161 relations: Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse, Amnesty International, Anti-austerity movement in Spain, Asphyxia, Authoritarian personality, Authoritarianism, Bangladesh, Bedfordshire Police, Black Power, Blue wall of silence, Border guard, Brazil, Brazilian military government, Bronze Night, Chennai, Chicago Tribune, Christopher Commission, City of London, Civil and political rights, Civil liberties, Civil rights movement, Color (law), Common law, Constitution Party (Estonia), Copwatch, Council of Europe, Courts of Denmark, Crime, Law and Social Change, Croatia, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruelty, Day-fine, Death of Blair Peach, Death of Ian Tomlinson, Death of Khaled Mohamed Saeed, Death of Sammy Yatim, Denmark, Dmitry Medvedev, Due process, Egyptian revolution of 2011, Engin Çeber, England and Wales, ESPN FC, Estonian Police, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, European Union, False arrest, False confession, Falun Gong, ..., Ferenc Gyurcsány, Finnish Civil War, Football hooliganism, France, Garda Síochána, George W. Bush, Germany, Gezi Park protests, Government of Malta, Great Railroad Strike of 1877, Gulf Cooperation Council, Hanapepe massacre, Handcuffs, Hard disk drive, Human rights commission, Independent Police Complaints Commission, Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, International Day Against Police Brutality, Islamic extremism, Issa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ivica Dačić, Jerome Herbert Skolnick, Latvia, Law enforcement, Legal observer, List of cases of police brutality, List of killings by law enforcement officers in Canada, List of killings by law enforcement officers in the United States, Los Angeles Police Department, Ludlow Massacre, Lynching in the United States, Microblogging in China, Military Police (Brazil), Misconduct, Nation state, Oppression, Photography is Not a Crime, Pitch invasion, Pitchess motion, Polícia de Segurança Pública, Police, Police brutality, Police dog, Police Investigations and Review Commissioner, Police misconduct, Police of Denmark, Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, Police riot, Police station, Portugal, Prisoner abuse, Pullman Strike, Rajan case, Rendőrség, Right to life, Robert Dziekański Taser incident, Rodney King, Romani people, Romani people in Poland, Rough ride (police brutality), Schengen Agreement, Security of person, Slobodan Milošević, Standard operating procedure, Statutory law, Steel strike of 1919, Strike action, Suharto, Suicide by cop, Syrian Civil War, Taksim Gezi Park, Tamil Nadu, Tazers, Territorial Support Group, The Global Journal, The Hague, The Independent, The Local, The Troubles, The Washington Post, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Torture, Torture in Turkey, Tunisian Revolution, Turkey, Twitter, United Kingdom, United Nations Convention against Torture, United Nations Human Rights Committee, United States Department of State, USB flash drive, Use of force, Use of force continuum, Violence, Vladimir Putin, War on drugs, War on Terror, Waterboarding, YouTube, 1912 Lawrence textile strike, 1992 Los Angeles riots, 1998 Słupsk street riots, 2006 protests in Hungary, 2009 G20 London summit protests, 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, 2010 G20 Toronto summit protests, 2012 Quebec student protests, 2014 Hong Kong protests, 2015 Knurów riots, 2017 pro-jallikattu protests. Expand index (111 more) » « Shrink index
During the war in Iraq that began in March 2003, personnel of the United States Army and the Central Intelligence Agency committed a series of human rights violations against detainees in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The anti-austerity movement in Spain, also referred to as the 15-M Movement (Spanish: Movimiento 15-M), the Indignados Movement, and Take the Square, had origins in social networks such as Real Democracy NOW (Democracia Real YA) or Youth Without a Future (Juventud Sin Futuro).
Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.
Authoritarian personality is a state of mind or attitude characterized by belief in absolute obedience or submission to someone else’s authority, as well as the administration of that belief through the oppression of one's subordinates.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Bedfordshire Police, is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire in England, which includes the unitary authorities of Bedford, Central Bedfordshire and Luton.
Black Power is a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African descent.
The blue wall of silence, also blue code and blue shield, are terms used in the United States to denote the informal rule that purportedly exists among police officers not to report on a colleague's errors, misconducts, or crimes, including police brutality.
A border guard of a country is a national security agency that performs border control, i.e., enforces the security of the country's national borders.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Brazilian military government was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985.
The Bronze Night (Pronksiöö or Pronksöö), also known as the April Unrest (Aprillirahutused) and April Events (Aprillisündmused), is the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
The Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department, informally known as the Christopher Commission, was formed by then-mayor of Los Angeles Tom Bradley in April 1991, in the wake of the Rodney King beating.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
In United States law, the term color of law denotes the "mere semblance of legal right", the "pretense or appearance of" right; hence, an action done under color of law adjusts (colors) the law to the circumstance, yet said apparently legal action contravenes the law.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Constitution Party (Konstitutsioonierakond), known until 11 February 2006 as the Estonian United People's Party (Eestimaa Ühendatud Rahvapartei), was a political party in Estonia, mainly supported by the Russian minority.
Copwatch (also Cop Watch) is a network of activist organizations, typically autonomous and focused in local areas, in the United States and Canada (and to a lesser extent Europe) that observe and document police activity while looking for signs of police misconduct and police brutality.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
The Courts of Denmark is the ordinary court system of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Crime, Law and Social Change is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering criminology from a global perspective, with a particular focus on "financial crime, corruption, terrorism and organizational crime".
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cruel and unusual punishment is a phrase describing punishment that is considered unacceptable due to the suffering, pain, or humiliation it inflicts on the person subjected to it.
Cruelty is indifference to suffering or pleasure in inflicting suffering.
A day-fine, day fine, unit fine or structured fine is a unit of fine payment that, above a minimum fine, is based on the offender's daily personal income.
Clement Blair Peach (25 March 1946 – 23 April 1979) was a New Zealand-born teacher who died during an anti-racism demonstration in Southall, Middlesex, England.
Ian Tomlinson (7 February 1962 – 1 April 2009) was a newspaper vendor who collapsed and died in the City of London after being struck by a police officer during the 2009 G-20 summit protests.
Khaled Mohamed Saeed (خالد محمد سعيد; 27 January 1982 – 6 June 2010) was an Egyptian man whose death in police custody in the Sidi Gaber area of Alexandria on 6 June 2010 helped incite the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.
The death of Sammy Yatim occurred early in the morning of July 27, 2013, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
Due process is the legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person.
The Egyptian revolution of 2011, locally known as the January 25 Revolution (ثورة 25 يناير), and as the Egyptian Revolution of Dignity began on 25 January 2011 and took place across all of Egypt.
Engin Çeber (May 5, 1979 – October 8, 2008) was a Turkish human rights activist who was tortured and killed while in police custody.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
ESPN FC (formerly ESPN SoccerNet) was a website owned by ESPN Inc., which covered association football.
The Estonian Police (Eesti Politsei) was the law enforcement agency of Estonia.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
False arrest is a common law tort, where a plaintiff alleges he or she was held in custody without probable cause, or without an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction.
A false confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible.
Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (Standard Mandarin Chinese:; literally, "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a modern Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance.
Ferenc Gyurcsány (born 4 June 1961) is a Hungarian entrepreneur and politician.
The Finnish Civil War was a conflict for the leadership and control of Finland during the country's transition from a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire to an independent state.
Football hooliganism is the term used to describe disorderly, violent or destructive behaviour perpetrated by spectators at association football events.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
An Garda Síochána (meaning "the Guardian of the Peace"), more commonly referred to as the Gardaí ("Guardians") or "the Guards", is the police force of the Republic of Ireland.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Turkey began on 28 May 2013, initially to contest the urban development plan for Istanbul's Taksim Gezi Park.
The Government of Malta (Gvern ta' Malta) is the executive branch of Malta.
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year.
The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf except Iraq.
The Hanapēpē Massacre (also called the Battle of Hanapēpē since both sides were armed) happened on September 9, 1924.
Handcuffs are restraint devices designed to secure an individual's wrists close together.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
A human rights commission, also known as a human relations commission, is a body set up to investigate, promote or protect human rights.
The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) was a non-departmental public body in England and Wales responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales.
The Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966 (also variously known as the Indonesian massacres, Indonesian genocide, Indonesian Communist Purge, Indonesian politicide, or the 1965 Tragedy) were large-scale killings and civil unrest which occurred in Indonesia over several months, targeting communist sympathizers, ethnic Chinese and alleged leftists, often at the instigation of the armed forces and government.
The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) is a United Nations convention.
The International Day Against Police Brutality occurs on March 15.
Islamic extremism has been defined by the British government as any form of Islam that opposes "democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs." Related terms include "Islamist extremism" and Islamism.
Issa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (عيسى بن زايد آل نهيان) is the son of former United Arab Emirates President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan; the half brother of the present ruler of Abu Dhabi, the Emir Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; and the half brother of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Ivica Dačić (Ивица Дачић,; born 1 January 1966) is a Serbian politician who has been the Minister of Foreign Affairs since April 2014.
Jerome Herbert Skolnick (born 1931) is a professor at New York University and a former president of the American Society of Criminology.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Law enforcement is any system by which some members of society act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and norms governing that society.
Legal observers are individuals, usually representatives of civilian human rights agencies, who attend public demonstrations, protests and other activities where there is a potential for conflict between the public or activists and the police, security guards, or other law enforcement personnel.
This list compiles incidents alleged or proved to be due to police brutality that attracted significant media or historical attention.
This is a list of people killed by non-military law enforcement officers in Canada, both on duty and off, and regardless of reason or method.
Below are lists of people killed by law enforcement in the United States, both on duty and off.
The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the police department of Los Angeles.
The Ludlow Massacre was a labor conflict: the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel and Iron Company guards attacked a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914, with the National Guard using machine guns to fire into the colony.
Lynching is the practice of murder by a group by extrajudicial action.
Weibo (微博) is the Chinese word for "microblog".
Military Police (Polícia Militar,, also known as PM) are a type of preventive state police in every state of Brazil.
In law, misconduct is wrongful, improper, or unlawful conduct motivated by premeditated or intentional purpose or by obstinate indifference to the consequences of one's acts.
A nation state (or nation-state), in the most specific sense, is a country where a distinct cultural or ethnic group (a "nation" or "people") inhabits a territory and have formed a state (often a sovereign state) that they predominantly govern.
Oppression can refer to an authoritarian regime controlling its citizens via state control of politics, the monetary system, media, and the military; denying people any meaningful human or civil rights; and terrorizing the populace through harsh, unjust punishment, and a hidden network of obsequious informants reporting to a vicious secret police force.
Photography is Not a Crime, abbreviated to PINAC and published under the trade names PINAC News, is an organization and news website that focuses on rights of civilians who photograph and film police and other government organizations in the United States.
A pitch invasion, known as rushing the field or storming the field in North America, occurs when an individual or a crowd of people watching a sporting event run onto the playing area to celebrate or protest an incident.
A Pitchess motion is a request made by the defense in a California criminal case, such as a DUI case or a resisting arrest case, to access a law enforcement officer's personnel information when the defendant alleges in an affidavit that the officer used excessive force or lied about the events surrounding the defendant's arrest.
The Polícia de Segurança Pública (PSP; Public Security Police) is the civil preventive police force of Portugal.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.
A police dog, known in some English-speaking countries as a "K-9" or "K9" (a homophone of "canine"), is a dog that is specifically trained to assist police and other law-enforcement personnel.
The Police Investigations and Review Commissioner (PIRC) is the executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government responsible for investigating complaints by members of the public against Police Scotland; and the Scottish operations of the National Crime Agency, British Transport Police, Civil Nuclear Constabulary, Ministry of Defence Police, and HM Revenue and Customs.
Police misconduct refers to inappropriate conduct and or illegal actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties.
The police of Denmark (Politiet) is the interior part of the Danish legitimate force providers (the Danish military being the exterior).
The Office of the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland (OPONI; Ombudsman Póilíní do Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Owersman fur tha Polis o Norlin Airlann) is a non-departmental public body intended to provide an independent, impartial police complaints system for the people and police under the Police (Northern Ireland) Acts of 1998 and 2000.
A police riot is a riot carried out by the police; a riot that the police are responsible for instigating, escalating or sustaining as a violent confrontation; an event characterized by widespread police brutality; a mass police action that is violently undertaken against civilians for the purpose of political repression.
A police station (sometimes called a "station house" in the US) is a building which serves to accommodate police officers and other members of staff.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Prisoner abuse is the mistreatment of persons while they are under arrest or incarcerated, therefore deprived of the right of self-defense against acting authorities and generally defenseless in actual fact.
The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States that lasted from May 11 to July 20, 1894, and a turning point for US labor law.
The Rajan case refers to the death of P. Rajan, a student of the erstwhile Regional Engineering College, Calicut, as a result of torture in local police custody in Kerala during the nationwide Emergency in India in 1976, and the legal battle that followed, which brought out the facts of the incident to the public.
The Rendőrség (English: ′Guard of Order′ or Police) is the civil law enforcement agency of Hungary, with nationwide jurisdiction.
The right to life is a moral principle based on the belief that a human being has the right to live and, in particular, should not be killed by another human being.
Robert Dziekański, (April 15, 1967 – October 14, 2007) was a Polish immigrant to Canada who was killed on October 14, 2007, during an arrest at the Vancouver International Airport in Richmond, British Columbia.
Rodney Glen King (April 2, 1965 – June 17, 2012) was an African-American taxi driver who became known internationally as the victim of Los Angeles Police Department brutality, after a videotape was released of several police officers beating him during his arrest on March 3, 1991.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romani people in Poland (Romowie, commonly known as Gypsies Cyganie) are one of Poland's recognized ethnic minorities.
A rough ride is a form of police brutality in which a handcuffed prisoner is placed in a police van without a seatbelt, and is thrown violently about by driving the vehicle erratically.
The Schengen Agreement is a treaty which led to the creation of Europe's Schengen Area, in which internal border checks have largely been abolished.
Security of the person is a basic entitlement guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948.
Slobodan Milošević (Слободан Милошевић; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician and the President of Serbia (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
A standard operating procedure, or SOP, is a set of step-by-step instructions compiled by an organization to help workers carry out complex routine operations.
Statutory law or statute law is written law set down by a body of legislature or by a singular legislator (in the case of absolute monarchy).
The steel strike of 1919 was an attempt by the weakened Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers (the AA) to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I. The strike began on September 21, 1919, and collapsed on January 8, 1920.
Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Suicide by cop or suicide by police is a suicide method in which a suicidal individual deliberately behaves in a threatening manner, with intent to provoke a lethal response from a public safety or law enforcement officer.
The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.
Taksim Gezi Park is an urban park next to Taksim Square, in Istanbul's Beyoğlu district (historically known as Pera.) It is one of the last green spaces in Beyoğlu and one of the smallest parks of Istanbul.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
The Tazers is a punk rock band that was formed in 1979 in the city of La Habra, California.
The Territorial Support Group (TSG or SCO20) is a Specialist Crime & Operations unit of London's Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).
The Global Journal was a bimonthly online and printed magazine published by the Société des Fondateurs de The Global Journal SA concentrating on global governance issues.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Local is an English-language digital news publisher with local editions in Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Austria and Italy.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
The widespread and systematic use of torture in Turkey was first observed by Amnesty International (AI) after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état.
The Tunisian Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance, including a series of street demonstrations taking place in Tunisia, and led to the ousting of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture (UNCAT)) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
The United Nations Human Rights Committee is a United Nations body of 18 experts that meets three times a year for four-week sessions (spring session at UN headquarters in New York, summer and fall sessions at the UN Office in Geneva) to consider the five-yearly reports submitted by 169 UN member states on their compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, ICCPR, and any individual petitions concerning 116 States parties to the Optional Protocol.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
The use of force, in the context of law enforcement, may be defined as the "amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject".
A use of force continuum is a standard that provides law enforcement officers and civilians with guidelines as to how much force may be used against a resisting subject in a given situation.
Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
War on Drugs is an American term usually applied to the U.S. federal government's campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Waterboarding is a form of water torture in which water is poured over a cloth covering the face and breathing passages of an immobilized captive, causing the individual to experience the sensation of drowning.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
The Lawrence textile strike was a strike of immigrant workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912 led by the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
The 1992 Los Angeles riots, also known as the Rodney King riots, the South Central riots, the 1992 Los Angeles civil disturbance, the 1992 Los Angeles civil unrest, the 1992 Los Angeles Uprising, and the Battle of Los Angeles, were a series of riots, lootings, arsons, and civil disturbances that occurred in Los Angeles County, California in April and May 1992.
On Saturday, January 10, 1998, a basketball derby game between the teams of Czarni Słupsk and AZS Koszalin took place in the northern Polish city of Słupsk.
The 2006 protests in Hungary were a series of anti-government protests triggered by the release of Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány's private speech in which he confessed that his Hungarian Socialist Party had lied to win the 2006 election, and had done nothing worth mentioning in the previous four years of governing.
The 2009 G20 London summit protests occurred in the days around the 2 April 2009 G20 London summit.
The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly known as the Copenhagen Summit, was held at the Bella Center in Copenhagen, Denmark, between 7 and 18 December.
Public protesting and demonstrations began one week ahead of the 2010 G20 Toronto summit, which took place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on 26−27 June.
The 2012 Quebec student protests were a series of student demonstrations led by student unions such as the Association pour une solidarité syndicale étudiante, the Fédération étudiante universitaire du Québec, and the Fédération étudiante collégiale du Québec against a proposal by the Quebec Cabinet, headed by Liberal Premier Jean Charest, to raise university tuition from $2,168 to $3,793 between 2012 and 2018.
A series of sit-in street protests, often called the Umbrella Revolution and sometimes used interchangeably with Umbrella Movement, occurred in Hong Kong from 26 September to 15 December 2014.
The 2015 Knurów riots was the biggest unrest among ultras and football fans in Poland since the Słupsk street riots 1998, in protest at the killing of a fan at lower league football match by police.
The 2017 pro-jallikattu protests, also known as the pro-jallikattu movement or Thai Puratchi (தை புரட்சி), refers to numerous leaderless apolitical youth groups protesting in January 2017 in large groups in several locations across the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, with some sporadic smaller protests taking place across India, as well as overseas.
Brutally suppressed by the police, Causes of police brutality, Excessive force, Excessive use of force, High Speed Pursuit Syndrome, High Speed Pursuit syndrome, List of cases of police brutality in Malta, Police Brutality, Police Oppression, Police Terrorism, Police abuse/misconduct, Police brutality in Brazil, Police brutality in China, Police brutality in Egypt, Police brutality in Finland, Police brutality in Indonesia, Police brutality in Portugal, Police brutality in Russia, Police brutality in Turkey, Police oppression, Police terrorism, Police violence, Undue force.