114 relations: Academic Press, Ahmad Y. al-Hassan, Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Alkali metal nitrate, Ambix, American Civil War, Ammonia, Ammonium nitrate, Anaphrodisiac, Aragonite, Bean, Birkeland–Eyde process, Black powder rocket motor, Brine, Caesium nitrate, Calcium nitrate, Charcuterie, Chemical compound, Chemical formula, Chemically strengthened glass, Chemist, Cognate, Condensed aerosol fire suppression, Confederate States of America, Cordite, Corned beef, Corrosion inhibitor, Decomposition, Dentin hypersensitivity, E number, Electricity generation, Electrolyte, Elsevier, Erectile dysfunction, Ethanol, Fertilizer, Fireworks, Food preservation, Fungus, Furusiyya, Gemasolar Thermosolar Plant, Glycerol, Guano, Gunpowder, Haber process, Hasan al-Rammah, Hausa language, Heat treating, Heliostat, Hygroscopy, ..., Hypotension, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Isi ewu, Joseph LeConte, Labeling of fertilizer, Laos, Leaching (chemistry), Lithium nitrate, Maney Publishing, Mango, Manure, Middle Ages, Mortar (masonry), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Niter, Nitrate, Nitratine, Nitric acid, Nitrocellulose, Nitrogen, Nitrosamine, Okra soup, Orthorhombic crystal system, Ostwald process, Oxygen, Paper cartridge, PH, Plant nutrition, Potash, Potassium, Potassium carbonate, Potassium chloride, Potassium hydroxide, Potassium nitrite, Potassium perchlorate, Potassium sulfate, Pyelonephritis, Radical (chemistry), Redox, Relative humidity, Rocket candy, Rocket Festival, Rocket propellant, Rubidium nitrate, Salt (chemistry), Salt bridge, Salt substitute, Smoke bomb, Smokeless powder, Sodium nitrate, Solar energy, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture, Straw, Syria, Toothpaste, Torresol Energy, Tree stump, Urethritis, Urinary tract infection, Urine, Wood, Wood ash, World Intellectual Property Organization, World War I. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Academic Press is an academic book publisher.
Ahmad Yousef Al-Hassan (أحمد يوسف الحسن) (June 25, 1925 – April 28, 2012) was a Palestinian/Syrian/Canadian historian of Arabic and Islamic science and technology, educated in Jerusalem, Cairo, and London with a PhD in Mechanical engineering from University College London.
The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama Extension) provides educational outreach to the citizens of Alabama on behalf of the state's two land grant universities: Alabama A&M University (state's 1890 land-grant institution) and Auburn University (1862 land-grant institution).
*Do not confuse with alkali metal nitrite or alkali metal nitride. Alkali metal nitrates are chemical compounds consisting of an alkali metal (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and caesium) and the nitrate ion.
Ambix is a peer-reviewed academic journal on the history of chemistry and alchemy that was established in 1937.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation.
An anaphrodisiac (also antaphrodisiac or antiaphrodisiac) is a substance that quells or blunts the libido.
Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, one of the two most common, naturally occurring, crystal forms of calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (the other forms being the minerals calcite and vaterite).
A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food.
The Birkeland–Eyde process was one of the competing industrial processes in the beginning of nitrogen based fertilizer production.
A black powder rocket motor propels a model rocket using black powder.
Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (usually sodium chloride) in water.
Caesium nitrate or cesium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CsNO3.
Calcium nitrate, also called Norgessalpeter (Norwegian saltpeter), is an inorganic compound with the formula Ca(NO3)2.
Charcuterie (or; northern or southern, from chair "meat" and cuit "cooked") is the branch of cooking devoted to prepared meat products, such as bacon, ham, sausage, terrines, galantines, ballotines, pâtés, and confit, primarily from pork.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chemically strengthened glass is a type of glass that has increased strength as a result of a post-production chemical process.
A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Condensed aerosol fire suppression is a particle-based form of fire extinction similar to gaseous fire suppression or dry chemical fire extinction.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Corned beef is a salt-cured beef product.
A corrosion inhibitor is a chemical compound that, when added to a liquid or gas, decreases the corrosion rate of a material, typically a metal or an alloy.
Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler organic matter.
Dentin hypersensitivity (abbreviated to DH, or DHS, and also termed sensitive dentin, dentin sensitivity, cervical sensitivity, and cervical hypersensitivity) is dental pain which is sharp in character and of short duration, arising from exposed dentin surfaces in response to stimuli, typically thermal, evaporative, tactile, osmotic, chemical or electrical; and which cannot be ascribed to any other dental disease.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
(rtl; also transliterated as) is the historical Arabic term for equestrian martial exercise.
Gemasolar is a concentrated solar power plant with a molten salt heat storage system.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Guano (from Quechua wanu via Spanish) is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.
Hasan al-Rammah (died 1295) was an Arab chemist and engineer during the Mamluk Sultanate who studied gunpowders and explosives, and sketched prototype instruments of warfare, including what some have maintained is a torpedo.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
Heat treating (or heat treatment) is a group of industrial and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material.
A heliostat (from helios, the Greek word for sun, and stat, as in stationary) is a device that includes a mirror, usually a plane mirror, which turns so as to keep reflecting sunlight toward a predetermined target, compensating for the sun's apparent motions in the sky.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
Isi ewu is a traditional Igbo dish that is made with a goat's head.
Joseph Le Conte (alternative spelling: Joseph LeConte) (February 26, 1823 – July 6, 1901) was a physician, geologist, professor at the University of California, Berkeley and early California conservationist.
The labeling of fertilizers varies by country in terms of analysis methodology, nutrient labeling, and minimum nutrient requirements.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Leaching is the process of extracting substances from a solid by dissolving them in a liquid, either naturally or through an industrial process.
Lithium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO3.
Maney Publishing was an independent academic publishing company that was taken over by Taylor & Francis in 2015.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.
Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns in masonry walls.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Niter, or nitre (chiefly British), is the mineral form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, also known as saltpeter or saltpetre.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nitratine or nitratite, also known as cubic niter (UK: nitre), soda niter or Chile saltpeter (UK: Chile saltpetre), is a mineral, the naturally occurring form of sodium nitrate, NaNO3.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Nitrosamines are chemical compounds of the chemical structure R1N(–R2)–N.
Okra soup is prepared using the edible green seed pods of the okra flowering plant as a primary ingredient.
In crystallography, the orthorhombic crystal system is one of the 7 crystal systems.
The Ostwald process is a chemical process for making nitric acid (HNO3).
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
This article addresses older paper small-arms cartridges, for modern metallic small arms cartridges see Cartridge (firearms).
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements and compounds necessary for plant growth, plant metabolism and their external supply.
Potash is some of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
Potassium nitrite (distinct from potassium nitrate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula 2.
Potassium perchlorate is the inorganic salt with the chemical formula KClO4.
Potassium sulfate (K2SO4) (in British English potassium sulphate, also called sulphate of potash, arcanite, or archaically known as potash of sulfur) is a non-flammable white crystalline salt which is soluble in water.
Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidney, typically due to a bacterial infection.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Relative humidity (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature.
Rocket Candy, or R-Candy, is a type of rocket propellant for model rockets made with sugar as a fuel, and containing an oxidizer.
A Rocket Festival (translit, translit) is a merit-making ceremony traditionally practiced by ethnic Lao people throughout much of Isan and Laos, in numerous villages and municipalities near the beginning of the wet season.
Rocket propellant is a material used either directly by a rocket as the reaction mass (propulsive mass) that is ejected, typically with very high speed, from a rocket engine to produce thrust, and thus provide spacecraft propulsion, or indirectly to produce the reaction mass in a chemical reaction.
Rubidium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula RbNO3.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
A salt bridge, in electrochemistry, is a laboratory device used to connect the oxidation and reduction half-cells of a galvanic cell (voltaic cell), a type of electrochemical cell.
Salt substitutes are low-sodium table salt alternatives marketed to circumvent the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease associated with a high intake of sodium chloride while maintaining a similar taste.
A smoke bomb is a firework designed to produce smoke upon ignition.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
SEARCA or the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture is one of the oldest among 21 regional centers of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO).
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth.
Torresol Energy is a company dedicated to developing renewable energy and alternative energies, focusing on concentrated solar energy.
After a tree has been cut and felled, the stump or tree stump is usually a small remaining portion of the trunk with the roots still in the ground.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wood ash is the residue powder left after the combustion of wood, such as burning wood in a home fireplace or an industrial power plant.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.