35 relations: African Americans, Alabama, American Civil War, Breedlove v. Suttles, California, Confederate States of America, Connecticut, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Equal Protection Clause, Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Grandfather clause, Harman v. Forssenius, Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections, Jim Crow laws, Literacy test, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Native Americans in the United States, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Poor White, Supreme Court of the United States, Tax, Texas, Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, U.S. state, United States Constitution, Vermont, Virginia, Voter ID laws in the United States, Wisconsin.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Breedlove v. Suttles,, is an overturned United States Supreme Court decision which upheld the constitutionality of requiring the payment of a poll tax in order to vote in state elections.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
A grandfather clause (or grandfather policy) is a provision in which an old rule continues to apply to some existing situations while a new rule will apply to all future cases.
Harman v. Forssenius was a 1965 United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that Virginia's partial elimination of the poll tax violated the Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections, 383 U.S. 663 (1966), was a case in which the U.S. Supreme Court found that Virginia's poll tax was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
A literacy test assesses a person's literacy skills: their ability to read and write.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
In the United States, Poor White (or Poor Whites of the South for clarity) is the historical classification for an American sociocultural group,Flynt, J. Wayne.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Voter ID laws in the United States are laws that require a person to provide some form of official identification before they are permitted to register to vote, receive a ballot for an election, or to actually vote.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.