82 relations: Aerobic exercise, Alcoholic beverage, Arnold–Chiari malformation, Beta blocker, Bisoprolol, Blood pressure, Blurred vision, Caffeine, Carbohydrate, Cardiac output, Cardinal sign (pathology), Cardiology, Central nervous system, Chronic fatigue syndrome, Complication (medicine), Compression garment, Da Costa's syndrome, Deconditioning, Denervation, Desmopressin, Diabetes mellitus, Differential diagnosis, Dysautonomia, Dyspnea, Echocardiography, Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, Electrocardiography, Electrolyte, Endocrine system, Endurance training, Fatigue (medical), Fludrocortisone, Food and Drug Administration, Gorlin sign, Graded exercise therapy, Heart rate, Human swimming, Hypermobility, Hyperthyroidism, Hypotension, Hypovolemia, Jacob Mendes Da Costa, Joint dislocation, Lightheadedness, Mayo Clinic, Midodrine, Migraine, Mitral valve prolapse, Neuroimaging, Norepinephrine, ..., Off-label use, Orthostatic headache, Orthostatic hypotension, Orthostatic intolerance, Palpitations, Pathophysiology, Perspiration, Presyncope, Prevalence, Prognosis, Propranolol, Pyridostigmine, Randomized controlled trial, Recumbent bicycle, Rowing, Saline, Salt, Sleep disorder, Small fiber peripheral neuropathy, Supine, Supine position, Sympathetic nervous system, Syncope (medicine), Tachycardia, Therapy, Thomas Lewis (cardiologist), Tilt table test, Vasoconstriction, Vasodilation, Vasovagal response, Venous return curve, Weakness. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio) is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process.
An alcoholic beverage is a drink which contains a substantial amount of the psychoactive drug ethanol (informally called alcohol).
Chiari malformation, also known as Arnold–Chiari malformation, is a condition affecting the brain.
Beta blockers (β-blockers, beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta antagonists, beta-adrenergic antagonists, beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists, or beta adrenergic receptor antagonists) are a class of drugs that are particularly used for the management of cardiac arrhythmias, protecting the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention), and, in certain cases, hypertension.
Bisoprolol is a drug belonging to the group of beta-blockers, a class of medicines used primarily in cardiovascular diseases.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels.
Blurred vision is an ocular symptom.
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class of psychoactive drugs.
A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m could be different from n).
Cardiac output (CO, also denoted by the symbols Q and \dot Q_), is a term used in cardiac physiology that describes the volume of blood being pumped by the heart, in particular by a left or right ventricle, per unit time.
In pathology, a cardinal sign or cardinal symptom is the primary or major clinical sign symptom by which a diagnosis is made.
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complex medical condition, characterized by long-term fatigue and other symptoms.
Complication, in medicine, is an unfavorable evolution of a disease, a health condition or a therapy.
Compression garments are pieces of clothing, such as socks, pantyhose, sleeves, etc., that provide support that is especially useful for people who have to stand for long periods, or people with poor circulation.
Da Costa's syndrome, which was colloquially known as soldier's heart, is a syndrome with a set of symptoms that are similar to those of heart disease, though a physical examination does not reveal any physiological abnormalities.
Deconditioning is adaptation of an organism to less demanding environment, or, alternatively, the decrease of physiological adaptation to normal conditions.
Denervation is a loss of nerve supply.
Desmopressin (trade names: DDAVP, DesmoMelt, Minirin, Minirin Melt, Octim, Stimate) is a synthetic replacement for vasopressin, the hormone that reduces urine production.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar symptoms.
Dysautonomia (or autonomic dysfunction, autonomic neuropathy) is an umbrella term for various conditions in which the autonomic nervous system (ANS) does not work correctly.
Dyspnea, dyspnoea, shortness of breath or breathlessness is the feeling or feelings associated with impaired breathing.
Echocardiogram, often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart.
Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (EDS) is an inherited connective tissue disorder with different presentations that have been classified into several primary types.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG*) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on a patient's body.
An electrolyte (Etymology: Greek lytós able to be untied or loosened) is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
The endocrine system refers to the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs.
Endurance training is the act of exercising to increase endurance.
Fatigue (also called exhaustion, tiredness, languidness, languor, lassitude, and listlessness) is a subjective feeling of tiredness which is distinct from weakness, and has a gradual onset.
Fludrocortisone (also called 9α-fluorocortisol or 9α-fluorohydrocortisone) is a synthetic corticosteroid with moderate glucocorticoid potency and much greater mineralocorticoid potency.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
In medicine, Gorlin sign is the ability to touch the tip of the nose with the tongue.
Graded exercise therapy (GET) is physical activity that starts very slowly and gradually increases over time.
Heart rate, or heart pulse, is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per unit of time — typically beats per minute (bpm).
Human swimming is the self-propulsion of a person through water or another liquid, usually for the purpose of recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.
Hypermobility may refer to.
Hyperthyroidism, also known as over active thyroid and hyperthyreosis, is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
In physiology and medicine, hypovolemia (also hypovolaemia, oligemia or shock) is a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma.
Jacob Mendes Da Costa, or Jacob Mendez Da Costa (February 7, 1833, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Caribbean – September 12, 1900) was an American physician.
A joint dislocation, or luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
Lightheadedness is a common and typically unpleasant sensation of dizziness and/or a feeling that one may faint.
Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical practice and medical research group based in Rochester, Minnesota.
Midodrine (brand names Amatine, ProAmatine, Gutron) is a vasopressor/antihypotensive agent.
Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches often in association with a number of autonomic nervous system symptoms.
Mitral valve prolapse (or floppy mitral valve syndrome, systolic click murmur syndrome or billowing mitral leaflet) is a valvular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole.
Neuroimaging includes the use of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function/pharmacology of the nervous system.
Norepinephrine, also called noradrenaline, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the human brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Off-label use is the use of pharmaceutical drugs for an unapproved indication or in an unapproved age group, dosage, or route of administration.
Orthostatic headache is a medical condition in which a person develops a headache while vertical and the headache is relieved when horizontal.
Orthostatic hypotension, also known as postural hypotension, orthostasis, and colloquially as head rush or dizzy spell, is a form of low blood pressure in which a person's blood pressure falls when suddenly standing up or stretching.
Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is the development of symptoms when standing upright which are relieved when reclining.
Palpitation is a perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by awareness of heart muscle contractions in the chest: hard beats, fast beats, irregular beats, and/or pauses.
Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.
Perspiration, also known as sweating or diaphoresis, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.
Presyncope is a state consisting of lightheadedness, muscular weakness, blurred vision, and feeling faint (as opposed to a syncope, which is actually fainting).
Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a population found to have a condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use).
Prognosis (Greek πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely outcome of one's current standing.
Propranolol (INN) is a sympatholytic nonselective beta blocker.
Pyridostigmine is a parasympathomimetic and a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor.
A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment, where the people being studied are randomly allocated one or other of the different treatments under study.
A recumbent bicycle is a bicycle that places the rider in a laid-back reclining position.
Rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of oars in the water.
Saline may refer to.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal.
Small fiber peripheral neuropathy is a type of peripheral neuropathy that occurs from damage to the small unmyelinated peripheral nerve fibers.
In grammar a supine is a form of verbal noun used in some languages.
The supine position is a position of the body: lying with the face up, as opposed to the prone position, which is face down, sometimes with the hands behind the head or neck.
The sympathetic nervous system is one of the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system, the other being the parasympathetic nervous system.
Syncope, also known as fainting, passing out and swooning, is defined as a short loss of consciousness and muscle strength, characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery.
Tachycardia, also called tachyarrhythmia, is a heart rate that exceeds the normal resting rate.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Sir Thomas Lewis, CBE, FRS, FRCP (26 December 1881 – 17 March 1945) was a British cardiologist (although he personally disliked the term, preferring cardiovascular disease specialist).
A tilt table test, occasionally called upright tilt testing, is a medical procedure often used to diagnose dysautonomia or syncope.
Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.
Vasodilation (or vasodilatation) refers to the widening of blood vessels.
A vagal episode or vasovagal response or vasovagal attack (also called neurocardiogenic syncope) is a malaise mediated by the vagus nerve.
Venous return is the rate of blood flow back to the heart.
Weakness or asthenia is a symptom of a number of different conditions.