141 relations: Abductive reasoning, Acceleration, Actuarial science, Actuary, Advanced Football Analytics, Albert Einstein, Astrology, Autoregressive–moving-average model, Branch (computer science), Branch predictor, Cognition, Computer simulation, Connotation, Cross-sectional data, Dallas Mavericks, Deductive reasoning, Delphi method, Demography, Dependent and independent variables, Divination, Dowsing, Dune (novel), Eclipse, Election, Emergency management, Empirical evidence, Engineering, Equation, Estimation, Event (probability theory), Experiment, Expert, Extended Kalman filter, Falsifiability, Forecasting, Foresight (psychology), Fortune-telling, Foundation series, Frame of reference, Frank Herbert, Future history, Futures studies, Galadriel, General relativity, Generalized linear model, Golden Path (Dune), Goodness of fit, Gravity, Harvard Business Publishing, Hypothesis, ..., Inductive reasoning, Insurance, Intuition, Isaac Asimov, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jeff Sagarin, Jimmy Snyder (sports commentator), Kalman filter, Ken Pomeroy, Latin, Life expectancy, Life table, Linear regression, Linear trend estimation, List of predictions, Logical consequence, Logistic regression, Luminiferous aether, Machine learning, Magic (supernatural), Mathematical model, Meteorology, Michelson–Morley experiment, Microprocessor, Minority Report (film), NASA, Natural disaster, Navy, New Testament, Numerology, Omen, Oneiromancy, Opinion poll, Oracle, Pandemic, Parameter, Paranormal, Philip K. Dick, Pipeline (computing), Planning, Poisson regression, Political forecasting, Politician, Politics, Population dynamics, Predictability, Prediction game, Prediction market, Predictive analytics, Predictive inference, Predictive medicine, Predictive power, Probability, Probability density function, Probit model, Prognosis, Prognostics, Prophecy, Protoscience, Psychohistory (fictional), Qualitative research, Quantum mechanics, Querent, Reference class forecasting, Regression analysis, Revelation, Risk, Scientific method, Scientific theory, Sermon, Solar cycle, Solar cycle 24, Special relativity, Sports betting systems, Star, Statistical inference, Statistics, Steven Spielberg, Stock market, Stock market bubble, Stock market crash, Stock trader, Supernatural, The Left Hand of Darkness, The Lord of the Rings, The Minority Report, Thought experiment, Time series, Uncertainty, Ursula K. Le Guin, Vector autoregression. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
Abductive reasoning (also called abduction,For example: abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation.
In physics, acceleration is the rate of change of velocity of an object with respect to time.
Actuarial science is the discipline that applies mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance, finance and other industries and professions.
An actuary is a business professional who deals with the measurement and management of risk and uncertainty.
Advanced Football Analytics (formerly Advanced NFL Stats) is a website dedicated to the analysis of the National Football League (NFL) using mathematical and statistical methods.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
In the statistical analysis of time series, autoregressive–moving-average (ARMA) models provide a parsimonious description of a (weakly) stationary stochastic process in terms of two polynomials, one for the autoregression and the second for the moving average.
A branch is an instruction in a computer program that can cause a computer to begin executing a different instruction sequence and thus deviate from its default behavior of executing instructions in order.
In computer architecture, a branch predictor is a digital circuit that tries to guess which way a branch (e.g. an if–then–else structure) will go before this is known definitively.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.
A connotation is a commonly understood cultural or emotional association that some word or phrase carries, in addition to its explicit or literal meaning, which is its denotation.
Cross-sectional data, or a cross section of a study population, in statistics and econometrics is a type of data collected by observing many subjects (such as individuals, firms, countries, or regions) at the same point of time, or without regard to differences in time.
The Dallas Mavericks (often referred to as the Mavs) are an American professional basketball team based in Dallas, Texas.
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, logical deduction is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion.
The Delphi method is a structured communication technique or method, originally developed as a systematic, interactive forecasting method which relies on a panel of experts.
Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
In mathematical modeling, statistical modeling and experimental sciences, the values of dependent variables depend on the values of independent variables.
Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.
Dowsing is a type of divination employed in attempts to locate ground water, buried metals or ores, gemstones, oil, gravesites, and many other objects and materials without the use of scientific apparatus.
Dune is a 1965 science fiction novel by American author Frank Herbert, originally published as two separate serials in Analog magazine.
An eclipse is an astronomical event that occurs when an astronomical object is temporarily obscured, either by passing into the shadow of another body or by having another body pass between it and the viewer.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Emergency management or disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).
Empirical evidence, also known as sensory experience, is the information received by means of the senses, particularly by observation and documentation of patterns and behavior through experimentation.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
In mathematics, an equation is a statement of an equality containing one or more variables.
Estimation (or estimating) is the process of finding an estimate, or approximation, which is a value that is usable for some purpose even if input data may be incomplete, uncertain, or unstable.
In probability theory, an event is a set of outcomes of an experiment (a subset of the sample space) to which a probability is assigned.
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.
An expert is someone who has a prolonged or intense experience through practice and education in a particular field.
In estimation theory, the extended Kalman filter (EKF) is the nonlinear version of the Kalman filter which linearizes about an estimate of the current mean and covariance.
A statement, hypothesis, or theory has falsifiability (or is falsifiable) if it can logically be proven false by contradicting it with a basic statement.
Forecasting is the process of making predictions of the future based on past and present data and most commonly by analysis of trends.
Foresight is the ability to predict, or the action of predicting, what will happen or what is needed in the future.
*For the origami, see Paper fortune teller.
The Foundation series is a science fiction book series written by American author Isaac Asimov.
In physics, a frame of reference (or reference frame) consists of an abstract coordinate system and the set of physical reference points that uniquely fix (locate and orient) the coordinate system and standardize measurements.
Franklin Patrick Herbert, Jr. (October 8, 1920 – February 11, 1986) was an American science fiction writer best known for the novel Dune and its five sequels.
A future history is a postulated history of the future and is used by authors of science fiction and other speculative fiction to construct a common background for fiction.
Futures studies (also called futurology) is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.
Galadriel is a fictional character created by J.R.R. Tolkien, appearing in his Middle-earth legendarium.
General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
In statistics, the generalized linear model (GLM) is a flexible generalization of ordinary linear regression that allows for response variables that have error distribution models other than a normal distribution.
The Golden Path is a term in Frank Herbert's fictional ''Dune'' universe referring to Leto II Atreides's strategy to prevent humanity's ultimate destruction.
The goodness of fit of a statistical model describes how well it fits a set of observations.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
Harvard Business Publishing was founded in 1994 as a not-for-profit, wholly owned subsidiary of Harvard University (distinct from Harvard University Press), with a focus on improving business management practices.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge without proof, evidence, or conscious reasoning, or without understanding how the knowledge was acquired.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Jeff Sagarin is an American sports statistician known for his development of a method for ranking and rating sports teams in a variety of sports.
James George Snyder Sr. (born Dimetrios Georgios Synodinos, September 9, 1918 – April 21, 1996), better known as Jimmy the Greek, was an American sports commentator and Las Vegas bookmaker.
Kalman filtering, also known as linear quadratic estimation (LQE), is an algorithm that uses a series of measurements observed over time, containing statistical noise and other inaccuracies, and produces estimates of unknown variables that tend to be more accurate than those based on a single measurement alone, by estimating a joint probability distribution over the variables for each timeframe.
Ken Pomeroy is the creator of a popular college basketball website and statistical archive,.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
In actuarial science and demography, a life table (also called a mortality table or actuarial table) is a table which shows, for each age, what the probability is that a person of that age will die before his or her next birthday ("probability of death").
In statistics, linear regression is a linear approach to modelling the relationship between a scalar response (or dependent variable) and one or more explanatory variables (or independent variables).
Trend estimation is a statistical technique to aid interpretation of data.
There have been various notable predictions made throughout history, including those by scientists based on the scientific method, predictions of social and technological change of futurologists, economic forecasts, religious prophecies and the fictional imaginings of authors and science fiction.
Logical consequence (also entailment) is a fundamental concept in logic, which describes the relationship between statements that hold true when one statement logically follows from one or more statements.
In statistics, the logistic model (or logit model) is a statistical model that is usually taken to apply to a binary dependent variable.
In the late 19th century, luminiferous aether or ether ("luminiferous", meaning "light-bearing"), was the postulated medium for the propagation of light.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.
Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language.
Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.
The Michelson–Morley experiment was performed between April and July, 1887 by Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley at what is now Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and published in November of the same year.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Minority Report is a 2002 American neo-noir science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg and loosely based on the short story "The Minority Report" by Philip K. Dick.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Numerology is any belief in the divine or mystical relationship between a number and one or more coinciding events.
An omen (also called portent or presage) is a phenomenon that is believed to foretell the future, often signifying the advent of change.
Oneiromancy (from the Greek όνειροϛ oneiros, dream, and μαντεία manteia, prophecy) is a form of divination based upon dreams; it is a system of dream interpretation that uses dreams to predict the future.
An opinion poll, often simply referred to as a poll or a survey, is a human research survey of public opinion from a particular sample.
In classical antiquity, an oracle was a person or agency considered to provide wise and insightful counsel or prophetic predictions or precognition of the future, inspired by the god.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
A parameter (from the Ancient Greek παρά, para: "beside", "subsidiary"; and μέτρον, metron: "measure"), generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system (meaning an event, project, object, situation, etc.). That is, a parameter is an element of a system that is useful, or critical, when identifying the system, or when evaluating its performance, status, condition, etc.
Paranormal events are phenomena described in popular culture, folk, and other non-scientific bodies of knowledge, whose existence within these contexts is described to lie beyond normal experience or scientific explanation.
Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer known for his work in science fiction.
In computing, a pipeline, also known as a data pipeline, is a set of data processing elements connected in series, where the output of one element is the input of the next one.
Planning is the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal.
In statistics, Poisson regression is a generalized linear model form of regression analysis used to model count data and contingency tables.
Political forecasting aims at predicting the outcome of elections.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Population dynamics is the branch of life sciences that studies the size and age composition of populations as dynamical systems, and the biological and environmental processes driving them (such as birth and death rates, and by immigration and emigration).
Predictability is the degree to which a correct prediction or forecast of a system's state can be made either qualitatively or quantitatively.
A prediction game is a game which allow users to guess at the outcome of future events.
Prediction markets (also known as predictive markets, information markets, decision markets, idea futures, event derivatives, or virtual markets) are exchange-traded markets created for the purpose of trading the outcome of events.
Predictive analytics encompasses a variety of statistical techniques from predictive modelling, machine learning, and data mining that analyze current and historical facts to make predictions about future or otherwise unknown events.
Predictive inference is an approach to statistical inference that emphasizes the prediction of future observations based on past observations.
Predictive medicine is a field of medicine that entails predicting the probability of disease and instituting preventive measures in order to either prevent the disease altogether or significantly decrease its impact upon the patient (such as by preventing mortality or limiting morbidity).
The concept of predictive power differs from explanatory and descriptive power (where phenomena that are already known are retrospectively explained or described by a given theory) in that it allows a prospective test of theoretical understanding.
Probability is the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur.
In probability theory, a probability density function (PDF), or density of a continuous random variable, is a function, whose value at any given sample (or point) in the sample space (the set of possible values taken by the random variable) can be interpreted as providing a relative likelihood that the value of the random variable would equal that sample.
In statistics, a probit model is a type of regression where the dependent variable can take only two values, for example married or not married.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).
Prognostics is an engineering discipline focused on predicting the time at which a system or a component will no longer perform its intended function.
A prophecy is a message that is claimed by a prophet to have been communicated to them by a god.
In the philosophy of science, there are several definitions of protoscience.
Psychohistory is a fictional science in Isaac Asimov's ''Foundation'' universe which combines history, sociology, and mathematical statistics to make general predictions about the future behavior of very large groups of people, such as the Galactic Empire.
Qualitative research is a scientific method of observation to gather non-numerical data.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
A querent (derived, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, from the Latin quærēns "seeking", the present participle of quærere "to seek, gain, ask") is "one who seeks".
Reference class forecasting or comparison class forecasting is a method of predicting the future by looking at similar past situations and their outcomes.
In statistical modeling, regression analysis is a set of statistical processes for estimating the relationships among variables.
In religion and theology, revelation is the revealing or disclosing of some form of truth or knowledge through communication with a deity or other supernatural entity or entities.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
A scientific theory is an explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can be repeatedly tested, in accordance with the scientific method, using a predefined protocol of observation and experiment.
A sermon is an oration, lecture, or talk by a member of a religious institution or clergy.
The solar cycle or solar magnetic activity cycle is the nearly periodic 11-year change in the Sun's activity (including changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection of solar material) and appearance (changes in the number and size of sunspots, flares, and other manifestations).
Solar Cycle 24 is the 24th solar cycle since 1755, when extensive recording of solar sunspot activity began.
In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted and experimentally well-confirmed physical theory regarding the relationship between space and time.
Sports betting systems are sets of events that when combined for a particular game for a particular sport represent a profitable betting scenario.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
Statistical inference is the process of using data analysis to deduce properties of an underlying probability distribution.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
A stock market bubble is a type of economic bubble taking place in stock markets when market participants drive stock prices above their value in relation to some system of stock valuation.
A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth.
A stock trader or equity trader or share trader is a person or company involved in trading equity securities.
The supernatural (Medieval Latin: supernātūrālis: supra "above" + naturalis "natural", first used: 1520–1530 AD) is that which exists (or is claimed to exist), yet cannot be explained by laws of nature.
The Left Hand of Darkness is a science fiction novel by U.S. writer Ursula K. Le Guin, published in 1969.
The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien.
"The Minority Report" is a 1956 science fiction short story by American writer Philip K. Dick, first published in Fantastic Universe.
A thought experiment (Gedankenexperiment, Gedanken-Experiment or Gedankenerfahrung) considers some hypothesis, theory, or principle for the purpose of thinking through its consequences.
A time series is a series of data points indexed (or listed or graphed) in time order.
Uncertainty has been called "an unintelligible expression without a straightforward description".
Ursula Kroeber Le Guin (October 21, 1929 – January 22, 2018) was an American novelist.
Vector autoregression (VAR) is a stochastic process model used to capture the linear interdependencies among multiple time series.
Experimental prediction, Foretelling, Foretold, Future Predictions, Predict, Predicted, Predicting, Prediction in science, Predictions, Predictions for the Future, Predictive, Scientific prediction, Vision / Prophecy, Vision and prophecy.