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Polylactic acid

Index Polylactic acid

Poly(lactic acid) or polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA) is a biodegradable and bioactive thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States and Canada), cassava roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane (in the rest of the world). [1]

66 relations: Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Aliphatic compound, Amycolatopsis, Annealing (metallurgy), Awning, Azeotropic distillation, Benzene, Bioplastic, Cassava, Catalysis, Cellophane, Celsius, Chirality (chemistry), Corn starch, Cradle-to-cradle design, Diaper, Dichloromethane, Disposable tableware, Eagle's minimal essential medium, Ester, Extrusion, Fiber, Fused filament fabrication, Glass transition, Injection moulding, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Lactic acid, Lactic acid O-carboxyanhydride, Lactide, Melt spinning, Melting point, Nanoparticle, Nonwoven fabric, Nucleation, Plastarch material, Polycaprolactone, Polyelectrolyte, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polyglycolide, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Polyhydroxybutyrate, Polymerization, Pronase, Proteinase K, Racemic mixture, Racemization, Renewable resource, RepRap project, Resin identification code, ..., Sculptra, Shellac, Shrink tunnel, Skeletal formula, Solution polymerization, Spinning (polymers), Sugarcane, Suspension (chemistry), Tacticity, Tetrahydrofuran, Thermoplastic, Tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate, Upholstery, Zein, 1,4-Dioxane, 3D printing. Expand index (16 more) »

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.

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Aliphatic compound

In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil) also known as non-aromatic compounds.

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Amycolatopsis is a genus of high GC-content bacteria within the family Pseudonocardiaceae.

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Annealing (metallurgy)

Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it more workable.

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An awning or overhang is a secondary covering attached to the exterior wall of a building.

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Azeotropic distillation

In chemistry, azeotropic distillation is any of a range of techniques used to break an azeotrope in distillation.

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Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota.

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Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.

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Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

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Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of regenerated cellulose.

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The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).

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Chirality (chemistry)

Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.

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Corn starch

Corn starch, cornstarch, cornflour or maize starch or maize is the starch derived from the corn (maize) grain.

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Cradle-to-cradle design

Cradle-to-cradle design (also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems that models human industry on nature's processes viewing materials as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms.

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A diaper (American English) or a nappy (Australian English and British English) is a type of underwear that allows the wearer to defecate or urinate without the use of a toilet, by absorbing or containing waste products to prevent soiling of outer clothing or the external environment.

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Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.

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Disposable tableware

Disposable tableware includes all disposable tableware like.

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Eagle's minimal essential medium

Eagle's minimal essential medium (EMEM) is a cell culture medium developed by Harry Eagle that can be used to maintain cells in tissue culture.

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In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

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Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.

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Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.

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Fused filament fabrication

Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is a 3D printing process that uses a continuous filament of a thermoplastic material.

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Glass transition

The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.

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Injection moulding

Injection moulding (British English) or injection molding (American English) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould.

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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

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Lactic acid

Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.

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Lactic acid O-carboxyanhydride

Lactic acid O-carboxyanhydride (lac-OCA) is an organic compound.

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Lactide is the lactone cyclic di-ester derived from lactic acid (2-hydroxypropionic acid).

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Melt spinning

Melt spinning is a technique used for rapid cooling of liquids.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.

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Nonwoven fabric

Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from staple fiber (short) and long fibers (continuous long), bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment.

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Nucleation is the first step in the formation of either a new thermodynamic phase or a new structure via self-assembly or self-organization.

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Plastarch material

Plastarch Material (PSM) is a biodegradable, thermoplastic resin.

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Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a biodegradable polyester with a low melting point of around 60 °C and a glass transition temperature of about −60 °C.

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Polyelectrolytes are polymers whose repeating units bear an electrolyte group.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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Polyglycolide or poly(glycolic acid) (PGA), also spelled as polyglycolic acid, is a biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer and the simplest linear, aliphatic polyester.

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Polyhydroxyalkanoates or PHAs are polyesters produced in nature by numerous microorganisms, including through bacterial fermentation of sugar or lipids.

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Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), a polymer belonging to the polyesters class that are of interest as bio-derived and biodegradable plastics.

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In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.

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Pronase is a commercially available mixture of proteases isolated from the extracellular fluid of Streptomyces griseus.

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Proteinase K

In molecular biology Proteinase K (protease K, endopeptidase K, Tritirachium alkaline proteinase, Tritirachium album serine proteinase, Tritirachium album proteinase K) is a broad-spectrum serine protease.

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Racemic mixture

In chemistry, a racemic mixture, or racemate, is one that has equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers of a chiral molecule.

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In chemistry, racemization is the conversion of an enantiomerically pure mixture (one where only one enantiomer is present) into a mixture where more than one of the enantiomers are present.

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Renewable resource

A renewable resource is a natural resource which replenishes to overcome resource depletion caused by usage and consumption, either through biological reproduction or other naturally recurring processes in a finite amount of time in a human time scale.

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RepRap project

The RepRap project started in England in 2005 as a University of Bath initiative to develop a low-cost 3D printer that can print most of its own components, but it is now made up of hundreds of collaborators world wide.

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Resin identification code

The ASTM International Resin Identification Coding System, often abbreviated as the RIC, is a set of symbols appearing on plastic products that identify the plastic resin out of which the product is made.

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Sculptra is a proprietary formulation of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) that is an FDA-approved dermal filler manufactured by Dermik Laboratories, which conducts the North American business of Aventis Dermatology, the global dermatology unit of Aventis (of Sanofi-Aventis).

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Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.

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Shrink tunnel

A shrink tunnel or heat tunnel is a heated tunnel mounted over or around a conveyor system.

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Skeletal formula

The skeletal formula, also called line-angle formula or shorthand formula, of an organic compound is a type of molecular structural formula that serves as a shorthand representation of a molecule's bonding and some details of its molecular geometry.

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Solution polymerization

Solution polymerization is a method of industrial polymerization.

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Spinning (polymers)

Spinning is a manufacturing process for creating polymer fibers.

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Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Suspension (chemistry)

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.

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Tacticity (from Greek τακτικός taktikos "of or relating to arrangement or order") is the relative stereochemistry of adjacent chiral centers within a macromolecule.

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Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)4O.

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A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate

No description.

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Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.

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Zein is a class of prolamine protein found in maize (corn).

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1,4-Dioxane is a heterocyclic organic compound, classified as an ether.

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3D printing

3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).

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Redirects here:

PDLLA, PLA film, PLA polymer, PLLA, Pla film, Pla resin, Poly(lactic acid), Poly-L-lactate, Polylactide, Polylactide polymer.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polylactic_acid

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