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Index Populism

In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite". [1]

284 relations: Aam Aadmi Party, Adam Müller, Agrarian socialism, Agrarianism, Alberto Fujimori, Alexis Tsipras, Alfred W. McCoy, Alliance for the Future of Austria, American Journal of Sociology, American Political Science Association, Anabaptism, Animal welfare, Anti-austerity movement in Spain, Anti-communism, Anti-establishment, Antwerp, Arab Spring, Aristocracy, Arvind Kejriwal, Attack (political party), Augusto Pinochet, Authoritarianism, Barack Obama, Benjamin Netanyahu, Beppe Grillo, Bernie Sanders presidential campaign, 2016, Big business, Black populism, Brexit, British National Party, Bunga bunga, Cambridge University Press, Carinthia, Carlos Menem, Cas Mudde, Caste, Caudillo, Charismatic authority, Chavismo, Chen Shui-bian, Chip Berlet, Chris Hedges, Civic Forum, Civic nationalism, Class conflict, Cold War, Common Man's Front, Common sense, Conservative Party (UK), Constituent assembly, ..., Daniel Bell, Daniel Ortega, Demagogue, Democracy, Democratic Party (United States), Direct democracy, Diversity (politics), Don Brash, Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016, East Germany, Eastern Bloc, Ecology, Economics, Elitism, Ernesto Laclau, Ethnic nationalism, European Union, Euroscepticism, Eva Perón, Evo Morales, False consciousness, Farmers' Party (Netherlands), Fascism, Feminist Studies, Fernando Collor de Mello, Five Star Movement, Forza Italia, Fox hunting, Francisco Franco, Free market, Freedom Party of Austria, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Geert Wilders, George Wallace, German Peasants' War, Getúlio Vargas, Giuseppe Conte, Globalization, Great Depression, Great Recession, Green politics, Greenback Party, Gymnastics, Hans-Georg Betz, Heinz-Christian Strache, Hendrik Koekoek, Huey Long, Hugo Chávez, Humanity & Society, Humboldt University of Berlin, Hyperinflation, Ideology, Imagined community, Imperialism, India Against Corruption, Indigenous peoples in Bolivia, Industrial Revolution, International Monetary Fund, Italian general election, 1994, Italian general election, 2001, Italian general election, 2008, Italian general election, 2013, Jörg Haider, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jean-Marie Le Pen, Jeffrey Sachs, Jeremy Corbyn, Jews, Jobbik, John Bellamy Foster, John Judis, José María Velasco Ibarra, José Ortega y Gasset, Joseph Estrada, Joseph McCarthy, Joseph Schumpeter, Juan Perón, Justicialist Party, Keiko Fujimori, Kronen Zeitung, Labour Party (UK), Lawrence Goodwyn, Left–right political spectrum, Lega Nord, Levellers, Liberal democracy, Liberalism, List of Mexican-American writers, List of Prime Ministers of New Zealand, London Review of Books, Lutheranism, Mani pulite, Manning Marable, Margaret Canovan, Marine Le Pen, Marxism, Münster rebellion, Member state of the European Union, Mestizo, Michael Kazin, Middle England, Minister (Christianity), Mixed-member proportional representation, Mogens Glistrup, Monthly Review, Muammar Gaddafi, Narodniks, National Observer (Canada), Nationalism, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Nazism, Neoliberalism, New Left, New social movements, New Zealand First, New Zealand general election, 1975, New Zealand general election, 1999, New Zealand general election, 2002, New Zealand Labour Party, New Zealand National Party, Nigel Farage, North American Free Trade Agreement, Occupy movement, Ochlocracy, Opposition to immigration, Orewa Speech, Pablo Iglesias Turrión, Party for Freedom, Pauline Hanson, Penal populism, People's Party (United States), Peronism, Pierre Poujade, Pim Fortuyn, Pink tide, Pluralism (political theory), Podemos (Spanish political party), Politainment, Political career of Silvio Berlusconi, Political correctness, Political opportunism, Political Research Quarterly, Political science, Politics, Politics of New Zealand, Poporanism, Prime Minister of Italy, Progress Party (Denmark), Progressive Party (United States, 1912), Progressive Party (United States, 1924–34), Progressivism, Project MUSE, Radical right (Europe), Rafael Correa, Reactionary, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Referendum, Referendums in New Zealand, Reformation, Republican Party (United States), Richard Hofstadter, Richard Nixon, Right-wing populism, Robert M. La Follette, Robert Muldoon, Roh Moo-hyun, Ross Perot, Rudi Dornbusch, Russian Empire, Sarah Palin, Scapegoating, Scott Rasmussen, Share Our Wealth, Silent majority, Silvio Berlusconi, Social credit, Social Credit Party of Canada, Social movement, Social science, Socialism, Socialist Unity Party of Germany, Soviet Union, Steven Hahn, Strongman (politics), Stuff.co.nz, Swiss People's Party, Syriza, Tabloid journalism, Tea Party movement, Television, Thaksin Shinawatra, The Age of Reform, The finger, The Left (Germany), The New Zealand Herald, The Paranoid Style in American Politics, The People of Freedom, The Sydney Morning Herald, Theocracy, Theodore Roosevelt, Tom Brass, Tom Engelhardt, Tony Blair, Trans-Pacific Partnership, UK Independence Party, Umberto Bossi, Underdog, Union for the Defense of Tradesmen and Artisans, United Future, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, United Kingdom general election, 2001, United Socialist Party of Venezuela, United States Congress, United States presidential election, 1896, United States presidential election, 1968, United States presidential election, 2000, United States presidential election, 2016, Vanguardism, Vlaams Belang, Vladimír Mečiar, Volkstum, We are the 99%, Weimar Republic, White Bolivians, William Hague, William Jennings Bryan, Winston Peters, World Bank, World War II, Yingluck Shinawatra, Zürich, 1997 Asian financial crisis. Expand index (234 more) »

Aam Aadmi Party

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP, English: Common Man's Party) is an Indian political party, formally launched on 26 November 2012, and is currently the ruling party of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

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Adam Müller

Adam Heinrich Müller (30 June 1779 – 17 January 1829; after 1827 Ritter von Nitterdorf) was a German publicist, literary critic, political economist, theorist of the state and forerunner of economic romanticism.

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Agrarian socialism

Agrarian socialism is a political ideology which combines an agrarian way of life with a socialist economic system.

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Agrarianism is a social philosophy or political philosophy which values rural society as superior to urban society, the independent farmer as superior to the paid worker, and sees farming as a way of life that can shape the ideal social values.

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Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Kenya Fujimori Fujimori (born 26 July 1938 or 4 August 1938) is a Peruvian former politician who served as the President of Peru from 28 July 1990 to 22 November 2000.

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Alexis Tsipras

Alexis Tsipras (Αλέξης Τσίπρας,; born 28 July 1974) is a Greek politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Greece since 2015.

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Alfred W. McCoy

Alfred William McCoy (born June 8, 1945) is the J.R.W. Smail Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison who specializes in Southeast Asia.

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Alliance for the Future of Austria

The Alliance for the Future of Austria (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich; BZÖ) is a right-wing populist and national conservative political party in Austria.

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American Journal of Sociology

Established in 1895 as the first US scholarly journal in its field, American Journal of Sociology (AJS) presents pathbreaking work from all areas of sociology, with an emphasis on theory building and innovative methods.

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American Political Science Association

The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.

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Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.

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Animal welfare

Animal welfare is the well-being of animals.

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Anti-austerity movement in Spain

The anti-austerity movement in Spain, also referred to as the 15-M Movement (Spanish: Movimiento 15-M), the Indignados Movement, and Take the Square, had origins in social networks such as Real Democracy NOW (Democracia Real YA) or Youth Without a Future (Juventud Sin Futuro).

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Anti-communism is opposition to communism.

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An anti-establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of a society.

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Arab Spring

The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.

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Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.

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Arvind Kejriwal

Arvind Kejriwal (born 16 August 1968) is an Indian politician and a former bureaucrat who is the current and 7th Chief Minister of Delhi since February 2015.

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Attack (political party)

Attack (Атака) is a Bulgarian nationalist party, founded by Volen Siderov in 2005, who was at the time presenter of the homonymous TV Show "Attack" on SKAT TV.

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Augusto Pinochet

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.

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Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.

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Benjamin Netanyahu

Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu (born 21 October 1949) is an Israeli politician serving as the 9th and current Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, previously holding the position from 1996 to 1999.

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Beppe Grillo

Giuseppe Piero "Beppe" Grillo (born 21 July 1948) is an Italian comedian, actor, blogger and political activist.

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Bernie Sanders presidential campaign, 2016

The 2016 presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders, the junior United States Senator and former Representative from Vermont, began with an informal announcement on April 30, 2015, and a formal announcement that he planned to seek the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States on May 26, 2015, in Burlington, Vermont.

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Big business

No description.

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Black populism

Following the collapse of Reconstruction, African Americans created a broad-based independent political movement in the South: Black Populism.

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Brexit is the impending withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).

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British National Party

The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right and fascist political party in the United Kingdom.

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Bunga bunga

Bunga bunga is a phrase of uncertain origin and various meanings that dates from 1910, and a name for an area of Australia dating from 1852.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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No description.

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Carlos Menem

Carlos Saúl Menem Akil (born July 2, 1930) is an Argentine politician who was President of Argentina from July 8, 1989 to December 10, 1999.

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Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde (born 3 June 1967) is a Dutch political scientist who focuses on political extremism and populism in Europe and the United States.

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Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.

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A caudillo (Old Spanish: cabdillo, from Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput "head") was a type of personalist leader wielding military and political power.

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Charismatic authority

Charismatic authority is a concept about leadership that was developed in 1922 (he died in 1920) by the German sociologist Max Weber.

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Chavism (Spanish: chavismo), also known as Chavezism (Spanish: chavecismo), is a left-wing political ideology based on the ideas, programs and government style associated with the former President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez that combines elements of socialism, left-wing populism, patriotism, internationalism, Bolivarianism, feminism, green politics and Caribbean and Latin American integration.

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Chen Shui-bian

Chen Shui-bian (born October 12, 1950) is a retired Taiwanese politician and lawyer who served as President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000 to 2008.

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Chip Berlet

John Foster "Chip" Berlet (born November 22, 1949) is an American investigative journalist, research analyst, photojournalist, scholar, and activist specializing in the study of extreme right-wing movements in the United States.

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Chris Hedges

Christopher Lynn Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American journalist, Presbyterian minister, and visiting Princeton University lecturer.

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Civic Forum

The Civic Forum (Czech: Občanské fórum, OF) was a political movement in the Czech part of Czechoslovakia, established during the Velvet Revolution in 1989.

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Civic nationalism

Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a form of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in an inclusive form of nationalism that adheres with traditional liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights.

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Class conflict

Class conflict, frequently referred to as class warfare or class struggle, is the tension or antagonism which exists in society due to competing socioeconomic interests and desires between people of different classes.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Common Man's Front

The Common Man's Front (Fronte dell'Uomo Qualunque, or UQ) was a short-lived right-wing populist, monarchist and anti-communist political party in Italy.

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Common sense

Common sense is sound practical judgment concerning everyday matters, or a basic ability to perceive, understand, and judge that is shared by ("common to") nearly all people.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Constituent assembly

A constituent assembly or constitutional assembly is a body or assembly of popularly elected representatives composed for the purpose of drafting or adopting a document called the constitution.

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Daniel Bell

Daniel Bell (May 10, 1919 – January 25, 2011) was an American sociologist, writer, editor, and professor at Harvard University, best known for his contributions to the study of post-industrialism.

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Daniel Ortega

José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born November 11, 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician serving as President of Nicaragua since 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985) and then as President (1985–1990).

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A demagogue (from Greek δημαγωγός, a popular leader, a leader of a mob, from δῆμος, people, populace, the commons + ἀγωγός leading, leader) or rabble-rouser is a leader in a democracy who gains popularity by exploiting prejudice and ignorance among the common people, whipping up the passions of the crowd and shutting down reasoned deliberation.

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Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).

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Direct democracy

Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.

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Diversity (politics)

In sociology and political studies, diversity is the degree of differences in identifying features among the members of a purposefully defined group, such as any group differences in racial or ethnic classifications, age, gender, religion, philosophy, physical abilities, socioeconomic background, sexual orientation, gender identity, intelligence, mental health, physical health, genetic attributes, personality, behavior or attractiveness.

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Don Brash

Donald Thomas Brash (born 24 September 1940), formerly a New Zealand politician, was Leader of the Opposition, Leader of the National Party (the country's main Opposition party at that time) from 28 October 2003 to 27 November 2006, and the Leader of the ACT Party from 28 April 2011 to 26 November 2011.

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Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016

The 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump was formally launched on June 16, 2015, at Trump Tower in New York City.

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East Germany

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.

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Eastern Bloc

The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.

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Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

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Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

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Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite — a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience — are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and therefore deserve influence or authority greater than that of others.

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Ernesto Laclau

Ernesto Laclau (6 October 1935 – 13 April 2014) was an Argentine political theorist.

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Ethnic nationalism

Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the nation is defined in terms of ethnicity.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Euroscepticism (also known as EU-scepticism) means criticism of the European Union (EU) and European integration.

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Eva Perón

Eva María Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.

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Evo Morales

Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo, is a Bolivian politician and cocalero activist who has served as President of Bolivia since 2006.

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False consciousness

False consciousness is a term used by sociologists and expounded by some Marxists for the way in which material, ideological, and institutional processes in capitalist society mislead members of the proletariat and other class actors.

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Farmers' Party (Netherlands)

The Farmers' Party (in Dutch: Boerenpartij, BP) was a Dutch agrarian political party, with a strong conservative outlook and a populist appeal.

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Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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Feminist Studies

Feminist Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering women's studies that was established in 1972.

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Fernando Collor de Mello

Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (born August 12, 1949) is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate.

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Five Star Movement

The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S) is a political party in Italy.

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Forza Italia

Forza ItaliaThe name is not usually translated into English: forza is the second-person singular imperative of ''forzare'', in this case translating to "to compel" or "to press", and so means something like "Forward, Italy", "Come on, Italy" or "Go, Italy!".

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Fox hunting

Fox hunting is an activity involving the tracking, chase and, if caught, the killing of a fox, traditionally a red fox, by trained foxhounds or other scent hounds, and a group of unarmed followers led by a "master of foxhounds" ("master of hounds"), who follow the hounds on foot or on horseback.

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Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.

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Free market

In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.

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Freedom Party of Austria

The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Austria.

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Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (11 August 1778 – 15 October 1852) was a German gymnastics educator and nationalist.

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Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death in 1970.

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Geert Wilders

Geert Wilders (born 6 September 1963) is a Dutch politician who is the founder and the current leader of the Party for Freedom (Partij voor de Vrijheid – PVV).

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George Wallace

George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.

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German Peasants' War

The German Peasants' War, Great Peasants' War or Great Peasants' Revolt (Deutscher Bauernkrieg) was a widespread popular revolt in some German-speaking areas in Central Europe from 1524 to 1525.

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Getúlio Vargas

Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician, who served as President during two periods: the first was from 1930–1945, when he served as interim president from 1930–1934, constitutional president from 1934–1937, and dictator from 1937–1945.

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Giuseppe Conte

Giuseppe Conte (born 8 August 1964) is an Italian jurist and politician serving as the 58th and current Prime Minister of Italy since 1 June 2018.

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Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Great Recession

The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.

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Green politics

Green politics (also known as ecopolitics) is a political ideology that aims to create an ecologically sustainable society rooted in environmentalism, nonviolence, social justice and grassroots democracy.

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Greenback Party

The Greenback Party (known successively as the Independent Party, the National Independent Party, and the Greenback Labor Party) was an American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889.

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Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance.

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Hans-Georg Betz

Hans-Georg Betz is an academic at the University of Zurich.

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Heinz-Christian Strache

Heinz-Christian Strache (born 12 June 1969) is an Austrian politician serving as the Vice-Chancellor of Austria since 2017.

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Hendrik Koekoek

Hendrik Koekoek (22 May 1912 – 8 February 1987) was a Dutch farmer and politician of the defunct Farmers' Party (Boerenpartij - BP).

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Huey Long

Huey Pierce Long Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), self-nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician who served as the 40th governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a member of the United States Senate from 1932 until his assassination in 1935.

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Hugo Chávez

Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who was President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013.

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Humanity & Society

Humanity & Society is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Sage Publications, and is the official journal of the Association for Humanist Sociology (AHS).

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Humboldt University of Berlin

The Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin), is a university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.

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In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.

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An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.

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Imagined community

An imagined community is a concept developed by Benedict Anderson in his 1983 book Imagined Communities, to analyze nationalism.

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Imperialism is a policy that involves a nation extending its power by the acquisition of lands by purchase, diplomacy or military force.

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India Against Corruption

India Against Corruption (IAC) is an anti-corruption movement in India which was particularly prominent during the anti-corruption protests of 2011 and 2012, concerned with the introduction of the Jan Lokpal bill.

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Indigenous peoples in Bolivia

Indigenous peoples in Bolivia, or Native Bolivians, are Bolivian people who are of indigenous ancestry.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Italian general election, 1994

A snap national general election was held in Italy on March 27, 1994 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.

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Italian general election, 2001

A national general election was held in Italy on 13 May 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic.

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Italian general election, 2008

A snap general election was held in Italy on 13–14 April 2008.

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Italian general election, 2013

A general election took place on 24–25 February 2013 to determine the 630 members of the Chamber of Deputies and the 315 elective members of the Senate of the Republic for the 17th Parliament of the Italian Republic.

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Jörg Haider

Jörg Haider (26 January 1950 – 11 October 2008) was an Austrian politician.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

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Jean-Marie Le Pen

Jean-Marie Le Pen (born 20 June 1928) is a French politician who has served as Honorary President of the National Front since January 2011 and a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from France since 2004, previously between 1984 and 2003.

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Jeffrey Sachs

Jeffrey David Sachs (born November 5, 1954) is an American economist and director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University, where he holds the title of University Professor, the highest rank Columbia bestows on its faculty.

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Jeremy Corbyn

Jeremy Bernard Corbyn (born 26 May 1949).

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Jobbik, the Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom), commonly known as Jobbik, is a Hungarian political party with radical and nationalist roots.

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John Bellamy Foster

John Bellamy Foster (born August 15, 1953) is a professor of sociology at the University of Oregon and also editor of Monthly Review.

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John Judis

John B. Judis is an author and American journalist, an editor-at-large at Talking Points Memo, a former senior writer at The National Journal and a former senior editor at The New Republic.

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José María Velasco Ibarra

José María Velasco Ibarra (March 19, 1893 – March 30, 1979) was an Ecuadorian politician.

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José Ortega y Gasset

José Ortega y Gasset (9 May 1883 – 18 October 1955) was a Spanish philosopher, and essayist.

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Joseph Estrada

Joseph Ejercito "Erap" Estrada (real name José Marcelo Ejército Sr.; born April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998.

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Joseph McCarthy

Joseph Raymond McCarthy (November 14, 1908 – May 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957.

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Joseph Schumpeter

Joseph Alois Schumpeter (8 February 1883 – 8 January 1950) was an Austrian political economist.

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Juan Perón

Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.

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Justicialist Party

The Justicialist Party (Partido Justicialista), or PJ, is a Peronist political party in Argentina, and the largest component of the Peronist movement.

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Keiko Fujimori

Keiko Sofía Fujimori Higuchi (born 25 May 1975) is a Peruvian politician.

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Kronen Zeitung

The Kronen Zeitung, commonly known as the Krone, is Austria's largest newspaper.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Lawrence Goodwyn

Lawrence Goodwyn (July 16, 1928 – September 29, 2013) was an American writer and political theorist.

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Left–right political spectrum

The left–right political spectrum is a system of classifying political positions, ideologies and parties.

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Lega Nord

Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.

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The Levellers was a political movement during the English Civil War (1642–1651).

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Liberal democracy

Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.

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Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.

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List of Mexican-American writers

The following is a list of Mexican-American writers.

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List of Prime Ministers of New Zealand

The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand, and the leader of the Cabinet of New Zealand, with various powers and responsibilities defined by convention.

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London Review of Books

The London Review of Books (LRB) is a British journal of literary essays.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Mani pulite

Mani pulite (Italian for "clean hands") was a nationwide judicial investigation into political corruption in Italy held in the 1990s.

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Manning Marable

William Manning Marable (May 13, 1950 – April 1, 2011) was an American professor of public affairs, history and African-American Studies at Columbia University.

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Margaret Canovan

Margaret Canovan (born 1939) is an English political theorist.

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Marine Le Pen

Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen (born 5 August 1968) is a French politician and lawyer serving as President of the National Rally political party (previously named National Front) since 2011, with a brief interruption in 2017.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Münster rebellion

The Münster rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a communal sectarian government in the German city of Münster.

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Member state of the European Union

The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.

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Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.

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Michael Kazin

Michael Kazin (born June 6, 1948) is an American historian and professor at Georgetown University.

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Middle England

The phrase "Middle England" is a socio-political term which generally refers to middle class or lower-middle class people in England who hold traditional conservative or right-wing views.

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Minister (Christianity)

In Christianity, a minister is a person authorized by a church, or other religious organization, to perform functions such as teaching of beliefs; leading services such as weddings, baptisms or funerals; or otherwise providing spiritual guidance to the community.

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Mixed-member proportional representation

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party.

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Mogens Glistrup

Mogens Glistrup (28 May 1926 – 1 July 2008) was a Danish politician, lawyer and tax protester.

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Monthly Review

The Monthly Review, established in 1949, is an independent socialist magazine published monthly in New York City.

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Muammar Gaddafi

Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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The Narodniks (народники) were a politically conscious movement of the Russian middle class in the 1860s and 1870s, some of whom became involved in revolutionary agitation against tsarism.

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National Observer (Canada)

National Observer is a Canadian news website focused on investigative reporting and daily news on energy, climate, politics and social issues.

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Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.

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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

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Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.

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New Left

The New Left was a broad political movement mainly in the 1960s and 1970s consisting of activists in the Western world who campaigned for a broad range of social issues such as civil and political rights, feminism, gay rights, abortion rights, gender roles and drug policy reforms.

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New social movements

The term new social movements (NSMs) is a theory of social movements that attempts to explain the plethora of new movements that have come up in various western societies roughly since the mid-1960s (i.e. in a post-industrial economy) which are claimed to depart significantly from the conventional social movement paradigm.

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New Zealand First

New Zealand First (Aotearoa Tuatahi), commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand.

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New Zealand general election, 1975

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament.

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New Zealand general election, 1999

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament.

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New Zealand general election, 2002

The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament.

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New Zealand Labour Party

The New Zealand Labour Party (Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa), or simply Labour (Reipa), is a centre-left political party in New Zealand.

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New Zealand National Party

The New Zealand National Party (Rōpū Nāhinara o Aotearoa), shortened to National (Nāhinara) or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand.

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Nigel Farage

Nigel Paul Farage (While Farage himself pronounces it thus, he has stated that he does not mind if the alternative pronunciation of is used by others –, Newsnight (YouTube – UKIP webmaster's channel), 18 April 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2013. born 3 April 1964) is a British politician, broadcaster and political analyst who was the leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) from 2006 to 2009 and again from 2010 to 2016.

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North American Free Trade Agreement

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

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Occupy movement

The Occupy movement is an international socio-political movement against social and economic inequality and the lack of "real democracy" around the world.

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Ochlocracy (ὀχλοκρατία, okhlokratía; ochlocratia) or mob rule is the rule of government by mob or a mass of people, or, the intimidation of legitimate authorities.

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Opposition to immigration

Opposition to immigration exists in most states with immigration, and has become a significant political issue in many countries.

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Orewa Speech

The Orewa Speech was a speech delivered by the then-leader of the New Zealand National Party Don Brash to the Orewa Rotary Club on 27 January 2004.

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Pablo Iglesias Turrión

Pablo Manuel Iglesias Turrión, known as either Pablo Iglesias or Pablo Iglesias Turrión (born 17 October 1978) is a Spanish politician who has been the Secretary-General of Podemos since 2014.

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Party for Freedom

The Party for Freedom (Partij voor de Vrijheid, PVV) is a Dutch nationalist and right-wing populist political party in the Netherlands.

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Pauline Hanson

Pauline Lee Hanson (née Seccombe, formerly Zagorski; born 27 May 1954) is an Australian politician who is the founder and leader of Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party (PHON).

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Penal populism

Penal populism is a process whereby the major political parties compete with each other to be "tough on crime".

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People's Party (United States)

The People's Party, also known as the Populist Party or the Populists, was an agrarian-populist political party in the United States.

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Peronism (peronismo) or Justicialism (justicialismo) is an Argentine political movement based on the political ideology and legacy of former President Juan Domingo Perón and his second wife Eva Perón.

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Pierre Poujade

Pierre Poujade (1 December 1920 – 27 August 2003) was a French populist politician after whom the Poujadist movement was named.

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Pim Fortuyn

Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (19 February 1948 – 6 May 2002), was a Dutch politician, civil servant, sociologist, author and professor who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn or LPF) in 2002.

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Pink tide

"Pink tide" (marea rosa, onda rosa) and "turn to the Left" (Sp.: vuelta hacia la izquierda, Pt.: Guinada à Esquerda) are phrases used in contemporary 21st century political analysis in the media and elsewhere to describe the perception of a turn towards left wing governments in Latin American democracies straying away from the neo-liberal economic model.

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Pluralism (political theory)

Classical pluralism is the view that politics and decision making are located mostly in the framework of government, but that many non-governmental groups use their resources to exert influence.

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Podemos (Spanish political party)

Podemos (translated in English as "We can") is a political party in Spain founded in March 2014 by political scientist Pablo Iglesias in the aftermath of the 15-M Movement protests against inequality and corruption.

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Politainment, a portmanteau word composed of politics and entertainment, describes tendencies in politics and mass media to liven up political reports and news coverage using elements from public relations to create a new kind of political communication.

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Political career of Silvio Berlusconi

The political career of Silvio Berlusconi began in 1994, when Berlusconi entered politics for the first time serving intermittent terms as Prime Minister of Italy from 1994 to 1995, 2001 to 2006 and 2008 to 2011, his career was racked with controversies and trials; amongst these was his failure to honour his promise to sell his personal assets in Mediaset, the largest television broadcaster network in Italy, in order to dispel any perceived conflicts of interest.

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Political correctness

The term political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated to PC or P.C.) is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.

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Political opportunism

Political opportunism refers to the attempt to maintain political support, or increase political influence, in a way which disregards relevant ethical or political principles.

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Political Research Quarterly

Political Research Quarterly is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the field of political science.

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Political science

Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.

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Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.

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Politics of New Zealand

The politics of New Zealand function within a framework of a unitary parliamentary representative democracy.

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Poporanism is a Romanian version of nationalism and populism.

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Prime Minister of Italy

The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.

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Progress Party (Denmark)

The Progress Party (Fremskridtspartiet) is a political party in Denmark, which was founded in 1972.

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Progressive Party (United States, 1912)

The Progressive Party was a third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé, incumbent President William Howard Taft.

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Progressive Party (United States, 1924–34)

The Progressive Party of 1924 was a new party created as a vehicle for Robert M. La Follette, Sr. to run for president in the 1924 election.

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Progressivism is the support for or advocacy of improvement of society by reform.

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Project MUSE

Project MUSE, a non-profit collaboration between libraries and publishers, is an online database of peer-reviewed academic journals and electronic books.

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Radical right (Europe)

In political science, the terms radical right and populist right have been used to refer to the range of European right-wing parties that have grown in support since the late 1970s.

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Rafael Correa

Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (born 6 April 1963) is an Ecuadorian politician and economist who served as President of Ecuador from 2007 to 2017.

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A reactionary is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline, respect for authority, etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society.

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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is a Turkish politician serving as President of Turkey since 2014.

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A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Referendums in New Zealand

Referendums (or referenda) are held only occasionally by the Government of New Zealand.

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The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Richard Hofstadter

Richard Hofstadter (August 6, 1916 – October 24, 1970) was an American historian and public intellectual of the mid-20th century.

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Richard Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.

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Right-wing populism

Right-wing populism is a political ideology which combines right-wing politics and populist rhetoric and themes.

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Robert M. La Follette

Robert Marion La Follette, Sr. (June 14, 1855June 18, 1925) was an American lawyer and politician.

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Robert Muldoon

Sir Robert David Muldoon (25 September 19215 August 1992), also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984, as Leader of the National Party.

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Roh Moo-hyun

Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was a South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea (2003–2008).

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Ross Perot

Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician.

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Rudi Dornbusch

Rüdiger "Rudi" Dornbusch (June 8, 1942 – July 25, 2002) was a German economist who worked for most of his career in the United States.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Sarah Palin

Sarah Louise Palin (née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009.

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Scapegoating is the practice of singling out a person or group for unmerited blame and consequent negative treatment.

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Scott Rasmussen

Scott William Rasmussen (born March 30, 1956) is an American political analyst, digital media entrepreneur, and publisher of.

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Share Our Wealth

Share The Wealth was a movement begun in February 1934, during the Great Depression, by Huey Long, a governor and later United States Senator from Louisiana.

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Silent majority

The silent majority is an unspecified large group of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly.

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Silvio Berlusconi

Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.

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Social credit

Social credit is an interdisciplinary distributive philosophy developed by C. H. Douglas (1879–1952), a British engineer who published a book by that name in 1924.

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Social Credit Party of Canada

The Social Credit Party of Canada (Parti Crédit social du Canada), colloquially known as the Socreds, was a conservative-populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform.

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Social movement

A social movement is a type of group action.

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Social science

Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.

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Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

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Socialist Unity Party of Germany

The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, SED), established in April 1946, was the governing Marxist–Leninist political party of the German Democratic Republic from the country's foundation in October 1949 until it was dissolved after the Peaceful Revolution in 1989.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Steven Hahn

Steven Hahn (born July 18, 1951 in New York City) is Professor of History at New York University.

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Strongman (politics)

A strongman is a political leader who rules by force and runs an authoritarian regime or totalitarian regime.

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Stuff.co.nz is a New Zealand news website published by Fairfax Digital, a division of Fairfax New Zealand Ltd, a subsidiary of Australian company Fairfax Media Ltd.

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Swiss People's Party

The Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei, SVP; Partida populara Svizra, PPS), also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre (Union démocratique du centre, UDC; Unione Democratica di Centro, UDC), is a national-conservative and right-wing populist political party in Switzerland.

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The Coalition of the Radical Left (translit), mostly known by the syllabic abbreviation Syriza (sometimes stylised SY.RIZ.A.; ΣΥΡΙΖΑ; a pun on the Greek adverb σύρριζα, meaning "from the roots" or "radically"), is a political party in Greece, originally founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties.

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Tabloid journalism

Tabloid journalism is a style of journalism that emphasizes sensational crime stories, gossip columns about celebrities and sports stars, extreme political views from one perspective, junk food news, and astrology.

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Tea Party movement

The Tea Party movement is an American conservative movement within the Republican Party.

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Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.

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Thaksin Shinawatra

Thaksin Shinawatra (ทักษิณ ชินวัตร,,; born 26 July 1949) is a Thai and Montenegrin businessman and politician.

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The Age of Reform

The Age of Reform is a 1955 Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Richard Hofstadter.

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The finger

In Western culture, the finger or the middle finger (as in giving someone the (middle) finger or the bird or flipping someone off) is an obscene hand gesture.

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The Left (Germany)

The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.

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The New Zealand Herald

The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.

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The Paranoid Style in American Politics

"The Paranoid Style in American Politics" is an essay by American historian Richard J. Hofstadter, first published in Harper's Magazine in November 1964; it served as the title essay of a book by the author in the same year.

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The People of Freedom

The People of Freedom (Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL) was a centre-right political party in Italy.

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The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.

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Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity is the source from which all authority derives.

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

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Tom Brass

Tom Brass is an academic who has written widely on peasant studies.

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Tom Engelhardt

Thomas M. "Tom" Engelhardt (born 1944) is an American writer and editor.

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Tony Blair

Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.

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Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, and United States signed on 4 February 2016, which was not ratified as required and did not take effect.

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UK Independence Party

The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.

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Umberto Bossi

Umberto Bossi (born 19 September 1941) is an Italian politician, former leader of the Northern League, a party seeking autonomy or independence for Northern Italy or Padania.

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An underdog is a person or group in a competition, usually in sports and creative works, who is popularly expected to lose.

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Union for the Defense of Tradesmen and Artisans

The Union for the Defense of Tradesmen and Artisans (French: Union de défense des commerçants et artisans) was a French political movement from 1953 to 1962.

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United Future

United Future New Zealand, usually known as United Future, was a centrist political party in New Zealand.

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United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016

The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.

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United Kingdom general election, 2001

The 2001 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 7 June 2001, four years after the previous election on 1 May 1997, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons.

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United Socialist Party of Venezuela

The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States presidential election, 1896

The United States presidential election of 1896 was the 28th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1896.

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United States presidential election, 1968

The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.

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United States presidential election, 2000

The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 2016

The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.

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In the context of the theory of Marxist–Leninist revolutionary struggle, vanguardism is a strategy whereby the most class-conscious and politically advanced sections of the proletariat or working class, described as the revolutionary vanguard, form organizations in order to draw larger sections of the working class towards revolutionary politics and serve as manifestations of proletarian political power against its class enemies.

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Vlaams Belang

Vlaams Belang (VB; Dutch for "Flemish Interest") is a right-wing populist and Flemish nationalist political party in the Flemish Region and Brussels of Belgium.

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Vladimír Mečiar

Vladimír Mečiar (born 26 July 1942) is a Slovak politician who served three times as Prime Minister of Slovakia, from 1990 to 1991, from 1992 to 1994 and from 1994 to 1998.

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The Volkstum (lit. folkdom or folklore, though the meaning is wider than the common usage of folklore) is the entire utterances of a Volk or ethnic minority over its lifetime, expressing a "Volkscharakter" this unit had in common.

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We are the 99%

We are the 99% is a political slogan widely used and coined by the Occupy movement.

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Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.

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White Bolivians

White Bolivians or European Bolivians are Bolivian people whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably Spain and Germany, and to a lesser extent, Italy and Croatia.

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William Hague

William Jefferson Hague, Baron Hague of Richmond, (born 26 March 1961), is a British Conservative politician and life peer.

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William Jennings Bryan

William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska.

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Winston Peters

Winston Raymond Peters (born 11 April 1945) is a New Zealand politician who is the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand and Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2017, currently serving as Acting Prime Minister since 21 June 2018.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yingluck Shinawatra

Yingluck Shinawatra (ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร,,; born 21 June 1967), nicknamed Pu (ปู,, meaning "crab"), is a Thai businesswoman and politician.

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Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.

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1997 Asian financial crisis

The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.

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American populism, History of populism, Neo-populist, Popularist, Popularistic, Popularists, Populism and Nationalism, Populism and nationalism, Populisme, Populisms, Populist, Populist Movement, Populist leaders of Latin America in the 20th century, Populist movement, Populistic, Populists, Prairie populism, Social populism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Populism

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