100 relations: Acetyltributylcitrate, Adipate, Adsorption, Alcohol, Aldonic acid, Artificial leather, Benzoic acid, Benzyl butyl phthalate, Biodegradation, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Chemical & Engineering News, Chlorinated polyethylene, Citric acid, Colloid, Concrete, Conveyor belt, Dibutyl phthalate, Dibutyl sebacate, Diethyl phthalate, Diethylene glycol dinitrate, Diisobutyl phthalate, Diisodecyl phthalate, Diisononyl phthalate, Dimethyl adipate, Dioctyl adipate, Dioctyl terephthalate, Diol, DPHP, Drywall, Elastic modulus, Elastomer, Endocrine disruptor, Energetic material, EPDM rubber, Epichlorohydrin, Epoxide, Epoxidized soybean oil, Ester, Ether, European Chemicals Bureau, Explosive material, Food additive, Glass transition, Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene, Ink, Insect repellent, Lignin, Lignosulfonates, Melamine, ..., Methyl ricinoleate, Moisturizer, Molecular mass, Nail polish, Naphthalene, Natural rubber, Neoprene, New car smell, Nitrile, Nitroglycerin, Organophosphate, Phthalate, Plasticity (physics), Plasticizer, Polybutene, Polymer, Polyvinyl chloride, Pozzolana, Pulp and paper industry, Pyrotechnic composition, Rocket propellant, Sebacic acid, Segregation in concrete, Semtex, Shampoo, Smokeless powder, Solid rocket booster, Space Shuttle, Specific impulse, Stucco, Sulfonamide, Sulfonic acid, Sunscreen, Superplasticizer, Synthetic rubber, Terephthalic acid, Tributyl phosphate, Tricresyl phosphate, Triethyl citrate, Triethylene glycol dinitrate, Trimellitic acid, Trimethylolethane trinitrate, Ultraviolet, Vapor pressure, Vegetable oil, Viscosity, Water reducer, 1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate, 1,2-Cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester, 2,4-Dinitrotoluene. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
Acetyltributylcitrate is an organic compound that is used as a plasticizer.
Adipates are the salts and esters of adipic acid.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldonic acid is any of a family of sugar acids obtained by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group of an aldose to form a carboxylic acid functional group.
Artificial leather is a material intended to substitute for leather in fields such as upholstery, clothing, footwear and fabrics and other uses where a leather-like finish is desired but the actual material is cost-prohibitive or unsuitable.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) is a phthalate, an ester of phthalic acid, benzyl alcohol, and ''n''-butanol.
Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate or DEHA is an organic compound with the formula (CH2CH2CO2C8H17)2.
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, diethylhexyl phthalate, DEHP; dioctyl phthalate, DOP) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2C8H17)2.
Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) is a weekly trade magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering.
Chlorinated polyethylene (PE-C) is an inexpensive variation of polyethylene having a chlorine content from 34 to 44%.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (often shortened to belt conveyor).
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is an organic compound commonly used plasticizer. With the chemical formula C6H4(CO2C4H9)2, it is a colorless oil, although commercial samples are often yellow. Because of its low toxicity and wide liquid range, it is used as a plasticizer.Peter M. Lorz, Friedrich K. Towae, Walter Enke, Rudolf Jäckh, Naresh Bhargava, Wolfgang Hillesheim "Phthalic Acid and Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2007, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.
Dibutyl sebacate (DBS) is an organic chemical, a dibutyl ester of sebacic acid.
Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is a phthalate ester, namely the diethyl ester of phthalic acid.
Diethylene glycol dinitrate is a nitrated alcohol ester produced by the action of concentrated nitric acid, normally admixed with an excess of strong sulfuric acid as a dehydrating agent, upon diethylene glycol.
Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) is prepared by esterification process of isobutanol and phthalic anhydride.
Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) is a commonly used plasticizer used in the production of plastic and plastic coating to increase flexibility.
Dimethyl adipate is the organic compound with the formula (CH2CH2CO2CH3)2.
Dioctyl adipate (DOA) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2CH2CO2C8H17)2.
Dioctyl terephthalate (bis(2-ethylhexyl) benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate or Di(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate), commonly abbreviated DOTP or DEHT, is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2C8H17)2.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
Di(2-propylheptyl) phthalate, Bis(2-propylheptyl) benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate or di(propylheptyl) orthophthalate, commonly abbreviated DPHP, is an organic compound with the formula C28H48O4.
Drywall (also known as plasterboard, wallboard, gypsum panel, sheet rock, or gypsum board) is a panel made of calcium sulfate dihydrate (gypsum), with or without additives, typically extruded between thick sheets of facer and backer paper, utilized in the construction of interior walls and ceilings.
An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it.
An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i. e., both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak intermolecular forces, and generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.
Energetic materials are a class of material with high amount of stored chemical energy that can be released.
EPDM rubber (ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber), a type of synthetic rubber, is an elastomer characterized by a wide range of applications.
Epichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide.
An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.
Epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO) is a collection of organic compounds obtained from the epoxidation of soybean oil.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
The European Chemicals Bureau (ECB) was the focal point for the data and assessment procedure on dangerous chemicals within the European Union.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.
Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) is an oligomer of butadiene terminated at each end with a hydroxyl functional group.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
An insect repellent (also commonly called "bug spray") is a substance applied to skin, clothing, or other surfaces which discourages insects (and arthropods in general) from landing or climbing on that surface.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Lignosulfonates, or sulfonated lignin, (CAS number 8062-15-5) are water-soluble anionic polyelectrolyte polymers: they are byproducts from the production of wood pulp using sulfite pulping.
Melamine is the organic compound with the formula C3H6N6.
Methyl ricinoleate is a clear, viscous fluid that is used as a surfactant, cutting fluid additive, lubricant, and plasticizer.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Neoprene (also polychloroprene or pc-rubber) is a family of synthetic rubbers that are produced by polymerization of chloroprene.
New car smell is the odor that comes from the combination of materials found in new automobiles, as well as other vehicles like buses or trucks.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
Organophosphates (also known as phosphate esters) are a class of organophosphorus compounds with the general structure O.
Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid.
In physics and materials science, plasticity describes the deformation of a (solid) material undergoing non-reversible changes of shape in response to applied forces.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
Polybutene and polyisobutylene are liquid oligomers widely used as plasticizers for high-molecular weight polymers, such as polyethylene, and as carriers and lubricants.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Pozzolana, also known as pozzolanic ash (pulvis puteolanus in Latin), is a natural siliceous or siliceous and aluminous material which reacts with calcium hydroxide in the presence of water at room temperature (cf. pozzolanic reaction).
The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, paperboard and other cellulose-based products.
A pyrotechnic composition is a substance or mixture of substances designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas/smoke or a combination of these, as a result of non-detonative self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions.
Rocket propellant is a material used either directly by a rocket as the reaction mass (propulsive mass) that is ejected, typically with very high speed, from a rocket engine to produce thrust, and thus provide spacecraft propulsion, or indirectly to produce the reaction mass in a chemical reaction.
Sebacic acid is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid with the structure (HOOC)(CH2)8(COOH).
Segregation in concrete is a case of particle segregation in concrete applications, in which particulate solids tend to segregate by virtue of differences in the size, density, shape and other properties of particles of which they are composed.
Semtex is a general-purpose plastic explosive containing RDX and PETN.
Shampoo is a hair care product, typically in the form of a viscous liquid, that is used for cleaning hair.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
Solid-fuel rocket boosters (SRBs) are large solid propellant motors used to provide thrust in spacecraft launches from initial launch through the first ascent stage.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.
In chemistry, the sulfonamide functional group (also spelled sulphonamide) is -S(.
A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(.
Sunscreen, also known as sunblock, sun cream or suntan lotion, is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation and thus helps protect against sunburn.
Superplasticizers, also known as high range water reducers, are chemical admixtures used where well-dispersed particle suspension is required.
A synthetic rubber is any artificial elastomer.
Terephthalic acid is an organic compound with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.
Tributyl phosphate, known commonly as TBP, is an organophosphorus compound with the chemical formula (CH3CH2CH2CH2O)3PO.
Tricresyl phosphate, abbreviated TCP, is an organophosphate compound that is used as a plasticizer and diverse other applications.
Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid.
Triethylene glycol dinitrate (TEGDN) is a nitrated alcohol ester of triethylene glycol.
Trimellitic acid (benzene-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid) is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C6H3(СООН)3.
Trimethylolethane trinitrate (TMETN), also known as metriol trinitrate (METN, MTN, METRTN) or nitropentaglycerin, is a nitrate ester.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
Water reducers are special chemical products added to a concrete mixture before it is poured.
1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), also called butanetriol trinitrate, is an important military propellant.
1,2-Cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester is a plasticizer for the manufacture of flexible plastic articles in sensitive application areas such as toys, medical devices and food packaging.
2,4-Dinitrotoluene (DNT) or dinitro is an organic compound with the formula C7H6N2O4.