55 relations: Adam Smith, Amartya Sen, Asset poverty, Basic needs, Body mass index, Calorie, Charles Booth (social reformer), Clothing, Commission for Social Development, Consumption (economics), Credit, Debraj Ray (economist), Developed country, Developing country, Economic and Social Research Institute, Economic development, European Union, Extreme poverty, Food, Glass ceiling, Health, Health care, Income, Income deficit, Income inequality metrics, John Kenneth Galbraith, Jonathan Bradshaw, Latrine, Level of measurement, List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty, Living wage, London School Board, Measuring poverty, Millennium Development Goals, Minimum wage, Nutritionist, OECD, Peter Townsend (sociologist), Poor person, Poverty, Primary poverty, Purchasing power parity, Renting, Robert C. Allen, Rose Friedman, Secondary poverty, Seebohm Rowntree, Standard of living, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, The Wealth of Nations, ..., UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme, Water, World Bank, York. Expand index (5 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Asset poverty is an economic and social condition that is more persistent and prevalent than income poverty.
The basic needs approach is one of the major approaches to the measurement of absolute poverty in developing countries.
The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Charles James Booth (30 March 1840 – 24 November 1916) was an English social researcher and reformer known for his innovative work in documenting working class life in London at the end of the 19th century.
Clothing (also known as clothes and attire) is a collective term for garments, items worn on the body.
The Commission for Social Development is one of the ten functional commissions established by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1946 to advise and assist it in carrying its work.
Consumption is the process in which consumers (customers or buyers) purchase items on the market.
Credit (from Latin credit, "(he/she/it) believes") is the trust which allows one party to provide money or resources to another party where that second party does not reimburse the first party immediately (thereby generating a debt), but instead promises either to repay or return those resources (or other materials of equal value) at a later date.
Debraj Ray (born 3 September 1957) is an Indian-American economist whose focus is development economics and game theory.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
The Economic and Social Research Institute is an independent research institute founded in 1960 to provide evidence-based research used to inform public policy debate and decision-making.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Extreme poverty, abject poverty, absolute poverty, destitution, or penury, was originally defined by the United Nations in 1995 as "a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
A glass ceiling is a metaphor used to represent an invisible barrier that keeps a given demographic (typically applied to minorities) from rising beyond a certain level in a hierarchy.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.
Income deficit is the difference between a single person or family's income and its poverty threshold or poverty line, when the former is exceeded by the latter.
Income inequality metrics or income distribution metrics are used by social scientists to measure the distribution of income, and economic inequality among the participants in a particular economy, such as that of a specific country or of the world in general.
John Kenneth Galbraith (October 15, 1908 - April 29, 2006), also known as Ken Galbraith, was a Canadian-born economist, public official, and diplomat, and a leading proponent of 20th-century American liberalism.
Jonathan Richard Bradshaw, CBE, FBA, FAcSS is a British academic, specialising in social policy, poverty and child welfare.
A latrine is a toilet or an even simpler facility which is used as a toilet within a sanitation system.
Level of measurement or scale of measure is a classification that describes the nature of information within the values assigned to variables.
Countries by percentage of population living in poverty, as recorded by World bank and other sources.
A living wage is the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet their basic needs.
The School Board for London (known colloquially as the London School Board and often abbreviated to the LSB) was an institution of local government and the first directly elected body covering the whole of London.
Poverty can be and is measured in different ways by governments, international organisations, policy makers and practitioners.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
A minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their workers.
A nutritionist is a person who advises on matters of food and nutrition and their impacts on human health.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Peter Brereton Townsend (6 April 1928, Middlesbrough – 8 June 2009, Dursley) was a British sociologist.
A poor person is a legal status in many states in the United States that allows an individual to take action in certain legal matters, such as filing a lawsuit, without paying fees to the court.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Primary poverty is a categorization of poverty created by Seebohm Rowntree.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Renting, also known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another.
Robert (Bob) Carson Allen (born 10 January 1947 in Salem, Massachusetts) is Global Distinguished Professor of Economic History at New York University Abu Dhabi.
Rose Director Friedman (born Rose Director, December, 1910 – 18 August 2009), also known as Rose D. Friedman, was a free-market economist and co-founder of the Milton and Rose D. Friedman Foundation.
Secondary poverty is a description of poverty created by Seebohm Rowntree after his investigations into poverty in York.
Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree, CH (7 July 1871 – 7 October 1954) was an English sociological researcher, social reformer and industrialist.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, provides food-purchasing assistance for low- and no-income people living in the United States.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
Above Poverty Line, Absolute deprivation, Absolute poverty line, Absolute poverty rate, International poverty line, Objective deprivation, Objective poverty, Poverty Line, Poverty guidelines, Poverty level, Poverty line, Relative poverty, Relative poverty line, Relative poverty rate, The poverty line.