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Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

Index Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers or PBDEs, are organobromine compounds that are used as flame retardant. [1]

55 relations: Bioaccumulation, Blubber, Brominated flame retardant, Bromine, Butter, Canada, Carbon-14, Cheese, Chemosphere (journal), Congener (chemistry), Cord blood, Decabromodiphenyl ether, Environmental Research, Environmental Science & Technology, Environmental Working Group, Estrogen, Flame retardant, Glasgow, Ground beef, Halogen, Harbor seal, Hormone, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid axis, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Isotope, Isotopic signature, Linda Birnbaum, Maine, Marine mammal, Octabromodiphenyl ether, Organobromine compound, Pentabromodiphenyl ether, Peregrine falcon, Persistent organic pollutant, Photodissociation, Polybrominated biphenyl, Polychlorinated biphenyl, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, Polychlorinated diphenyl ethers, Polyhalogenated compound, Polyurethane, Prenatal development, Pyrolysis, Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive, River Clyde, Salmon, Science (journal), Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, ..., Thyroid, Thyroid hormones, Washington (state), Whale, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Expand index (5 more) »

Bioaccumulation

Bioaccumulation is the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.

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Blubber

Blubber is a thick layer of vascularized adipose tissue under the skin of all cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians.

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Brominated flame retardant

Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are organobromine compounds that have an inhibitory effect on combustion chemistry and tend to reduce the flammability of products containing them.

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Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

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Butter

Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Carbon-14

Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.

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Cheese

Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

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Chemosphere (journal)

Chemosphere is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1972 by Elsevier.

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Congener (chemistry)

In chemistry, congeners are related chemical substances "related to each other by origin, structure, or function".

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Cord blood

Umbilical cord blood is blood that remains in the placenta and in the attached umbilical cord after childbirth.

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Decabromodiphenyl ether

Decabromodiphenyl ether (also known as decaBDE, deca-BDE, DBDE, deca, decabromodiphenyl oxide, DBDPO, or bis(pentabromophenyl) ether) is a brominated flame retardant which belongs to the group of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

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Environmental Research

Environmental Research is a peer-reviewed environmental science and environmental health journal published by Elsevier.

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Environmental Science & Technology

Environmental Science & Technology is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 1967 by the American Chemical Society.

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Environmental Working Group

The Environmental Working Group (EWG) is an American environmental organization that specializes in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals, agricultural subsidies, public lands, and corporate accountability.

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Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

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Flame retardant

The term flame retardants subsumes a diverse group of chemicals which are added to manufactured materials, such as plastics and textiles, and surface finishes and coatings.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.

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Ground beef

Ground beef, beef mince, minced beef, or minced meat (not to be confused with the mixture of chopped dried fruit, distilled spirits and spices referred to as "mincemeat") is a ground meat made of beef that has been finely chopped with a large knife or a meat grinder.

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Halogen

The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

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Harbor seal

The harbor (or harbour) seal (Phoca vitulina), also known as the common seal, is a true seal found along temperate and Arctic marine coastlines of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.

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Hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid axis

The hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid axis (HPT axis for short, a.k.a. thyroid homeostasis or thyrotropic feedback control) is part of the neuroendocrine system responsible for the regulation of metabolism.

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Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements

The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), located in Geel, Belgium, is one of the seven institutes of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission (EC).

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Isotope

Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.

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Isotopic signature

An isotopic signature (also isotopic fingerprint) is a ratio of non-radiogenic 'stable isotopes', stable radiogenic isotopes, or unstable radioactive isotopes of particular elements in an investigated material.

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Linda Birnbaum

Linda Silber Birnbaum is an American toxicologist, microbiologist and the current director of the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, as well as the National Toxicology Program, positions to which she was appointed on January 18, 2009.

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Maine

Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Marine mammal

Marine mammals are aquatic mammals that rely on the ocean and other marine ecosystems for their existence.

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Octabromodiphenyl ether

Octabromodiphenyl ether (octaBDE, octa-BDE, OBDE, octa, octabromodiphenyl oxide, OBDPO) is a brominated flame retardant which belongs to the group of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

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Organobromine compound

Organobromine compounds, also called organobromides, are organic compounds that contain carbon bonded to bromine.

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Pentabromodiphenyl ether

Pentabromodiphenyl ether (also known as pentabromodiphenyl oxide) is a brominated flame retardant which belongs to the group of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

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Peregrine falcon

The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae.

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Persistent organic pollutant

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.

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Photodissociation

Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.

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Polybrominated biphenyl

Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), also called brominated biphenyls or polybromobiphenyls, are a group of manufactured chemicals that consist of polyhalogenated derivatives of a biphenyl core.

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Polychlorinated biphenyl

A polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C12H10−xClx.

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Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.

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Polychlorinated diphenyl ethers

Polychlorinated diphenyl ethers (PCDEs) are structurally similar to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), both which may be toxic polyhalogenated compounds and some PCDE congeners have been reported to cause toxic responses similar to those caused by some of the non-ortho-substituted PCBs, which are mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR).

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Polyhalogenated compound

Polyhalogenated compounds (PHCs) are any compounds with multiple substitutions of halogens.

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Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

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Prenatal development

Prenatal development is the process in which an embryo and later fetus develops during gestation.

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Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.

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Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC, (RoHS 1), short for Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union.

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River Clyde

The River Clyde (Abhainn Chluaidh,, Watter o Clyde) is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.

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Salmon

Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international environmental treaty, signed in 2001 and effective from May 2004, that aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

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Swedish Society for Nature Conservation

The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation or (SSNC) (Naturskyddsföreningen (SNF) previously known as Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen) is a non-profit, non-partisan, Swedish environmental organization.

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Thyroid

The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus.

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Thyroid hormones

Thyroid hormones are two hormones produced and released by the thyroid gland, namely triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).

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Washington (state)

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Whale

Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.

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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI, acronym pronounced) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers.

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Redirects here:

Heptabromodiphenyl ether, Hexabromodiphenyl ether, PBDE, PBDEs, PDBE, Polybrominated diphenyl ether, Tetrabromodiphenyl ether.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polybrominated_diphenyl_ethers

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