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Polish mythology

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Polish mythology comprises beliefs and myths of ancient Poland, including witchcraft and elements of Paganism. [1]

78 relations: Żywie, Živa (goddess), Baba Yaga, Balkans, Bannik, Belobog, Boginki, Central Europe, Chernobog, Dažbog, Devana, Devil, Dogoda, Dola (mythology), Domovoi, Dzydzilelya, Eastern Europe, Gabija, Germanic mythology, Herbs in Polish mythology, Jarilo, Karzełek, Kikimora, Krakus, Kupala, Lada (goddess), Lady Midday, Lakanica, Leshy, Mammon, Mare (folklore), Marija Gimbutas, Marzanna, Marzyana, Mat Zemlya, Mermaid of Warsaw, Mokosh, Mythology, Nav', Neuri, Nocnitsa, Non-physical entity, Norse mythology, Odmieńce, Ognyena Maria, Paganism, Percunatele, Perun, Piast the Wheelwright, Pisanka, ..., Poland, Polevik, Polish folk beliefs, Popielids, Porvata, Princess Kunegunda, Princess Wanda, Psotnik, Raróg, Rod (god), Rus' people, Rusalka, Slavic mythology, Stribog, Strzyga, Sudice (mythology), Supernatural beings in Slavic folklore, Svarog, Svetovid, Topielec, Triglav (mythology), Veles (god), Vodyanoy, Wendish mythology, Witchcraft, Zagavory, Zaria (goddess), Zorya. Expand index (28 more) »


Żywie, in Western Slavic mythology, was the goddess of health and healing.

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Živa (goddess)

Živa, also Żiwia, Siva, Sieba or Razivia, was the Slavic goddess of life and fertility.

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Baba Yaga

In Slavic folklore, Baba Yaga is a supernatural being (or one of a trio of sisters of the same name) who appears as a deformed and/or ferocious-looking woman.

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The Balkan Peninsula, popularly referred to as the Balkans, is a geographical region of Southeast Europe.

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Bannik is the bathhouse (banya) spirit in Slavic mythology.

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Belobog, Bilobog, Belbog, Bialbog, Byelobog, Bielobog, Belun or Bylun (all names meaning White God) is a reconstructed Slavic deity of light and Sun, the counterpart of dark and cursed Chernobog (Black God).

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The Boginki (Polish for "Little Goddesses"; singular: boginka) are spirits in Polish mythology.

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Central Europe

Central Europe (archaically "Middle Europe") is a region lying between the variously defined areas of the Eastern and Western parts of the European continent.

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Chernobog (and *bogŭ "god"), also spelled as Chernabog, Czernobog, Chornoboh, Crnobog and Tchernobog is a Slavic deity, whose name means black god, about whom much has been speculated but little can be said definitively.

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Dažbog (Proto-Slavic: *dadjьbogъ, Serbo-Croatian: Dabog, Daždbog, Dajbog; Даждбог, Dadźbóg, Даж(д)ьбог, Дажбог), alternatively Dazhbog, Dajbog, Dazhdbog, or Dadzbóg, was one of the major gods of Slavic mythology, most likely a solar deity and possibly a cultural hero.

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Devana or Dziewanna is the Slavic equivalent of the Roman goddess Diana, mentioned by 15th century Polish historian Jan Długosz in Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae (History of Poland).

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The devil (from Greek: διάβολος or diábolos.

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Dogoda is a mythological Slavic spirit of the west wind, associated with love and gentleness.

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Dola (mythology)

In Slavic mythology, Dola (pronounced doh-luh) are the protective spirits which embody human fate.

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A domovoi or domovoy (p; literally, " from the house") is a protective house spirit in Slavic folklore.

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Dzydzilelya is a Polish female deity, mentioned by 15th-century historian Jan Długosz in Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae (History of Poland).

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Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.

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Gabija (also known as Gabieta, Gabeta) is the spirit of the fire in Lithuanian mythology.

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Germanic mythology

Germanic mythology is a comprehensive term for myths associated with historical Germanic paganism, including Norse mythology, Anglo-Saxon mythology, Continental Germanic mythology, and other versions of the mythologies of the Germanic peoples.

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Herbs in Polish mythology

Herbs are used in Polish folk customs.

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Jarylo (Cyrillic: Ярило or Ярила; Jaryło; Jura or Juraj; Jarilo; Slavic: Jarovit), alternatively Yarylo, Iarilo, or Gerovit, is a Slavic god of vegetation, fertility and springtime.

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The Karzełek (diminutive of karzeł – a small one, used for describing non-fantasy dwarfs) or Skarbnik (the Treasurer) in Polish mythology live in mines and underground workings and are the guardians of gems, crystals, and precious metals.

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Kikimora (p) is a legendary creature, a female house spirit in Slavic (especially Eastern) mythology.

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Krakus, Krak or Grakch was a legendary Polish prince and founder of Kraków, the ruler of the tribe of Lechitians (Poles).

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Kupala (Belarusian Купала, Russian Купала, Купало, Polish Kupała, Ukrainian Купала, Купало/Купайло) is a traditional goddess in Slavic mythology.

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Lada (goddess)

Lada or Lado is the name of a Slavic deity of harmony, merriment, youth, love and beauty.

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Lady Midday

Pscipolnitsa is a mythical character common to the various Slavic countries of Eastern Europe.

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Lakanica is a Polish spirit of fields.

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The Leshy (p; literally, " from the forest") is the tutelary spirit of the woodlands in Slavic folklore.

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Mammon, in the New Testament of the Bible, is greed or material wealth, and in the Middle Ages was often personified as a deity, and sometimes included in the seven princes of Hell.

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Mare (folklore)

A mare or nightmare (marōn; mære; mara; Nachtmahr; Μόρα; Мара; Мара) is an evil spirit or goblin in Germanic folklore which rides on people's chests while they sleep, bringing on bad dreams (or "nightmares").

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Marija Gimbutas

Marija Gimbutas (Marija Gimbutienė; January 23, 1921 – February 2, 1994), was a Lithuanian-American archaeologist known for her research into the Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures of "Old Europe" and for her widely accepted Kurgan hypothesis, which located the Proto-Indo-European homeland in the Pontic Steppe.

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Marzanna (in Polish), Morė (in Lithuanian), Morana (in Czech and Slovene), or Morena (in Slovak and Russian) or also Mara, Maržena, Morana, Moréna, Mora or Marmora is a Baltic and Slavic goddess associated with seasonal rites based on the idea of death and rebirth of nature.

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Marzyana is the Polish Goddess of the Grain, presiding over harvest and can be comparable to Demeter.

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Mat Zemlya

Mat Zemlya, also Matka Ziemia, and Mati Syra Zemlya (literally Damp Mother Earth), is the oldest deity in Slavic mythology, her identity later blended into that of Mokosh.

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Mermaid of Warsaw

The Mermaid of Warsaw (Syrenka Warszawska) is a symbol of Warsaw, represented on the city's coat of arms and well as in a number of statues and other imagery.

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Mokoš (Old Russian Мокошь) is a Slavic goddess mentioned in the Primary Chronicle, protector of women's work and women's destiny.

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Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people–their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs–or the study of such myths.

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The Nawie or Nawki in Polish, the Mavka (Navka, Nyavka) in Ukrainian, or simply Nav' in other Slavic languages are ghosts or the souls of persons that had met a tragic or premature death, particularly unchristened babies.

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According to Herodotus the Neuri were a tribe living beyond the Scythian, one of the nations along the course of the river Ὕπανις Hypanis (Southern Bug River), West of the Βορυσθένης Borysthenes (Dniepr river), roughly the area of modern northern (initially north western) Ukraine (historic Volyn) and southern Belarus.

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The Nocnitsa in Slavic mythology, is a nightmare spirit that also goes by the name kriksy, plaksy, plachky, plaksivicy, kriksy-varaksy, kriksy-plaksy, night hag, night maiden.

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Non-physical entity

In ontology and the philosophy of mind, a non-physical entity is a spirit or being that exists outside of physical reality.

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Norse mythology

Norse mythology is the body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.

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In Polish mythology, the Odmieńce are the changelings left behind by the Boginki.

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Ognyena Maria

in Slavic mythology, Ognyena Maria is the "Fiery Mary," a fire goddess who assists and counsels the thunder God Piorun.

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Paganism is a term that developed among the Christian community of southern Europe during late antiquity to describe religions other than their own or Judaism.

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Perkunatete or Perkunatele is in Baltic mythology the thunder goddess mother of Perkunas, in Slavic mythology referred to as Percunatele mother of Perun, which is probably derived from the Balts Like many such goddesses absorbed into Christianity, she is, today, difficult to distinguish from the Christian madonna, Mary, one of whose epithets was Panna Maria Percunatele.

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In Slavic mythology, Perun (Cyrillic: Перун) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning.

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Piast the Wheelwright

Piast Kołodziej (Polish pronunciation:, Piast the Wheelwright; 740/1 – 861) was a semi-legendary figure in medieval Poland (9th century AD), the founder of the Piast dynasty that would rule the future Kingdom of Poland.

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Pisanka may refer to.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

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Polevik in Slavic mythology are field spirits that appear as a deformed dwarfs with different coloured eyes and grass instead of hair.

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Polish folk beliefs

Circles play a large part in Polish mythology.

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Leszko II Leszko III Popiel I Popiel II The Popielids (Popielidzi) were a legendary ruling dynasty of either the Polans, Goplans or both tribes, founded by Leszko II, the son of Leszko I. They supposedly ruled the lands of Poland prior to the start of the Piast dynasty.

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In Polish mythology, Porvata is the god of the woods; he has no idol or image; and is manifest throughout the primeval forest.

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Princess Kunegunda

Princess Kunegunda is a heroine of the legends of Sudetes, and is said to have lived in Chojnik Castle in Poland.

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Princess Wanda

Princess Wanda (reputedly lived in 8th century Poland) was the daughter of Krakus, legendary founder of Kraków.

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Psotnik is an elf, "mischief maker", in Polish mythology.

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In Slavic mythology, the Raróg, far from a demon, was the fiery falcon.

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Rod (god)

Rod (Slovenian: Rod, Belarusian, Russian, Serbian: Род, Ukrainian: Рід, Croatian: Rod) is a Slavic deity, often mentioned in the Old Church Slavonic didactic literature which was directed against pagans.

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Rus' people

The Rus (Русь; Ῥῶς) were an early medieval group or people who gave their name to the lands of Russia, Ruthenia, and Belarus.

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A Rusalka is a water nymph, a female spirit in Slavic mythology and folklore.

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Slavic mythology

Slavic mythology is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practised by the Slavs before Christianisation.

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Stribog (Stribozh, Strzybóg, Стрибог), in the Slavic pantheon, is the god and spirit of the winds, sky and air; he is said to be the ancestor (grandfather) of the winds of the eight directions.

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Strzyga (rarely also in masculine form as strzyg or strzygoń) is a demon from Slavic mythology.

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Sudice (mythology)

The Sudice are the Fates of Slavic mythology.

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Supernatural beings in Slavic folklore

Supernatural beings in Slavic folklore come in several forms and their names are spelled differently based on the specific language.

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Svarog (Сваро́гъ, Сварог, Swaróg) is a Slavic deity known primarily from the Hypatian Codex, a Slavic translation of the Chronicle of John Malalas.

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Svetovid, Svantovit or Sventovit is a Slavic deity of war, fertility and abundance primarily venerated on the island of Rügen into the 12th century.

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Topielec (plural Topielce), Vodník or Utopiec is a name applied to Slavic spirits of water.

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Triglav (mythology)

Triglav (Bosnian, Croatian, Slovenian and Serbian Latin: Triglav; Ukrainian, Russian, Macedonian, Bulgarian and Serbian Cyrillic: Триглав; Czech and Slovak: Trihlav; Trygław, Trzygłów; Belarusian:Трыглаў) (meaning 'three headed') also sometimes called troglav is a deity in Slavic mythology.

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Veles (god)

Veles (Cyrillic: Велес; Weles; Czech, Slovak: Veles; Old Russian and Old Church Slavonic: Велесъ) also known as Volos (Волос) (listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts) is a major Slavic supernatural force of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery.

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In Slavic mythology, vodyanoy (p, literally "watery"), vodyanoi, Belarusian vadzianik (вадзянік), Ukrainian vodianyk (водяник), Polish wodnik, Czech and Slovak vodník, Bulgarian and Macedonian vodnik (водник), Croatian vodanoj, Slovene povodni mož or Serbian vodenjak (Cyrillic: водењак), (Chuvash: Вутăш, Vutăş, Vudaş), is a male water spirit.

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Wendish mythology

In 1824 the Danish poet Bernhard Severin Ingemann (1789–1862) published his thesis on North-Slavic and Wendish mythology in which he established the following pantheon: First line of gods (good): Triglau (Bog), Swantewit, Radegast, Prove, Sieba, Siebog, Schwayxtix, Zislbog, Podaga, Rugiwit, Karewit, Juthrbog, Dziewonna, Woda (Odin), and Balduri (Balder).

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Witchcraft (also called witchery or spellcraft) broadly means the practice of, and belief in, magical skills and abilities that are able to be exercised individually, by designated social groups, or by persons with the necessary esoteric secret knowledge.

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The zagavory or zagowory (from Eastern Slavic govor: - speech), in Slavic mythology are the verbal spells that were used the most effectively by folk magicians in their methods of spell work.

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Zaria (goddess)

Zaria or Zoria is the goddess of beauty in Polish mythology) ancient Polish belief.

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In Slavic mythology, the Zorja (alternately, Zora, Zarja, Zory, Zore.

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Redirects here:

Mythology of Poland, Polish myth, Smierna, Znak (Polish mythology).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_mythology

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