138 relations: Absenteeism, Academy, Adolescence, Affective neuroscience, Africa, Agility, American football, Asia, Assam macaque, Association football, Athlete, Australia, Badminton, Baseball, Basketball, Bear, Bingo (U.S.), Blood lipids, Board game, Breast cancer, Business, Card game, Cardiovascular disease, Carl Jung, Cerebellum, Child, Child development, Childhood, Children's museum, Cholesterol, Cognitive development, Competition, Contentment, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Creativity, Cyberspace, Deer, Diabetes mellitus, Discovery (observation), Dog, Dominoes, Draughts, Emotion, Endurance, Equifinality, Ethology, Europe, Eye–hand coordination, Failure, Family entertainment center, ..., FIFA World Cup, Flow (psychology), Football, Free will, G. Stanley Hall, Game, Gameplay, Goal, Happiness, Homo Ludens, Ice hockey, Ilinx, Interpersonal relationship, Jean Piaget, Johan Huizinga, Jumping, Kick, Learned optimism, Learning, Learning through play, Leisure, Lev Vygotsky, Lion, Mammal, Man, Play and Games, Melanie Klein, Morale, Motor coordination, Mud pie, Muscle, Nepal, Neuroscience, New Deal, Nonprofit organization, Norbert Elias, North America, Obesity, Olympic Games, Phylogenetics, Physical fitness, Physical strength, Play therapy, Playground, Polar bear, Positive affectivity, Predation, Pregnancy, Problem solving, Productivity, Psychology, Quality of life, Recreation, Roger Caillois, Running, Scholarpedia, Science museum, Sigmund Freud, Smoking, Social isolation, Socialization, South America, Speed, Sport, Stephen Nachmanovitch, Stiffness, Summer camp, Table football, Table tennis, TED (conference), Television, Terror management theory, Theatrical property, Throwing, Tonkean macaque, Tool, Toy, United Nations, University of Colorado, University of Idaho, University of Lethbridge, Victory, Video game, Welfare, William James, Works Progress Administration, Yoga, Youth, Zebra. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
Absenteeism is a habitual pattern of absence from a duty or obligation without good reason.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
Affective neuroscience is the study of the neural mechanisms of emotion.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Agility or nimbleness is the ability to change the body's position efficiently, and requires the integration of isolated movement skills using a combination of balance, coordination, speed, reflexes, strength, and endurance.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Assam macaque (Macaca assamensis) is a macaque of the Old World monkey family native to South and Southeast Asia.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae.
In the United States, Bingo is a game of chance in which each player matches numbers printed in different arrangements on 5×5 cards with the numbers the game host (caller) draws at random, marking the selected numbers with tiles.
Blood lipids (or blood fats) are lipids in the blood, either free or bound to other molecules.
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
A card game is any game using playing cards as the primary device with which the game is played, be they traditional or game-specific.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.
Child development entails the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy.
Childhood is the age span ranging from birth to adolescence.
Children's museums are institutions that provide exhibits and programs to stimulate informal learning experiences for children.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Cognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience and psychology focusing on a child's development in terms of information processing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, language learning, and other aspects of the developed adult brain and cognitive psychology.
Competition is, in general, a contest or rivalry between two or more entities, organisms, animals, individuals, economic groups or social groups, etc., for territory, a niche, for scarce resources, goods, for mates, for prestige, recognition, for awards, for group or social status, or for leadership and profit.
Contentment is a mental or emotional state of satisfaction maybe drawn from being at ease in one's situation, body and mind.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Cyberspace is interconnected technology.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Dominoes is a family of tile-based games played with rectangular "domino" tiles.
Draughts (British English) or checkers (American English) is a group of strategy board games for two players which involve diagonal moves of uniform game pieces and mandatory captures by jumping over opponent pieces.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Endurance (also related to sufferance, resilience, constitution, fortitude, and hardiness) is the ability of an organism to exert itself and remain active for a long period of time, as well as its ability to resist, withstand, recover from, and have immunity to trauma, wounds, or fatigue.
Equifinality is the principle that in open systems a given end state can be reached by many potential means.
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Eye–hand coordination (also known as hand–eye coordination) is the coordinated control of eye movement with hand movement, and the processing of visual input to guide reaching and grasping along with the use of proprioception of the hands to guide the eyes.
Failure is the state or condition of not meeting a desirable or intended objective, and may be viewed as the opposite of success.
A family entertainment center (or centre), often abbreviated FEC in the entertainment industry, (also known as indoor amusement park or indoor theme park) is a small amusement park marketed towards families with small children to teenagers, and often entirely indoors or associated with a larger operation such as a theme park.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
In positive psychology, flow, also known colloquially as being in the zone, is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity.
Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.
Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1846 – April 24, 1924) was a pioneering American psychologist and educator.
A game is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool.
Gameplay is the specific way in which players interact with a game, and in particular with video games.
A goal is an idea of the future or desired result that a person or a group of people envisions, plans and commits to achieve.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
Homo Ludens is a book written in 1938 by Dutch historian and cultural theorist Johan Huizinga.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Ilinx is a kind of play, described by sociologist Roger Caillois, a major figure in game studies.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
Jean Piaget (9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980) was a Swiss psychologist and epistemologist known for his pioneering work in child development.
Johan Huizinga (7 December 1872 – 1 February 1945) was a Dutch historian and one of the founders of modern cultural history.
Jumping or leaping is a form of locomotion or movement in which an organism or non-living (e.g., robotic) mechanical system propels itself through the air along a ballistic trajectory.
A kick is a physical strike using the leg, foot, heel, tibia, thigh or knee (the latter is also known as a knee strike).
Learned optimism is the idea in positive psychology that a talent for joy, like any other, can be cultivated.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
Learning through play is a term used in education and psychology to describe how a child can learn to make sense of the world around them.
Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away from business, work, job hunting, domestic chores, and education, as well as necessary activities such as eating and sleeping.
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (p; – June 11, 1934) was a Soviet psychologist, the founder of an unfinished theory of human cultural and bio-social development commonly referred to as cultural-historical psychology, a prominent advocate for a new theory of consciousness, the "psychology of superman", and leader of the Vygotsky Circle (also referred to as "Vygotsky-Luria Circle").
The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the cat family (Felidae).
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Man, Play and Games is the influential 1961 book by the French Sociologist Roger Caillois, (French Les jeux et les hommes, 1958) on the sociology of play and games or, in Caillois' terms, sociology derived from play.
Melanie Reizes Klein (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that influenced child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis.
Morale, also known as esprit de corps, is the capacity of a group's members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship.
Motor coordination is the combination of body movements created with the kinematic (such as spatial direction) and kinetic (force) parameters that result in intended actions.
Making a mud pie is a children's activity or game that consists of creating a mixture of water and soil and playing or pretending to make food or a pie.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Norbert Elias (22 June 1897 – 1 August 1990) was a German sociologist of Jewish descent, who later became a British citizen.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities.
Physical strength is the measure of an animal's exertion of force on physical objects.
Play therapy is a method of meeting and responding to the mental health needs of children and is extensively acknowledged by experts as an effective and suitable intervention in dealing with children’s brain development.
A playground, playpark, or play area is a place specifically designed to enable children to play there.
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a hypercarnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses.
Positive affectivity (PA) is a human characteristic that describes how much people experience positive affects (sensations, emotions, sentiments...); and as a consequence how they interact with others and with their surroundings.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
Roger Caillois (3 March 1913 – 21 December 1978) was a French intellectual whose idiosyncratic work brought together literary criticism, sociology, and philosophy by focusing on diverse subjects such as games, play as well as the sacred.
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot.
Scholarpedia is an English-language online wiki-based encyclopedia with features commonly associated with open-access online academic journals, which aims to have quality content.
A science museum is a museum devoted primarily to science.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Social isolation is a state of complete or near-complete lack of contact between an individual and society.
In sociology, socialization is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed of an object is the magnitude of its velocity (the rate of change of its position); it is thus a scalar quantity.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Stephen Nachmanovitch is a musician, author, computer artist, and educator.
Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.
A summer camp or sleepaway camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted during the summer months in some countries.
Table football, also called foosball (compare with the German Fußball "football") and sometimes table soccer, is a table-top game that is loosely based on football.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
TED Conferences, LLC (Technology, Entertainment, Design) is a media organization that posts talks online for free distribution, under the slogan "ideas worth spreading".
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
In social psychology, terror management theory (TMT) proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a self-preservation instinct, whilst realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable.
A prop, formally known as (theatrical) property, is an object used on stage or on screen by actors during a performance or screen production.
Throwing is the launching of a ballistic projectile by hand.
The Tonkean black macaque or Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae.
A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.
A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The University of Colorado system is a system of public universities in Colorado consisting of four campuses: University of Colorado Boulder, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, University of Colorado Denver in downtown Denver and at the Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora.
The University of Idaho (officially abbreviated UI, locally referred to as "U of I" or "UIdaho") is the U.S. state of Idaho's oldest public university.
The University of Lethbridge (also known as uLethbridge, uLeth, and U of L) is a publicly funded comprehensive academic and research university, founded in the liberal education tradition, located in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, with a second campus in the city of Calgary, Alberta.
The term victory (from Latin victoria) originally applied to warfare, and denotes success achieved in personal combat, after military operations in general or, by extension, in any competition.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads.
Yoga (Sanskrit, योगः) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.
Youth is the time of life when one is young, and often means the time between childhood and adulthood (maturity).
Zebras are several species of African equids (horse family) united by their distinctive black and white striped coats.