56 relations: Adjective, Affix, Agreement (linguistics), Apophony, Austronesian languages, Baltic languages, Cambridge University Press, Chinese language, Classifier (linguistics), Comparison (grammar), Data (word), Decimal, Demonstrative, Determiner, Dual (grammatical number), English language, English personal pronouns, English plurals, Eye, Fraction (mathematics), French language, Grammatical case, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Grammatical person, Grammatical tense, Inflection, Japanese language, Latin, Lihir language, List of glossing abbreviations, Mass noun, Mele-Fila language, Negative number, Noun, Noun phrase, Part-of-speech tagging, Partitive plural, Personal pronoun, Pluractionality, Plural quantification, Plurale tantum, Polish language, Pronoun, Quantity, Romance plurals, Royal we, Russian language, Singulative number, Sketch Engine, ..., Slavic languages, Slovene language, Subject (grammar), Sursurunga language, Synesis, Verb. Expand index (6 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
Agreement or concord (abbreviated) happens when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.
In linguistics, apophony (also known as ablaut, (vowel) gradation, (vowel) mutation, alternation, internal modification, stem modification, stem alternation, replacive morphology, stem mutation, internal inflection etc.) is any sound change within a word that indicates grammatical information (often inflectional).
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Baltic languages belong to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
A classifier (abbreviated or), sometimes called a measure word or counter word, is a word or affix that is used to accompany nouns and can be considered to "classify" a noun depending on the type of its referent.
Comparison is a feature in the morphology or syntax of some languages, whereby adjectives and adverbs are inflected or modified to indicate the relative degree of the property defined by the adjective or adverb.
The word data has generated considerable controversy on whether it is an uncountable noun used with verbs conjugated in the singular, or should be treated as the plural of the now-rarely-used datum.
The decimal numeral system (also called base-ten positional numeral system, and occasionally called denary) is the standard system for denoting integer and non-integer numbers.
Demonstratives (abbreviated) are words, such as this and that, used to indicate which entities are being referred to and to distinguish those entities from others.
A determiner, also called determinative (abbreviated), is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.
Dual (abbreviated) is a grammatical number that some languages use in addition to singular and plural.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The personal pronouns in English take various forms according to number, person, case and natural gender.
English nouns are inflected for grammatical number, meaning that if they are of the countable type, they generally have different forms for singular and plural.
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
A fraction (from Latin fractus, "broken") represents a part of a whole or, more generally, any number of equal parts.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Lihir language is an Austronesian language spoken in the Lihir island group, in New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.
This page lists common abbreviations for grammatical terms that are used in linguistic interlinear glossing.
In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as something with discrete subsets.
Mele-Fila (Ifira-Mele) is a Polynesian language spoken in Mele and Ifira on the island of Efate in Vanuatu.
In mathematics, a negative number is a real number that is less than zero.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
In corpus linguistics, part-of-speech tagging (POS tagging or PoS tagging or POST), also called grammatical tagging or word-category disambiguation, is the process of marking up a word in a text (corpus) as corresponding to a particular part of speech, based on both its definition and its context—i.e., its relationship with adjacent and related words in a phrase, sentence, or paragraph.
Partitive plural is a grammatical number that is used to modify a noun which represents a part of some whole amount, as opposed to the comprehensive plural, used when the noun represents the total amount of something.
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person (as I), second person (as you), or third person (as he, she, it, they).
Pluractionality, or verbal number, if not used in its aspectual sense, is a grammatical device that indicates that the action or participants of a verb is/are plural.
In mathematics and logic, plural quantification is the theory that an individual variable x may take on plural, as well as singular, values.
A plurale tantum (Latin for "plural only", plural form: pluralia tantum) is a noun that appears only in the plural form and does not have a singular variant for referring to a single object.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude.
This article describes the different ways of forming the plural forms of nouns and adjectives in the Romance languages, and discusses various hypotheses about how these systems emerged historically from the declension patterns of Vulgar Latin.
The royal we, or majestic plural (pluralis maiestatis), is the use of a plural pronoun (or corresponding plural-inflected verb forms) to refer to a single person who is a monarch.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
In linguistics, singulative number and collective number (abbreviated and) are terms used when the grammatical number for multiple items is the unmarked form of a noun, and the noun is specially marked to indicate a single item.
Sketch Engine is a corpus manager and text analysis software developed by Lexical Computing Limited since 2003.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages.
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'.
Sursurunga is an Oceanic language of New Ireland.
Synesis is a traditional grammatical/rhetorical term derived from Greek σύνεσις (originally meaning "unification, meeting, sense, conscience, insight, realization, mind, reason").
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
Massive plural, Nominal plurality, Numerative plural, Ploural, Plural (grammar), Plural (grammatical number), Plural form, Plural nouns, Plural9, Pluralis, Pluralisation, Pluralised, Pluralization, Pluralized, Plurals, Pluri.