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Index Polydactyly

Polydactyly or polydactylism, also known as hyperdactyly, is a congenital physical anomaly in humans and animals resulting in supernumerary fingers and/or toes. [1]

133 relations: A House for Mr Biswas, Acrocallosal syndrome, Alabama, Alex Hirsch, Amniote, Amphibian, Anne Boleyn, Antonio Alfonseca, Bangalore, Bardet–Biedl syndrome, Biemond syndrome, Birth defect, Bollywood, Bram Stoker, Canidae, Carboniferous, Cat, Catgut, Catherynne M. Valente, CBS News, Cell Reports, Chicken breeds recognized by the American Poultry Association, China, Cis-regulatory element, Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage, Craig Clevenger, Cricket, Crime fiction, Danny García, Darkover series, Dōjin soft, Dewclaw, Dominance (genetics), Dorking chicken, Down syndrome, Drew Carey, Ectrodactyly, Ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome, Ellis–van Creveld syndrome, Fanconi anemia, Farewell My Concubine (film), Faverolles chicken, Garfield Sobers, Gemma Arterton, Gerd B. Müller, GLI3, Gravity Falls, Great Pyrenees, Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome, Hampton Hawes, ..., Hannibal Lecter, Haruki Murakami, Henry II the Pious, Holt–Oram syndrome, Houdan chicken, Hound Dog Taylor, Hrithik Roshan, Human, Ichthyostegalia, India, Jazz, Jiang Qing, John Wyndham, Kerala, Kirschner wire, Legius syndrome, LMBR1, Locus (genetics), Lon Chaney, Manga, Mao Zedong, Marion Zimmer Bradley, McKusick–Kaufman syndrome, Meckel syndrome, Medical genetics, Monk (TV series), Nayanthara, Nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome, Norwegian Lundehund, Not Going Out, Notch signaling pathway, Oligodactyly, Online Etymology Dictionary, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Oral-facial-digital syndrome, Pallister–Hall syndrome, Phalanx bone, Pianist, Pliny the Elder, Polydactyl cat, Polydactyly in early tetrapods, Polygene, Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time (film), Quantitative trait locus, Quantum of Solace, Radius (bone), Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome, Shigurui, Short rib – polydactyly syndrome, Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome, Sonic hedgehog, Sultan chicken, Supernumerary body part, Syndactyly, Syndrome, Synpolydactyly, The Brothers Karamazov, The Chrysalids, The Contortionist's Handbook, The Jewel of Seven Stars, The Princess Bride, The Princess Bride (film), The Silence of the Lambs (film), The Silence of the Lambs (novel), The Unknown (1927 film), Thomas Harris, Thumb, Townes–Brocks syndrome, Triphalangeal thumb, Ulna, Umineko When They Cry, Uppsala County, Uttar Pradesh, VACTERL association, Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Visual novel, Volcatius Sedigitus, VPS25, Wassel classification, Wnt signaling pathway, Zerah Colburn (mental calculator), Zone of polarizing activity. Expand index (83 more) »

A House for Mr Biswas

A House for Mr Biswas is a 1961 novel by V. S. Naipaul, significant as Naipaul's first work to achieve acclaim worldwide.

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Acrocallosal syndrome

Acrocallosal syndrome (also known as ACLS) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by corpus callosum agenesis, polydactyly, multiple dysmorphic features, motor and mental retardation, and other symptoms.

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Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Alex Hirsch

Alexander Robert "Alex" Hirsch (born June 18, 1985) is an American writer, animator, voice actor, and producer.

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Amniotes (from Greek ἀμνίον amnion, "membrane surrounding the fetus", earlier "bowl in which the blood of sacrificed animals was caught", from ἀμνός amnos, "lamb") are a clade of tetrapod vertebrates comprising the reptiles, birds, and mammals.

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Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

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Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.

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Antonio Alfonseca

Antonio Alfonseca (born April 16, 1972) is a retired relief pitcher.

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Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Bardet–Biedl syndrome

Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a ciliopathic human genetic disorder that produces many effects and affects many body systems.

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Biemond syndrome

The Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a ciliopathic human genetic disorder that produces many effects and affects many body systems.

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Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

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Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.

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Bram Stoker

Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.

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The biological family Canidae (from Latin, canis, “dog”) is a lineage of carnivorans that includes domestic dogs, wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals, dingoes, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals.

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The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.

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The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

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Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.

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Catherynne M. Valente

Catherynne M. Valente (born May 5, 1979) is an American fiction writer, poet, and literary critic.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.

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Cell Reports

Cell Reports is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing research papers across a broad range of disciplines within the life sciences.

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Chicken breeds recognized by the American Poultry Association

All chicken breeds recognized by the American Poultry Association are categorized into classes.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Cis-regulatory element

Cis-regulatory elements (CREs) are regions of non-coding DNA which regulate the transcription of neighboring genes.

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Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage

is the thirteenth novel by Japanese writer Haruki Murakami.

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Craig Clevenger

Craig Clevenger is an American author of contemporary fiction.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Crime fiction

Crime fiction is the literary genre that fictionalises crimes, their detection, criminals, and their motives.

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Danny García

Danny Óscar García (born March 20, 1988) is an American professional boxer.

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Darkover series

The Darkover series is a science fiction-fantasy chronology consisting of several novels and short stories set in the fictional world of Darkover as created by author Marion Zimmer Bradley.

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Dōjin soft

, also sometimes called, with dōjin sometimes transliterated as doujin or doujinshi, are video games created by Japanese hobbyists or hobbyist groups (referred to as "circles"), more for fun than for profit; essentially, the Japanese equivalent of independent video games or Fangames.

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A dewclaw is a digit – vestigial in some animals – on the foot of many mammals, birds, and reptiles (including some extinct orders, like certain theropods).

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Dominance (genetics)

Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.

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Dorking chicken

The Dorking is a British breed of domestic chicken.

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Down syndrome

Down syndrome (DS or DNS), also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.

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Drew Carey

Drew Allison Carey (born May 23, 1958) is an American actor, comedian, sports executive, and game show host.

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Ectrodactyly, split hand, cleft hand, derived from the Greek ektroma (abortion) and daktylos (finger) involves the deficiency or absence of one or more central digits of the hand or foot and is also known as split hand/split foot malformation (SHFM).

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Ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome

Ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome, or EEC, and also referred to as EEC syndrome (also known as "Split hand–split foot–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome"Freedberg, et al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill..) is a rare form of ectodermal dysplasia, an autosomal dominant disorder inherited as an genetic trait.

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Ellis–van Creveld syndrome

Ellis–van Creveld syndrome (also called chondroectodermal dysplasia or mesoectodermal dysplasia but see 'Nomenclature' section below) is a rare genetic disorder of the skeletal dysplasia type.

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Fanconi anemia

Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare genetic disease resulting in impaired response to DNA damage.

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Farewell My Concubine (film)

Farewell My Concubine is a 1993 Chinese drama film directed by Chen Kaige.

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Faverolles chicken

The Faverolles is a French breed of chicken.

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Garfield Sobers

Sir Garfield St Aubrun Sobers, AO, OCC (born 28 July 1936), also known as Gary or Garry Sobers, is a former cricketer who played for the West Indies between 1954 and 1974, and is widely considered to be cricket's greatest all-rounder.

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Gemma Arterton

Gemma Christina Arterton (born 2 February 1986) is an English actress.

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Gerd B. Müller

Gerd B. Müller (born 1953) is an Austrian biologist who is professor at the University of Vienna where he heads the Department of Theoretical Biology in the Center for Organismal Systems Biology.

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Zinc finger protein GLI3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GLI3 gene.

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Gravity Falls

Gravity Falls is an American animated television series produced by Disney Television Animation originally for Disney Channel (and then later for Disney XD) from June 15, 2012, to February 15, 2016.

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Great Pyrenees

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, known as the Great Pyrenees in North America, is a large breed of dog used as a livestock guardian dog.

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Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome

Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome is a disorder that affects development of the limbs, head, and face.

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Hampton Hawes

Hampton Barnett Hawes, Jr. (November 13, 1928 – May 22, 1977) was an American jazz pianist.

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Hannibal Lecter


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Haruki Murakami

is a Japanese writer.

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Henry II the Pious

Henry II the Pious (Henryk II Pobożny) (1196 – 9 April 1241),*Cawley, Charles; Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medieval Lands Project; Silesia v3.0; Dukes of Breslau (Wrocław) and Lower Silesia 1163–1278 (Piast) (Chap 4); Heinrich II Duke of Lower Silesia; retrieved May 2015.

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Holt–Oram syndrome

Holt–Oram syndrome (also called atrio-digital syndrome, atriodigital dysplasia, cardiac-limb syndrome, heart-hand syndrome type 1, HOS, ventriculo-radial syndrome) is an autosomal dominant disorder that affects bones in the arms and hands (the upper limbs) and often causes heart problems.

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Houdan chicken

The Houdan or italic is an old French breed of domestic chicken, belonging to the group of crested chicken.

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Hound Dog Taylor

Theodore Roosevelt "Hound Dog" Taylor (April 12, 1915 – December 17, 1975) was an American Chicago blues guitarist and singer.

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Hrithik Roshan

Hrithik Roshan (born 10 January 1974) is an Indian actor who appears in Bollywood films.

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Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Ichthyostegalia is an order of extinct amphibians, representing the earliest landliving vertebrates.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jiang Qing

Jiang Qing (March 19, 1914May 14, 1991), also known as Madame Mao, was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary, Chinese actress, and major political figure during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).

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John Wyndham

John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris (10 July 1903 – 11 March 1969) was an English science fiction writer best known for his works written using the pen name John Wyndham, although he also used other combinations of his names, such as John Beynon and Lucas Parkes.

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Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.

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Kirschner wire

Kirschner wires or K-wires or pins are sterilized, sharpened, smooth stainless steel pins.

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Legius syndrome

Legius syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cafe au lait spots.

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Limb region 1 protein homolog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LMBR1 gene.

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Locus (genetics)

A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).

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Lon Chaney

Leonidas Frank "Lon" Chaney (April 1, 1883 – August 26, 1930) was an American stage and film actor, make-up artist, director and screenwriter.

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are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.

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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

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Marion Zimmer Bradley

Marion Eleanor Zimmer Bradley (June 3, 1930 – September 25, 1999) was an American author of fantasy, historical fantasy, science fiction, and science fantasy novels, and is best known for the Arthurian fiction novel The Mists of Avalon, and the Darkover series.

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McKusick–Kaufman syndrome

McKusick–Kaufman syndrome is a genetic condition associated with MKKS.

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Meckel syndrome

Meckel syndrome (also known as Meckel–Gruber syndrome, Gruber syndrome, dysencephalia splanchnocystica) is a rare, lethal, ciliopathic, genetic disorder, characterized by renal cystic dysplasia, central nervous system malformations (occipital encephalocele), polydactyly (post axial), hepatic developmental defects, and pulmonary hypoplasia due to oligohydramnios.

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Medical genetics

Medical genetics is the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.

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Monk (TV series)

Monk is an American comedy-drama detective mystery television series created by Andy Breckman and starring Tony Shalhoub as the title character, Adrian Monk.

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Nayanthara (born Diana Mariam Kuriyan; 18 November 1984), is an Indian film actress who predominantly appears in South Indian films, primarily in Tamil.

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Nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome

Nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), also known as basal-cell nevus syndrome, multiple basal-cell carcinoma syndrome, Gorlin syndrome, and Gorlin–Goltz syndrome, is an inherited medical condition involving defects within multiple body systems such as the skin, nervous system, eyes, endocrine system, and bones.

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Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund (Norsk Lundehund) is a small dog breed of the Spitz type that originates from Norway.

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Not Going Out

Not Going Out is a British television sitcom that has aired on BBC One since 2006, currently starring Lee Mack, Sally Bretton, Finley Southby, Max Pattison and Francesca Newman.

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Notch signaling pathway

The Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved cell signaling system present in most multicellular organisms.

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Oligodactyly (from the Ancient Greek oligos meaning "few" and δάκτυλος daktylos meaning "finger") is the presence of fewer than five fingers or toes on a hand or foot.

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Online Etymology Dictionary

The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.

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Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a continuously updated catalog of human genes and genetic disorders and traits, with a particular focus on the gene-phenotype relationship.

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Oral-facial-digital syndrome

Oral-facial-digital syndrome is a group of at least 13 related conditions that affect the development of the mouth, facial features, and digits in between 1 in 50,000 to 250,000 newborns with the majority of cases being type I (Papillon-League-Psaume syndrome).

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Pallister–Hall syndrome

Pallister–Hall syndrome is a disorder that affects the development of many parts of the body.

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Phalanx bone

The phalanges (singular: phalanx) are digital bones in the hands and feet of most vertebrates.

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A pianist is an individual musician who plays the piano.

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Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

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Polydactyl cat

A polydactyl cat is a cat with a congenital physical anomaly called polydactyly (or polydactylism, also known as hyperdactyly), that causes the cat to be born with more than the usual number of toes on one or more of its paws.

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Polydactyly in early tetrapods

Polydactyly in early tetrapods should here be understood as having more than five digits to the finger or foot, a condition that was the natural state of affairs in the very first tetrapods.

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A "polygene” or "multiple gene inheritance" is a member of a group of non-epistatic genes that interact additively to influence a phenotypic trait.

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Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time (film)

Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time is a 2010 American action fantasy film directed by Mike Newell.

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Quantitative trait locus

A quantitative trait locus (QTL) is a section of DNA (the locus) which correlates with variation in a phenotype (the quantitative trait).

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Quantum of Solace

Quantum of Solace is a 2008 British spy film, the twenty-second in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions, directed by Marc Forster and written by Paul Haggis, Neal Purvis and Robert Wade.

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Radius (bone)

The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna.

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Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Robert Chambers (10 July 1802 – 17 March 1871) was a Scottish publisher, geologist, evolutionary thinker, author and journal editor who, like his elder brother and business partner William Chambers, was highly influential in mid-19th century scientific and political circles.

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Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome

Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome (RTS), also known as broad thumb-hallux syndrome or Rubinstein syndrome, is a condition characterized by short stature, moderate to severe learning difficulties, distinctive facial features, and broad thumbs and first toes.

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is a Japanese manga series by Takayuki Yamaguchi, based on the first chapter of the novel Suruga-jō Gozen Jiai by Norio Nanjō.

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Short rib – polydactyly syndrome

Short rib – polydactyly syndrome is a family of four closely related dysplasias.

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Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome

Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome (also SLOS, or 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase deficiency) is an inborn error of cholesterol synthesis.

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Sonic hedgehog

Sonic hedgehog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SHH ("sonic hedgehog") gene.

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Sultan chicken

The Sultan is a breed of chicken originating in Turkey, belonging to the group of crested chicken.

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Supernumerary body part

Supernumerary body parts are most commonly a congenital disorder involving the growth of an additional part of the body and a deviation from the body plan.

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Syndactyly (from Greek συν- meaning "together" and δακτυλος meaning "finger") is a condition wherein two or more digits are fused together.

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A syndrome is a set of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated with each other and, often, with a particular disease or disorder.

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Synpolydactyly is a joint presentation of syndactyly (fusion of digits) and polydactyly (production of supernumerary digits).

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The Brothers Karamazov

The Brothers Karamazov (Бра́тья Карама́зовы, Brat'ya Karamazovy), also translated as The Karamazov Brothers, is the final novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky.

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The Chrysalids

The Chrysalids (United States title: Re-Birth) is a science fiction novel by British writer John Wyndham, first published in 1955 by Michael Joseph.

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The Contortionist's Handbook

The Contortionist's Handbook is the debut novel by novelist Craig Clevenger.

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The Jewel of Seven Stars

The Jewel of Seven Stars is a horror novel by Irish writer Bram Stoker, first published by Heinemann in 1903.

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The Princess Bride

The Princess Bride is a 1973 fantasy romance novel by American writer William Goldman.

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The Princess Bride (film)

The Princess Bride is a 1987 American romantic comedy fantasy adventure film directed and co-produced by Rob Reiner, starring Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, Chris Sarandon, Wallace Shawn, André the Giant, and Christopher Guest.

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The Silence of the Lambs (film)

The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 American horror-thriller film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster, Anthony Hopkins, and Scott Glenn.

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The Silence of the Lambs (novel)

The Silence of the Lambs is a novel by Thomas Harris.

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The Unknown (1927 film)

The Unknown is a 1927 American silent horror film directed by Tod Browning and featuring Lon Chaney as carnival knife thrower Alonzo the Armless and Joan Crawford as the scantily clad carnival girl he hopes to marry.

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Thomas Harris

William Thomas Harris III (born September 22, 1940) is an American writer, best known for a series of suspense novels about his most famous character, Hannibal Lecter.

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The thumb is the first digit of the hand.

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Townes–Brocks syndrome

Townes–Brocks syndrome (TBS) is a rare genetic disease that has been described in approximately 200 cases in the published literature.

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Triphalangeal thumb

Triphalangeal thumb (TPT) is a congenital malformation where the thumb has three phalanges instead of two.

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The ulna is a long bone found in the forearm that stretches from the elbow to the smallest finger, and when in anatomical position, is found on the medial side of the forearm.

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Umineko When They Cry

is a Japanese dōjin soft visual novel series produced by 07th Expansion.

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Uppsala County

Uppsala County (Uppsala län) is a county or län on the eastern coast of Sweden.

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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.

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VACTERL association

The VACTERL association (also VATER association) refers to a recognized group of birth defects which tend to have a non-random occurrence (see below).

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Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation is an 1844 work of speculative natural history and philosophy by Robert Chambers.

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Visual novel

A is an interactive game genre, which originated in Japan, featuring mostly static graphics, most often using anime-style art or occasionally live-action stills (and sometimes video footage).

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Volcatius Sedigitus

Volcātius Sedīgitus was the titulus of a Roman literary critic who flourished around 100, noted for his ranking of those he considered the best Latin comics.

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Vacuolar protein-sorting-associated protein 25 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the VPS25 gene.

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Wassel classification

The Wassel classification is used to categorise radial polydactyly, based upon the most proximal level of skeletal duplication.

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Wnt signaling pathway

The Wnt signaling pathways are a group of signal transduction pathways made of proteins that pass signals into a cell through cell surface receptors.

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Zerah Colburn (mental calculator)

Zerah Colburn (September 1, 1804 – March 2, 1839) was a child prodigy of the 19th century who gained fame as a mental calculator.

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Zone of polarizing activity

The zone of polarizing activity (ZPA) is an area of mesenchyme that contains signals which instruct the developing limb bud to form along the anterior/posterior axis.

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6 fingers, Extra finger, Extra fingers, Extra toe, Extra toes, Hexadactylism, Hexadactyly, Hyperdactyly, Polydactyl, Polydactylic, Polydactylism, Polydactyly postaxial, Polydactyly preaxial type 1, Rudimentary polydactyly, Rudimentary supernumerary digit, Rudimentary supernumerary digits, Sexadactyly, Sexdactylous, Sexdactyly, Six fingers, Six-fingered hand, Sixth finger, Supernumerary digit, Supernumerary finger, Varadi Papp syndrome, Varadi-Papp syndrome, Varadi–Papp syndrome, Vestigial thumb.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polydactyly

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