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Polyamine

Index Polyamine

A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups. [1]

43 relations: American Journal of Physiology, Amine, AMPA receptor, Aromaticity, Aziridine, Blood–brain barrier, Brain, Cadaverine, Cell growth, Cell membrane, Chemical industry, Cyclam, Cyclen, Diethylenetriamine, DNA, Epoxy, Inward-rectifier potassium channel, Ion channel, Isomer, Macrocycle, Mammal, NMDA receptor, Organic compound, Organolithium reagent, Ornithine decarboxylase, P53, Plant hormone, PMDTA, Polyethylenimine, Polymer, Putrescine, S-Adenosyl methionine, Senescence, Spermidine, Spermidine synthase, Spermine, Spermine synthase, Springer Science+Business Media, Thermospermine synthase, Triethylenetetramine, Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, 1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane, 1,4,7-Triazacyclononane.

American Journal of Physiology

The American Journal of Physiology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal on physiology published by the American Physiological Society.

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Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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AMPA receptor

The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (also known as AMPA receptor, AMPAR, or quisqualate receptor) is an ionotropic transmembrane receptor for glutamate that mediates fast synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Aromaticity

In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Aziridine

Aziridines are organic compounds containing the aziridine functional group, a three-membered heterocycle with one amine group (-NH-) and two methylene bridges (--). The parent compound is aziridine (or ethylene imine), with molecular formula.

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Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Brain

The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

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Cadaverine

Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine compound produced by the putrefaction of animal tissue.

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Cell growth

The term cell growth is used in the contexts of biological cell development and cell division (reproduction).

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

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Chemical industry

The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.

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Cyclam

Cyclam (1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane) is an organic compound with the formula (NHCH2CH2NHCH2CH2CH2)2.

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Cyclen

Cyclen or 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane is a macrocycle and the aza analogue of the crown ether 12-crown-4.

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Diethylenetriamine

Diethylenetriamine (abbreviated DETA and also known as 2,2’-Iminodi(ethylamine)) is an organic compound with the formula HN(CH2CH2NH2)2.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Epoxy

Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.

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Inward-rectifier potassium channel

Inward-rectifier potassium channels (Kir, IRK) are a specific subset of potassium channels.

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Ion channel

Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.

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Isomer

An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.

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Macrocycle

Macrocycles are often described as a molecule containing twelve or more atoms with at least one large ring.

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Mammal

Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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NMDA receptor

The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organolithium reagent

Organolithium reagents are organometallic compounds that contain carbon – lithium bonds.

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Ornithine decarboxylase

The enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine (a product of the urea cycle) to form putrescine.

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P53

Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).

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Plant hormone

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.

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PMDTA

PMDTA (N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine) is an organic compound with the formula 2NCH3.

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Polyethylenimine

Polyethylenimine (PEI) or polyaziridine is a polymer with repeating unit composed of the amine group and two carbon aliphatic CHCH spacer.

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Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Putrescine

Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.

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S-Adenosyl methionine

S-Adenosyl methionineSAM-e, SAMe, SAM, S-Adenosyl-L-methionine, AdoMet, ademetionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.

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Senescence

Senescence or biological ageing is the gradual deterioration of function characteristic of most complex lifeforms, arguably found in all biological kingdoms, that on the level of the organism increases mortality after maturation.

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Spermidine

Spermidine is a polyamine compound found in ribosomes and living tissues, and having various metabolic functions within organisms.

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Spermidine synthase

Spermidine synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the propylamine group from ''S''-adenosylmethioninamine to putrescine in the biosynthesis of spermidine.

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Spermine

Spermine is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism found in all eukaryotic cells.

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Spermine synthase

Spermine synthase (spermidine aminopropyltransferase, spermine synthetase) is an enzyme that converts spermidine into spermine.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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Thermospermine synthase

Thermospermine synthase (TSPMS, ACL5 (ACAULIS5), SAC51) is an enzyme with systematic name S-adenosylmethioninamine:spermidine 3-aminopropyltransferase (thermospermine synthesizing).

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Triethylenetetramine

Triethylenetetramine, abbreviated TETA and trien and also called trientine (INN), is an organic compound with the formula 2.

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Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine

Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine is the organic compound with the formula N(CH2CH2NH2)3.

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1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane

1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane (TAME) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(CH2NH2)3.

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1,4,7-Triazacyclononane

1,4,7-Triazacyclononane, known as "TACN" which is pronounced "tack-en," is a cyclic organic compound with the formula C6H12(NH)3.

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Biogenic polyamines, Polyamines, Tetraazamacrocycle, Thermospermine, Triamine.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyamine

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