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Posad

Index Posad

A posad (посад) was a settlement in the Russian Empire, often surrounded by ramparts and a moat, adjoining a town or a kremlin, but outside of it, or adjoining a monastery in the 10th to 15th centuries. [1]

22 relations: Defensive wall, Gavrilov Posad, Heredity, Kazan, Kievan Rus', Kremlin (fortification), Lischke (settlement), Mariinsky Posad, Moat, Monastery, Oligarchy, Pavlovsky Posad, Russian Empire, Sergiyev Posad, Shtetl, Soviet Union, Tax, Toponymy, Town, Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, Urban-type settlement, Village.

Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Gavrilov Posad

Gavrilov Posad (Гаври́лов Поса́д) is a town and the administrative center of Gavrilovo-Posadsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Voymiga River at its confluence with the Irmes River, southwest of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Heredity

Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.

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Kazan

Kazan (p; Казан) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.

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Kievan Rus'

Kievan Rus' (Рѹ́сь, Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ, Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia) was a loose federationJohn Channon & Robert Hudson, Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia (Penguin, 1995), p.16.

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Kremlin (fortification)

A kremlin (ˈkrʲemlʲ, "castle", or "citadel") is a major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities.

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Lischke (settlement)

Lischke (lisca, liske) was a type of Old Prussian settlement.

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Mariinsky Posad

Mariinsky Posad (Марии́нский Поса́д; Сĕнтĕрвăрри, Sĕntĕrvărri) is a town and the administrative center of Mariinsko-Posadsky District in the Chuvash Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volga River, east of Cheboksary, the capital of the republic.

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Moat

A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.

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Monastery

A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

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Pavlovsky Posad

Pavlovsky Posad (Па́вловский Поса́д) is a town and the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located from Moscow, at the confluence of the Klyazma and Vokhna Rivers.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Sergiyev Posad

Sergiyev Posad (p) is a city and the administrative center of Sergiyevo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia.

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Shtetl

Shtetlekh (שטעטל, shtetl (singular), שטעטלעך, shtetlekh (plural)) were small towns with large Jewish populations, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Tax

A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.

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Toponymy

Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.

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Town

A town is a human settlement.

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Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius (Тро́ице-Се́ргиева Ла́вра) is the most important Russian monastery and the spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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Urban-type settlement

Urban-type settlement (посёлок городско́го ти́па - posyolok gorodskogo tipa, abbreviated: п.г.т. - p.g.t.; селище міського типу – selyshche mis'koho typu, abbreviated: с.м.т. - s.m.t.; пасёлак гарадскога тыпу; osiedle typu miejskiego; селище от градски тип – selishte ot gradski tip) is an official designation for a semi-urban settlement (or a former town).

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Village

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posad

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