are not critical.

New!!: Plastic and Commodity plastics · See more »

Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

New!!: Plastic and Compact disc · See more »

Comparative Tracking Index

The Comparative Tracking Index or CTI is used to measure the electrical breakdown (tracking) properties of an insulating material.

New!!: Plastic and Comparative Tracking Index · See more »

Condensation reaction

A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).

New!!: Plastic and Condensation reaction · See more »

Conductive polymer

Conductive polymers or, more precisely, intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs) are organic polymers that conduct electricity.

New!!: Plastic and Conductive polymer · See more »

Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act

The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) of 2008 is a United States law signed on August 14, 2008 by President George W. Bush.

New!!: Plastic and Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act · See more »

Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

New!!: Plastic and Copper · See more »

Corn construction

Corn construction refers to the use of corn (maize) in construction.

New!!: Plastic and Corn construction · See more »

Corn starch

Corn starch, cornstarch, cornflour or maize starch or maize is the starch derived from the corn (maize) grain.

New!!: Plastic and Corn starch · See more »

Cross-link

A cross-link is a bond that links one polymer chain to another.

New!!: Plastic and Cross-link · See more »

Crystal

A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.

New!!: Plastic and Crystal · See more »

Crystallization of polymers

Crystallization of polymers is a process associated with partial alignment of their molecular chains.

New!!: Plastic and Crystallization of polymers · See more »

Deformation (engineering)

In materials science, deformation refers to any changes in the shape or size of an object due to-.

New!!: Plastic and Deformation (engineering) · See more »

Density

The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

New!!: Plastic and Density · See more »

Dental sealant

Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay.

New!!: Plastic and Dental sealant · See more »

Dibutyl phthalate

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is an organic compound commonly used plasticizer. With the chemical formula C6H4(CO2C4H9)2, it is a colorless oil, although commercial samples are often yellow. Because of its low toxicity and wide liquid range, it is used as a plasticizer.Peter M. Lorz, Friedrich K. Towae, Walter Enke, Rudolf Jäckh, Naresh Bhargava, Wolfgang Hillesheim "Phthalic Acid and Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2007, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.

New!!: Plastic and Dibutyl phthalate · See more »

Diisodecyl phthalate

Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) is a commonly used plasticizer used in the production of plastic and plastic coating to increase flexibility.

New!!: Plastic and Diisodecyl phthalate · See more »

Diisononyl phthalate

No description.

New!!: Plastic and Diisononyl phthalate · See more »

Dow Chemical Company

The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.

New!!: Plastic and Dow Chemical Company · See more »

Ductility

Ductility is a measure of a material's ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture, which may be expressed as percent elongation or percent area reduction from a tensile test.

New!!: Plastic and Ductility · See more »

DuPont

E.

New!!: Plastic and DuPont · See more »

Ebonite

Ebonite is a brand name for very hard rubber first obtained by Charles Goodyear by vulcanizing natural rubber for prolonged periods.

New!!: Plastic and Ebonite · See more »

Elastomer

An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i. e., both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak intermolecular forces, and generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.

New!!: Plastic and Elastomer · See more »

Elmer Keiser Bolton

Elmer Keiser Bolton (June 23, 1886 – July 30, 1968) was an American chemist and research director for DuPont, notable for his role in developing neoprene and directing the research that led to the discovery of nylon.

New!!: Plastic and Elmer Keiser Bolton · See more »

Endocrine disruptor

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.

New!!: Plastic and Endocrine disruptor · See more »

Engineering plastic

Engineering plastics are a group of plastic materials that have better mechanical and/or thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics (such as polystyrene, PVC, polypropylene and polyethylene).

New!!: Plastic and Engineering plastic · See more »

Environmental degradation

Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.

New!!: Plastic and Environmental degradation · See more »

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) is a peer-reviewed journal published monthly with support from the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).

New!!: Plastic and Environmental Health Perspectives · See more »

Epoxy

Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.

New!!: Plastic and Epoxy · See more »

Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

New!!: Plastic and Estrogen · See more »

European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

New!!: Plastic and European Union · See more »

Extrusion

Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.

New!!: Plastic and Extrusion · See more »

Fiber

Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.

New!!: Plastic and Fiber · See more »

Filler (materials)

Fillers are particles added to material (plastics, composite material, concrete) to lower the consumption of more expensive binder material or to better some properties of the mixtured material.

New!!: Plastic and Filler (materials) · See more »

Film

A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

New!!: Plastic and Film · See more »

Fire retardant

A fire retardant is a substance that is used to slow or stop the spread of fire or reduce its intensity.

New!!: Plastic and Fire retardant · See more »

Fishing line

A fishing line is a cord used or made for angling.

New!!: Plastic and Fishing line · See more »

Flavobacterium

Flavobacterium is a genus of gram-negative, nonmotile and motile, rod-shaped bacteria that consists of 130 recognized species.

New!!: Plastic and Flavobacterium · See more »

Foam peanut

Foam peanuts, also known as packing peanuts, or packing noodles are a common loose-fill packaging and cushioning material used to prevent damage to fragile objects during shipping.

New!!: Plastic and Foam peanut · See more »

Formaldehyde

No description.

New!!: Plastic and Formaldehyde · See more »

Formica

Formica is a genus of ants of the family Formicidae, commonly known as wood ants, mound ants, thatching ants, and field ants.

New!!: Plastic and Formica · See more »

Formica (plastic)

Formica laminate is a laminated composite material invented at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in the United States in 1912.

New!!: Plastic and Formica (plastic) · See more »

Furan

Furan is a heterocyclic organic compound, consisting of a five-membered aromatic ring with four carbon atoms and one oxygen.

New!!: Plastic and Furan · See more »

Futuro

A Futuro house in Warrington, New Zealand. Futuro, or Futuro House, is a round, prefabricated house designed by Matti Suuronen, of which fewer than 100 were built during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

New!!: Plastic and Futuro · See more »

Galalith

Galalith (Erinoid in the United Kingdom) is a synthetic plastic material manufactured by the interaction of casein and formaldehyde.

New!!: Plastic and Galalith · See more »

Garden furniture

Garden furniture, also called patio furniture or outdoor furniture, is a type of furniture specifically designed for outdoor use.

New!!: Plastic and Garden furniture · See more »

Genetic engineering

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.

New!!: Plastic and Genetic engineering · See more »

Geotrichum candidum

Geotrichum candidum is a fungus which is a member of the human microbiome, notably associated with skin, sputum and feces where it occurs in 25-30% of specimens.

New!!: Plastic and Geotrichum candidum · See more »

Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Plastic and Germany · See more »

Giulio Natta

Giulio Natta (26 February 1903 – 2 May 1979) was an Italian chemist and Nobel laureate.

New!!: Plastic and Giulio Natta · See more »

Glass

Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.

New!!: Plastic and Glass · See more »

Glass transition

The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.

New!!: Plastic and Glass transition · See more »

Glasses

Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are devices consisting of glass or hard plastic lenses mounted in a frame that holds them in front of a person's eyes, typically using a bridge over the nose and arms which rest over the ears.

New!!: Plastic and Glasses · See more »

Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

New!!: Plastic and Global warming · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Plastic and Greek language · See more »

Halocarbon

Halocarbon compounds are chemicals in which one or more carbon atoms are linked by covalent bonds with one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine –) resulting in the formation of organofluorine compounds, organochlorine compounds, organobromine compounds, and organoiodine compounds.

New!!: Plastic and Halocarbon · See more »

Hardness

Hardness is a measure of the resistance to localized plastic deformation induced by either mechanical indentation or abrasion.

New!!: Plastic and Hardness · See more »

Herman Francis Mark

Herman Francis Mark (May 3, 1895, Vienna – April 6, 1992, Austin, Texas) was an Austrian-American chemist regarded for his contributions to the development of polymer science.

New!!: Plastic and Herman Francis Mark · See more »

Hermann Staudinger

Hermann Staudinger (23 March 1881 – 8 September 1965) was a German organic chemist who demonstrated the existence of macromolecules, which he characterized as polymers.

New!!: Plastic and Hermann Staudinger · See more »

High-density polyethylene

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.

New!!: Plastic and High-density polyethylene · See more »

Horn (anatomy)

A horn is a permanent pointed projection on the head of various animals consisting of a covering of keratin and other proteins surrounding a core of live bone.

New!!: Plastic and Horn (anatomy) · See more »

Hot isostatic pressing

Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) is a manufacturing process, used to reduce the porosity of metals and increase the density of many ceramic materials.

New!!: Plastic and Hot isostatic pressing · See more »

Imperial Chemical Industries

Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain.

New!!: Plastic and Imperial Chemical Industries · See more »

Implant (medicine)

An implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure.

New!!: Plastic and Implant (medicine) · See more »

Incineration

Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

New!!: Plastic and Incineration · See more »

Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

New!!: Plastic and Industrial Revolution · See more »

Injection moulding

Injection moulding (British English) or injection molding (American English) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould.

New!!: Plastic and Injection moulding · See more »

Inorganic compound

An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.

New!!: Plastic and Inorganic compound · See more »

Intermolecular force

Intermolecular forces (IMF) are the forces which mediate interaction between molecules, including forces of attraction or repulsion which act between molecules and other types of neighboring particles, e.g., atoms or ions.

New!!: Plastic and Intermolecular force · See more »

International Agency for Research on Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

New!!: Plastic and International Agency for Research on Cancer · See more »

International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

New!!: Plastic and International Organization for Standardization · See more »

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

New!!: Plastic and International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry · See more »

Ionizing radiation

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.

New!!: Plastic and Ionizing radiation · See more »

Ivory

Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.

New!!: Plastic and Ivory · See more »

Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

New!!: Plastic and Japan · See more »

Kapton

Kapton is a polyimide film developed by DuPont in the late 1960s that remains stable across a wide range of temperatures, from.

New!!: Plastic and Kapton · See more »

Labor intensity

Labor intensity is the relative proportion of labor (compared to capital) used in a process.

New!!: Plastic and Labor intensity · See more »

Lactic acid

Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.

New!!: Plastic and Lactic acid · See more »

Landfill

A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.

New!!: Plastic and Landfill · See more »

Latex

Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.

New!!: Plastic and Latex · See more »

Leather

Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.

New!!: Plastic and Leather · See more »

Lentinus tigrinus

Lentinus tigrinus is a mushroom in the Polyporaceae family.

New!!: Plastic and Lentinus tigrinus · See more »

Leo Baekeland

Leo Henricus Arthur Baekeland FRSE(Hon) (November 14, 1863 – February 23, 1944) was a Belgian-American chemist.

New!!: Plastic and Leo Baekeland · See more »

List of largest chemical producers

Chemical & Engineering News publishes an annual list of the world's largest chemical producers by sales, excluding formulated products such as pharmaceutical drugs and coatings.

New!!: Plastic and List of largest chemical producers · See more »

List of Nobel laureates

The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.

New!!: Plastic and List of Nobel laureates · See more »

List of synthetic polymers

Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers.

New!!: Plastic and List of synthetic polymers · See more »

London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Plastic and London · See more »

Low-density polyethylene

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene.

New!!: Plastic and Low-density polyethylene · See more »

Maleimide

Maleimide is a chemical compound with the formula H2C2(CO)2NH (see diagram).

New!!: Plastic and Maleimide · See more »

Materials science

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.

New!!: Plastic and Materials science · See more »

Melamine resin

Melamine resin or melamine formaldehyde (also shortened to melamine) is a hard, thermosetting plastic material made from melamine and formaldehyde by polymerization.

New!!: Plastic and Melamine resin · See more »

Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

New!!: Plastic and Melting point · See more »

Mesoamerica

Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.

New!!: Plastic and Mesoamerica · See more »

Metal

A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.

New!!: Plastic and Metal · See more »

Methane emissions

Global methane emissions are major part of the global greenhouse gas emissions.

New!!: Plastic and Methane emissions · See more »

Methyl methacrylate

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an organic compound with the formula CH2.

New!!: Plastic and Methyl methacrylate · See more »

Microplastics

Microplastics are small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment.

New!!: Plastic and Microplastics · See more »

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

New!!: Plastic and Middle Ages · See more »

Modified starch

Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.

New!!: Plastic and Modified starch · See more »

Molding (process)

Molding or moulding (see spelling differences) is the process of manufacturing by shaping liquid or pliable raw material using a rigid frame called a mold or matrix.

New!!: Plastic and Molding (process) · See more »

Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

New!!: Plastic and Molecular mass · See more »

Molecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Plastic and Molecule · See more »

Monomer

A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".

New!!: Plastic and Monomer · See more »

Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

New!!: Plastic and Montreal Protocol · See more »

National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

New!!: Plastic and National Geographic Society · See more »

Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

New!!: Plastic and Natural rubber · See more »

New car smell

New car smell is the odor that comes from the combination of materials found in new automobiles, as well as other vehicles like buses or trucks.

New!!: Plastic and New car smell · See more »

New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

New!!: Plastic and New York (state) · See more »

New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

New!!: Plastic and New York City · See more »

Nitric acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.

New!!: Plastic and Nitric acid · See more »

Nitrocellulose

Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.

New!!: Plastic and Nitrocellulose · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Plastic and Nitrogen · See more »

Nocardia

Nocardia is a genus of weakly staining Gram-positive, catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria.

New!!: Plastic and Nocardia · See more »

Nuclear arms race

The nuclear arms race was a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective allies during the Cold War.

New!!: Plastic and Nuclear arms race · See more »

Nylon

Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.

New!!: Plastic and Nylon · See more »

Nylon 6

Nylon 6 or polycaprolactam is a polymer developed by Paul Schlack at IG Farben to reproduce the properties of nylon 6,6 without violating the patent on its production.

New!!: Plastic and Nylon 6 · See more »

Nylon riots

The nylon riots were a series of disturbances at American stores created by a nylon stocking shortage.

New!!: Plastic and Nylon riots · See more »

OLED

An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current.

New!!: Plastic and OLED · See more »

Oligomer

An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.

New!!: Plastic and Oligomer · See more »

Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

New!!: Plastic and Olympic Games · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Plastic and Organic compound · See more »

Organotin chemistry

Organotin compounds or stannanes are chemical compounds based on tin with hydrocarbon substituents.

New!!: Plastic and Organotin chemistry · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Plastic and Oxygen · See more »

Ozone layer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.

New!!: Plastic and Ozone layer · See more »

Pantyhose

Pantyhose, called sheer tights in the United Kingdom and a few other countries, are close-fitting legwear covering the wearer's body from the waist to the toes.

New!!: Plastic and Pantyhose · See more »

Pestalotiopsis

Pestalotiopsis is a genus of ascomycete fungi.

New!!: Plastic and Pestalotiopsis · See more »

Petrochemical

Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.

New!!: Plastic and Petrochemical · See more »

Phanerochaete

Phanerochaete is a genus of crust fungi in the family Phanerochaetaceae.

New!!: Plastic and Phanerochaete · See more »

Phenol

Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.

New!!: Plastic and Phenol · See more »

Phenol formaldehyde resin

Phenol formaldehyde resins (PF) or phenolic resins are synthetic polymers obtained by the reaction of phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde.

New!!: Plastic and Phenol formaldehyde resin · See more »

Photopolymer

A photopolymer or light-activated resin is a polymer that changes its properties when exposed to light, often in the ultraviolet or visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Plastic and Photopolymer · See more »

Phthalate

Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid.

New!!: Plastic and Phthalate · See more »

Physical property

A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system.

New!!: Plastic and Physical property · See more »

Piping

Within industry, piping is a system of pipes used to convey fluids (liquids and gases) from one location to another.

New!!: Plastic and Piping · See more »

Plain bearing

A plain bearing, or more commonly sliding bearing and slide bearing (in railroading sometimes called a solid bearing or friction bearing), is the simplest type of bearing, comprising just a bearing surface and no rolling elements.

New!!: Plastic and Plain bearing · See more »

Plastarch material

Plastarch Material (PSM) is a biodegradable, thermoplastic resin.

New!!: Plastic and Plastarch material · See more »

Plastic colorant

Plastic colorants are chemical compounds used to color plastic.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic colorant · See more »

Plastic container

Plastic containers are containers made exclusively or partially of plastic.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic container · See more »

Plastic film

Plastic film is a thin continuous polymeric material.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic film · See more »

Plastic model

A 4-year-old boy starts painting an assembled plastic model of the South Goodwin Lightship A plastic model is a plastic scale model manufactured as a kit, primarily assembled by hobbyists, and intended for static display.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic model · See more »

Plastic pipework

Plastic pipe is a tubular section, or hollow cylinder, made of plastic.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic pipework · See more »

Plastic recycling

Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic recycling · See more »

Plastic surgery

Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic surgery · See more »

Plastic wrap

Plastic wrap, cling film, shrink wrap, Saran wrap, cling wrap, food wrap, or pliofilm is a thin plastic film typically used for sealing food items in containers to keep them fresh over a longer period of time.

New!!: Plastic and Plastic wrap · See more »

Plasticity (physics)

In physics and materials science, plasticity describes the deformation of a (solid) material undergoing non-reversible changes of shape in response to applied forces.

New!!: Plastic and Plasticity (physics) · See more »

Plasticizer

Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.

New!!: Plastic and Plasticizer · See more »

Plastics engineering

Plastics engineering encompasses the processing, design, development, and manufacture of plastics products.

New!!: Plastic and Plastics engineering · See more »

Plastics extrusion

Plastics extrusion is a high-volume manufacturing process in which raw plastic is melted and formed into a continuous profile.

New!!: Plastic and Plastics extrusion · See more »

Plasticulture

The term plasticulture refers to the practice of using plastic materials in agricultural applications.

New!!: Plastic and Plasticulture · See more »

Plumbing

Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications.

New!!: Plastic and Plumbing · See more »

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.

New!!: Plastic and Poly(methyl methacrylate) · See more »

Polyacetylene

Polyacetylene (IUPAC name: polyethyne) usually refers to an organic polymer with the repeating unit (C2H2)n.

New!!: Plastic and Polyacetylene · See more »

Polyaddition

A polymerization reaction that forms polymers via individual independent addition reactions.

New!!: Plastic and Polyaddition · See more »

Polyamide

A polyamide is a macromolecule with repeating units linked by amide bonds.

New!!: Plastic and Polyamide · See more »

Polycarbonate

Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.

New!!: Plastic and Polycarbonate · See more »

Polyester

Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

New!!: Plastic and Polyester · See more »

Polyether ether ketone

Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) is a colourless organic thermoplastic polymer in the polyaryletherketone (PAEK) family, used in engineering applications.

New!!: Plastic and Polyether ether ketone · See more »

Polyetherimide

Polyetherimide (PEI) is an amorphous, amber-to-transparent thermoplastic with characteristics similar to the related plastic PEEK.

New!!: Plastic and Polyetherimide · See more »

Polyethylene

Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.

New!!: Plastic and Polyethylene · See more »

Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

New!!: Plastic and Polyethylene terephthalate · See more »

Polyhydroxyalkanoates

Polyhydroxyalkanoates or PHAs are polyesters produced in nature by numerous microorganisms, including through bacterial fermentation of sugar or lipids.

New!!: Plastic and Polyhydroxyalkanoates · See more »

Polyhydroxybutyrate

Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), a polymer belonging to the polyesters class that are of interest as bio-derived and biodegradable plastics.

New!!: Plastic and Polyhydroxybutyrate · See more »

Polyimide

Polyimide (sometimes abbreviated PI) is a polymer of imide monomers.

New!!: Plastic and Polyimide · See more »

Polylactic acid

Poly(lactic acid) or polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA) is a biodegradable and bioactive thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States and Canada), cassava roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane (in the rest of the world).

New!!: Plastic and Polylactic acid · See more »

Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

New!!: Plastic and Polymer · See more »

Polymer chemistry

Polymer chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline that deals with the structures, chemical synthesis and properties of polymers, primarily synthetic polymers such as plastics and elastomers.

New!!: Plastic and Polymer chemistry · See more »

Polymer physics

Polymer physics is the field of physics that studies polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, as well as the kinetics of reactions involving degradation and polymerisation of polymers and monomers respectively.

New!!: Plastic and Polymer physics · See more »

Polymer stabilizers

Stabilizers are a class of chemical addatives commonly added to polymeric materials, such as plastics, to inhibit or retard their degradation.

New!!: Plastic and Polymer stabilizers · See more »

Polypropylene

Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.

New!!: Plastic and Polypropylene · See more »

Polystyrene

Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene.

New!!: Plastic and Polystyrene · See more »

Polysulfone

Polysulfones are a family of thermoplastic polymers.

New!!: Plastic and Polysulfone · See more »

Polytetrafluoroethylene

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.

New!!: Plastic and Polytetrafluoroethylene · See more »

Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

New!!: Plastic and Polyurethane · See more »

Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

New!!: Plastic and Polyvinyl chloride · See more »

Polyvinylidene chloride

Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) is a homopolymer of vinylidene chloride.

New!!: Plastic and Polyvinylidene chloride · See more »

Product design

Product design as a verb is to create a new product to be sold by a business to its customers.

New!!: Plastic and Product design · See more »

Progressive Bag Alliance

The American Progressive Bag Alliance (APBA), founded in 2005, is a group of American plastic bag manufacturers and related companies who lobby against plastic bag bans or fees.

New!!: Plastic and Progressive Bag Alliance · See more »

Pseudomonas fluorescens

Pseudomonas fluorescens is a common Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium.

New!!: Plastic and Pseudomonas fluorescens · See more »

Pseudomonas putida

Pseudomonas putida is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, saprotrophic soil bacterium.

New!!: Plastic and Pseudomonas putida · See more »

Pure and Applied Chemistry

Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviated Pure Appl. Chem.) is the official journal for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

New!!: Plastic and Pure and Applied Chemistry · See more »

Recycling

Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.

New!!: Plastic and Recycling · See more »

Recycling symbol

The universal recycling symbol (or in Unicode) is internationally recognized.

New!!: Plastic and Recycling symbol · See more »

Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Plastic and Redox · See more »

Repeat unit

A repeat unit or repeating unit is a part of a polymer whose repetition would produce the complete polymer chain (except for the end-groups) by linking the repeat units together successively along the chain, like the beads of a necklace.

New!!: Plastic and Repeat unit · See more »

Resin identification code

The ASTM International Resin Identification Coding System, often abbreviated as the RIC, is a set of symbols appearing on plastic products that identify the plastic resin out of which the product is made.

New!!: Plastic and Resin identification code · See more »

Rheology

Rheology (from Greek ῥέω rhéō, "flow" and -λoγία, -logia, "study of") is the study of the flow of matter, primarily in a liquid state, but also as "soft solids" or solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force.

New!!: Plastic and Rheology · See more »

Riot shield

A riot shield is a lightweight protection device deployed by police and some military organizations.

New!!: Plastic and Riot shield · See more »

Rock (geology)

Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

New!!: Plastic and Rock (geology) · See more »

Roll-to-roll processing

In the field of electronic devices, Roll-to-roll processing, also known as web processing, reel-to-reel processing or R2R, is the process of creating electronic devices on a roll of flexible plastic or metal foil.

New!!: Plastic and Roll-to-roll processing · See more »

Rotational molding

Rotational Molding (BrE moulding) involves a heated hollow mold which is filled with a charge or shot weight of material.

New!!: Plastic and Rotational molding · See more »

Royal Artillery Barracks

The Royal Artillery Barracks at Woolwich in the Royal Borough of Greenwich, London, was the home of the Royal Artillery from 1776 until 2007.

New!!: Plastic and Royal Artillery Barracks · See more »

Saran (plastic)

Saran is a trade name currently owned by S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. for a polyethylene food wrap.

New!!: Plastic and Saran (plastic) · See more »

Sargasso Sea

The Sargasso Sea is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean bounded by four currents forming an ocean gyre.

New!!: Plastic and Sargasso Sea · See more »

Self-healing material

Self-healing materials are artificial or synthetically-created substances that have the built-in ability to automatically repair damage to themselves without any external diagnosis of the problem or human intervention.

New!!: Plastic and Self-healing material · See more »

Sergey Lebedev (chemist)

Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev (Серге́й Васи́льевич Ле́бедев; July 25, 1874 – May 1, 1934) was a Russian/Soviet chemist and the inventor of polybutadiene synthetic rubber, the first commercially viable and mass-produced type of synthetic rubber.

New!!: Plastic and Sergey Lebedev (chemist) · See more »

Shellac

Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.

New!!: Plastic and Shellac · See more »

Shrink wrap

Shrink wrap, also shrink film, is a material made up of polymer plastic film.

New!!: Plastic and Shrink wrap · See more »

Side chain

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.

New!!: Plastic and Side chain · See more »

Silicone

Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.

New!!: Plastic and Silicone · See more »

Silk

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

New!!: Plastic and Silk · See more »

Society of the Plastics Industry

Founded in 1937, the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. was a professional society representing individuals in the plastics industry.

New!!: Plastic and Society of the Plastics Industry · See more »

Soda–lime glass

Soda–lime glass, also called soda–lime–silica glass, is the most prevalent type of glass, used for windowpanes and glass containers (bottles and jars) for beverages, food, and some commodity items.

New!!: Plastic and Soda–lime glass · See more »

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

New!!: Plastic and Southeast Asia · See more »

Space Race

The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability.

New!!: Plastic and Space Race · See more »

Sphingomonas

Sphingomonas was defined in 1990 as a group of Gram-negative, rod-shaped, chemoheterotrophic, strictly aerobic bacteria.

New!!: Plastic and Sphingomonas · See more »

Stabilizer (chemistry)

In industrial chemistry, a stabilizer is a chemical that is used to prevent degradation.

New!!: Plastic and Stabilizer (chemistry) · See more »

Starch

Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

New!!: Plastic and Starch · See more »

Step-growth polymerization

Step-growth polymerization refers to a type of polymerization mechanism in which bi-functional or multifunctional monomers react to form first dimers, then trimers, longer oligomers and eventually long chain polymers.

New!!: Plastic and Step-growth polymerization · See more »

Stocking

Stockings (also known as hose, especially in a historical context) are close-fitting, variously elastic garments covering the leg from the foot up to the knee or possibly part or all of the thigh.

New!!: Plastic and Stocking · See more »

Styrene

Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.

New!!: Plastic and Styrene · See more »

Styrene-butadiene

Styrene-butadiene or styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) describe families of synthetic rubbers derived from styrene and butadiene (the version developed by Goodyear is called Neolite).

New!!: Plastic and Styrene-butadiene · See more »

Styrofoam

Styrofoam is a trademarked brand of closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam (XPS), commonly called "Blue Board" manufactured as foam continuous building insulation board used in walls, roofs, and foundations as thermal insulation and water barrier.

New!!: Plastic and Styrofoam · See more »

Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

New!!: Plastic and Sulfur · See more »

Synthetic fiber

Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) are fibers made by humans with chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that humans get from living organisms with little or no chemical changes.

New!!: Plastic and Synthetic fiber · See more »

Synthetic membrane

An artificial membrane, or synthetic membrane, is a synthetically created membrane which is usually intended for separation purposes in laboratory or in industry.

New!!: Plastic and Synthetic membrane · See more »

Textile

A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

New!!: Plastic and Textile · See more »

Thermal cleaning

Thermal cleaning is a combined process involving pyrolysis and oxidation.

New!!: Plastic and Thermal cleaning · See more »

Thermoforming

Thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product.

New!!: Plastic and Thermoforming · See more »

Thermoplastic

A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

New!!: Plastic and Thermoplastic · See more »

Thermosetting polymer

A thermoset, also called a thermosetting plastic, is a plastic that is irreversibly cured from a soft solid or viscous liquid, prepolymer or resin.

New!!: Plastic and Thermosetting polymer · See more »

Timeline of materials technology

Major innovations in materials technology.

New!!: Plastic and Timeline of materials technology · See more »

Toothbrush

The toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument used to clean the teeth, gums, and tongue.

New!!: Plastic and Toothbrush · See more »

Toxicity

Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

New!!: Plastic and Toxicity · See more »

Toy

A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.

New!!: Plastic and Toy · See more »

Transparency and translucency

In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.

New!!: Plastic and Transparency and translucency · See more »

UL (safety organization)

UL is a global safety consulting and certification company headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois.

New!!: Plastic and UL (safety organization) · See more »

UL 94

UL 94, the Standard for Safety of Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances testing, is a plastics flammability standard released by Underwriters Laboratories of the United States.

New!!: Plastic and UL 94 · See more »

Ultimate tensile strength

Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.

New!!: Plastic and Ultimate tensile strength · See more »

Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

New!!: Plastic and Ultraviolet · See more »

Unified atomic mass unit

The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).

New!!: Plastic and Unified atomic mass unit · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Plastic and United States · See more »

Urea-formaldehyde

Urea-formaldehyde, also known as urea-methanal, so named for its common synthesis pathway and overall structure, is a non-transparent thermosetting resin or polymer.

New!!: Plastic and Urea-formaldehyde · See more »

Vicat softening point

Vicat softening temperature or Vicat hardness is the determination of the softening point for materials that have no definite melting point, such as plastics.

New!!: Plastic and Vicat softening point · See more »

Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.

New!!: Plastic and Vinyl chloride · See more »

Vinyl siding

Vinyl siding is plastic exterior siding for a house, used for decoration and weatherproofing, imitating wood clapboard, board and batten or shakes, and used instead of other materials such as aluminum or fiber cement siding.

New!!: Plastic and Vinyl siding · See more »

Vinyloop

Vinyloop® is a physical plastic recycling process for polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

New!!: Plastic and Vinyloop · See more »

Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

New!!: Plastic and Volatile organic compound · See more »

Vulcanization

Vulcanization or vulcanisation is a chemical process for converting natural rubber or related polymers into more durable materials by heating them with sulfur or other equivalent curatives or accelerators.

New!!: Plastic and Vulcanization · See more »

Wallace Carothers

Wallace Hume Carothers (April 27, 1896 – April 29, 1937) was an American chemist, inventor and the leader of organic chemistry at DuPont, credited with the invention of nylon.

New!!: Plastic and Wallace Carothers · See more »

Waste-to-energy

Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source.

New!!: Plastic and Waste-to-energy · See more »

Wastewater

Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.

New!!: Plastic and Wastewater · See more »

Water Polo Arena

The Water Polo Arena was a venue of the 2012 Summer Olympics held in London from 27 July to 12 August 2012.

New!!: Plastic and Water Polo Arena · See more »

Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

New!!: Plastic and Wood · See more »

Wood flour

Wood flour is finely pulverized wood that has a consistency fairly equal to sand or sawdust, but can vary considerably, with particles ranging in dimensions from a fine powder to roughly that of a grain of rice.

New!!: Plastic and Wood flour · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: Plastic and World Health Organization · See more »

World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

New!!: Plastic and World War I · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Plastic and World War II · See more »

World's fair

A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.

New!!: Plastic and World's fair · See more »

Young's modulus

Young's modulus, also known as the elastic modulus, is a measure of the stiffness of a solid material.

New!!: Plastic and Young's modulus · See more »

Yutaka Tokiwa

Yutaka Tokiwa is a Senior Researcher at Okinawa Industrial Technology Center, who has published extensively on the biodegradability of plastics.

New!!: Plastic and Yutaka Tokiwa · See more »

Zinc oxide

Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO.

New!!: Plastic and Zinc oxide · See more »

1862 International Exhibition

The International of 1862, or Great London Exposition, was a world's fair.

New!!: Plastic and 1862 International Exhibition · See more »

1939 New York World's Fair

The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.

New!!: Plastic and 1939 New York World's Fair · See more »

Redirects here:

Age of Plastics, Biodegradability of polymers, Biodegradeble Polymers, Biodegredable plastics, Flexible plastic, Incineration of plastics, List of plastics, Plastic additive, Plastic age, Plastic goods, Plastics, Polymer additive, Synthetic plastic, Technopolymer, Transparent plastic.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »