115 relations: Alcohol, Alfred Einhorn, Ampere, ASTM International, Bar (unit), Bayer, Biocompatibility, Bioremediation, Bisphenol A, Blu-ray, Brake (sheet metal bending), Branching (polymer chemistry), Brittleness, Bulletproof glass, Calender, Capacitor, Carbon monoxide, Carbonate ester, Chloroformate, Commodity plastics, Compact disc, Corrective lens, CR-39, Daniel Fox (chemist), Deprotonation, Dielectric, Diol, Diphenyl carbonate, DVD, E Ink, Engineering plastic, Ethylene oxide, Euro, Evaporation (deposition), Extrusion, Eyewear, Farad, Fountain pen, Gamma ray, General Electric, Geotrichum candidum, Giga-, Glass, Glass transition, Glasses, Glassing, Gradient, Gram, Gray (unit), Hertz, ..., Hydroxy group, IBM Research - Almaden, Indonesian Railway Company, Injection moulding, IPhone 5C, Joule, Kelvin, Kilo-, Kilogram, Lego, Light, List of refractive indices, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Manufacturing, Mega-, Micro-, Microsoft Lumia, Milli-, Mobile phone accessories, Molecular mass, MP3 player, Nameplate, Newton (unit), Noise barrier, Nokia N9, Ocarina, Ohm, Organic electronics, Pascal (unit), Phenol, Phosgene, Plastic welding, Plastisol, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polymer, Radio-controlled helicopter, Relative humidity, Resin identification code, Retractable hardtop, Riot control, Riot shield, Rotation, SABIC, Samsung Galaxy, Samsung Galaxy S III, Sheet metal, Sodium hydroxide, Solvent, Sputter deposition, Stress corrosion cracking, Sunglasses, Tetrabromobisphenol A, Thermoforming, Thermoplastic, Thermoplastic polyurethane, Transesterification, Transparency and translucency, UL (safety organization), Vapor polishing, Volatile organic compound, Volt, Watt, 2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol, 4,4'-Dihydroxybenzophenone. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alfred Einhorn (27 February 1856 – 21 March 1917) was a Jewish German chemist most notable for first synthesizing procaine in 1905 which he patented under the name Novocain.
The ampere (symbol: A), often shortened to "amp",SI supports only the use of symbols and deprecates the use of abbreviations for units.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
The bar is a metric unit of pressure, but is not approved as part of the International System of Units (SI).
Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.
Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of biomaterials in various contexts.
Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants.
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2 belonging to the group of diphenylmethane derivatives and bisphenols, with two hydroxyphenyl groups.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
A brake is a metalworking machine that allows the bending of sheet metal.
In polymer chemistry, branching occurs by the replacement of a substituent, e.g., a hydrogen atom, on a monomer subunit, by another covalently bonded chain of that polymer; or, in the case of a graft copolymer, by a chain of another type.
# A material is brittle if, when subjected to stress, it breaks without significant plastic deformation.
Bulletproof glass (also known as ballistic glass, transparent armor, or bullet-resistant glass) is a type of strong but optically transparent material that is particularly resistant to being penetrated when struck.
A calender is a series of hard pressure rollers used to finish or smooth a sheet of material such as paper, textiles, or plastics.
A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
A carbonate ester (organic carbonate or organocarbonate) is an ester of carbonic acid.
Chloroformates are a class of chemical compounds which are esters of chloroformic acid.
Commodity plastics are plastics that are used in high volume and wide range of applications, such as film for packaging, photographic and magnetic tape, clothing, beverage and trash containers and a variety of household products where mechanical properties and service environments are not critical.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A corrective lens is a lens typically worn in front of the eye to improve vision.
CR-39, or allyl diglycol carbonate (ADC), is a plastic polymer commonly used in the manufacture of eyeglass lenses.
Deprotonation is the removal (transfer) of a proton (a hydrogen cation, H+) from a Brønsted–Lowry acid in an acid-base reaction.
A dielectric (or dielectric material) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
Diphenyl carbonate is an acyclic carbonate ester.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
E Ink (electronic ink) is a popular type of electronic paper display technology, characterized by high visibility and contrast, a wide viewing angle and low power requirements.
Engineering plastics are a group of plastic materials that have better mechanical and/or thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics (such as polystyrene, PVC, polypropylene and polyethylene).
Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula. It is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms. Ethylene oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. Because it is a strained ring, ethylene oxide easily participates in a number of addition reactions that result in ring-opening. Ethylene oxide is isomeric with acetaldehyde and with vinyl alcohol. Ethylene oxide is industrially produced by oxidation of ethylene in the presence of silver catalyst. The reactivity that is responsible for many of ethylene oxide's hazards also make it useful. Although too dangerous for direct household use and generally unfamiliar to consumers, ethylene oxide is used for making many consumer products as well as non-consumer chemicals and intermediates. These products include detergents, thickeners, solvents, plastics, and various organic chemicals such as ethylene glycol, ethanolamines, simple and complex glycols, polyglycol ethers, and other compounds. Although it is a vital raw material with diverse applications, including the manufacture of products like polysorbate 20 and polyethylene glycol (PEG) that are often more effective and less toxic than alternative materials, ethylene oxide itself is a very hazardous substance. At room temperature it is a flammable, carcinogenic, mutagenic, irritating, and anaesthetic gas. As a toxic gas that leaves no residue on items it contacts, ethylene oxide is a surface disinfectant that is widely used in hospitals and the medical equipment industry to replace steam in the sterilization of heat-sensitive tools and equipment, such as disposable plastic syringes. It is so flammable and extremely explosive that it is used as a main component of thermobaric weapons; therefore, it is commonly handled and shipped as a refrigerated liquid to control its hazardous nature.Rebsdat, Siegfried and Mayer, Dieter (2005) "Ethylene Oxide" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim..
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Evaporation is a common method of thin-film deposition.
Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.
Eyewear consists of items and accessories worn on or over the eyes, for fashion or adornment, protection against the environment, and to improve or enhance visual acuity.
The farad (symbol: F) is the SI derived unit of electrical capacitance, the ability of a body to store an electrical charge.
A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor, the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of liquid ink.
A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Geotrichum candidum is a fungus which is a member of the human microbiome, notably associated with skin, sputum and feces where it occurs in 25-30% of specimens.
Giga is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of a (short-form) billion (109 or 000).
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.
Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are devices consisting of glass or hard plastic lenses mounted in a frame that holds them in front of a person's eyes, typically using a bridge over the nose and arms which rest over the ears.
Glassing is a physical attack using a glass or bottle as a weapon.
In mathematics, the gradient is a multi-variable generalization of the derivative.
The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.
The gray (symbol: Gy) is a derived unit of ionizing radiation dose in the International System of Units (SI).
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
IBM Research - Almaden is in Almaden Valley, San Jose, California, and is one of IBM's twelve worldwide research labs that form IBM Research.
PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) (English: Indonesian Railways Company) is the major operator of public railways in Indonesia.
Injection moulding (British English) or injection molding (American English) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould.
The iPhone 5C (marketed with a stylized lowercase 'c' as iPhone 5c) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The device was part of the iPhone series and was unveiled on September 10, 2013, and released on September 20, 2013, along with its higher-end counterpart, the iPhone 5S.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
Kilo is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by one thousand (103).
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
Lego (stylized as LEGO) is a line of plastic construction toys that are manufactured by The Lego Group, a privately held company based in Billund, Denmark.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Many materials have a well-characterized refractive index, but these indexes depend strongly upon the frequency of light.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich, in German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Mega is a unit prefix in metric systems of units denoting a factor of one million (106 or 000).
Micro- (symbol µ) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of 10−6 (one millionth).
Microsoft Lumia (previously the Nokia Lumia Series) is a discontinued line of mobile devices that was originally designed and marketed by Nokia and later by Microsoft Mobile.
Milli- (symbol m) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one thousandth (10−3).
Mobile phone accessories include any hardware that is not integral to the operation of a mobile smartphone as designed by the manufacturer.
Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.
An MP3 player or Digital Audio Player is an electronic device that can play digital audio files.
A nameplate identifies and displays a person or product's name.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
A noise barrier (also called a soundwall, noise wall, sound berm, sound barrier, or acoustical barrier) is an exterior structure designed to protect inhabitants of sensitive land use areas from noise pollution.
The Nokia N9 (codename Lankku) is a smartphone developed by Nokia, running on the Linux-based MeeGo "Harmattan" mobile operating system.
The ocarina is an ancient wind musical instrument—a type of vessel flute.
The ohm (symbol: Ω) is the SI derived unit of electrical resistance, named after German physicist Georg Simon Ohm.
Organic electronics is a field of materials science concerning the design, synthesis, characterization, and application of organic small molecules or polymers that show desirable electronic properties such as conductivity.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2.
Plastic welding is welding for semi-finished plastic materials, and is described in ISO 472 as a process of uniting softened surfaces of materials, generally with the aid of heat (except solvent welding).
Plastisol is a suspension of PVC or other polymer particles in a liquid plasticizer; it flows as a liquid and can be poured into a heated mold.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
A Radio-controlled helicopter (also RC helicopter) is model aircraft which is distinct from a RC airplane because of the differences in construction, aerodynamics, and flight training.
Relative humidity (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature.
The ASTM International Resin Identification Coding System, often abbreviated as the RIC, is a set of symbols appearing on plastic products that identify the plastic resin out of which the product is made.
A retractable hardtop — also known as "coupé convertible" or "coupé cabriolet" — is a car with an automatically operated, self-storing hardtop, as opposed to the folding textile-based roof used by traditional convertible cars.
Riot control refers to the measures used by police, military, or other security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, demonstration, or protest.
A riot shield is a lightweight protection device deployed by police and some military organizations.
A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation.
SABIC (Saudi Arabia Basic Industries Corporation) is a Saudi diversified manufacturing company, active in chemicals and intermediates, industrial polymers, fertilizers, and metals.
Samsung Galaxy (stylized as SAMSUNG Galaxy, previously Samsung GALAXY) is a series of mobile computing devices designed, manufactured and marketed by Samsung Electronics.
The Samsung Galaxy S III (or Galaxy S3) is a Android smartphone designed, developed, and marketed by Samsung Electronics.
Sheet metal is metal formed by an industrial process into thin, flat pieces.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Sputter deposition is a physical vapor deposition (PVD) method of thin film deposition by sputtering.
Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is the growth of crack formation in a corrosive environment.
Sunglasses or sun glasses (informally called shades) are a form of protective eyewear designed primarily to prevent bright sunlight and high-energy visible light from damaging or discomforting the eyes.
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a brominated flame retardant.
Thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is any of a class of polyurethane plastics with many properties, including elasticity, transparency, and resistance to oil, grease and abrasion.
In organic chemistry, transesterfication is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
UL is a global safety consulting and certification company headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois.
Vapor polishing is a method of polishing plastics to reduce the surface roughness or improve clarity.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
The volt (symbol: V) is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference (voltage), and electromotive force.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol (CBDO) is an aliphatic diol.
4,4'-Dihydroxybenzophenone is an organic compound with the formula (HOC6H4)2CO.