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Porto

Index Porto

Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula. [1]

413 relations: Absolute monarchy, Académico F.C., Academy, Adriano de Paiva, Africa, Age of Discovery, Alcoholic drink, Aldoar, Foz do Douro e Nevogilde, Alexandre Quintanilha, Alfonso III of Asturias, Almeida Garrett, Altri, Ambar – Ideas on Paper S.A., Amorim, André Villas-Boas, Anglo-Portuguese Army, Angola, António da Silva Porto, António Nobre, António Pinho Vargas, António Soares dos Reis, Anthony of Padua, Architecture, Armando de Basto, Armindo Freitas-Magalhães, Arrábida Bridge, Art movement, Art museum, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Article (grammar), Artur Loureiro, Assembleia Municipal, Association football, Atlantic Ocean, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Auto racing, Aveiro, Portugal, Álvaro Siza Vieira, Évora, Bacalhau, Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá, Banco Português de Investimento, Bangkok, Barcelona, Baroque architecture, Beira, Mozambique, Belgium, Bial, Big Three (Portugal), Boavista F.C., ..., Bonfim (Porto), Bordeaux, Braga, Bragança, Portugal, Brazil, Brás Cubas, Bristol, Brno, Bruno Alves, Bus network, Campanhã, Canchungo, Cape Verde, Cartography, Casa da Música, Castile and León, Catholic University of Portugal, Câmara Municipal, CDS – People's Party, Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, Celtic F.C., Celtic languages, Celts, Central station, Cerealis, Charles Albert of Sardinia, Chelsea F.C., China, Church of São Francisco (Porto), Church of São Martinho de Cedofeita, Cidade da Maia, Cinema Batalha (Porto), Circuito da Boavista, Clã, Clérigos Church, Cod, Coimbra, Coliseu do Porto, Collective security, Competition (companies), Concelho, Conquest of Ceuta, Copyright, Corporação Industrial do Norte, Count, Counter-revolutionary, County of Portugal, Coup de main, Cricket, Crotone, Czech Republic, Decorative arts, Defensive wall, Demonym, Dessert wine, Diogo Ribeiro, Diogo Vasconcelos, Dom Luís I Bridge, Douro, Douro DOC, Dragão Caixa, Droste zu Vischering, Dry season, Duarte Coelho, Duda (Portuguese footballer), Duruelo de la Sierra, Economy, Eduardo Souto de Moura, Education in Portugal, EFACEC, Eiffel Tower, England, English language, Episcopal Palace, Porto, Erasmus, Estádio das Antas, Estádio do Bessa, Estádio do Dragão, Estádio do Mar, Estádio Engenheiro Vidal Pinheiro, Estêvão Gomes, Euronext, Euronext Lisbon, Europe, European Capital of Culture, European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, Exploration, Expresso (newspaper), Fantasporto, FC Porto, FC Porto (basketball), Ferdinand Magellan, Fernando Pessoa University, Festa de São João do Porto, Film director, Film festival, Film studio, First Battle of Porto, Florida, Fortified wine, France, Francesinha, Francis of Assisi, Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Francisco Laranjo, Free public transport, Freguesia, Freixo Bridge, French Army, Frulact, Funicular dos Guindais, Futures exchange, Galicia (Spain), Gallaecia, Galp Energia, Germany, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, GNR (band), Gondomar, Portugal, Gothic architecture, Grande Porto, Grupo RAR, Guilhermina Suggia, Guimarães, Guinea-Bissau, Gustave Eiffel, Harry Potter, Henrique Hilário, Heritage streetcar, Higher education, Hong Kong Observatory, Hudson River, Humidity, Iberian Peninsula, Independent politician, Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Interior design, International school, ISMAI, Italy, J. K. Rowling, Janet Echelman, Japan, Júlio Dinis, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Jena, John I of Portugal, John of Gaunt, John the Baptist, Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, Jornal de Notícias, José Hermano Saraiva, José Pacheco Pereira, Kaúlza de Arriaga, Kadoorie Synagogue, Köppen climate classification, Kendall Cup, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Galicia, Klaipėda, Lactogal, Latin, Leça da Palmeira, León, Spain, Leixões S.C., Letter of Pêro Vaz de Caminha, Liège, Liberal Revolution of 1820, Liberal Wars, Liberdade Square (Porto), Liga Portuguesa de Basquetebol, Light rail, Lisbon, List of Asturian monarchs, List of cities by GDP, List of cities in Portugal, List of Leonese monarchs, Lithuania, Livraria Lello, Local administrative unit, London, London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange, Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos, Luanda, Lusíada University of Porto, Macau, Maia, Portugal, Maine, Manoel de Oliveira, Maria Pia Bridge, Mary of the Divine Heart, Mary, mother of Jesus, Matosinhos, Mediterranean climate, Methuen Treaty, Metropolitan Area of Porto, Middle Ages, Miguel I of Portugal, Miguel Sousa Tavares, Miguelist, Mindelo, Minho (river), Monarchy of the North, Moors, Morocco, Mozambique, Municipality, Music of Portugal, Nagasaki, Napoleon, Ndola, Neoclassical architecture, Netherlands, Neves, São Tomé and Príncipe, New World, New York Harbor, Nicolau Nasoni, Norte Region, Portugal, Nova Scotia, Nut (fruit), Oceanic climate, Old World, Olinda, Olive oil, Oliveira de Azeméis, Oporto British School, Oporto Cricket and Lawn Tennis Club, Ornatos Violeta, Paços de Ferreira, Palácio da Bolsa, Paranhos (Porto), Patron saint, Pavilhão Rosa Mota, Pêro Vaz de Caminha, Póvoa de Varzim, Público (Portugal), Pedro Abrunhosa, Pedro de Escobar, Pedrouços, Peninsular War, Philippa of Lancaster, Pluto (Portuguese band), Polytechnic (Portugal), Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Ponte de São João, Pontoon bridge, Port wine, Porto Airport, Porto Cathedral, Porto District, Porto Editora, Porto Leixões Cruise Terminal, Porto Marathon, Porto Metro, Porto School of Architecture, Porto Tram Museum, Portugal, Portugal national basketball team, Portuguese Army, Portuguese Commercial Bank, Portuguese cuisine, Portuguese Grand Prix, Portuguese language, Portus Cale, President of the Municipal Chamber, Prince Henry the Navigator, Pritzker Architecture Prize, Proto-Celtic language, Public art, Public transport, Qimonda, Queima das Fitas, Rail transport, Ramalde, Ramalho Ortigão, Rapid transit, Raul Meireles, Recife, Reconquista, Regional rail, Rem Koolhaas, Richard Zimler, Roman Empire, Romanesque architecture, Romanticism, Rome, Rosa Mota, Rui Moreira, Rui Reininho, Rui Veloso, Ryanair, S.C. Salgueiros, Santo Ildefonso (Porto), Santo Tirso, Santos, São Paulo, Sara Sampaio, São Bento railway station, São João da Madeira, São João National Theatre, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sérgio Godinho, Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, Second Battle of Porto, Serralves, Shanghai, She Changes, Shrove Tuesday, Siege of Porto, Sister city, Soares dos Reis National Museum, Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto, Sonae, Sonae Indústria, Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Spain, Stock exchange, Strait of Magellan, Study hall, Sumac, Suspension bridge, Swimming pool, Synagogue, Thailand, The Portuguese Way, Third World, Tiago Monteiro, Tourist attraction, Trams in Porto, Treaty of Windsor (1386), Trindade station, Tripas, Tripe, Trolleybus, Tuberculosis, UEFA Euro 2004, Ultraviolet index, Umayyad conquest of Hispania, UNESCO, Unicer Brewery, United Kingdom, United Nations, University, University of Lisbon, University of Minho, University of Porto, Urban area, Vatican City, Vímara Peres, Viana do Castelo, Vieira Portuense, Vigo, Vila do Conde, Vila Nova de Gaia, Western European Summer Time, Western European Time, Wine, Wine cellar, World Heritage site, World Touring Car Championship, Wrought iron, Zambia, 2000–01 Primeira Liga, 5 October 1910 revolution. Expand index (363 more) »

Absolute monarchy

Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.

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Académico F.C.

Académico Futebol Clube, or more commonly known as Académico do Porto, is a Portuguese football club from Paranhos, Porto.

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Academy

An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

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Adriano de Paiva

Adriano de Paiva (1847–1907) was a Portuguese scientist who was one of the pioneers of telectroscope.

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Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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Age of Discovery

The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.

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Alcoholic drink

An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.

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Aldoar, Foz do Douro e Nevogilde

Aldoar, Foz do Douro e Nevogilde is a civil parish in the municipality of Porto, Portugal.

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Alexandre Quintanilha

Alexandre Tiedtke Quintanilha, GOSE (b. Lourenço Marques (now Maputo), Mozambique; August 9, 1945) is a Portuguese scientist, former director of the Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular (Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology) of the University of Porto and Professor at ICBAS - Abel Salazar Institute of Biomedical Sciences.

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Alfonso III of Asturias

Alfonso III (20 December 910), called the Great (el Magno), was the king of León, Galicia and Asturias from 866 until his death.

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Almeida Garrett

João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, Viscount of Almeida Garrett (4 February 1799 – 9 December 1854) was a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician.

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Altri

Altri SGPS SA is a Portuguese industrial conglomerate headquartered in Porto.

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Ambar – Ideas on Paper S.A.

Ambar – Ideas on Paper S.A., known in Portugal simply as Ambar, is a Portuguese company founded in 1939, and headquartered in Porto.

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Amorim

Amorim is a Portuguese surname.

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André Villas-Boas

Luís André de Pina Cabral e Villas-Boas.

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Anglo-Portuguese Army

The Anglo-Portuguese Army was the combined British and Portuguese army that participated in the Peninsular War, under the command of Arthur Wellesley.

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Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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António da Silva Porto

António Francisco Ferreira da Silva Porto (24 August 1817 – 2 April 1890) was a Portuguese trader and explorer in Angola, in the Portuguese West Africa.

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António Nobre

António Pereira Nobre (16 August 1867 – 18 March 1900) was a Portuguese poet.

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António Pinho Vargas

António Pinho Vargas (born Vila Nova de Gaia, August 15, 1951) is a Portuguese composer and pianist specialized in the performance and writing of Jazz and contemporary music.

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António Soares dos Reis

António Soares dos Reis (Vila Nova de Gaia, 14 October 1847 - Vila Nova de Gaia, 16 February 1889) was a Portuguese sculptor.

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Anthony of Padua

Saint Anthony of Padua (St.), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (15 August 1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.

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Architecture

Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.

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Armando de Basto

Armando Pereira de Basto (26 May 1889 in Porto – 1923 in Minho Province) was a Portuguese painter, illustrator, sculptor and decorator.

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Armindo Freitas-Magalhães

Armindo Freitas-Magalhães, Ph.D. (born 1966), is a Portuguese psychologist working on the psychology of the human smile in the context of emotion and facial expression.

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Arrábida Bridge

The Arrábida Bridge is an arch bridge of reinforced concrete, that carries six lanes of traffic over the Douro River, between Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia, in Norte region of Portugal.

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Art movement

An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.

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Art museum

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.

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Article (grammar)

An article (with the linguistic glossing abbreviation) is a word that is used with a noun (as a standalone word or a prefix or suffix) to specify grammatical definiteness of the noun, and in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope.

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Artur Loureiro

Artur José de Sousa Loureiro (11 February 1853, in Porto – 7 July 1932, in Terras de Bouro) was a Portuguese painter.

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Assembleia Municipal

An Assembleia Municipal ("municipal assembly"; plural: assembleias municipais) is the legislature that governs a municipality in Portugal.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Auguste and Louis Lumière

The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.

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Auto racing

Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.

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Aveiro, Portugal

Aveiro is a city and a municipality in Portugal.

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Álvaro Siza Vieira

Álvaro Joaquim de Melo Siza Vieira, (born 25 June 1933), is a Portuguese architect, and architectural educator.

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Évora

Évora (Ebora) is a city and a municipality in Portugal.

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Bacalhau

Bacalhau is the Portuguese word for cod and—in a culinary context—dried and salted cod.

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Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá

Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá is a casserole of bacalhau, potatoes, eggs, olives, olive oil and onion.

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Banco Português de Investimento

Banco Português de Investimento (BPI), Portuguese Investment Bank) is a major privately owned bank in Portugal owned by Spanish bank La Caixa. The bank's shares are listed in the Euronext Lisbon's PSI-20 stock index. It runs the banking business with companies, institutional and private clients. As Sociedade Portuguesa de Investimentos it was founded in 1981 by Artur Santos Silva. It is the third largest private Portuguese financial group with assets of €112.9 billion (in 2009). Chairman and CEO is Fernando Ulrich. The bank is headquartered in Porto. PSI-20 The commercial banking group Banco BPI has more than 1.4 million customers, individuals, businesses and institutions. Through its multi-channel distribution network with 674 branches, 30 investment centers and branches, the bank specializes in home loans through a network of outside companies. The bank is primarily active in Portugal and Spain, Angola and Mozambique. In Angola, BPI is the market leader in corporate banking and its activity reached a 25% market share on its 50.1% stake in Banco de Fomento Angola (BFA) with 750,000 customers (as at December 2010). In Mozambique, the BPI maintains a 30 percent stake in the bank BCI Fomento. On 25 October 2007, BPI offered a merger proposal with Millennium BCP, the largest private bank of Portugal. However, the board of BCP rejected the proposal. The largest shareholders of BPI are (as of August 2017): 84,51 percent of the shares are held by the Spanish bank CaixaBank after the acquisition of 18,9 percent of shares held by the Brazilian group Itaú Unibanco, and the German Allianz holds 8,43 percent.

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Barcelona

Barcelona is a city in Spain.

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Baroque architecture

Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.

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Beira, Mozambique

Beira is the third largest city in Mozambique.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bial

Bial (Portela e C.ª, S.A.) is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Sao Mamede do Coronado, in Trofa, Porto district, Portugal.

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Big Three (Portugal)

The Big Three (Os Três Grandes) is the nickname of the three most successful sport clubs in Portugal.

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Boavista F.C.

Boavista Futebol Clube, commonly known as Boavista, is a Portuguese sports club from the city of Porto.

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Bonfim (Porto)

Bonfim is a Portuguese parish, located in the municipality of Porto.

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Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

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Braga

Braga (Bracara) is a city and a municipality in the northwestern Portuguese district of Braga, in the historical and cultural Minho Province.

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Bragança, Portugal

Bragança (Bergáncia; Brigantia, Braganza) is a city and municipality in north-eastern Portugal, capital of the district of Bragança, in the Alto Trás-os-Montes subregion of Portugal.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Brás Cubas

Brás Cubas (Porto, December 1507 — Porto, 1592) was a Portuguese nobleman, explorer and the founder of the village of Santos (a city today).

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Bristol

Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.

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Brno

Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.

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Bruno Alves

Bruno Eduardo Regufe Alves (born 27 November 1981) is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a centre back for Rangers and the Portugal national team.

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Bus network

A bus network is a network topology in which nodes are directly connected to a common linear (or branched) half-duplex link called a bus.

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Campanhã

Campanhã is a Portuguese freguesia ("civil parish"), located in the city of Porto.

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Canchungo

Canchungo is a town located in the western Cacheu Region of Guinea-Bissau formerly known as Vila Teixeira Pinto after Major Teixeira Pinto, the colonial officer that pacified the area.

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Cape Verde

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.

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Cartography

Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Casa da Música

The Casa da Música (literally the House of Music) is a Portuguese concert hall in civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the municipality of Porto, in northern Portugal.

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Castile and León

Castile and León (Castilla y León; Leonese: Castiella y Llión; Castela e León) is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.

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Catholic University of Portugal

The Catholic University of Portugal (Universidade Católica Portuguesa), also referred to as Católica or UCP for short, is the only concordatary university (non-state-run university with concordatary status) of the Catholic Church, in Portugal.

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Câmara Municipal

A câmara municipal (meaning literally municipal chamber and often referred to simply as câmara) is a type of municipal governing body, existing in several countries of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

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CDS – People's Party

The CDS – People's Party (CDS – Partido Popular, derived from Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular, CDS-PP) is a conservative, Christian democratic, and national-conservative political party in Portugal.

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Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória

Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória is a civil parish in the municipality of Porto, Portugal.

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Celtic F.C.

The Celtic Football Club is a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland, which plays in the Scottish Premiership.

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Celtic languages

The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.

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Celts

The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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Central station

Central stations or central railway stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century as railway stations that had initially been built on the edge of city centres were enveloped by urban expansion and became an integral part of the city centres themselves.

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Cerealis

Cerealis is a Portuguese food producer and the biggest milling company in Portugal, headquartered in Maia, and founded in 1919 as a cereal processing company.

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Charles Albert of Sardinia

Charles Albert (2 October 1798 – 28 July 1849) was the King of Sardinia from 27 April 1831 to 23 March 1849.

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Chelsea F.C.

Chelsea Football Club is a professional football club in London, England, that competes in the Premier League.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Church of São Francisco (Porto)

The Church of Saint Francis is the most prominent Gothic monument in Porto, Portugal, being also noted for its outstanding Baroque inner decoration.

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Church of São Martinho de Cedofeita

The Church of Cedofeita (Igreja de Cedofeita) is a medieval church in the civil parish of Cedofeita, municipality of Porto, in the northern Grande Porto Subregion of Portugal.

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Cidade da Maia

Cidade da Maia is a civil parish in the municipality of Maia, Portugal.

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Cinema Batalha (Porto)

The Cinema Batalha is a Portuguese cinema and concert venue in civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, municipality of Porto.

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Circuito da Boavista

Circuito da Boavista was a street circuit in Oporto (Porto), Portugal used twice for the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix.

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Clã

Clã is a Portuguese pop-rock band of a mixed nature in terms of style, ranging from moments of pure balladry, through jazzy details, to enthusiastic pop songs.

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Clérigos Church

The Clérigos Church (Igreja dos Clérigos,; "Church of the Clergymen") is a Baroque church in the city of Porto, in Portugal.

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Cod

Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.

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Coimbra

Coimbra (Corumbriga)) is a city and a municipality in Portugal. The population at the 2011 census was 143,397, in an area of. The fourth-largest urban centre in Portugal (after Lisbon, Porto, Braga), it is the largest city of the district of Coimbra, the Centro region and the Baixo Mondego subregion. About 460,000 people live in the Região de Coimbra, comprising 19 municipalities and extending into an area. Among the many archaeological structures dating back to the Roman era, when Coimbra was the settlement of Aeminium, are its well-preserved aqueduct and cryptoporticus. Similarly, buildings from the period when Coimbra was the capital of Portugal (from 1131 to 1255) still remain. During the Late Middle Ages, with its decline as the political centre of the Kingdom of Portugal, Coimbra began to evolve into a major cultural centre. This was in large part helped by the establishment the University of Coimbra in 1290, the oldest academic institution in the Portuguese-speaking world. Apart from attracting many European and international students, the university is visited by many tourists for its monuments and history. Its historical buildings were classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 2013: "Coimbra offers an outstanding example of an integrated university city with a specific urban typology as well as its own ceremonial and cultural traditions that have been kept alive through the ages.".

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Coliseu do Porto

The Coliseum of Porto (Coliseu do Porto) is a Portuguese theatre and concert venue in civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the municipality of Porto, in northern Portugal.

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Collective security

Collective security can be understood as a security arrangement, political, regional, or global, in which each state in the system accepts that the security of one is the concern of all, and therefore commits to a collective response to threats to, and breaches to peace.

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Competition (companies)

Company competition, or competitiveness, pertains to the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or country to sell and supply goods and services in a given market, in relation to the ability and performance of other firms, sub-sectors or countries in the same market.

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Concelho

Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division.

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Conquest of Ceuta

The conquest of Ceuta by the Portuguese on 21 August 1415 marks an important step in the beginning of the Portuguese Empire in Africa.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Corporação Industrial do Norte

CIN - Corporação Industrial do Norte S.A. is a Portuguese company that is the Iberian market leader for paint & coating products.

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Count

Count (Male) or Countess (Female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.

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Counter-revolutionary

A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.

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County of Portugal

The County of Portugal (Condado de Portugal, Condado Portucalense, Condado de Portucale; in documents of the period the name used was Portugalia) refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal. It is the first state within which the identity of the Portuguese people formed, there the first Portuguese nation state and a predecessor to modern Portugal. The county existed from the mid-ninth to the mid-eleventh centuries as a vassalage of the Kingdom of Asturias and later the Kingdoms of Galicia and León, before being abolished as a result of a rebellion against the king of Galicia. A larger entity under the same name was then reestablished by the king of León in the late 11th century and lasted until the mid-12th century when its count elevated it into an independent Kingdom of Portugal.

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Coup de main

A coup de main (plural: coups de main, French for blow with the hand) is a swift attack that relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow.

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Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Crotone

Crotone (Crotonese: Cutrone or Cutruni) is a city and comune in Calabria.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Decorative arts

The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Demonym

A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.

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Dessert wine

Dessert wines, sometimes called pudding wines, are sweet wines typically served with dessert.

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Diogo Ribeiro

Diogo Ribeiro, also known as Diego Ribero, was a Portuguese cartographer and explorer who worked most of his life in Spain.

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Diogo Vasconcelos

Diogo Vasconcelos (May 16, 1968 - July 8, 2011) was a Portuguese politician, who focused his work on innovation and on the fundamental role of ICT and next generation broadband for fostering innovation and supporting new decentralized models to address some of the major global societal challenges of the 21st century.

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Dom Luís I Bridge

The Dom Luís I Bridge (Ponte D. Luís I) is a double-deck metal arch bridge that spans the River Douro between the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia in Portugal.

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Douro

The Douro (Douro; Duero; translation) is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Porto.

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Douro DOC

Douro is a Portuguese wine region centered on the Douro River in the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro region.

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Dragão Caixa

The Dragão Caixa is an indoor arena located in Porto, Portugal, which houses the basketball, handball and roller hockey teams of FC Porto.

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Droste zu Vischering

Droste zu Vischering is the name of an important Westphalian noble family.

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Dry season

The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.

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Duarte Coelho

Duarte Coelho Pereira (c. 1485 – 7 August 1554) was a nobleman, military leader, and colonial administrator in the Portuguese colony of Brazil.

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Duda (Portuguese footballer)

Sérgio Paulo Barbosa Valente (born 27 June 1980), known as Duda, is a former Portuguese footballer who played as a left winger.

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Duruelo de la Sierra

Duruelo de la Sierra is a municipality of Spain, in the province of Soria, Autonomous Community of Castile and León (Spanish Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León).

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Economy

An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.

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Eduardo Souto de Moura

Eduardo Elísio Machado Souto de Moura (born 25 July 1952, better known as Eduardo Souto de Moura, is a Portuguese architect. Along with Fernando Távora and Álvaro Siza, he is one of the alumni of the Porto School of Architecture, where he was appointed Professor. Souto de Moura was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2011 and the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2013.

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Education in Portugal

Education in Portugal is free and compulsory until the age of 18, when students complete the 12th grade.

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EFACEC

The EFACEC Power Solutions is the largest Portuguese corporation in the field of energy, engineering and mobility, with many subsidiaries of strong presence in different international markets.

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Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Episcopal Palace, Porto

The Episcopal Palace (Paço Episcopal) is the former residence of the bishops of Porto, in Portugal.

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Erasmus

Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (28 October 1466Gleason, John B. "The Birth Dates of John Colet and Erasmus of Rotterdam: Fresh Documentary Evidence," Renaissance Quarterly, The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Renaissance Society of America, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 73–76; – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam,Erasmus was his baptismal name, given after St. Erasmus of Formiae.

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Estádio das Antas

The Estádio das Antas (officially Estádio do Futebol Clube do Porto) was the third (and longest occupied) stadium of the Portuguese football side FC Porto.

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Estádio do Bessa

The Estádio do Bessa (now Estádio do Bessa XXI) is a football stadium located in the Boavista area of Porto, Portugal, used by Boavista.

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Estádio do Dragão

The Estádio do Dragão (Dragon Stadium) is an all-seater football stadium located in Porto, Portugal, and the current home ground of Futebol Clube do Porto.

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Estádio do Mar

Estádio do Mar - Main stand Estádio do Mar is a multi-use stadium in Matosinhos, Portugal.

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Estádio Engenheiro Vidal Pinheiro

Estádio Engenheiro Vidal Pinheiro was a multi-use stadium in Porto, Portugal.

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Estêvão Gomes

Estêvão Gomes, also known in the Spanish versions of his name as Estevan Gómez or Esteban Gómez (Porto, Kingdom of Portugal, c. 1483 - Paraguay River, 1538), was a Portuguese cartographer and explorer.

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Euronext

Euronext NV is a European stock exchange seated in Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Lisbon, Dublin and Paris.

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Euronext Lisbon

Euronext Lisbon is a stock exchange in Lisbon, Portugal.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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European Capital of Culture

The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.

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European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion

The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a European funded programme under the objective of "European Territorial Cooperation" of the Cohesion Policy of the European Union.

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Exploration

Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.

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Expresso (newspaper)

''Expresso'' (April 2006), (bottom left) Expresso is the flagship publication of the Group Impresa and is published weekly in Lisbon, Portugal.

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Fantasporto

Fantasporto, also known as Fantas, is an international film festival, annually organized since 1981 in Porto, Portugal.

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FC Porto

Futebol Clube do Porto, MHIH, OM, commonly known as FC Porto or simply Porto, is a Portuguese sports club based in Porto.

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FC Porto (basketball)

Futebol Clube do Porto (commonly referred to as FC Porto or simply Porto) is a Portuguese professional basketball team based in Porto, which represents the sport's section within parent club FC Porto.

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Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.

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Fernando Pessoa University

Universidade Fernando Pessoa is a private university located in Porto and Ponte de Lima, Portugal.

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Festa de São João do Porto

Festa de São João do Porto (Festival of St John of Porto in English) is a festival that happens every year during Midsummer, on the night of 23 June (St John's Eve), in the city of Porto, in the north of Portugal, thousands of people come to the city centre and more traditional neighborhoods to pay a tribute to Saint John the Baptist, in a party that mixes sacred and profane traditions.

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Film director

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.

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Film festival

A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region.

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Film studio

title.

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First Battle of Porto

In the First Battle of Porto (28 March 1809) the French under Marshal Soult defeated the Portuguese, under General Parreiras, outside the city of Porto during the Peninsular War.

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Florida

Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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Fortified wine

Fortified wine is a wine to which a distilled spirit, usually brandy, is added.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francesinha

Francesinha (meaning Little Frenchie or simply Frenchie in Portuguese) is a Portuguese sandwich originally from Porto, made with bread, wet-cured ham, linguiça, fresh sausage like chipolata, steak or roast meat and covered with melted cheese and a hot thick tomato and beer sauce served with french fries.

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Francis of Assisi

Saint Francis of Assisi (San Francesco d'Assisi), born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, informally named as Francesco (1181/11823 October 1226), was an Italian Catholic friar, deacon and preacher.

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Francisco de Sá Carneiro

Francisco Manuel Lumbrales de Sá Carneiro, GCTE, GCC, GCL (19 July 19344 December 1980) founded the Portuguese Social Democratic Party in 1974 (the year of the Portuguese Carnation Revolution) and became Prime Minister of Portugal in January 1980, but only held office for eleven months, dying in a plane crash with his partner, "Snu" Abecassis (born Ebba Merethe Seidenfaden), on 4 December 1980.

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Francisco Laranjo

Francisco Laranjo is a contemporary Portuguese painter and educator.

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Free public transport

Free public transport, often called fare-free public transit or zero-fare public transport, refers to public transport funded in full by means other than by collecting fares from passengers.

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Freguesia

Freguesia, usually translated as "parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.

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Freixo Bridge

The Freixo Bridge (Ponte do Freixo) which was inaugurated in 1995 is a Portuguese bridge over the Douro river, connecting Vila Nova de Gaia and Porto.

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French Army

The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.

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Frulact

Frulact - Ingredientes para a Indústria de Laticínios, Lda. is a food industry company specialized in fruit processing, headquartered in Maia, Portugal.

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Funicular dos Guindais

The Guindais Funicular (Funicular dos Guindais) is a funicular railway in the civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, Portuguese municipality of Porto.

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Futures exchange

A futures exchange or futures market is a central financial exchange where people can trade standardized futures contracts; that is, a contract to buy specific quantities of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price with delivery set at a specified time in the future.

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Galicia (Spain)

Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.

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Gallaecia

Gallaecia or Callaecia, also known as Hispania Gallaecia, was the name of a Roman province in the north-west of Hispania, approximately present-day Galicia, northern Portugal, Asturias and Leon and the later Suebic Kingdom of Gallaecia.

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Galp Energia

The Galp Group is a Portuguese corporation which consists of more than 100 companies engaged in activities such as natural gas supply, regasification, transport, storage, and distribution; petroleum products exploration, production, refining, trading, logistics and retailing; co-generation and renewable energy.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Globalization and World Cities Research Network

The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.

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GNR (band)

GNR is a Portuguese pop rock band formed in Porto in 1981 by Alexandre Soares, Vítor Rua and Tóli César Machado.

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Gondomar, Portugal

Gondomar is a municipality located in the east of Portugal's Porto Metropolitan Area.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Grande Porto

Grande Porto or Greater Porto is a Portuguese NUTS3 subregion, integrating the NUTS2 region of Norte, in Portugal.

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Grupo RAR

Refinarias de Açúcar Reunidas (Grupo RAR) is a Portugal-based international industrial and agribusiness conglomerate headquartered in Porto, and active in several businesses, including sugar and fresh salads (Vitacress) production and distribution.

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Guilhermina Suggia

Guilhermina Augusta Xavier de Medim Suggia Carteado Mena, known as Guilhermina Suggia, (27 June 1885 – 30 July 1950) was a Portuguese cellist.

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Guimarães

Guimarães is a city and municipality located in northern Portugal, in the district of Braga.

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Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a sovereign state in West Africa.

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Gustave Eiffel

Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.

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Harry Potter

Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.

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Henrique Hilário

Henrique Hilário Meireles Sampaio (born 21 October 1975), commonly known as Hilário, is a Portuguese retired footballer who played as a goalkeeper.

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Heritage streetcar

Heritage streetcars or heritage trams are a part of the efforts to preserve rail traffic heritage.

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Higher education

Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.

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Hong Kong Observatory

The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong.

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Hudson River

The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.

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Humidity

Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.

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Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.

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Independent politician

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.

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Instituto Nacional de Estatística

The Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) is the National Statistical Institute of Portugal.

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Interior design

Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space.

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International school

An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.

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ISMAI

ISMAI - Instituto Universitário da Maia is an institute of higher education formed in 1990 in Maia, Portugal.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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J. K. Rowling

Joanne Rowling, ("rolling";Rowling, J.K. (16 February 2007).. Accio Quote (accio-quote.org). Retrieved 28 April 2008. born 31 July 1965), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.

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Janet Echelman

Janet Echelman (born 1966) is an American sculptor and fiber artist.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Júlio Dinis

Júlio Dinis, pseudonym of Joaquim Guilherme Gomes Coelho (14 November 1839 in Porto – 12 September 1871 in Porto) was a Portuguese doctor and writer.

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Jean-de-Dieu Soult

Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.

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Jena

Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia.

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John I of Portugal

John I (João, ʒuˈɐ̃w̃; 11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433) was King of Portugal and the Algarve in 1385–1433.

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John of Gaunt

John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman, soldier, statesman, and prince, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England.

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John the Baptist

John the Baptist (יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής, Iōánnēs ho baptistḗs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων, Iōánnēs ho baptízōn,Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub p. 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲇⲣⲟⲙⲟⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ ⲡⲓⲣϥϯⲱⲙⲥ, يوحنا المعمدان) was a Jewish itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed.

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Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa

Jorge Nuno de Lima Pinto da Costa (born 28 December 1937) is the president of Portuguese sports club FC Porto since 1982.

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Jornal de Notícias

Jornal de Notícias (JN) (meaning Journal News in English) is a Portuguese daily national newspaper, one of the oldest in Portugal.

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José Hermano Saraiva

José Hermano Baptista Saraiva GCIH • GCIP (3 October 1919 – 20 July 2012) was a Portuguese professor, historian and jurist.

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José Pacheco Pereira

José Álvaro Machado Pacheco Pereira, GCL (born January 6, 1949 in Porto) is a Portuguese political analyst, historian and politician.

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Kaúlza de Arriaga

Kaúlza de Oliveira de Arriaga, OA, GCC, OC, OIH (18 January 1915 – 2 February 2004) was a Portuguese General, writer, professor and politician.

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Kadoorie Synagogue

The Kadoorie Mekor Haim Synagogue (Sinagoga do Porto/Sinagoga Kadoorie Mekor Haim/Museu Judaico do Porto) is a synagogue of the Jewish community of Porto, situated in the civil parish of Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos, the municipality of Porto, in the Portuguese northern district of Porto.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kendall Cup

The Kendall Cup is the trophy awarded to the winners of a 2-day cricket match between representative teams from Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, played alternately in the two cities.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Kingdom of Galicia

The Kingdom of Galicia (Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Reino de Galicia; Reino da Galiza; Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Klaipėda

Klaipėda (Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda, German name: Memel), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

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Lactogal

Lactogal is a Portuguese food products company focused on dairy products, milk, fruit juice and mineral water.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leça da Palmeira

Leça da Palmeira is a former civil parish in the municipality of Matosinhos in the Greater Porto area, Portugal.

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León, Spain

León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.

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Leixões S.C.

Leixões Sport Club, commonly known as Leixões, is a Portuguese sports club from Matosinhos.

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Letter of Pêro Vaz de Caminha

In his letter to Manuel I of Portugal, Pêro Vaz de Caminha gives what is considered by many today as being one of the most accurate accounts of what Brazil used to look like in 1500.

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Liège

Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.

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Liberal Revolution of 1820

The Liberal Revolution of 1820 (Revolução Liberal) was a Portuguese political revolution that erupted in 1820.

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Liberal Wars

The Liberal Wars, also known as the Portuguese Civil War, the War of the Two Brothers or Miguelite War, was a war between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists in Portugal over royal succession that lasted from 1828 to 1834.

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Liberdade Square (Porto)

Liberdade Square (Liberty or Freedom Square; Praça da Liberdade) is a square in the city of Porto, Portugal.

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Liga Portuguesa de Basquetebol

The Liga Portuguesa de Basquetebol (Portuguese Basketball League) is the top men's professional club basketball league in Portugal.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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Lisbon

Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

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List of Asturian monarchs

This is a list of the rulers of the Kingdom of Asturias, which was a Kingdom in the Iberian peninsula.

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List of cities by GDP

This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.

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List of cities in Portugal

This is a list of cities in Portugal.

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List of Leonese monarchs

In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León.

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Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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Livraria Lello

The Lello Bookstore (Livraria Lello), also known as Livraria Lello & Irmão and Livraria Chardron, is a bookstore located in civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the northern Portuguese municipality of Porto.

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Local administrative unit

Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange

The London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE, pronounced 'life') is a futures exchange based in London.

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Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos

Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos is a civil parish in the municipality of Porto, Portugal.

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Luanda

Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola, and the country's most populous and important city, primary port and major industrial, cultural and urban centre.

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Lusíada University of Porto

The Lusíada University of Porto (Universidade Lusíada do Porto) is a Portuguese private university located in Oporto, and founded in 1991.

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Macau

Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Maia, Portugal

Maia is a municipality in the Porto Metropolitan Area, Grande Porto subregion, in Norte Region, Portugal.

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Maine

Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Manoel de Oliveira

Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira GCSE, GCIH (11 December 1908 – 2 April 2015) was a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto.

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Maria Pia Bridge

The Maria Pia Bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) (commonly known as Ponte Dona Maria) is a railway bridge built in 1877, and attributed to Gustave Eiffel, situated over the Portuguese northern municipalities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia.

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Mary of the Divine Heart

Sister Mary of the Divine Heart (Münster, September 8, 1863 – Porto, June 8, 1899), born Maria Droste zu Vischering, was a person of old German nobility (Uradel) and Roman Catholic nun of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, best known for having influenced Pope Leo XIII to make the consecration of the world to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

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Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

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Matosinhos

Matosinhos is a city and a municipality in the northern Porto district of Portugal, bordered in the south by the city of Porto.

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Mediterranean climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.

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Methuen Treaty

The Methuen Treaty was a military and commercial treaty between England and Portugal that was signed in 1703 as part of the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Metropolitan Area of Porto

Porto Metropolitan Area (Área Metropolitana do Porto) is a metropolitan area in coastal northern Portugal which covers 17 municipalities, including the City of Porto, making up the second biggest urban area in the country.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Miguel I of Portugal

Dom Miguel I (English: Michael I; 26 October 1802 – 14 November 1866), "the Absolutist" ("o Absolutista") or "the Traditionalist" ("o Tradicionalista"), was the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of King João VI (John VI) and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.

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Miguel Sousa Tavares

Miguel Andresen de Sousa Tavares (born Porto, 25 June 1950) is a Portuguese lawyer, journalist and writer.

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Miguelist

In the history of Portugal, a Miguelist (in Portuguese Miguelista) was a supporter of the legitimacy of the king Miguel I of Portugal.

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Mindelo

Mindelo (Cape Verdean Creole: Mindel’) is a port city in the northern part of the island of São Vicente in Cape Verde.

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Minho (river)

Minho (Miniu) or Miño is the longest river in Galicia, sharing the border with Portugal, with a length of.

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Monarchy of the North

The Monarchy of the North (Monarquia do Norte), officially the Kingdom of Portugal (Reino de Portugal), was a short-lived revolution and monarchist government that occurred in the North of Portugal, in early 1919.

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Moors

The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.

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Morocco

Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Mozambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.

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Municipality

A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.

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Music of Portugal

Portuguese music includes many different styles and genres, as a result of its history.

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Nagasaki

() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Ndola

Ndola is the third largest city in Zambia, with a population of 475,194 (2010 census provisional).

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Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Neves, São Tomé and Príncipe

Neves is a small town on the north west coast of São Tomé Island in São Tomé and Príncipe.

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New World

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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New York Harbor

New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States.

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Nicolau Nasoni

Nicolau Nasoni (or originally Niccoló Nasoni, 2 June 1691 – 30 August 1773) was an Italian artist and architect mostly active in Portugal.

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Norte Region, Portugal

Norte (Região Norte,; "North Region") or Northern Portugal is the most populous region in Portugal, ahead of Lisboa, and the third most extensive by area.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.

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Nut (fruit)

A nut is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Old World

The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").

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Olinda

Olinda, is an historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic Ocean coast, in Greater Recife (capital of Pernambuco State). It has a population of 389,494 people, covers, and has a population of 9 inhabitants per square kilometer. It is noted as one of the best-preserved colonial cities in Brazil. Olinda features a number of major tourist attractions, such as a historic downtown area (World Heritage Site), churches, and the Carnival of Olinda, a popular street party, very similar to traditional Portuguese carnivals, with the addition of African influenced dances. Unlike in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, in Olinda, admission to Carnival is free. All the festivities are celebrated on the streets, and there are no bleachers or roping. There are hundreds of small musical groups (sometimes featuring a single performer) in many genres.

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Olive oil

Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.

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Oliveira de Azeméis

Oliveira de Azeméis is a city and a municipality located in Porto Metropolitan Area in Portugal.

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Oporto British School

Oporto British School (OBS), located in Foz do Douro, Porto, Portugal, is the oldest British school in mainland Europe, established in 1894.

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Oporto Cricket and Lawn Tennis Club

The Oporto Cricket and Lawn Tennis Club is a sports and social club located on Campo Alegre in Porto, Portugal.

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Ornatos Violeta

Ornatos Violeta was a Portuguese alternative rock band from the city of Porto, that was active from 1991 to 2002.

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Paços de Ferreira

Paços de Ferreira is a city in the Porto district, in the north of Portugal.

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Palácio da Bolsa

The Stock Exchange Palace is a historical building in Porto, Portugal.

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Paranhos (Porto)

Paranhos is a parish in the municipality of Porto, Portugal.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Pavilhão Rosa Mota

Pavilhão Rosa Mota is an arena in Porto, Portugal.

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Pêro Vaz de Caminha

Pêro Vaz de Caminha (c. 1450 – 15 December 1500;,; also spelled Pedro Vaz de Caminha) was a Portuguese knight that accompanied Pedro Álvares Cabral to India in 1500 as a secretary to the royal factory.

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Póvoa de Varzim

Póvoa de Varzim, also spelled Povoa de Varzim, is a Portuguese city in Northern Portugal and sub-region of Greater Porto.

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Público (Portugal)

Público (meaning Public in English) is a Portuguese daily national newspaper published in Lisbon, Portugal.

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Pedro Abrunhosa

Pedro Abrunhosa Pedro Abrunhosa (born December 20, 1960) is a Portuguese singer, musician and songwriter.

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Pedro de Escobar

Pedro de Escobar (c. 1465 – after 1535), a.k.a. Pedro do Porto, was a Portuguese composer of the Renaissance, mostly active in Spain.

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Pedrouços

Pedrouços is a Portuguese parish located in the municipality of Maia.

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Peninsular War

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Philippa of Lancaster

Philippa of Lancaster (Filipa; 31 March 1360 – 19 July 1415) was Queen of Portugal from 1387 until 1415 by marriage to King John I. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal.

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Pluto (Portuguese band)

Pluto is a Portuguese band, which emerged from the splitting up of Ornatos Violeta (in 2002), where Manel Cruz (frontman and vocalist) and Peixe (guitarist) played.

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Polytechnic (Portugal)

The polytechnic is one of the two sub-systems of higher education of Portugal, the other being the university education.

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Polytechnic Institute of Porto

The Instituto Politécnico do Porto (Polytechnic Institute of Porto), also referred to as Politécnico do Porto (Porto Polytechnic) and P.PORTO (since 2016, for naming and branding purposes), is a higher learning Portuguese institution composed of diverse polytechnic schools based in Porto.

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Ponte de São João

The Ponte de São João or St John's Bridge, designed by engineer Edgar Cardoso is a railway bridge in Portugal.

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Pontoon bridge

A pontoon bridge (or ponton bridge), also known as a floating bridge, uses floats or shallow-draft boats to support a continuous deck for pedestrian and vehicle travel.

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Port wine

Port wine (also known as vinho do Porto,, Porto, and usually simply port) is a Portuguese fortified wine produced exclusively in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.

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Porto Airport

Francisco Sá Carneiro Airport or simply Porto Airport is an international airport near Porto (Oporto), Portugal.

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Porto Cathedral

The Porto Cathedral (Sé do Porto) is a Roman Catholic church located in the historical centre of the city of Porto, Portugal.

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Porto District

The District of Porto (Distrito do Porto), is located on the north-west coast of Portugal.

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Porto Editora

Porto Editora is the largest Portuguese publisher with a consolidated turnover of more than 90M € in 2010.

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Porto Leixões Cruise Terminal

Porto Leixões Cruise Terminal is a purpose built terminal for ocean-going passenger ships built by the Port Authority of Douro, Porto, Portugal.

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Porto Marathon

The Porto Marathon is an annual marathon race in the city of Porto, Portugal, held in October or November, since 2004.

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Porto Metro

The Porto Metro (Metro do Porto), part of the public transport (mass transit) system of Porto, Portugal, is a light rail network that runs underground in central Porto and above ground into the city's suburbs.

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Porto School of Architecture

The Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto), or FAUP, is an architecture faculty located in Porto, Portugal, and one of the fourteen constituent faculties of the University of Porto.

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Porto Tram Museum

The Porto Tram Museum (Museu do Carro Eléctrico) is a museum operated by the Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.

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Portugal national basketball team

The Portuguese national basketball team has never had great success in the past at the international level, but they have qualified for the EuroBasket three times, most recently at the EuroBasket 2011.

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Portuguese Army

The Portuguese Army (Exército Português) is the land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.

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Portuguese Commercial Bank

Portuguese Commercial Bank (Banco Comercial Português (BCP)), is a Portuguese bank that was founded in 1985 and is the largest private bank in the country.

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Portuguese cuisine

Despite being relatively restricted to an Atlantic sustenance, Portuguese cuisine has many Mediterranean influences.

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Portuguese Grand Prix

The Portuguese Grand Prix (Grande Prémio de Portugal) was a motorsports event held for several years, mostly in the 1950s and then in the 1980s and 90s.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.

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Portus Cale

Portus Cale (Latinised version for "Port of Cale", original Celtic name Callaici, Cale) was an ancient town and port in current-day northern Portugal, in the area of today's Grande Porto.

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President of the Municipal Chamber

President of the Municipal Chamber, or Presidente da Câmara Municipal, in Portuguese, is the title of the Mayor, in Portugal and other Portuguese speaking countries.

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Prince Henry the Navigator

Infante D. Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (4 March 1394 – 13 November 1460), better known as Prince Henry the Navigator (Infante Dom Henrique, o Navegador), was a central figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and in the 15th-century European maritime discoveries and maritime expansion.

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Pritzker Architecture Prize

The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually "to honor a living architect or architects whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture." Founded in 1979 by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy, the award is funded by the Pritzker family and sponsored by the Hyatt Foundation.

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Proto-Celtic language

The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the reconstructed ancestor language of all the known Celtic languages.

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Public art

Public art is art in any media that has been planned and executed with the intention of being staged in the physical public domain, usually outside and accessible to all.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Qimonda

Qimonda AG was a memory company split out of Infineon Technologies (itself a spun off business unit of Siemens AG) on 1 May 2006, to form at the time the second largest DRAM company worldwide, according to the industry research firm Gartner Dataquest.

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Queima das Fitas

The Queima das Fitas (Portuguese for Ribbon Burning) is a traditional festivity of the students of some Portuguese universities, organized originally by the students of the University of Coimbra.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Ramalde

Ramalde is a Portuguese parish of the municipality of Porto.

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Ramalho Ortigão

José Duarte Ramalho Ortigão (24 October 1836 – 27 September 1915) was a Portuguese writer of the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Raul Meireles

Raul José Trindade Meireles (Ra-Ul Mey-Re-Lesh; born 17 March 1983) is a Portuguese footballer who plays as a midfielder.

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Recife

Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.

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Reconquista

The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.

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Regional rail

Regional rail, also known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities.

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Rem Koolhaas

Remment Lucas "Rem" Koolhaas (born 17 November 1945) is a Dutch architect, architectural theorist, urbanist and Professor in Practice of Architecture and Urban Design at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University.

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Richard Zimler

Richard Zimler (born 1 January 1956 in Roslyn Heights, New York) is a best-selling author of fiction.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romanesque architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Romanticism

Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.

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Rome

Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Rosa Mota

Rosa Maria Correia dos Santos Mota, GCIH, GCM (born June 29, 1958) is a Portuguese former marathon runner, one of her country's foremost athletes, being the first sportswoman from Portugal to win Olympic gold.

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Rui Moreira

Rui de Carvalho de Araújo Moreira (born 8 August 1956) is a Portuguese businessman and politician, currently serving as Mayor of Porto.

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Rui Reininho

Rui Manuel Reininho Braga best known as Rui Reininho (born February 28, 1955) is a Portuguese singer.

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Rui Veloso

Rui Manuel Gaudêncio Veloso, commonly known as Rui Veloso, CavIH (born 30 July 1957, in Lisbon), is a Portuguese rock and blues singer and musician.

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Ryanair

Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.

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S.C. Salgueiros

Sport Comércio e Salgueiros, commonly known as simply Salgueiros, is a Portuguese multi-sports club from the city of Porto, in the northern region of the country.

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Santo Ildefonso (Porto)

Santo Ildefonso is a former civil parish in the municipality of Porto, Portugal.

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Santo Tirso

Santo Tirso is a city and municipality located in the north of Porto Metropolitan Area, Porto District, Portugal.

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Santos, São Paulo

Santos (Saints) is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas.

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Sara Sampaio

Sara Pinto Sampaio (born 21 July 1991) is a Portuguese model best known for being a Victoria's Secret Angel and working for Calzedonia, as well as her appearance in the 2014 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, a first for a Portuguese supermodel, for which she won Rookie of the Year.

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São Bento railway station

The São Bento Railway Station (Estação Ferroviária de São Bento) is a 20th-century railway station in the civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the municipality of Porto, district of Porto.

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São João da Madeira

São João da Madeira, is a city and a municipality in northwestern region of the Portuguese Norte region.

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São João National Theatre

The São João Theatre (Teatro São João), commonly referred to as the São João National Theatre is a Portuguese theatre and concert venue in civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the municipality of Porto, in northern Portugal.

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São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

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Sérgio Godinho

Sérgio Godinho, OL is a Portuguese poet, composer, and singer.

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Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, 1st Count of Oeiras (13 May 1699 – 8 May 1782), popularly known as Marquis of Pombal, was an 18th-century Portuguese statesman.

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Second Battle of Porto

The Second Battle of Porto, also known as the Battle of the Douro, was a battle in which General Arthur Wellesley's Anglo-Portuguese Army defeated Marshal Nicolas Soult's French troops on 12 May 1809 and took back the city of Porto.

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Serralves

Serralves is a cultural institution located in Porto, Portugal, and one of the most important of all the country.

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Shanghai

Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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She Changes

She Changes, known locally as anémona (the anemone), is a sculpture designed by artist Janet Echelman for the cities of Porto and Matosinhos, Northern Portugal.

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Shrove Tuesday

Shrove Tuesday (also known in Commonwealth countries and Ireland as Pancake Tuesday or Pancake day) is the day in February or March immediately preceding Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent), which is celebrated in some countries by consuming pancakes.

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Siege of Porto

The Siege of Porto is considered the period between July 1832 and August 1833 in which the troops of Dom Pedro remained besieged by the forces of Dom Miguel I of Portugal.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Soares dos Reis National Museum

Soares dos Reis National Museum (Museu Nacional Soares dos Reis) is a museum, currently housed in the Carrancas Palace situated in the civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, in the northern Portuguese city of Porto. Founded in 1833, it is the first Portuguese national museum exhibiting collections of Portuguese art, including a collection by Portuguese sculptor António Soares dos Reis, from which the museum derives its name.

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Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto

STCP (Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto, lit. Porto Public Transport Society) is the public transport company that runs the bus and tram service in Greater Porto, Portugal.

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Sonae

Sonae (Sonae SGPS, S.A.) is a Portuguese retail company (Sonae MC and Sonae SR) with two big partnerships in the shopping centres areas (Sonae Sierra) and the Software and Information Systems, Media and Telecommunications (Sonaecom).

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Sonae Indústria

Sonae Indústria is a manufacturer of engineered wood products, founded and headquartered in Maia, Portugal.

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Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (November 6, 1919 in Porto – July 2, 2004 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese poet and writer.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Stock exchange

A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.

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Strait of Magellan

The Strait of Magellan, also called the Straits of Magellan, is a navigable sea route in southern Chile separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south.

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Study hall

Study hall is a term for a place and/or time during the school day where students are assigned to study when they are not scheduled for an academic class.

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Sumac

Sumac (also spelled sumach, sumaq) (translation, translit), (Mishnaic Hebrew אוֹג.

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Suspension bridge

A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders.

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Swimming pool

A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.

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Synagogue

A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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The Portuguese Way

The Portuguese Way (Camino Portugués, Caminho Português) is the name of the Way of St. James pilgrimage routes starting in Portugal.

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Third World

The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc.

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Tiago Monteiro

Tiago da Costa Monteiro (born 24 July 1976) is a Portuguese professional racing driver.

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Tourist attraction

A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.

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Trams in Porto

The tram system of Porto in Portugal is operated by the Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto (STCP) and currently has three regular tram routes with 30 minute headways.

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Treaty of Windsor (1386)

The Treaty of Windsor is the diplomatic alliance signed between Portugal and England on 9 May 1386 at Windsor and sealed by the marriage of King John I of Portugal (House of Aviz) to Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.

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Trindade station

Trindade is a station on the Porto Metro system in Porto, Portugal.

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Tripas

Tripas, in Mexican cuisine (known as chitterlings in English-speaking countries), are the small intestines of farm animals that have been cleaned, boiled and grilled.

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Tripe

Tripe is a type of edible lining from the stomachs of various farm animals.

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Trolleybus

A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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UEFA Euro 2004

The 2004 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or simply Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football competition contested by the men's national teams of UEFA member associations.

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Ultraviolet index

The ultraviolet index or UV Index is an international standard measurement of the strength of sunburn-producing ultraviolet (UV) radiation at a particular place and time.

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Umayyad conquest of Hispania

The Umayyad conquest of Hispania was the initial expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate over Hispania, largely extending from 711 to 788.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Unicer Brewery

The Super Bock Group, SGPS, SA is a multinacional beverages company, headquartered in Leça do Bailio, Portugal.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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University

A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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University of Lisbon

The University of Lisbon (ULisboa; Universidade de Lisboa) is a public research university in Lisbon, and the largest university in Portugal.

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University of Minho

The University of Minho (Universidade do Minho) is a public university in Portugal, divided into the following campuses.

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University of Porto

The University of Porto (Universidade do Porto) is a Portuguese public university located in Porto, and founded on 22 March 1911.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Vatican City

Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.

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Vímara Peres

Vímara PeresVímara is an originally Visigothic name of Germanic origin (cognate with Weimar or Guimar) and Peres is a patronymic, meaning son of Pedro or Peter.

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Viana do Castelo

Viana do Castelo is a municipality and seat of the district of Viana do Castelo in the Norte Region of Portugal.

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Vieira Portuense

Francisco Vieira (Porto, 13 May 1765 – Funchal, 2 May 1805), who choose the artistic name of Vieira Portuense, was a Portuguese painter, one of the introducers of Neoclassicism in Portuguese painting.

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Vigo

Vigo is a city and municipality in the province of Pontevedra, in Galicia, northwest Spain on the Atlantic Ocean.

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Vila do Conde

Vila do Conde (locally) is a municipality in the Norte Region of Portugal.

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Vila Nova de Gaia

Vila Nova de Gaia, or simply Gaia (Cale) is a city and a municipality in Porto District in Norte Region, Portugal.

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Western European Summer Time

Western European Summer Time (WEST) is a summer daylight saving time scheme, 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Western European Time

Western European Time (WET, UTC±00:00) is a time zone covering parts of western and northwestern Europe.

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Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.

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Wine cellar

A wine cellar is a storage room for wine in bottles or barrels, or more rarely in carboys, amphorae, or plastic containers.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World Touring Car Championship

The FIA World Touring Car Championship was an international touring car championship promoted by Eurosport Events and sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).

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Wrought iron

puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).

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Zambia

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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2000–01 Primeira Liga

The 2000–01 Primeira Liga was the 67th edition of top flight of Portuguese football.

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5 October 1910 revolution

The 5 October 1910 revolution was the overthrow of the centuries-old Portuguese Monarchy and its replacement by the Portuguese Republic.

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Redirects here:

Constituicao, Estrada da Circunvalacao, Estrada da Circunvalação, Geography of Porto, Oporto, Oporto, Portugal, Porto (city), Porto Municipality, Porto, Portugal, Pôrto, Tripeiro, UN/LOCODE:PTOPO.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porto

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