202 relations: Abortion, Academic Crisis, Adriano Correia de Oliveira, Afghanistan, African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, Ajuda, Alentejo, Amora (Seixal), Anarcho-syndicalism, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, Angola, António de Oliveira Salazar, António Guterres, António Ramalho Eanes, António Simões de Abreu, Assembleia Municipal, Assembly of the Republic (Portugal), Autonomous Regions of Portugal, Avante!, Avante! Festival, Álvaro Cunhal, Ângelo Veloso, Évora District, Babylon Circus, Baden Powell de Aquino, Basque Country (autonomous community), Béla Kun, Beja District, Bento António Gonçalves, Bento de Jesus Caraça, Brigada Víctor Jara, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Cape Verde, Capital: Critique of Political Economy, Carlos Brito (politician), Carlos Carvalhas, Carlos Paredes, Carnation Revolution, Câmara municipal, CDS – People's Party, Central Committee, Charlie Haden, Chico Buarque, Colonialism, Communism, Communist International, Communist Party of Poland, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Communist Students' League, Communist Youth of Greece, ..., Congress, Cuba, Deliberative assembly, Democratic centralism, Democratic Intervention (Portugal), Democratic Unitarian Coalition, Dexys Midnight Runners, Dialectical materialism, Diogo de Freitas do Amaral, Eastern Bloc, Eastern Europe, Ecologist Party "The Greens", Eight-hour day, Electoral Front United People, Enlargement of the European Union, Estado Novo (Portugal), European Parliament, European Parliament election, 1994 (Portugal), European Parliament election, 1999 (Portugal), European Parliament election, 2004, European Parliament election, 2004 (Portugal), European Parliament election, 2009 (Portugal), European Parliament election, 2014 (Portugal), European Union, European United Left–Nordic Green Left, Fascism, Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Francisco Lopes, Freguesia (Portugal), FRELIMO, General Confederation of Labour (Portugal), Georgi Dimitrov, Guinea-Bissau, Hevia, History of communism, Holly Near, Ilda Figueiredo, International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties, Internationalism (politics), Iraq, Ivan Lins, Júlio Pomar, Jerónimo de Sousa, Johnny Clegg, Jorge Palma, Jorge Sampaio, José Carlos Rates, Joseph Stalin, Judy Collins, Juvenile MUD, Kiev, Kuban Cossack Choir, Labour movement, Land reform, Left-wing politics, Leninism, Lisbon, List of municipalities of Portugal, List of political parties in Portugal, Loures, Manoel de Oliveira, Marxism, Marxism–Leninism, May Day, Mário Sacramento, Mário Soares, Mercenary, Mikhail Suslov, Movement of Democratic Unity, Mozambique, MPLA, O Militante, Octávio Pato, October Revolution, On the Jewish Question, Palestine (region), Participatory democracy, Patriotism, Pedro Guerreiro, Peniche, Portugal, PIDE, Politburo, Political party, Politics of Portugal, Porto, Portugal, Portugal during World War I, Portuguese Colonial War, Portuguese Communist Youth, Portuguese Democratic Movement, Portuguese legislative election, 1991, Portuguese legislative election, 1995, Portuguese legislative election, 1999, Portuguese legislative election, 2002, Portuguese legislative election, 2005, Portuguese legislative election, 2009, Portuguese legislative election, 2011, Portuguese local election, 2005, Portuguese local election, 2009, Portuguese local election, 2013, Portuguese Maximalist Federation, Portuguese presidential election, 1976, Portuguese presidential election, 1980, Portuguese presidential election, 1986, Portuguese presidential election, 1991, Portuguese presidential election, 1996, Portuguese presidential election, 2001, Portuguese presidential election, 2006, Portuguese presidential election, 2011, Progressivism, Proletarian internationalism, Proletariat, Recycling, Red, Revolutionary, Ribatejo Province, Richie Havens, Salgado Zenha, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seixal, Setúbal, Setúbal District, Ska-P, Social Democratic Party (Portugal), Socialism, Socialist German Workers Youth, Socialist Party (Portugal), Soviet Union, State of Palestine, Switzerland, Tagus, Tarrafal camp, Ten Days That Shook the World, The Band, The Communist Manifesto, Thesis, Tom Paxton, United People Alliance, Vanguardism, Vasco Gonçalves, Venezuela, Welfare, What Is to Be Done?, Working class, World Federation of Democratic Youth, World Festival of Youth and Students, World War I, World War II, Young Communist League (Portugal), Yugoslavia, Zeca Afonso, 28 May 1926 coup d'état. Expand index (152 more) » « Shrink index
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo from the womb before it can survive on its own.
The Academic Crisis is the name given to a Portuguese governmental policy instigated in 1962 by the Portuguese dictatorial regime (the Estado Novo) entailing the boycott and closure of several student associations and organizations, including the National Secretariat of Portuguese Students.
Adriano Maria Correia Gomes de Oliveira, GCIH, ComL, or just Adriano (April 9, 1942 – October 16, 1982) was a Portuguese musician, born to a conservative Roman Catholic family in Porto.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde, PAIGC) is a political party in Guinea-Bissau.
Ajuda is a Portuguese civil parish (freguesia) in the municipality of Lisbon.
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Alentejo is a geographical, historical and cultural region of south-central and southern Portugal.
Amora is a civil parish, in the municipality of Seixal in the district of Setúbal, Portugal.
Anarcho-syndicalism (also referred to as revolutionary syndicalism) is a theory of anarchism which views revolutionary industrial unionism or syndicalism as a method for workers in capitalist society to gain control of an economy and, with that control, influence broader society.
Aníbal António Cavaco Silva, GCC (born 15 July 1939), is the 19th President of Portugal, in office since 9 March 2006.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
António de Oliveira Salazar GCSE, GCIC, GCTE, GColIH (28 April 1889 – 27 July 1970) was a Portuguese politician and economist who served as Prime Minister of Portugal for 36 years, from 1932 to 1968.
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, GCC (born 30 April 1949) is a former Portuguese politician, prime minister and former President of the Socialist International.
António dos Santos Ramalho Eanes, GColTE, GCL, CavA, KE (born 25 January 1935) is a Portuguese general and politician who was the 16th President of Portugal from 1976 to 1986.
António Simões de Abreu, known simply by António Abreu (born 6 August 1947 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese engineer and politician.
An Assembleia Municipal ("municipal assembly"; plural: assembleias municipais) governs a municipality in Portugal.
The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República) is the Portuguese parliament.
The two Autonomous Regions of Portugal (Portuguese: Regiões Autónomas de Portugal) are the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores) and Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira).
Avante! (Forward!) is the official newspaper of the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP).
Every year, in the first weekend of September (since 1976) the Avante! Festival (Portuguese: Festa do Avante!) is held named after the official newspaper of the Portuguese Communist Party.
Álvaro Barreirinhas Cunhal, who used the name Álvaro Cunhal (10 November 1913 — 13 June 2005), was a Portuguese communist revolutionary and politician.
Ângelo Matos Mendes Veloso (1930-1990) was a Portuguese politician.
Évora District (Distrito de Évora) is located in Alentejo, in southern Portugal.
Babylon Circus is a ten piece ska and reggae group founded in 1995 in Lyon, France.
Roberto Baden Powell de Aquino (6 August 1937 – 26 September 2000) usually known simply as Baden Powell, was one of the most prominent and celebrated Brazilian guitarists and guitar composers of his time.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque) is an autonomous community of northern Spain.
Béla Kun (1886–1939), born Béla Kohn, was a Hungarian revolutionary who led the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919.
The Beja District is located in southern Portugal.
Bento António Gonçalves, GOL (1902–1942) was the second Secretary General of the Portuguese Communist Party.
Bento de Jesus Caraça, GCSE, GOL (18 April, 1901 – 25 June, 1948) was an influential Portuguese mathematician, economist and statistician.
The Brigada Víctor Jara (Portuguese for Víctor Jara Brigade) is a Portuguese folk band, with a career of more than 30 years and among the most influential bands of the Portuguese folk.
Buffy Sainte-Marie, OC (formerly Beverly Sainte-Marie; born February 20, 1941) is a Native Canadian singer-songwriter, musician, composer, visual artist, educator, pacifist, and social activist.
Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
Capital: A Critique of Political Economy (1867-1883) (Das Kapital, Kritik der politischen Ökonomie in German by Karl Marx is a foundational theoretical text in communist philosophy, economics and politics. Marx aimed to reveal the economic patterns underpinning the capitalist mode of production, in contrast to classical political economists such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo and John Stuart Mill.
Carlos Alfredo de Brito, GCIH (born Portuguese Mozambique, February 9, 1933) is a Portuguese politician.
Carlos Alberto do Vale Gomes Carvalhas, GCC (born in São Pedro do Sul, November 9, 1941) is a Portuguese politician and former Secretary-General of the Portuguese Communist Party (1993–2004), succeeding the historical leader Álvaro Cunhal.
Carlos Paredes, ComSE, (February 16, 1925 – July 23, 2004) was a virtuoso Portuguese guitar player and composer, born in Coimbra, son of the equally famous Artur Paredes.
The Carnation Revolution (Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25 April (25 de Abril), was initially a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overthrew the regime of the Estado Novo.
A câmara municipal (meaning literally municipal chamber and often referred to simply as câmara) is a type of municipal governing body, existing in several countries of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.
The CDS – People's Party (CDS – Partido Popular, derived from Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular, CDS–PP) is a Christian democratic, conservative, and national-conservative political party in Portugal.
Central Committee was the common designation of a standing administrative body of communist parties, analogous to a board of directors, whether ruling or non-ruling in the 20th century and of the surviving states in the early 21st century.
Charles Edward "Charlie" Haden (August 6, 1937 – July 11, 2014) was an American jazz double bass player, bandleader, composer and educator known for his long association with saxophonist Ornette Coleman, pianist Keith Jarrett, his Liberation Music Orchestra, with arrangements by pianist Carla Bley, and his band formed in the 1980s, Quartet West.
Francisco "Chico" Buarque de Hollanda (born June 19, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), popularly known as Chico Buarque, is a singer, guitarist, composer, dramatist, writer and poet.
Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colony in one territory by a political power from another territory.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis – common, universal) is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.
The Communist International, abbreviated as Comintern and also known as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
The Communist Party of Poland (Komunistyczna Partia Polski, KPP) was a communist party in Poland.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза, КПСС), abbreviated in English as CPSU, was the founding and ruling political party of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
The Communist Students League (Portuguese: União dos Estudantes Comunistas or UEC) was the student wing of the Portuguese Communist Party.
The Communist Youth of Greece (Κομμουνιστική Νεολαία Ελλαδας; KNE) is the youth wing of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE).
A -->congress --> is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, independent organizations (such as trade unions), or groups.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country in the Caribbean comprising the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos.
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A deliberative assembly is an organization comprising members who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions.
Democratic centralism is the name given to the deontological principles of internal organization used by Leninist political parties, and the term is sometimes used as a synonym for any Leninist policy inside a political party.
The Democratic Intervention (Portuguese: Intervenção Democrática or ID) is a Portuguese left-wing political association founded in order to promote and defend socialist ideas in Portugal.
The United Democratic Coalition (Coligação Democrática Unitária or CDU) is an electoral and political coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (Partido Comunista Português or PCP) and the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (Portuguese: Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes" or PEV).
Dexys Midnight Runners (currently called Dexys) are an English pop band with soul influences, who achieved their major success in the early to mid-1980s.
Dialectical materialism (sometimes abbreviated diamat) is a philosophy of science and nature, based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and developed largely in Russia and the Soviet Union.
Diogo Pinto de Freitas do Amaral, GCC, GCSE, GCIH (b. Póvoa de Varzim, 21 July 1941), usually referred to as either Freitas do Amaral or informally Freitas, is a Portuguese politician and law professor.
Eastern Bloc was the name used by NATO-affiliated countries for the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The Ecologist Party "The Greens" (Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes",, PEV) is a Portuguese green and eco-socialist party.
The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, had its origins in the Industrial Revolution in Britain, where industrial production in large factories transformed working life.
The Electoral Front United People (Portuguese: Frente Eleitoral Povo Unido or FEPU), was an electoral front of the Portuguese Communist Party, the Portuguese Democratic Movement/Electoral Democratic Commissions and the People's Socialist Front formed in order to participate in the Portuguese local election of 1976.
The process of expanding the European Union (EU) through the accession of new member states began with the Inner Six, who founded the European Economic Community (the EU's predecessor) in 1958, when the Treaty of Rome came into force.
The Estado Novo ("New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal in 1933, often considered to be a fascist regime.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The European Parliament election of 1994 in Portugal was the election of MEP representing Portugal constituency for the 1994-1999 term of the European Parliament.
The European Parliament election of 1999 in Portugal was the election of MEP representing Portugal constituency for the 1999-2004 term of the European Parliament.
Elections to the European Parliament were held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom.
The European Parliament election of 2004 in Portugal was the election of MEP representing Portugal constituency for the 2004-2009 term of the European Parliament.
The European Parliament election of 2009 in Portugal was the election of the delegation from Portugal to the European Parliament in 2009.
The European Parliament election of 2014 in Portugal elected the Portuguese delegation to the European Parliament from 2014 to 2019.
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) is a left-wing political group in the European Parliament, established in 1995.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Francisco Manuel Lumbrales de Sá Carneiro, GCTE, GCC, GCL (19 July 19344 December 1980) founded the Portuguese Social Democratic Party in 1974 (the year of the Portuguese Carnation Revolution) and was elected Prime Minister of Portugal in January 1980, but only held office for eleven months, dying in a plane crash with his partner, "Snu" Abecassis (born Ebba Merethe Seidenfaden), on 4 December 1980.
Francisco José de Almeida Lopes (Vinhó, 29 August 1955) is a Portuguese politician who, supported by the Communist Party, ran for president in the Portuguese presidential election of 2011.
Freguesia, usually translated as "parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.
The Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO), from the Portuguese Frente de Libertação de Moçambique is the dominant political party in Mozambique.
The General Confederation of Labour (Confederação Geral do Trabalho, or CGT) is a former Portuguese labour union confederation.
Georgi Dimitrov Mikhaylov (Гео̀рги Димитро̀в Миха̀йлов), also known as Georgi Mikhaylovich Dimitrov (Гео́ргий Миха́йлович Дими́тров) (June 18, 1882 – July 2, 1949) was a Bulgarian communist politician.
Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a country in West Africa.
José Ángel Hevia Velasco, known professionally as Hevia (born October 11, 1967 in Villaviciosa, Asturias), is a Spaniard bagpiper – specifically, an Asturian gaita player.
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Most modern forms of communism are based upon Marxism, a variant of the ideology formed by the sociologist Karl Marx in the 1840s.
Holly Near (born June 6, 1949 in Ukiah, California) is an American singer-songwriter, actor, teacher, and activist.
Maria Ilda da Costa Figueiredo (born 30 October 1948 in Troviscal) is a Portuguese politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Portuguese Communist Party; part of the European United Left–Nordic Green Left group.
In 1998 the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) invited communist and workers' parties to participate in an annual conference where parties could gather to share their experiences and issue a joint declaration.
Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations and peoples.
Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.
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Ivan Guimarães Lins (born June 16, 1945) is a Latin Grammy-winning Brazilian musician.
Julio Pomar, GOL, GCM (born in Lisbon, 10 January 1926) is a Portuguese painter.
Jerónimo Carvalho de Sousa (born 13 April 1947) is a Portuguese politician who has been General Secretary of the Portuguese Communist Party since the 17th Congress of the Party in November 2004.
Jonathan "Johnny" Clegg (born 7 June 1953) is a British-born musician and anthropologist from South Africa, who has recorded and performed with his bands Juluka and Savuka, and more recently as a solo act, occasionally reuniting with his earlier band partners.
Jorge Manuel d’Abreu Palma, known as Jorge Palma (born on June 4, 1950 in Lisbon, Portugal), is a Portuguese singer and songwriter.
Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio, GColTE, GCIH, GColL (born 18 September 1939 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese lawyer and politician who was the 18th President of Portugal from 1996 to 2006.
José Carlos Rates was one of the first General Secretaries of the Portuguese Communist Party, after the Party's foundation in 1921.
Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939) is an American singer and songwriter known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk, show tunes, pop, rock and roll and standards) and for her social activism.
The Juvenile Movement of Democratic Unity was the youth wing of a Portuguese democratic platform that opposed the dictatorship of António Oliveira Salazar, the Movement of Democratic Unity.
Kiev or Kyiv (Київ; Киев) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River.
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Kuban Cossack Chorus (Кубанский Казачий Хор, Кубанський козачий хор) is one of the leading Folkloric ensembles in Russia.
The labour movement or labor movement (see spelling differences), or, respectively, labourism or laborism, are broad terms for the collective organization of working people developed to represent and campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and, through the implementation of labour and employment law, their governments.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.
In Marxist philosophy, Leninism is the body of political theory for the democratic organisation of a revolutionary vanguard party, and the achievement of a dictatorship of the proletariat, as political prelude to the establishment of socialism.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with a population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km².
This is a list of the municipalities of Portugal.
This article lists political parties in Portugal.
Loures is a city and a municipality in the central Portuguese Grande Lisboa Subregion.
Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira GCSE, GCIH (11 December 1908 – 2 April 2015) was a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical view of social transformation.
Marxism–Leninism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of Marxism and Leninism, and seeks to establish socialist states and develop them further.
May Day on May 1 is an ancient northern hemisphere spring festival and usually a public holiday; it is also a traditional spring holiday in many cultures.
Mário Emílio de Morais Sacramento (July 7, 1920 - March 27, 1969) was a Portuguese physician and essayist that became famous for his antifascist activities against the dictatorial regime led by Oliveira Salazar in Portugal.
Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares, GColTE, GCC, GColL, KE (born 7 December 1924) is a Portuguese politician who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1976 to 1978 and from 1983 to 1985, and subsequently as the 17th President of Portugal from 1986 to 1996.
A mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities by the desire for private gain".
Mikhail Andreyevich Suslov (Михаи́л Андре́евич Су́слов; 25 January 1982) was a Soviet statesman during the Cold War.
The Movement of Democratic Unity (Movimento de Unidade Democrática or MUD) was a quasi-legal platform of Portuguese democratic organizations that opposed the authoritarian regime of António Oliveira Salazar and was founded in October 1945.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, for some years called the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party (Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola – Partido do Trabalho), is a political party that has ruled Angola since the country's independence from Portugal in 1975.
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O Militante (The Militant) is a magazine of theoretical discussion, founded in 1932 and published by the Portuguese Communist Party.
Octávio Floriano Rodrigues Pato (1 April 1925, Vila Franca de Xira - 19 February 1999) started working at 14 in a shoe factory.
The October Revolution (p), officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution (r), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a seizure of state power instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
On the Jewish Question is a work by Karl Marx, written in 1843, and first published in Paris in 1844 under the German title Zur Judenfrage in the Deutsch–Französische Jahrbücher. It was one of Marx's first attempts to deal with categories that would later be called the materialist conception of history.
Palestine (فلسطين.,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
Participatory democracy is a process emphasizing the broad participation of constituents in the direction and operation of political systems.
Patriotism is, generally speaking, emotional attachment to a nation which an individual recognizes as their homeland.
Pedro Miguel Neves Guerreiro (born 25 February 1966, Lisbon) is a Portuguese politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Portuguese Communist Party; part of the European United Left–Nordic Green Left group.
Peniche is a seaside municipality and a city in Portugal.
The PIDE, or Polícia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado (International Police and State Defence), was a Portuguese security service agency during the Estado Novo regime of António de Oliveira Salazar.
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A politburo is the executive committee for a number of (usually communist) political parties.
A political party is an organization of people which seeks to achieve goals common to its members through the acquisition and exercise of political power.
Politics in Portugal takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Portugal is the head of government.
Porto, also known as Oporto in English, is the second-largest city in Portugal, after Lisbon, and one of the major urban areas in Southwestern Europe.
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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.
Portugal did not initially form part of the system of alliances involved in World War I and thus initially kept its neutrality.
The Portuguese Colonial War (Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War (Guerra do Ultramar) or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation (Guerra de Libertação), was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies between 1961 and 1974. The Portuguese regime was overthrown by a military coup in 1974, and the change in government brought the conflict to an end. The war was a decisive ideological struggle in Lusophone Africa and surrounding nations and mainland Portugal. The prevalent Portuguese and international historical approach considers the Portuguese Colonial War as a single conflict fought in three separate theaters of operations (Angola, Portuguese Guinea, and Mozambique). However, some other approaches consider the existence of three distinct conflicts, the Angolan War of Independence, the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, and the Mozambican War of Independence. Occasionally, the brief conflict that led to the 1961 Indian Annexation of Goa is also included in the historical scope of the Portuguese Colonial War. Unlike other European nations during the 1950s and 1960s, the Portuguese Estado Novo regime did not withdraw from its African colonies, or the overseas provinces (províncias ultramarinas) as those territories had been officially called since 1951. During the 1960s, various armed independence movements became active in these Portugal-administered territories, namely in Angola, Mozambique, and Portuguese Guinea. During the ensuing conflict, atrocities were committed by all forces involved. The decolonization and independence of several African states after World War II, the Invasion of Goa by Indian Armed Forces and the Santa Maria hijacking, and the achievements of the African-American Civil Rights Movement, were also signs of the "Winds of change" supporting independence movements in Portuguese Africa. Throughout the war period Portugal faced increasing dissent, arms embargoes and other punitive sanctions imposed by most of the international community. By 1973, the war had become increasingly unpopular due to its length and financial costs, the worsening of diplomatic relations with other United Nations members, and the role it had always played as a factor of perpetuation of the entrenched Estado Novo regime and the non-democratic status quo. The guerrilla forces of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, National Liberation Front of Angola, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola in Angola, African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde in Portuguese Guinea, and the Mozambique Liberation Front in Mozambique, succeeded in their 13-year-long pro-independence rebellions through guerrilla warfare after a military coup at Lisbon in April 1974. The coup was staged by low-ranking elements of the Portuguese Armed Forces, mostly veteran captains of Guinea where the war had more human costs, and also, unlike the other theaters of war, where the military could not control part of the territory. The Armed Forces Movement (Movimento das Forças Armadas) overthrew the Estado Novo government in response to the ongoing and stalemated war in Portuguese Guinea, and in rebellion against the unpopular new military laws that were to be presented the following year (Decree Law: Decretos-Leis n.os 353, de 13 de Julho de 1973, e 409, de 20 de Agosto). Under these laws, by militia officers who completed a brief training program and had served in the overseas territories' defensive campaigns, could be commissioned at the same rank as military academy graduates. Movimento das Forças Armadas (MFA). In Infopédia. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003-2009.. Disponível na www:., Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho on the Decree Law, RTP 2 television, youtube.com.João Bravo da Matta,, O Diabo, 14 October 2008, pp.22 After the coup, the newly installed revolutionary Portuguese government withdrew all overseas military forces and agreed to a quick handover of power for the African guerrillas. The end of the war after the Carnation Revolution military coup of April 1974 in Lisbon resulted in the exodus of hundreds of thousands of Portuguese citizens plus military personnel of European, African and mixed ethnicity from the former Portuguese territories and newly independent African nations. From May 1974 to the end of the 1970s, over 1 million citizens left these former colonies, and would restart their lives predominantly in Portugal, South Africa, North America, the rest of Western Europe and Brazil. This migration is regarded as one of the largest peaceful migrations in the world's history. The former colonies faced severe problems after independence. Devastating and violent civil wars followed in Angola and Mozambique, which lasted several decades, claimed millions of lives, and resulted in large numbers of displaced refugees., JSTOR Economic and social recession, authoritarianism, lack of democracy and other elemental civil and political rights, corruption, poverty, inequality, and failed central planning eroded the initial revolutionary zeal. A level of social order and economic development comparable to what had existed under Portuguese rule, including during the period of the Colonial War, became the goal of the independent territories."Things are going well in Angola. They achieved good progress in their first year of independence. There's been a lot of building and they are developing health facilities. In 1976 they produced 80,000 tons of coffee. Transportation means are also being developed. Currently between 200,000 and 400,000 tons of coffee are still in warehouses. In our talks with Neto we stressed the absolute necessity of achieving a level of economic development comparable to what had existed under colonialism."; "There is also evidence of black racism in Angola. Some are using the hatred against the colonial masters for negative purposes. There are many mulattos and whites in Angola. Unfortunately, racist feelings are spreading very quickly." Castro's 1977 southern Africa tour: A report to Honecker, CNN Portugal had been the first modern European power to establish a colony in Africa when it captured Ceuta in 1415; it became one of the last to leave. The former Portuguese territories in Africa became sovereign states, with Agostinho Neto in Angola, Samora Machel in Mozambique, Luís Cabral in Guinea-Bissau, Manuel Pinto da Costa in São Tomé and Príncipe, and Aristides Pereira in Cape Verde as the heads of state.
The Portuguese Communist Youth (Juventude Comunista Portuguesa or JCP) is the youth organization of the Portuguese Communist Party and was founded on November 10 of 1979, after the unification of the Young Communist League and the Communist Students League.
The Portuguese Democratic Movement/Democratic Electoral Commissions (Portuguese: Movimento Democrático Português / Comissões Democráticas Eleitorais, MDP/CDE or just MDP) was one of the most important organizations of the democratic opposition to the Portuguese fascist regime.
The Portuguese legislative election of 1991 took place on 6 October.
The Portuguese legislative election of 1995 took place on 1 October.
The Portuguese legislative election of 1999 took place on 10 October.
The Portuguese legislative election of 2002 took place on 17 March.
The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on 20 February.
Legislative elections in Portugal were held on 27 September 2009 to renew all 230 members of the Assembly of the Republic.
A general election was held in Portugal on 5 June 2011 to elect all 230 members of the Assembly of the Republic.
The Portuguese local election of 2005 took place on 9 October.
The Portuguese local election of 2009 took place on 11 October.
The Portuguese local election of 2013 took place on 29 September.
The Portuguese Maximalist Federation was a revolutionary movement founded in 1918 in Portugal.
The Portuguese presidential election of 1976 was held on 27 June.
The Portuguese presidential election of 1980 was held on 7 December.
The Portuguese presidential election of 1986 was held on 26 January, the second round took place on 16 February.
The Portuguese presidential election of 1991 was held on 13 January.
The Portuguese presidential election of 1996 was held on 14 January.
The Portuguese presidential election of 2001 was held on 14 January.
The Portuguese presidential election were held on 22 January 2006 to elect a successor to the incumbent President Jorge Sampaio, who was term-limited from running for a third consecutive term by the Constitution of Portugal.
The 2011 Portuguese presidential election was held on 23 January 2011.
Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.
Proletarian internationalism, sometimes referred to as international socialism, is a socialist form of internationalism, based on the view that capitalism is a global system, and therefore the working class must act as a global class if it is to defeat it in class conflict.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius) is a term used to describe the class of wage-earners (especially industrial workers), in a capitalist society, whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work); a member of such a class is a proletarian.
Recycling is a process to convert waste materials into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to plastic production.
Red is the color at the end of the spectrum of visible light next to orange and opposite violet.
New!!: Portuguese Communist Party and Red ·
A revolutionary is a person who either actively participates in, or advocates revolution.
The Ribatejo is the most central of the traditional provinces of Portugal, with no coastline or border with Spain.
Richard Pierce Havens (January 21, 1941 – April 22, 2013), known as Richie Havens, was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist.
Francisco Salgado Zenha, GCL (May 2, 1923, Braga – November 1, 1993, Lisbon) was a Portuguese left-wing politician and lawyer.
São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
Seixal is a Portuguese city in the district of Setúbal, Lisbon region and sub-region of the peninsula de Setúbal, with about 31 600 inhabitants, situated across the Tagus River estuary from Lisbon and next to the Rio Judeu ("Jewish River").
Setúbal is a city and a municipality in Portugal.
The District of Setúbal (or, Distrito de Setúbal) is located in the south-west of Portugal, the District Capital is the city of Setúbal.
Ska-P is a ska punk band formed in Vallecas (Madrid), Spain, in 1994 by a group of friends from Madrid, Navarre and Euskadi at Allmusic The band can be categorized, politically, as an anti-establishment musical group.
New!!: Portuguese Communist Party and Ska-P ·
The Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata), is a liberal-conservative and liberal political party in Portugal.
Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.
Socialist German Workers Youth (Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterjugend, SDAJ) is a political youth organization in Germany.
The Socialist Party (Partido Socialista), PS) is a social-democratic political party in Portugal. It was founded on 19 April 1973 in the German city of Bad Münstereifel, by militants from Portuguese Socialist Action (Acção Socialista Portuguesa). The PS is one of the two major parties in Portuguese politics, its rival being Social Democratic Party (PSD). The current leader of the PS is António Costa. José Sócrates, the former Prime Minister of Portugal, was the leader of the party until 5 June 2011. The party has currently 74 of 230 seats in the Portuguese Parliament and lost the June 2011 election. The Socialist Party stands out as about a third of its members in the Assembly of the Republic are women. Sócrates resigned as General Secretary on election night of 5 June 2011, due to having lost the general election by a margin higher than expected. Seguro was elected as leader of the party on 23 July, winning 68% of the vote against his challenger, Francisco Assis, who got 32%. PS is a member of the Socialist International, Progressive Alliance and Party of European Socialists, and has eight members in the European Parliament within the Socialists & Democrats (S&D) Group during the eighth parliament.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
The State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين), also known simply as Palestine, is a partially recognized ''de jure'' state in the Middle East.
Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.
The Tagus (Tajo; Tejo; Tagus; Ancient Greek: Τάγος Tagos) is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula.
New!!: Portuguese Communist Party and Tagus ·
Tarrafal (also known as Campo da Morte Lenta in Portuguese ("Camp of the Slow Death")) was a prison camp in the Portuguese colony of Cape Verde.
Ten Days That Shook the World (1919) is a book by American journalist and socialist John Reed about the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, which Reed experienced firsthand.
The Band was a Canadian-American roots rock group that originally consisted of Rick Danko (bass guitar, double bass, fiddle, trombone, vocals), Levon Helm (drums, mandolin, guitar, vocals), Garth Hudson (keyboard instruments, saxophones, trumpet), Richard Manuel (piano, drums, baritone saxophone, vocals) and Robbie Robertson (guitar, vocals).
The Communist Manifesto (originally Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
Thomas Richard "Tom" Paxton (born October 31, 1937) is an American folk singer-songwriter who has had a music career spanning more than fifty years.
The United People Alliance (Portuguese: Aliança Povo Unido or APU) was an electoral and political coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Portuguese Democratic Movement (MDP-CDE).
In the context of the theory of Marxist revolutionary struggle, vanguardism is a strategy whereby the most class-conscious and politically advanced sections of the proletariat or working class, described as the revolutionary vanguard, form organizations in order to draw larger sections of the working class towards revolutionary politics and serve as manifestations of proletarian political power against its class enemies.
General Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves OA (Lisbon 3 May 1921 – 11 June 2005) was a Portuguese army officer in the Engineering Corps who took part in the Carnation Revolution and later served as the 104th Prime Minister from 18 July 1974 to 19 September 1975.
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid.
What Is to Be Done? Burning Questions of Our Movement (Shto delat'?), is a political pamphlet written by the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin in 1901 and published in 1902.
The working class (also labouring class and proletariat) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and in skilled, industrial work.
The World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) is an international youth organization, recognized by the United Nations as an international youth non-governmental organization.
The World Festival of Youth and Students is an international event, organized by the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY), a left-wing youth organization, jointly with the International Union of Students since 1947.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
Young Communist League (in Portuguese: União dos Jovens Comunistas) was the youth wing of the Portuguese Communist Party.
'Yugoslavia' (Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Jugoslavija, Југославија), once spelled and called "Jugoslavia", was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century.
José Manuel Cerqueira Afonso dos Santos, known as José Afonso, Zeca Afonso or just Zeca (2 August 1929 – 23 February 1987), was born in Aveiro, Portugal, the son of José Nepomuceno Afonso, a judge, and Maria das Dores.
The 28 May 1926 coup d'état, sometimes called 28 May Revolution or, during the period of Estado Novo (New State), National Revolution (Revolução Nacional), was a military action that put an end to the unstable Portuguese First Republic and initiated the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship), later refashioned into the Estado Novo, an authoritarian dictatorship that would last until the Carnation Revolution in 1974.