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Index Polymerization

In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks. [1]

64 relations: Acrylic acid, Addition polymer, Alkane, Alkene, Anionic addition polymerization, Autoacceleration, Backbone chain, Branching (polymer chemistry), Carbonyl group, Cationic polymerization, Chain propagation, Chain termination, Chain-growth polymerization, Chemical bond, Chemical compound, Chemical reaction, Condensation polymer, Conjugated system, Copolymer, Cross-link, Diamine, Digital micromirror device, Emulsion polymerization, Ester, Ethylene, Free-radical reaction, Functional group, Heteroatom, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Isocyanate, Living polymerization, Metallocene, Monomer, Nucleophile, Nucleophilic conjugate addition, Oligomer, Pi bond, Plasma polymerization, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyethylene, Polymer, Polymer characterization, Polymer chemistry, Polymer physics, Polypropylene, Polyurethane, Polyvinyl chloride, Precipitation polymerization, Pure and Applied Chemistry, Radical (chemistry), ..., Radical polymerization, Reactive center, Reversible addition−fragmentation chain-transfer polymerization, Ring-opening polymerization, Sequence-controlled polymer, Sol–gel process, Solution polymerization, Stereolithography, Steric effects, Structural unit, Suspension polymerization, Tetramer, Trimer (chemistry), Ziegler–Natta catalyst. Expand index (14 more) »

Acrylic acid

Acrylic acid (IUPAC: propenoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2.

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Addition polymer

An addition polymer is a polymer that forms by simple linking of monomers without the co-generation of other products.

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In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Anionic addition polymerization

Anionic addition polymerization is a form of chain-growth polymerization or addition polymerization that involves the polymerization of vinyl monomers with strong electronegative groups.

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Autoacceleration (gel effect, Trommsdorff–Norrish effect) is a dangerous reaction behavior that can occur in free-radical polymerization systems.

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Backbone chain

In polymer science, the backbone chain of a polymer is the longest series of covalently bonded atoms that together create the continuous chain of the molecule.

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Branching (polymer chemistry)

In polymer chemistry, branching occurs by the replacement of a substituent, e.g., a hydrogen atom, on a monomer subunit, by another covalently bonded chain of that polymer; or, in the case of a graft copolymer, by a chain of another type.

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Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

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Cationic polymerization

Cationic polymerization is a type of chain growth polymerization in which a cationic initiator transfers charge to a monomer which then becomes reactive.

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Chain propagation

Chain propagation (sometimes referred to as propagation) is a process in which a reactive intermediate is continuously regenerated during the course of a chemical chain reaction.

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Chain termination

Chain termination is any chemical reaction that ceases the formation of reactive intermediates in a chain propagation step in the course of a polymerization, effectively bringing it to a halt.

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Chain-growth polymerization

Chain-growth polymerization or chain polymerization (IUPAC recommended term) is a polymerization mechanism in which monomer molecules add onto the active site of a growing polymer chain one at a time.

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Chemical bond

A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.

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Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Condensation polymer

Condensation polymers are any kind of polymers formed through a condensation reaction—where molecules join together—losing small molecules as byproducts such as water or methanol.

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Conjugated system

In chemistry, a conjugated system is a system of connected p-orbitals with delocalized electrons in molecules which are conventionally represented as having alternating single and multiple bonds, which in general may lower the overall energy of the molecule and increase stability.

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When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, the product is called a copolymer and the process is called copolymerization.

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A cross-link is a bond that links one polymer chain to another.

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A diamine is an organic compound with two amino groups.

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Digital micromirror device

The digital micromirror device, or DMD, is a micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS) that is the core of the trademarked DLP projection technology from Texas Instruments (TI).

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Emulsion polymerization

Emulsion polymerization is a type of radical polymerization that usually starts with an emulsion incorporating water, monomer, and surfactant.

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In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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Free-radical reaction

A free-radical reaction is any chemical reaction involving free radicals.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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In chemistry, a heteroatom (from Ancient Greek heteros, "different", + atomos, "uncut") is any atom that is not carbon or hydrogen.

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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

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Isocyanate is the functional group with the formula R–N.

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Living polymerization

In polymer chemistry, living polymerization is a form of chain growth polymerization where the ability of a growing polymer chain to terminate has been removed.

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A metallocene is a compound typically consisting of two cyclopentadienyl anions (abbreviated Cp) bound to a metal center (M) in the oxidation state II, with the resulting general formula (C5H5)2M.

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A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".

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Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

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Nucleophilic conjugate addition

Nucleophilic conjugate addition is a type of organic reaction.

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An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.

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Pi bond

In chemistry, pi bonds (π bonds) are covalent chemical bonds where two lobes of an orbital on one atom overlap two lobes of an orbital on another atom.

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Plasma polymerization

Plasma polymerization (or glow discharge polymerization) uses plasma sources to generate a gas discharge that provides energy to activate or fragment gaseous or liquid monomer, often containing a vinyl group, in order to initiate polymerization.

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Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.

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Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Polymer characterization

Polymer characterization is the analytical branch of polymer science.

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Polymer chemistry

Polymer chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline that deals with the structures, chemical synthesis and properties of polymers, primarily synthetic polymers such as plastics and elastomers.

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Polymer physics

Polymer physics is the field of physics that studies polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, as well as the kinetics of reactions involving degradation and polymerisation of polymers and monomers respectively.

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Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.

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Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

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Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

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Precipitation polymerization

In polymer science, precipitation polymerization is a heterogeneous polymerization process that begins initially as a homogeneous system in the continuous phase, where the monomer and initiator are completely soluble, but upon initiation the formed polymer is insoluble and thus precipitates.

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Pure and Applied Chemistry

Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviated Pure Appl. Chem.) is the official journal for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

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Radical polymerization

Free-radical polymerization (FRP) is a method of polymerization by which a polymer forms by the successive addition of free-radical building blocks.

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Reactive center

A reactive center, also called a propagating center, in chemistry is a particular location, usually an atom, within a chemical compound that is the likely center of a reaction in which the chemical is involved.

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Reversible addition−fragmentation chain-transfer polymerization

Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer or RAFT polymerization is one of several kinds of reversible-deactivation radical polymerization.

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Ring-opening polymerization

In polymer chemistry, ring-opening polymerization (ROP) is a form of chain-growth polymerization, in which the terminal end of a polymer chain acts as a reactive center where further cyclic monomers can react by opening its ring system and form a longer polymer chain (see figure).

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Sequence-controlled polymer

A sequence-controlled polymer is a macromolecule, in which the sequence of monomers is controlled to some degree.

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Sol–gel process

In materials science, the sol–gel process is a method for producing solid materials from small molecules.

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Solution polymerization

Solution polymerization is a method of industrial polymerization.

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Stereolithography (SLA or SL; also known as stereolithography apparatus, optical fabrication, photo-solidification, or resin printing) is a form of 3D printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns, and production of parts in a layer by layer fashion using photopolymerization, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.

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Steric effects

Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.

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Structural unit

In polymer chemistry, a structural unit is a building block of a polymer chain.

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Suspension polymerization

Suspension polymerization is a heterogeneous radical polymerization process that uses mechanical agitation to mix a monomer or mixture of monomers in a liquid phase, such as water, while the monomers polymerize, forming spheres of polymer.

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A tetramer (tetra-, "four" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer formed from four monomers or subunits.

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Trimer (chemistry)

In chemistry, a trimer is a molecule or an anion formed by combination or association of three molecules or ions of the same substance.

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Ziegler–Natta catalyst

A Ziegler–Natta catalyst, named after Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, is a catalyst used in the synthesis of polymers of 1-alkenes (alpha-olefins).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymerization

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